List of aircraft of World War II

The List of aircraft of World War II includes all the aircraft used by those countries, which were at war during World War II from the period between their joining the conflict and the conflict ending for them. Aircraft developed but not used operationally in the war are in the prototypes section at the end. Prototypes for aircraft that entered service under a different design number are ignored in favour of the service version. The date the aircraft entered service, or was first flown if the service date is unknown or it did not enter service follows the name, followed by the country of origin and major wartime users. Aircraft used for multiple roles are generally only listed under their primary role unless specialized versions were built for other roles. Aircraft used by neutral countries such as Spain, Switzerland and Sweden or countries which did no significant fighting such as most of those in South America (except Brazil), are not included.

Operational aircraft

Fighter aircraft

Biplane fighters

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Avia B-5341935CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Slovakia
Avia BH-331927CzechoslovakiaYugoslavia
Armstrong Whitworth Scimitar1936UKNorway
Blériot-SPAD S.5101936France
Boeing P-121930USBrazil, China, Philippines, Thailand
Bristol Bulldog1929UKDenmark, Finland
Curtiss Hawk II1932USChina
Curtiss Hawk III1933USChina, Thailand
Fiat CR.301932ItalyAustria, China, Germany, Hungary, Italy
Fiat CR.321934ItalyItaly, Hungary, China
Fiat CR.421939ItalyItaly, Belgium, Croatia, Germany, Hungary
Gloster Gamecock II/Kukko1925UKFinland
Gloster Gauntlet1935UKUK, Denmark, Finland
Gloster Gladiator/Sea Gladiator1937UKUK, Belgium, Finland, Greece, Iraq, Norway
Grumman Goblin[notes 1]1933USCanada
Grumman F3F carrier fighter1936US
Hawker Demon1931UKUK, Australia
Hawker Fury1931UKYugoslavia, South Africa
Hawker Nimrod carrier fighter1933UKDenmark
Heinkel He 511935GermanyGermany, Bulgaria
IMAM Ro.44 floatplane fighter1937Italy
Kawasaki Ki-10[notes 2]1935Japan
Kochyerigin DI-61934USSR
Koolhoven F.K.521939NetherlandsNetherlands, Finland
Polikarpov I-51931USSR
Polikarpov I-15 & I-15bis1934USSRUSSR, China, Finland
Polikarpov I-1531939USSRUSSR, China, Finland

Single-engined, single-seat monoplane fighters and fighter bombers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Ambrosini SAI.2071942Italy
Ansaldo A.1201925ItalyItaly, Lithuania
Arsenal VG-331940France
Avia B-1351941CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia, Bulgaria
Bell P-39 Airacobra1941USUS, USSR, Australia, France, UK
Bell P-63 Kingcobra1942USUS, USSR
Bloch MB.150-1571940FranceFrance, Greece, Romania
Boeing P-26 Peashooter1933USUS, China, Philippines
Breda Ba.271933ItalyChina
Brewster F2A Buffalo1939USUS, Australia, Finland, Netherlands, New Zealand, UK
CAC Boomerang1943Australia
Caudron C.7141940FranceFrance, Finland, Poland
Curtiss P-36 Hawk/Mohawk1938USUS, Brazil, Finland, France, Netherlands, Norway, Thailand, UK
Curtiss P-40 Warhawk/Tomahawk/Kittyhawk1939USUS, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Finland, New Zealand, South Africa, UK, USSR
Curtiss-Wright CW-21 Demon1939USChina, Netherlands
Dewoitine D.500/D.5101935FranceFrance, China
Dewoitine D.5201940FranceFrance, Bulgaria, Italy
Fiat G.501938ItalyItaly, Finland, Croatia
Fiat G.551943Italy
Focke-Wulf Fw 1901941GermanyGermany, Hungary, Romania
Focke-Wulf Ta 1521945Germany
Fokker D.XXI1936NetherlandsNetherlands, Denmark, Finland
Grumman F4F/FM Wildcat/Martlet [notes 3]1940USUS, UK
Grumman F6F Hellcat/Gannet[notes 3]1943USUS, UK
Grumman F8F Bearcat[notes 3][notes 4]1945US
Hawker Hurricane/Sea Hurricane1937UKUK, Belgium, Canada, Finland, France, Greece, India, New Zealand, USSR
Hawker Tempest1944UKIndia, New Zealand, UK
Hawker Typhoon1940UK
Heinkel He 1121937GermanyGermany, Hungary, Romania
IAR 80/IAR 811941Romania
Ikarus IK-21935YugoslaviaYugoslavia, Croatia
Kawanishi N1K/N1K-J1943Japan
Kawasaki Ki-611943Japan
Kawasaki Ki-1001945Japan
Koolhoven F.K.581940NetherlandsNetherlands, France
Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Gudkov LaGG-11940USSR
Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Gudkov LaGG-31941USSRUSSR, Finland
Lavochkin La-51942USSR
Lavochkin La-71944USSR
Loire 461936France
Macchi C.2001939Italy
Macchi C.2021941ItalyItaly, Croatia, Germany
Macchi C.2051943ItalyItaly, Croatia, Germany
MÁVAG Héja1941Hungary
Messerschmitt Bf 1091937GermanyGermany, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Finland, Hungary, Italy, Romania
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-11940USSR
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-31941USSR
Mitsubishi A5M[notes 3][notes 5]1936Japan
Mitsubishi A6M Zero[notes 3]1940Japan
Mitsubishi J2M1942Japan
Morane-Saulnier M.S.4061939FranceFrance, Croatia, Finland, Italy, Poland
Nakajima A6M2-N floatplane fighter1942Japan
Nakajima Ki-271937JapanJapan, Manchukuo, Thailand
Nakajima Ki-431941JapanJapan, Manchukuo, Thailand
Nakajima Ki-441942Japan
Nakajima Ki-841943Japan
North American P-51 Mustang1942USUS, UK, Australia, Canada, China, France, South Africa, USSR
North American NA-50 and P-64[notes 6]1940USPeru, US
Polikarpov I-161934USSRUSSR, China, Finland
PZL P.71933Poland
PZL P.111934PolandPoland, Romania
PZL P.241936PolandPoland, Bulgaria, Greece, Romania
Reggiane Re.20001940ItalySweden, Hungary, Italy
Reggiane Re.20011941Italy
Reggiane Re.20051943ItalyItaly, Germany
Republic P-43 Lancer1941USUS, Australia, China
Republic P-47 Thunderbolt1942USUS, UK, Brazil, Mexico, France, USSR
Rogožarski IK-31940Yugoslavia
Seversky P-351937US
Supermarine Seafire[notes 3]1942UK
Supermarine Spitfire1938UKUK, Australia, Canada, France, India, Italy, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, US, USSR
VL Myrsky1943Finland
Vought F4U/FG Corsair[notes 3]1942USUS, UK, New Zealand
Vultee P-66 Vanguard1941USUS, China
Yakovlev Yak-11940USSRUSSR, France
Yakovlev Yak-31944USSRUSSR, France
Yakovlev Yak-7/Yak-7B1942USSRUSSR, France
Yakovlev Yak-91942USSRUSSR, France

Heavy fighters (multi-engined or multi-seat) and night fighters

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Bell YFM-1 Airacuda[notes 2] flying cruiser1940US
Blackburn Roc turret fighter1939UK
Blackburn Skua fighter/dive bomber1938UK
Boulton Paul Defiant turret fighter1939UK
Bristol Beaufighter1940UKUK, Australia, South Africa, US
Bristol Blenheim night fighter1937UKCanada
de Havilland Mosquito night fighter/fighter bomber1941UKUK, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, US
Dornier Do 215 night fighter1939GermanyGermany, Hungary
Dornier Do 217 night fighter1941GermanyGermany, Italy
Dornier Do 3351944Germany
Douglas P-70 Havoc night fighter1941USUS, UK
Fairey Firefly [notes 7]1941UK
Fairey Fulmar[notes 3]1940UK
Focke-Wulf Ta 154 night fighter1944Germany
Fokker G.I1939Netherlands
Grumman F7F Tigercat carrier night fighter1944US
Heinkel He 219 night fighter1943Germany
IMAM Ro.571943Italy
Junkers Ju 88 night fighter1940Germany
Junkers Ju 388 night fighter1944Germany
Kawasaki Ki-45 night fighter1942Japan
Kawasaki Ki-102 twin-engine fighter1945Japan
Lockheed P-38 Lightning1941USUS, Australia, China
Messerschmitt Bf 1101937GermanyCroatia, Hungary, Italy, Iraq, Romania
Messerschmitt Me 2101943GermanyGermany, Hungary
Messerschmitt Me 4101943GermanyGermany
Mitsubishi Ki-109 bomber interceptor1945Japan
Nakajima J1N night fighter/interceptor1942Japan
Northrop P-61 Black Widow night fighter1944US
Petlyakov Pe-31941USSRUSSR, Finland
Potez 6301938FranceFrance, Greece, Romania
Westland Welkin high altitude interceptor1944UK
Westland Whirlwind1940UK

Jet- and rocket- propelled fighters

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Bell P-59 Airacomet1944US
Gloster Meteor1944UK
Heinkel He 1621945Germany
Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star1945US
Messerschmitt Me 163 rocket interceptor1944Germany
Messerschmitt Me 2621944Germany
Ryan FR Fireball mixed power carrier fighter1945US

Bomber and attack aircraft

Heavy bombers and maritime patrol

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Number Built Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Avro Lancaster19427,377UKUK, Australia, Canada
Avro Manchester1940202UK
Blohm & Voss BV 142 maritime patrol[notes 8]19404Germany
Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress194012,731USUS, Canada, UK, France
Boeing B-29 Superfortress19443,970US
Consolidated B-24/LB-30/PB4Y-1 Liberator194018,188USUS, Australia, Canada, UK
Consolidated B-32 Dominator1942118US
Consolidated PB4Y-2 Privateer maritime patrol1943739US
Farman F.221-2231936ca. 80France
Focke-Wulf Fw 200 maritime patrol1940276Germany
Handley Page Halifax19406,176UKUK, Australia, Canada, France
Heinkel He 17719431,169Germany
Petlyakov Pe-8194093USSR
Piaggio P.108194250ItalyItaly, Germany[notes 9]
Short Stirling19402,371UK
Tupolev TB-31932818USSR
Vickers Warwick1942846UKUK, Polish exile, South Africa

Medium bombers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Amiot 1431936France
Amiot 3541940FranceFrance, Germany
Arado Ar 234 jet bomber1944Germany
Arkhangelsky Ar-21940USSR
Armstrong Whitworth Whitley1937UK
Avia F.391932Czechoslovakia
Avro Anson1936UKUK, Canada, Finland, Greece, Iraq
Blackburn Botha1939UK
Bloch MB.1311938France
Bloch MB.1701940France
Bloch MB.2001935FranceFrance, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Germany
Bloch MB.2101937France
Breda Ba.881938Italy
Bristol Beaufort1940UKUK, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa
Bristol Blenheim/Bolingbroke/Bisley[notes 10]1937UKUK, Canada, Finland, Greece, France, Yugoslavia
Bristol Bombay bomber/transport1939UK
CANT Z.10071938Italy
Caproni Ca.1351937ItalyItaly, Hungary
Caproni Ca.3091937ItalyItaly, Bulgaria, Hungary
Caproni Ca.310-Ca.3141938ItalyItaly, Croatia, France, Hungary, Norway, Germany, Yugoslavia
Curtiss A-18 Shrike1936US
de Havilland Mosquito[notes 10]1941UKUK, Canada, Australia, Norway
Dornier Do 11[notes 11]1932GermanyBulgaria
Dornier Do 171937GermanyGermany, Bulgaria, Finland, Yugoslavia
Dornier Do 2151939Germany
Dornier Do 2171941GermanyGermany, Italy
Douglas A-20 Havoc/Boston1941USUS, Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, UK, USSR
Douglas A-26 Invader1944US
Douglas B-18 Bolo/Digby[notes 12]1936USUS, Brazil, Canada
Douglas B-23/UC-67 Dragon[notes 13]1939US
Fiat BR.20[notes 14]1938Italy
FMA AeMB.21935Argentina
Fokker T.V1938Netherlands
Handley Page Hampden1938UKUK, Canada, USSR
Heinkel He 1111936GermanyGermany, Bulgaria, China, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia
IAR 791941Romania
Ilyushin DB-3/Il-41938USSRUSSR, Finland
Junkers Ju 861936GermanyGermany, South Africa
Junkers Ju 881938GermanyGermany, Finland, Italy, Romania
Junkers Ju 1881943GermanyGermany, Hungary
Junkers Ju 3881944Germany
Kawasaki Ki-481940Japan
Keystone B-3A[notes 15]1926USPhilippines
Kyushu Q1W maritime patrol1945Japan
Lioré et Olivier LeO 4511939France
Lockheed Hudson1939USUS, Brazil, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, UK
Lockheed PV Ventura/B-34 Lexington
and PV-2 Harpoon
1942USUS, Australia, Brazil, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, UK
Martin 139 & 166 (B-10 & B-12)1934USUS, China, Netherlands, Philippines, Thailand
Martin B-26 Marauder1941USUS, France, UK, South Africa
Martin Baltimore1941USUS, Australia France, Greece, Co-Belligerent Italy, South Africa, UK
Martin Maryland1939USFrance, UK
Mitsubishi G3M1937Japan
Mitsubishi G4M1941Japan
Mitsubishi Ki-211938JapanJapan, Thailand
Mitsubishi Ki-671942Japan
Nakajima Ki-491938Japan
North American B-25 Mitchell1941USUS, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Netherlands, UK, USSR
Petlyakov Pe-21941USSRUSSR, Finland
Potez 5401934France
PZL.37 Łoś1938PolandPoland, Romania, Germany
Savoia-Marchetti SM.79 trimotor1937ItalyItaly, Iraq, Romania, Yugoslavia, UK
Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 trimotor1935Italy
Savoia-Marchetti SM.84 trimotor1941Italy
Sukhoi Su-21937USSR
Tupolev SB/Avia B.711934USSRUSSR, Bulgaria, China, Czechoslovakia, Finland
Tupolev TB-11929USSR
Tupolev Tu-21944USSR
Vickers Type 264 Valentia bomber/transport1934UK
Vickers Wellington1938UKUK, Australia, Canada
Yermolayev Yer-21941USSR
Yokosuka P1Y1945Japan

Light bombers, tactical reconnaissance and observation aircraft

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aero A.32[notes 16]1928CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia, Finland
Aero A.1001933Czechoslovakia
Aero A.3041937CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany
ANF Les Mureaux 113, 115, 1171933France
Armstrong Whitworth Atlas[notes 17]1927UKCanada
Blackburn Ripon[notes 17]1929UKFinland
Blackburn Shark1935UKUK, Canada
Breda Ba.641937Italy
Breda Ba.651937ItalyItaly, Iraq
Breguet 191924FranceFrance, Belgium, Yugoslavia, Croatia, Poland
Breguet 270 Series1930FranceFrance, China
Breguet 691, 693, 6951939France
Curtiss A-12 Shrike[notes 2]1933US
Curtiss O-52 Owl1940USUS, USSR
DAR-3 Garvan1937Bulgaria
Douglas O-431933US
Douglas O-461936USUS, Philippines
Fairey Battle1937UKUK, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Greece
Fairey Fox1932UKBelgium
Fairey Gordon1931UKUK, New Zealand
Fairey IIIF[notes 18]1926UKUK, Greece
Focke-Wulf Fw 1891941GermanyGermany, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania
Fokker C.V1924NetherlandsNetherlands, Denmark, Finland, Norway
Fokker C.VIII1928Netherlands
Fokker C.X1932NetherlandsNetherlands, Finland
Hawker Hart1930UKUK, Finland
Hawker Audax, Nisr & Hartebees1931UKUK, India, Iraq, Persia, South Africa
Hawker Hector1936UK
Hawker Hind1935UKUK, New Zealand
Hawker Horsley/Dantorp1927UKGreece, Denmark
Heinkel He 451931GermanyGermany, Bulgaria, Hungary
Heinkel He 461931GermanyGermany, Hungary
Heinkel He 501935Germany
Henschel Hs 1231936Germany
Henschel Hs 1261937GermanyGermany, Greece
Henschel Hs 1291938Germany
IAR 37/38/391938Romania
Ilyushin Il-21941USSR
Ilyushin Il-101944USSR
IMAM Ro.371935ItalyItaly, Hungary
Junkers Ju 871937GermanyGermany, Bulgaria, Italy
Kaproni Bulgarski KB-111941Bulgaria
Kawasaki Ki-321938JapanJapan, Manchukuo
Kharkov KhAI-5/Neman R-101936USSR
Letov Š-161928CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia, Latvia, Turkey
Letov Š-3281934CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany, Slovakia
Lublin R-XIII1932PolandPoland, Romania
Mitsubishi Ki-301938JapanJapan, Thailand
Mitsubishi Ki-511939Japan
North American A-36 Apache dive bomber1942US
North American O-471934US
Northrop/Douglas A-17/8-A/Nomad1935USUS, South Africa, Canada, France, Iraq, Netherlands, Norway, UK
Polikarpov Po-21929USSRUSSR, Finland
Polikarpov R-51931USSR
Polikarpov R-Z1935USSRUSSR
Potez 25[notes 5]1925FranceFrance, Yugoslavia, Poland
PZL.23/43 Karaś1936PolandPoland, Romania, Bulgaria
PZL.431936PolandPoland, Germany, Bulgaria
Reggiane Re.20021941ItalyItaly, Germany
Rogožarski R-1001938YugoslaviaYugoslavia, Croatia
Renard R-311935Belgium
RWD-14 Czapla1939PolandPoland, Romania
Saab 171940SwedenDenmark
Savoia-Marchetti SM.851939Italy
Tachikawa Ki-361938JapanJapan, Thailand
Vickers Vildebeest1933UKUK, New Zealand
Vickers Wellesley1937UK
VL Kotka1931Finland
Vought O2U & O3U Corsair1926USUS, Brazil, China, Thailand
Vultee A-31/A-35/Vengeance dive bomber1942USUS, Australia, Brazil, France, India, UK
Vultee V-11/V-12/A-19/BSh-1[notes 19]1939USUS, Brazil, China, USSR
Weiss WM-21 Sólyom1938Hungary
Westland Lysander[notes 10]1936UKUK, Canada, France, Finland, India, US
Westland Wapiti[notes 17]1928UKAustralia, Canada, India
Westland Wallace1933UK
Yakovlev Yak-41941USSR

Carrier-based naval bombers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aichi B7A torpedo/dive bomber1945Japan
Aichi D1A dive bomber[notes 2]1934Japan
Aichi D3A dive bomber1937Japan
Blackburn Skua fighter/dive bomber1938UK
Brewster SB2A Buccaneer/Bermuda dive bomber1941USUS, UK
Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf torpedo bomber1944US
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver/A-25 Shrike dive bomber1943USUS, Australia, UK
Curtiss SBC Helldiver/Cleveland dive bomber1938USUS, France, UK
Douglas DT torpedo bomber[notes 15]1921USNorway
Douglas SBD Dauntless/A-24 Banshee dive bomber1940USUS, New Zealand
Douglas TBD Devastator torpedo bomber1935US
Fairey Albacore torpedo/dive bomber1940UKUK, Canada
Fairey Barracuda torpedo/dive bomber1942UK
Fairey Swordfish torpedo bomber1936UKUK, Canada
Fieseler Fi 167 torpedo/reconnaissance bomber1940GermanyGermany, Croatia, Romania
Grumman TBF/TBM Avenger torpedo bomber1942USUS, UK, New Zealand
Loire-Nieuport LN.401 dive bomber1939France
Mitsubishi B5M torpedo bomber1937Japan
Nakajima B5N torpedo bomber1938Japan
Nakajima B6N torpedo bomber1942Japan
Naval Aircraft Factory SBN dive bomber1941US
Vought SB2U Vindicator/Chesapeake dive bomber1937USUS, UK, France
Yokosuka B4Y torpedo bomber1936Japan
Yokosuka D4Y dive bomber/night fighter1942Japan

Strategic and photo-reconnaissance aircraft

Strategic and photo-reconnaissance aircraft were frequently specially modified variants of high performance aircraft, usually fighters or bombers.

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Arado Ar 234 reconnaissance/bomber1944Germany
Boeing F-9/RB-17 Flying Fortress1940US
Consolidated F-7 Liberator1940US
de Havilland Mosquito PR variants1941UKUK, Canada, US
Dornier Do 17Z-31937GermanyGermany, Yugoslavia
Dornier Do 215B-0/1/41939Germany
Dornier Do 217A-01941Germany
Douglas F-3 Havoc1941US
Fiat CR.251940Italy
Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-3/U4, A-4/U4 & A-5/U41941Germany
Focke-Wulf Ta 152H-1-01945Germany
Heinkel He 70K/1701937GermanyHungary
Junkers Ju 86P1936Germany
Junkers Ju 88D & T1939Germany
Junkers Ju 188D & F1943Germany
Lockheed F-4 and F-5 Lightning1941USUS, France, Italy
Messerschmitt Bf 109E-5/F-6/G-41937Germany
Messerschmitt Bf 110C-5/E-3/F-31937Germany
Messerschmitt Me 210B1943Germany
Messerschmitt Me 262A-1a/U31944Germany
Messerschmitt Me 410A-1/U-1, A-2/U-1 & A-31943Germany
Mitsubishi Ki-15/C5M1937Japan
Mitsubishi Ki-461941Japan
Nakajima C6N1944Japan
North American F-6 Mustang1942USUS, France
Potez 63.111939France
PWS-10[notes 20]1932Poland
Supermarine Spitfire PR variants1938UKUK, US, USSR and others
Yakovlev Yak-9R1942USSR
Yokosuka R2Y1945Japan


Flying boats

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aichi E11A1937Japan
Aichi H9A1942Japan
Beriev MBR-21935USSR
Blohm & Voss BV 1381940Germany
Blohm & Voss BV 2221941Germany
Boeing 314 Clipper/C-981939US
Breguet 521 Bizerte & 530 Saigon1935FranceFrance, Germany
CAMS 371926France
CAMS 551930France
Canadian Vickers Vancouver1930Canada
Canadian Vickers Vedette1925Canada
CANT Z.5011935ItalyItaly, Romania
Chyetverikov MDR-61941USSR
Consolidated PBY/PBN/PBV/OA-10 Catalina/Canso[notes 10]1935USUS, Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, Norway, UK, USSR
Consolidated P2Y1929USArgentina, Columbia, Japan, US
Consolidated PB2Y Coronado1937USUS, UK
Dornier Do 181938Germany
Dornier Do 241937GermanyGermany, Australia, Netherlands
Dornier Do 261938Germany
Dornier Do J1922GermanyGermany, Denmark
Douglas Dolphin1931USUS, Australia, China
Grumman J2F Duck1936US
Grumman J4F Widgeon/Gosling1940USUS, Brazil, UK
Grumman JRF Goose1937USUS, Brazil, Canada, UK
Hall PH1931US
Ikarus IO1926Yugoslavia
Ikarus ŠM1924Yugoslavia
Kawanishi E11K1937Japan
Kawanishi H6K1938Japan
Kawanishi H8K1942Japan
Latécoère 3001932France
Latécoère 521-5231935France
Latécoère 611[notes 8]1940France
Latécoère 6311942France
Loire 701937France
Loire 1301937France
Loire 5011933France
Lioré et Olivier LeO H-471937France
Lioré et Olivier LeO H-2421929FranceFrance
Lioré et Olivier LeO H-2461939FranceFrance, Germany
Macchi M.C.941936Italy
Macchi M.C.1001940Italy
Martin JRM Mars1943US
Martin M-1301934US
Martin PBM Mariner1940USUS, UK, Australia, Netherlands
Potez 4521936France
Potez 141[notes 8]1938FranceFrance, Germany
Potez-CAMS 1611938FranceFrance, Germany
RAS-1 Getta1925Romania
Saro Cutty Sark1930UKUK, China, New Zealand
Saro Lerwick1940UKUK, Canada
Saro London1936UKUK, Canada
Savoia-Marchetti S.551926ItalyItaly
Savoia-Marchetti S.661931ItalyItaly
Shavrov Sh-21934USSRUSSR, Finland
Short Empire1936UKUK, Australia, New Zealand
Short S.261940UK
Short Sandringham1940UKArgentina, Australia, France, New Zealand, Norway, UK, Uruguay, US
Short Singapore1935UKUK, New Zealand
Short Sunderland1938UKUK, Australia, France, New Zealand, Norway, Canada
Sikorsky S-401931US
Sikorsky S-421934US
Sikorsky JRS-1/OA-81935US
Sikorsky VS-441937US
SNCASE SE.200[notes 21]1942FranceGermany
Supermarine Sea Otter1942UK
Supermarine Stranraer[notes 10]1937UKUK, Canada
Supermarine Walrus1935UKUK, Australia, Canada, France, New Zealand
Tupolev MTB-11929USSR
Yokosuka H5Y1939Japan


Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aichi E13A1941JapanJapan, Thailand
Aichi E16A1944Japan
Aichi M6A[notes 22]1945Japan
Arado Ar 951936Germany
Arado Ar 1961938GermanyGermany, Bulgaria, Finland, Norway
Arado Ar 199 trainer1939Germany
Arado Ar 231[notes 22]1941GermanyGermany
Beriev Be-21938USSR
Beriev Be-41942USSR
Besson MB.411[notes 22]1935France
CANT Z.5061936Italy
CANT Z.5151940Italy
Curtiss SC Seahawk1944US
Curtiss SO3C Seamew1942USUS, UK
Curtiss SOC Seagull1935US
Dornier Do 221938GermanyGermany, Finland, Yugoslavia, Greece
Fairey Seafox1937UK
Fairey Swordfish1936UK
Farman NC.4701938France
Fiat RS.141941Italy
Fokker C.XI-W1935Netherlands
Fokker C.XIV-W1937Netherlands
Fokker T.IV1927Netherlands
Fokker T.VIII1938NetherlandsNetherlands, Germany, UK
Gourdou-Leseurre GL-810-813 HY1930France
Gourdou-Leseurre GL-832 HY1930France
Heinkel HE 8[notes 23]1927GermanyDenmark
Heinkel He 42 floatplane trainer1929GermanyGermany, Bulgaria
Heinkel He 591935GermanyGermany, Finland
Heinkel He 601933GermanyGermany, Bulgaria
Heinkel He 1141939GermanyGermany, Romania
Heinkel He 1151939GermanyGermany, Finland, Norway, UK
IMAM Ro.431935Italy
IMAM Ro.441936Italy
Kawanishi E7K1935Japan
Kawanishi N1K floatplane trainer1944Japan
Latécoère 2901934France
Latécoère 2981938FranceFrance, Germany
Levasseur PL.151933France
Lioré et Olivier LeO H-431940France
Lublin R.VIII floatplane trainer1928PolandPoland
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk/Høver M.F.8 floatplane trainer1924Norway
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk/Høver M.F.101929Norway
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk/Høver M.F.11 floatplane trainer1932NorwayNorway, Finland
Mitsubishi F1M1941Japan
Nakajima A6M2-N1942Japan
Nakajima E8N1935JapanJapan, Thailand
Northrop Delta1936USCanada
Northrop N-3PB1940USNorway
Rogožarski SIM-XII-H1938Yugoslavia
Rogožarski SIM-XIV-H1939Yugoslavia
VL Sääski floatplane trainer1928Finland
Vought OS2U Kingfisher1938USUS, Australia, UK
Watanabe E9W[notes 22]1938Japan
Watanabe K6W/WS-1031938JapanJapan, Thailand
Yokosuka E14Y[notes 22]1941Japan
Yokosuka K4Y1933Japan

Transport and utility aircraft

Passenger and cargo aircraft

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Arado Ar 2321943Germany
Armstrong Whitworth Albemarle1940UKUK, USSR
Avro Lancastrian1945UK
Avro York1944UK
Boeing 247/UC-731933USUS, UK, Canada
Boeing 307/UC-751940US
Boeing C-108 Flying Fortress1943USUS
Bristol Buckingham1943UK
Budd RB Conestoga1944US
Caproni Ca.1111932Italy
Caproni Ca.1331935Italy
Caproni Ca.1481938ItalyItaly, Germany
Consolidated C-87/C-109 Liberator Express1942USUS, UK
Curtiss-Wright C-46/R5C Commando1941US
de Havilland Albatross1938UK
Douglas C-47/R4D Skytrain/Dakota1941USUS, Brazil, Canada, France, India, New Zealand, UK
Douglas C-54/R5D Skymaster1942USUS, UK
Douglas DC-2/C-321934USUS, Australia, Finland, Japan, UK
Douglas DC-31935USCanada, US, Japan
Douglas DC-5/C-110/R3D1940USUS, Australia, Japan
Fairchild C-82 Packet1944USUS
Farman F.2241932France
Fiat G.121941Italy
Fiat G.181936Italy
FMA I.Ae.20 El Boyero1940Argentina
Fokker F.VII1925NetherlandsNetherlands, Finland, Poland
Fokker Super Universal/Nakajima Ki-6/C2N1931USJapan, Manchukuo
Ford Trimotor1926USAustralia
Gotha Go 2441942Germany
Handley Page H.P.54 Harrow bomber/transport[notes 24]1937UKUK, Canada
Handley Page Halifax[notes 25]1940UK
Heinkel He 116 mailplane1938GermanyGermany
Junkers G 241925GermanyGreece
Junkers G 311926GermanyGermany, Australia
Junkers Ju 521932GermanyGermany, Greece, Bulgaria, Norway
Junkers Ju 901938Germany
Junkers Ju 2521942Germany
Junkers Ju 290 1942 Germany
Junkers Ju 3521944Germany
Kawanishi H6K2-L/H6K-3/H6K4-L1936Japan
Kawanishi H8K2-L1941Japan
Kawasaki Ki-56 (improved Lockheed 14)1940Japan
Kokusai Ki-591941Japan
Lisunov Li-2 (modified licence-built DC-3)1939USSR
Lockheed Model 14 Super Electra1937USUS, UK, Canada, Japan, South Africa
Lockheed C-60 Lodestar1937USUS, Australia, Brazil, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, UK
Lockheed C-69 Constellation1943US
Messerschmitt Me 3231943Germany
Mitsubishi G6M1-L21941Japan
Mitsubishi Ki-201932Germany, JapanJapan
Mitsubishi Ki-57/L4M1942Japan
Mitsubishi L3Y1935Japan
Nakajima Ki-4[notes 5]1934JapanJapan, Manchukuo
Nakajima Ki-34/L1N11936Japan
Percival Petrel1937UK
Potez 621935France
Potez 6501937France
PWS-24bis1933PolandPoland, Romania
Savoia-Marchetti S.731934ItalyItaly, Belgium, UK
Savoia-Marchetti S.741934Italy
Savoia-Marchetti SM.751938ItalyItaly, Hungary, Germany
Savoia-Marchetti SM.821940ItalyItaly, Germany
Savoia-Marchetti S.831938ItalyItaly, Belgium
Short Stirling[notes 25][notes 26]1943UK
Showa/Nakajima L2D (modified licence-built DC-3)1939Japan
Siebel Si 2041942Germany
Tachikawa Ki-541940Japan
Tupolev ANT-91931USSRUSSR, Turkey
Yokosuka L3Y1935Japan

Communications, liaison and light transport aircraft

Many aircraft in this category were pressed into service and some served in very small numbers. The country of origin (listed first) may not itself have used it in a military capacity, and the date represents its original entry into service, not when it was first used by a military organization.

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aeronca L-31941USUS, Brazil
Airspeed Envoy1934UKUK, Finland, South Africa
AVIA FL.31939ItalyItaly, Croatia, Germany
Avro 6521935UKUK
Barkley-Grow T8P-11937USCanada
Beechcraft 17 Staggerwing/UC-43 Traveler1933USUS, Australia, Brazil, UK, New Zealand
Beechcraft Model 18/C-45/JRB/SNB/AT-7/AT-11 Expeditor[notes 27]1937USUS, Brazil, Canada, France, UK
Beneš-Mráz Be-555 Super Bibi1936Czechoslovakia
Bloch MB.81 ambulance aircraft1935France
Bloch MB.120 mailplane1935France
Breda Ba.441934Italy
CAP CAP-4 Paulista1935Brazil
Caproni Ca.1641938ItalyItaly, France
Caudron C.2721931France
Caudron C.280/C.400/C.4101932France
Caudron C.440 Goéland1934FranceFrance, Belgium, Germany
Caudron C.480 Frégate1935France
Caudron C.600 Aiglon1935France
Caudron C.635 Simoun1935France
Cessna 1651935USUS, Australia, Finland
de Havilland DH.501923UKAustralia
de Havilland Dragon1934UKUK, Iraq, New Zealand
de Havilland Dragon Rapide/Dominie1934UKUK, Australia, Belgium, Denmark, Iraq, New Zealand, US
de Havilland Dragonfly1936UKUK, Australia, Denmark, Iraq
de Havilland Express1934UKUK, Australia, New Zealand
de Havilland Flamingo1939UK
de Havilland Fox Moth1932UKUK, Australia, New Zealand
de Havilland Leopard Moth1933UKUK, Australia, Belgium
de Havilland Moth Minor1937UKUK, Australia, New Zealand
de Havilland Puss Moth1930UKUK, Canada, Iraq, New Zealand
Fairchild 221931USColombia
Fairchild 24 Argus/UC-61 Forwarder1932USUS, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Thailand, UK
Fairchild 711926USCanada
Fairchild FC-21926USCanada
Fairchild Super 711934Canada
Farman F.1901928France
Farman F.4021934France
Fieseler Fi 156 Storch1936GermanyGermany, Bulgaria, Finland, Yugoslavia
Foster Wikner Wicko1936UKUK, New Zealand
Fleet Freighter1938Canada
Hanriot H.1821934France
Harlow C-80/PJC-21937USUS, UK
Howard UC-70/GH Nightingale1939US
IMAM Ro.631940Italy
Junkers F 13[notes 11]1920GermanyFinland
Junkers W 34 & K 431926GermanyGermany, Australia, Finland, Norway
Interstate Cadet/L-6 Grasshopper1942USUS, Norway
Kokusai Ki-761942Japan
Laville PS-891935USSR
Lockheed UC-101 Vega1928USUS, Australia
Lockheed UC-85 Orion1931US
Lockheed 10/C-36 Electra1935USUS, Canada, UK
Lockheed 12/UC-40 Electra Junior1936USUS, Canada, Netherlands, UK
Lublin R-XVI1932PolandPoland
Miles Falcon1934UKUK, Australia
Miles Merlin1935UKUK, Australia
Miles Mentor1938UK
Miles Messenger1942UK
Miles Monarch1938UKUK, Belgium
Miles Whitney Straight1936UKUK, New Zealand
Mitsubishi K3M1931Japan
Noorduyn Norseman1935CanadaCanada, Australia, Brazil, US
Northrop Delta[notes 10]1933USCanada, Australia
Moskalyev SAM-51935USSR
Percival Gull1932UKUK, New Zealand
Percival Proctor1939UK
Percival Vega Gull1935UKUK, Australia, Belgium, New Zealand
Piper J-3, L-4, O-59 and NE-11938USUS, Brazil
Piper J-41938USUS, UK
Porterfield 351935USUS, New Zealand
Potez 291927France
Potez 561934France
Potez 581934France
Rearwin Sportster1935USUS, New Zealand, Thailand
SAI KZ II1937Denmark
SAIMAN 2021939ItalyItaly, Croatia
Shcherbakov Shche-21943USSR
Polikarpov U-21927USSR
Putilov Stal-31933USSR
RWD 101935PolandPoland
RWD 131935PolandPoland, Romania
RWD 151937PolandRomania
Spartan UC-71 Executive1936USUS, UK, Canada, China
Stinson L-1/O-49 Vigilant1941USUS, UK
Stinson L-5 Sentinel1942USUS, UK
Stinson UC-81 Reliant1933USUS, Australia, Norway, Philippines, UK
Stinson Voyager1939USUS, Canada, France
Taylorcraft Auster1942UKUK, Australia
Taylorcraft L-21941US
Tugan Gannet1935Australia
Tupolev PS-351937USSR
Waco UC-72 (and other Waco variants)1930sUSUS, Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Norway, UK
Yakovlev Yak-61942USSR

Transport gliders

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Airspeed Horsa1942UKUK, US
Antonov A-71942USSR
DFS 2301938Germany
de Havilland Australia DHA-G1942Australia
General Aircraft Hamilcar1942UK
Gotha Go 2421941Germany
Gribovski G-111941USSR
Kokusai Ku-81941Japan
Kolesnikov-Tsibin KC-201942USSR
Maeda Ku-11941Japan
Messerschmitt Me 321 Gigant1941Germany
Slingsby Hengist1942UK
Waco CG-31942US
Waco CG-4/Hadrian1942USUS, UK
Waco CG-131945US
Waco CG-151943US


Primary trainers are used for basic flight training. Advanced trainers were used for familiarization with the more complex systems and higher speeds of combat aircraft, and for air combat or aerobatic training. Multi-engined trainers were used to ready pilots for flying multi-engine bombers and transports, and to train navigators, bombardiers, gunners and flight engineers. Most nations used obsolete combat types for advanced training, although large scale training programs such as the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP) required more aircraft than were available and aircraft were designed and built specifically to fulfill training roles. Intermediate trainers were used in several countries to reduce the attrition associated with the step up to advanced trainers but additional hours at the primary stage reduced the requirement.

Glider trainers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
DFS SG 38 Schulgleiter primary training glider1938GermanyGermany, Japan and many others
General Aircraft Hotspur assault glider trainer1940UK
Laister-Kauffman TG-41941US
Slingsby Kirby Cadet1935UK
Schweizer TG-31942US
Schweizer TG-2/LNS-11938US
Schneider Grunau Baby1931GermanyGermany, Denmark

Primary trainers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
ANBO IV1934Lithuania
Avro 5041913UKGreece, Thailand
Avro 6261930UKUK, Belgium, Canada, Greece, New Zealand
Avro 643 Cadet1932UKUK, Australia, China
Avro Tutor1933UKUK, Canada, Denmark
Beneš-Mráz Be-50 Beta-Minor1935CzechoslovakiaGermany, Slovakia
Blackburn B-21932UK
Boeing-Stearman Model 73/75/PT-13/PT-17/PT-18/NS/N2S Kaydet1934USUS, Brazil, Canada, China, Philippines
Breda Ba.25 & Ba.281932ItalyItaly, Hungary, China, Norway
Bücker Bü 131, Ki-86, K9W11935GermanyGermany, Bulgaria, Japan, Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia and others
Bücker Bü 1811940GermanyGermany, Bulgaria
CAC Wackett1941Australia
Caproni Ca.1641938ItalyItaly, France
DAR 9 Siniger1940BulgariaBulgaria, Yugoslavia
de Havilland DH.60 Moth1925UKUK, Australia, Denmark, Finland, Iraq, New Zealand, Norway
de Havilland Tiger Moth[notes 28]1932UKUK, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, India, Iraq, New Zealand, Norway
Fairchild PT-19/23/26 Cornell1940USUS, Brazil, Canada, Norway
Fleet Fawn1931CanadaCanada, Brazil
Fleet 10/16/Finch1939CanadaCanada, China, Brazil, Romania
Focke-Wulf Fw 441932GermanyGermany, Brazil, Bulgaria, China, Czechoslovakia, Finland, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia
Fokker S.IV1924Netherlands
Fokker S.IX1937Netherlands
Gotha Go 1451935Germany
Hanriot H.431928France
Hanriot H.161930France
Heinkel He 721933GermanyGermany, Bulgaria
Klemm Kl 251928GermanyGermany, Norway
Koolhoven F.K.511935Netherlands
Letov Š-2181930CzechoslovakiaFinland
Meyers OTW CPTP trainer1936US
Miles Hawk1933UKUK, New Zealand
Miles Magister1937UKUK, Norway
Morane-Saulnier MS.2301930FranceFrance, Germany, Greece
Morane-Saulnier MS.3151932France
Mráz Zobor I[1]1942Slovakia
Naval Aircraft Factory N3N Canary1936US
North American NA-161935USChina, Brazil
North American BT-9/BT-14/NJ1936US
Piper J-41938US
Ryan PT-16/20/21/22 Recruit1934USUS, Australia, Netherlands
RWD 81934PolandPoland, Latvia, Romania, Hungary, Yugoslavia
RWD 171938PolandPoland, Romania
Polikarpov Po-21929USSR
Praga E-391931Czechoslovakia
Repülőgépgyár Levente II1943Hungary
SAIMAN 2001940ItalyItaly, Croatia, Germany
Spartan NP-11940US
Tachikawa Ki-91935Japan
Tachikawa Ki-171936Japan
Timm N2T Tutor1943US
VL Sääski1928Finland
VL Viima1935Finland
Vultee BT-13/15/SNV Valiant1939USUS, Brazil
Waco UPF-7/PT-14 CPTP trainer1930US
Weiss WM-10 Ölyv1933Hungary
Yokosuka K5Y1934Japan
Yakovlev UT-21937USSR
Zlín Z-XII1935CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia, Germany, Slovakia, UK, Yugoslavia

Advanced trainers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Ambrosini S.71943Italy
Ambrosini SAI.10 Grifone1940Italy
Arado Ar 65[notes 5]1931Germany
Arado Ar 661933Germany
Arado Ar 68[notes 5]1936Germany
Arado Ar 961939GermanyGermany, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania
Avia B.1221934CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany, Romania, Slovakia, USSR
Bücker Bü 1331938GermanyGermany, Yugoslavia
CAC Wirraway1939Australia
Kaproni Bulgarski KB-2/3/4/51931Bulgaria
Caudron C.6901939France
Curtiss-Wright CW-22/SNC Falcon1942USUS, Netherlands
Focke-Wulf Fw 561935Germany
Fokker D.XVII[notes 5]1932Netherlands
Hawker Hart Trainer1930UK
I.Ae. 22 DL1944Argentina
IMAM Ro.411935Italy
Koolhoven F.K.561938NetherlandsNetherlands, Belgium
Messerschmitt Bf 1081935GermanyGermany, Bulgaria, and many others
Miles Master1939UK
Mitsubishi A5M4-K[notes 29]1936Japan
Mitsubishi A6M2-K Zero[notes 29]1940Japan
Morane-Saulnier M.S.225[notes 5]1933France
Muniz M-91937Brazil
Mansyu Ki-791937Japan
Nardi FN.3051938ItalyItaly, Romania, Hungary, France
Nardi FN.3161942ItalyItaly, Germany
Nieuport-Delage NiD 62[notes 5]1931France
North American NA-161935USFrance, Germany
North American NA-64 Yale1940USCanada, France, Germany
North American T-6/SNJ Texan/Harvard[notes 10]1935USUS, Brazil, Canada, India, New Zealand, Norway, UK and others
Orlogsværftet O-Maskinen1926Denmark
Praga BH-411931Czechoslovakia
PTO-41938EstoniaEstonia, Germany
PWS-261937PolandPoland, Romania, Germany
Rogožarski PVT1934Yugoslavia
Rogožarski R-1001939Yugoslavia
Rogožarski SIM-Х1937Yugoslavia
Romano R.821937France
SET 71931Romania
Stampe et Vertongen SV.5 Tornado1933BelgiumBelgium, Latvia
Tachikawa Ki-551940JapanJapan, Thailand
Svenska Aero Jaktfalken1930SwedenFinland
VEF I-121935Latvia
VL Tuisku1935Finland
VL Pyry1941Finland
Yakovlev UT-11936USSRUSSR, China
Zmaj Fizir FN1931YugoslaviaYugoslavia, Croatia, Italy
Zmaj Fizir FP-21936YugoslaviaYugoslavia, Croatia, Italy

Bomber trainers, target tugs and misc. trainers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Airspeed Oxford1937UKUK, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Norway
Avro Anson[notes 10]1936UK
UK, Canada, France, US
Blackburn Botha bomber trainer & target tug1939UK
Bristol Buckmaster1945UK
Beechcraft AT-10 Wichita1942US
Cessna AT-8/AT-17/UC-78/JRC Bobcat/Crane1939USUS, Brazil, Canada, France
Consolidated AT-22/TB-24 Liberator1943US
CANT Z.1015 torpedo bomber trainer1939Italy
Curtiss AT-91941US
De Havilland Dominie radio trainer1940UK
Fairchild AT-21 Gunner1943US
Fairey IIIF target tug1926UK
Fairey Battle[notes 5]1939UKAustralia, Canada, South Africa, UK
Fairey Gordon[notes 5]1931UKAustralia, UK
Fleet Fort intermediate trainer/radio trainer1941Canada
Focke-Wulf Fw 581937GermanyGermany, Brazil, Bulgaria, Croatia, Finland, Hungary, Netherlands, Romania
Hanriot H.2321940FranceFrance, Finland
Hawker Henley target tug1938UK
Kyushu K10W intermediate trainer/target tug1943Japan
Kyushu K11W bomber crew trainer1943Japan
Lockheed AT-18 Hudson1938USUS
LWS-6/PZL.30 Żubr[notes 5]1938Poland
Martin AT-23/TB-261940US
Miles Martinet target tug1942UK
Miles Mentor radio trainer1938UK
Mitsubishi K7M1931Japan
Nardi FN.315 intermediate trainer1938Italy
North American AT-24/TB-25 Mitchell1941US
North American NA-64 Yale intermediate/radio trainer1940USCanada
Percival Proctor radio trainer1939UK
Potez 56 crew trainer/target tug1936France
Stinson AT-19 Reliant1933USUS, UK
Tachikawa Ki-541941Japan
Westland Wallace[notes 5]1933UK
Yokosuka K4Y floatplane trainer1933Japan


Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Cierva C.30 autogyro1934UKUK, Belgium, France, Germany
Flettner Fl 282 helicopter1942Germany
Focke-Achgelis Fa 330 autogyro kite[notes 22]1943Germany
Kamov A-7 autogyro1934USSR
Kayaba Ka-1 and Ka-2 autogyro1941Japan
Pitcairn PA-39 autogyro[notes 30]1940USUK
Sikorsky R-4 helicopter1944USUS, UK
Sikorsky R-6 helicopter1945USUS, UK

Lighter than Air

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Goodyear G class blimp patrol blimp1935US
Goodyear K class blimp patrol blimp1938US
Goodyear L class blimp training blimp1938US
Goodyear M class blimp patrol blimp1944US

Rockets and Drones

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aeronautica Lombarda A.R. radio controlled flying bomb1943Italy
Airspeed AS.30 Queen Wasp target drone1937UK
Culver PQ-8 target drone1940US
Culver PQ-14 Cadet target drone1942US
de Havilland DH.82 Queen Bee target drone1935UK
Fieseler Fi 103R manned missile1944Germany
Henschel Hs 293 guided missile1943Germany
Interstate TDR assault drone1944US
McDonnell TD2D Katydid target drone1942US
Naval Aircraft Factory TDN assault drone1942US
Naval Aircraft Modification Unit KDN Gorgon target drone1945US
Radioplane OQ-2 target drone1939US
V-1 Flying Bomb surface to surface cruise missile1943Germany
V-2 rocket surface to surface ballistic missile1944Germany
Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka manned missile1945Japan


Prototypes were aircraft that were intended to enter service but did not, either due to changing requirements, failing to meet requirements, other problems, or the end of the war. If the aircraft was deployed to regular squadrons or used in an operational capacity other than evaluation, it should be listed above under its appropriate type. Napkinwaffe - paper projects and aircraft that first flew after the war are not included.

Fighter prototypes

Single-engined, Single-seat fighters, fighter-bombers and jet fighters

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Aeronautica Umbra Trojani AUT.181939Italy
Ambrosini SS.41940Italycanard pusher-engine fighter
Ambrosini SAI.1071940Italylightweight fighter
Ambrosini SAI.4031943Italylightweight fighter
Avia B.351938Czechoslovakia
Aviotehas PN-31939Estonia
Bell XP-771944USlightweight fighter
Bell XP-831945USjet fighter
Bachem Ba 349 Natter1945Germanyvertical launch point defence rocket interceptor
Bereznyak-Isayev BI-11942USSRrocket fighter
Blohm & Voss BV 155 1944 Germany
Borovkov-Florov I-2071937USSRcantilever-wing biplane fighter
Canadian Car and Foundry FDB-11938Canadabiplane fighter
Caproni Vizzola F.41940Italy
Caproni Vizzola F.51939Italy
Caproni Vizzola F.61941Italy
Chu X-P01943China
Curtiss XF14C1944USnaval fighter with liquid-cooled engine
Curtiss XF15C1945USinspired by the FR-1 Fireball
Curtiss YP-371937US
Curtiss XP-421939US
Curtiss XP-461941US
Curtiss XP-53/YP-601942US
Curtiss XP-621943US
Curtiss-Wright XP-55 Ascender1943UScanard pusher-engine fighter
de Havilland Vampire1943UKjet fighter entered service post-war
Fokker D.XXIII1939Netherlandspush/pull twin-engine fighter
Fiat G.561944Italy
Gloster F.5/34 1937 UK
Horten Ho 2291944Germanyjet flying wing fighter
Hawker Tornado1939UK
Heinkel He 2801940Germany
Henschel Hs 1321945Germanyprone pilot jet fighter/dive bomber
Kawasaki Ki-601941Japan
Koolhoven F.K.551938Netherlandsburied-engine fighter
Kyushu J7W1945Japancanard pusher-engine fighter
Macchi C.2011940Italy
Martin-Baker MB 21938UK
Martin-Baker MB 31942UK
Martin-Baker MB 51944UK
McDonnell FD Phantom1945USnaval jet fighter
Messerschmitt Me 2091938Germanyracer/fighter
Messerschmitt Me 3091942Germany
Messerschmitt Me 3281944Germanypulse jet fighter
Mikoyan-Gurevich I-2501945USSRmixed-power fighter
Miles M.201940UKemergency fighter
Mitsubishi J8M1944Japanrocket-propelled interceptor
Nakajima Ki-121936JapanV12 fighter
Nakajima Kikka1945Japanjet fighter
North American P-82 Twin Mustang1945UStwin fuselage fighter too late for war
Northrop XP-56 Black Bullet1943UStailless pusher fighter
Piaggio P.1191942Italyburied radial-engine fighter
PZL.50 Jastrząb1939Poland
Renard R-36/R-37/R-381938Belgium
SNCAO 2001939France
Tachikawa Ki-1061945Japan
VEF I-161939Latvialightweight fighter
VL Humu1944Finland
VL Pyörremyrsky1945Finland
Polikarpov I-1851941USSR
Polikarpov ITP1942USSR
Reggiane Re.2006n/aItalycompleted but not flown
Sukhoi Su-51945USSRmixed-power fighter
Sukhoi Su-71944USSRhigh-altitude interceptor

Heavy fighters (multi-engined or multi-seat) and night fighters

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Aichi S1A1945Japannight fighter
Arado Ar 2401940Germany
Arsenal-Delanne 101941Francetandem-wing two-seat fighter
Boeing YB-40 Flying Fortress1943USlarge escort fighter
Boeing XF8B1944US
Boulton Paul P.921937UK
SABCA S.471939Italyfor Belgium
Consolidated XB-41 Liberator1942USlarge escort fighter
Consolidated Vultee XP-811945US
De Havilland Hornet1944UK
Fisher P-75 Eagle1943US
Gloster F.9/371939UK
Grumman XF5F Skyrocket1940US
Grumman XP-501941US
Hawker Hotspur1938UK
Hughes D-21943US
IMAM Ro.581942Italy
Kawasaki Ki-641943Japan
Kawasaki Ki-961943Japan
Lockheed XP-491942US
Lockheed XP-58 Chain Lightning1944US
McDonnell XP-67 Bat1944US
Moskalyev SAM-131940USSR
Nikitin IS-11941USSR
Polikarpov TIS1941USSR
PZL.38 Wilk1938Poland
Republic XP-69/XP-721943US
Savoia-Marchetti SM.88, SM.91 and SM.921939Italyheavy fighters
SNCASE SE.1001939France
Sukhoi Su-61941USSR
Vickers Type 4321942UK
Vultee XP-541943US

Bomber and attack aircraft prototypes

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Aero A.3001938Czechoslovakia
ANBO VIII1939Lithuania
Avia B-1581938Czechoslovakia
Avro Lincoln1945UKtoo late for war
Beechcraft XA-38 Grizzly1944US
Blackburn Firebrand1945UKtoo late for war
Bloch MB.1621940France
Boeing XB-151937US
Boeing XB-38 Flying Fortress1943US
Boeing XB-39 Superfortress1944US
Boeing XB-44 Superfortress1945US
Breguet 4621936France
Breda Ba.751939Italy
Breda Ba.2011941Italy
Brewster XA-321943US
Bristol Brigand1944UKtoo late for war
CAC Woomera1941Australia
CANSA FC.121940Italy
CANSA FC.201941Italy
CANT Z.10111936Italy
CANT Z.10181939Italy
Caproni Ca.3551941Italy
Caudron C.670 Typhon1935Francelight bomber (derived from racer)
DAR 101939Bulgaria
Dornier Do 191936Germanycancelled heavy bomber, possibly used as transport
Dornier Do 3171943Germanyheavy bomber
Douglas AD Skyraider1945UStorpedo/dive bomber
Douglas BTD Destroyer1944US
Douglas XB-191941US
Douglas XA-42 Mixmaster1944USburied engines driving pusher propeller in tail
Douglas XTB2D Skypirate1945USintended successor of the Douglas Devastator
Fairey Spearfish1945UK
Fiat AS.141943Italy
Focke-Wulf Fw 1911942Germanyheavy bomber
Fokker T.IX1939Netherlands
Heinkel He 1191937Germanyunarmed reconnaissance bomber
Heinkel He 2741945Germanyhigh-altitude bomber
Henschel Hs 1301940Germanyhigh-altitude bomber
IAR 471942Romania
Junkers Ju 2871944Germany
Junkers Ju 2881940Germanybomber
Kaiser-Fleetwings XBTK1945USdive and torpedo bomber
Latécoère 2991939Francecarrier-based Latécoère 298
Letov Š-501938Czechoslovakia
Lockheed XP2V-1 Neptune1945USanti-submarine aircraft
Messerschmitt Me 2611940Germanymaritime reconnaissance
Messerschmitt Me 2641942Germany4-engine Amerika bomber
Nakajima G5N1941Japan
Nakajima G8N1944Japan
North American XB-281942US
Piaggio P.501937Italy
Polikarpov NB1944USSR
PZL.46 Sum1939Poland
Reggiane Re.20031941Italy
Rikugun Ki-931945Japan
Savoia-Marchetti SM.861940Italy
Savoia-Marchetti SM.891942Italy
Savoia-Marchetti SM.931944Italy
SNCAO CAO.6001940France
Stearman XA-211938US
Supermarine Type 3221943UK
Tachikawa Ki-741944Japan
Vickers Windsor1943UK
Vultee XA-411944US
Zmaj R-11940Yugoslavia

Transport prototypes

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Blohm & Voss BV 1441944Germanybuilt in France
Boeing 367 YC-97 Stratofreighter1944USbased on B-29, entered service in 1947
Burnelli UB-14/Cunliffe-Owen Clyde Clipper1939USprototype used by UK and France
Consolidated R2Y1944USPB4Y-2 with new fuselage
Curtiss-Wright C-76 Caravan1943USwood transport with nose doors
Junkers Ju 3901943Germanyheavy transport and maritime patrol
Kobeseiko Te-Gō1943JapanSTOL spotter/liaison
Kokusai Ki-1051945Japanfuel transport
Lockheed L-049 Constellation1944UScivil version of the C-69
LWS-21937Polandmedical transport
Martin 1561940USSRRussian-built seaplane airliner
Praga E-2101937Czechoslovakia
Savoia-Marchetti SM.951943Italy
SNCASE Languedoc1939France
Stout XC-1071941USflying car evaluated by USAAF
Tachikawa Ki-771942Japanvery long-range transport
Tachikawa Ki-921945Japantroop/cargo transport

Glider prototypes

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Aeronautica Lombarda AL-12P1943Italy
Allied Aviation XLRA1943USseaplane glider
AVIA LM.021942Italybomber glider
Baynes Bat1943UKexperimental tailless glider
Blohm & Voss BV 401944Germanyinterceptor glider
Bristol XLRQ1943USseaplane glider
CAT TM-21943Italy
Chase YCG-141945US
Cornelius XFG-11944US
DFS 3311942Germany
Frankfort TG-11940US
General Airborne Transport XCG-161943US
Gotha Ka 4301943Germany
Horten H.IV1941Germanyflying wing glider
Horten H.V1937Germany
I.Ae. 25 Mañque1945Argentina
Junkers Ju 3221941Germany
Kokusai Ku-71942Japan
Laister-Kauffman XCG-101942US
Maeda Ku-61945Japan
Pratt-Read TG-321940US
Polikarpov BDP1943USSR
Slingsby T.201944UK
St.Louis XCG-51942US
Antonov A-401942USSR
Yokosuka MXY51942Japan

Trainer prototypes

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Airspeed Cambridge1941UKadvanced trainer
AEKKEA-Raab R-291936GreeceFighter-trainer (unknown number - possibly 30 - produced for Spain, missing engines and machine guns)
Boeing XAT-151942US
CAT QR.141943Italy
de Havilland Don1938UK
Fleetwings BT-121942US
General Aircraft Cagnet1939UK
General Aircraft Cygnet1937UK
General Aircraft Owlet1942UK
Heston T.1/371938UK
Ikarus Aero 21940Yugoslavia
Ikarus MM-21941Yugoslavia
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk/Høver M.F.121939Norwayfloatplane trainer
Miles M.151938UK
Miles Kestrel1937UK
Miles Mercury1941UK
Miles Monitor1944UKtarget tug
Parnall 3821939UK
PWS-33 Wyżeł1938Polandtwin-engine trainer
PWS-35 Ogar1938Poland
Reid and Sigrist R.S.11939UKtwin-engine trainer
Reid and Sigrist R.S.31945UKtwin-engine trainer
Rogozarski SIM-XI1938Yugoslavia
St. Louis YPT-151940USprimary trainer
Stampe SV.41933Belgiumbiplane trainer, flown before war, not used until after
Stearman XBT-171942USmonoplane trainer
Yakovlev Yak-51944USSR
Yokosuka D3Y1945Japanbomber trainer

Rotorcraft prototypes

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Breguet-Dorand Gyroplane Laboratoire1935FranceHelicopter
Dorand G.20n/aFranceHelicopter
Focke-Achgelis Fa 2231942Germanytwin rotor transport helicopter
Focke-Achgelis Fa 2251942Germanyrotary wing glider
Hafner Rotabuggy1943UKtowed autogyro jeep
Higgins EB-11943USHelicopter
Kellett KD-1/XO-60/YO-601934USautogyro
Landgraf H-21944UShelicopter
McDonnell XHJH Whirlaway1944UShelicopter
Piaggio-D'Ascanio PD31942Italyhelicopter
Piasecki HRP Rescuer1945UShelicopter
Platt-LePage XR-11941UShelicopter
Vought-Sikorsky VS-3001939USamphibious helicopter

Missile prototypes

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Blohm & Voss BV 1431941Germanyanti-ship missile
Blohm & Voss BV 2461943GermanyHagelkorn guided glide bomb
EMW C2 Wasserfall1943Germanyguided surface-to-air missile developed from V-2
Fletcher PQ-111941UStarget drone/glide bomb
McDonnell LBD Gargoyle1945USair-to-surface missile
Mistel1943Germanylarge air-to-surface missile with parasite guidance aircraft
Northrop JB-1 Bat1944USsurface-to-surface missile
Republic-Ford JB-21944USsurface-to-surface missile (V-1 copy)
Rheinmetall-Borsig Feuerlilie1943Germanysurface-to-air missile
Ruhrstahl X-41944Germanyair-to-air missile

Miscellaneous prototypes

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Airspeed Fleet Shadower1940UKlow speed shipborne aircraft for tracking enemy fleet visually
AVIS C.41940Italyliaison
Bestetti BN.11940Italyracer/fighter/liaison
Blackburn B-201940UKseaplane with retractable hull
Bloch MB.4801939Francefloatplane
Blohm & Voss BV 1411938Germanyasymmetrical tactical reconnaissance aircraft
Blohm & Voss BV 2381944Germanylarge transport flying boat
Boeing XPBB Sea Ranger1942USpatrol seaplane
CANT Z.5111940Italytransport/bomber floatplane
CANT Z.5161940Italybomber floatplane
Caproni Ca.3161940Italyfloatplane
Caproni Ca.3311940Italyreconnaissance aircraft, bomber, and night fighter
Consolidated XP4Y Corregidor1939USpatrol seaplane
DFS 2281944Germanyhigh-altitude manned reconnaissance rocket
ERCO Ercoupe YO-551940USJATO tests
Fairchild XBQ-31944USassault drone
Fleetwings XBQ-21943USassault drone
General Aircraft Fleet Shadower1940UKlow-speed shipborne aircraft for tracking enemy vessels
Kawanishi E15K1941Japanreconnaissance floatplane
Koolhoven F.K.491935Netherlandsphoto survey
Loire-Nieuport 101939Francepatrol floatplane
LWS-3 Mewa1938Polandarmy cooperation
Nakajima Ki-1151945Japankamikaze aircraft
Nihon L7P1942Japantransport amphibian
Nikol A-21939Polandseaplane trainer
Potez-CAMS 1411938Francelong range reconnaissance flying boat
Praga E-511938Czechoslovakiatactical reconnaissance
SFAN 111940Franceliaison
Short Seaford1944UKimproved Sunderland, trials only
Short Shetland1944UKlong range reconnaissance flying boat
SNCAC NC.4-101939Francefloatplane bomber/torpedo bomber
SNCAO 301938Franceseaplane trainer
Tachikawa Ki-701943Japanhigh-speed photo reconnaissance aircraft
Tupolev MTB-21937USSRfour-engine flying boat, cancelled after German invasion
Zveno SPB1938USSR2-5 parasite fighters carried by bomber

Experimental aircraft

Aircraft intended to prove a concept or idea and which were not intended or suitable for military service. Does not include operational aircraft modified for experimental purposes.

Flight behaviour research

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Armstrong Whitworth A.W.521945UKflying wing
Bell 301943USexperimental helicopter
Cierva W.91945UKexperimental helicopter
DFS 401939Germanytailless aircraft
DFS 1941940Germanyaerodynamic testbed for Messerschmitt Me 163
Göppingen Gö 91941Germanytail mounted propeller testbed
Handley Page Manx1943UKtailless aircraft
Hiller XH-441944UScoaxial rotor helicopter
Hillson Bi-mono1941UKslip wing testbed
Kayaba Ku-21940Japantailless glider
Kayaba Ku-31941Japantailless glider
Kawasaki Ki-781942Japanhigh speed flight
Kellett XR-81944USintermesh rotor helicopter
Lippisch DM-11944Germanydelta-wing glider
Martin 162A Tadpole Clipper1937UShalf scale flyingboat
Miles M.301942UKblended wing
Miles M.35 Libellula1942UKtandem wing
Miles M.39B Libellula1943UKtandem wing/canard
Northrop N-1M1941USflying wing
Northrop N-9M1942USflying wing
Payen PA-221942Francedelta and tandem-wing
Piasecki PV-21943UShelicopter
Saro Shrimp1939UKhalf sized flying boat
Tachikawa SS-11943Japanhigh altitude research, pressurized cabin
Vought V-1731942USaerodynamic testbed for Vought XF5U which never flew
Yokosuka MXY61943Japanaerodynamic testbed for Kyushu J7W
Yokosuka MXY8/Ku-131945Japanaerodynamic testbed for Mitsubishi J8M rocket interceptor

Engine research

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Caproni Campini N.11940Italyjet engine testbed
Folland Fo.1081940UKpiston engine testbed
Gloster E.28/391941UKjet engine testbed
Heinkel He 1761939Germanyrocket engine testbed
Heinkel He 1781939Germanyjet engine testbed

Misc research

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Akaflieg Berlin B 91944Germanyprone pilot research
Heinkel He 1191937Germanystreamlining
Piaggio P.1111941Italyhigh altitude research

See also



  1. Built in Canada
  2. Retired 1942
  3. Carrier-based fighter
  4. In service by VJ day
  5. Obsolete aircraft used for training
  6. Ordered by Thailand, disarmed and impressed as trainer
  7. carrier-based fighter/dive bomber
  8. Prototype used operationally
  9. Transport version only
  10. Also built in Canada
  11. Retired by Germany before war
  12. Heavy bomber, maritime patrol and transport
  13. Maritime patrol before relegated to transport duties.
  14. Retired by Japan before Dec. 1941
  15. Retired by US before war
  16. Primarily used as trainer
  17. Retired by UK before war
  18. Second line duties during war
  19. Bomber/transport
  20. Obsolete fighter used for reconnaissance
  21. Not used by France
  22. Submarine-borne aircraft
  23. Not used by Germany
  24. RCAF bought 2 ex-inflight refuelling aircraft
  25. Later versions built as transports
  26. Paratroop transport and glider tug
  27. Also used as a trainer and photo reconnaissance.
  28. Built in Canada & elsewhere
  29. Variant specifically built as a trainer
  30. Not used by US


  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-01-14. Retrieved 2012-06-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) accessdate=26 June 2012


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