List of active Royal Australian Navy ships
The main strength is the eight frigates and two destroyers of the surface combatant force: eight Anzac class frigates and two Hobart class destroyers. Six Collins-class boats make up the submarine service, although due to the maintenance cycle not all submarines are active at any time. The issues have now been fixed and five submarines are available for service. Amphibious warfare assets include two Canberra-class landing helicopter dock ships and the landing ship HMAS Choules. Thirteen Armidale-class patrol boats perform coastal and economic exclusion zone patrols, and four Huon-class vessels are used for minehunting and clearance (another two are commissioned but in reserve since October 2011). Replenishment at sea is provided by the Sirius, while the two Leeuwin-class and four Paluma-class vessels perform survey and charting duties.
In addition to the commissioned warships, the RAN operates the sail training ship Young Endeavour and two Cape-class patrol boats acquired from the Australian Border Force. Other auxiliaries and small craft are not operated by the RAN, but by DMS Maritime, who are contracted to provide support services.
The lion's share of the RAN fleet is divided between Fleet Base East (HMAS Kuttabul, in Sydney) and Fleet Base West (HMAS Stirling, near Perth). Mine warfare assets are located at HMAS Waterhen (also in Sydney), while HMAS Cairns in Cairns and HMAS Coonawarra in Darwin host the navy's patrol and survey vessels.
Australia operates a single class of diesel-electric submarines, the six Collins-class boats which began entering service in 1993. The Collins was designed by the Swedish submarine builder Kockums as the Type 471 specifically to meet Australian requirements, many of which were derived from Australia's need for great range without utilizing a nuclear propulsion system. The ships themselves were built in Australia by the Australian Submarine Corporation in Adelaide, South Australia. The submarines are classified by the RAN as guided missile submarines (SSG), but are often referred to as hunter-killer submarines (SSK) in the international press. While these vessels represented a major increase in capability for the RAN, they have found themselves mired in numerous technical and operational problems. Meanwhile, the RAN has struggled to sufficiently crew their submarine fleet, with at times no more than two qualified crews available. The twelve-boat strong Future Submarine Program (SEA 1000) was initiated to replace the existing six Collins-class boats. The Shortfin Barracuda, the conventional-powered variant of the French Barracuda-class submarine, proposed by French shipbuilder DCNS, was chosen by the Australian government as the design for the new boats.
3051 t surfaced
3353 t submerged
Length: 77.4 metres (254 ft)
21 knots (39 km/h; 24 mph)
10.5 knots (19.4 km/h; 12.1 mph)
11,000 nautical miles (20,000 km; 13,000 mi)
480 nautical miles (890 km; 550 mi)
|6 × 21-inch (530 mm) torpedo tubes, firing:
Mark 48 Mod 7 CBASS torpedoes,
UGM-84C Sub-Harpoon anti-ship missiles, or
Stonefish Mark III mines
|Collins||SSG 73||27 July 1996||Fleet Base West|
|Farncomb||SSG 74||31 January 1998||Fleet Base West|
|Waller||SSG 75||10 July 1999||Fleet Base West|
|Dechaineux||SSG 76||23 February 2001||Fleet Base West|
|Sheean||SSG 77||23 February 2001||Fleet Base West|
|Rankin||SSG 78||29 March 2003||Fleet Base West|
The Canberra class are landing helicopter dock ships based on the design of Spanish ship Juan Carlos I. The hull of each ship was built by the designer, Navantia, then was transported to Australia by heavy lift ship for internal fitout and installation of the superstructure by BAE Systems Australia. Designed to transport and land an amphibious force of up to 1,600 soldiers by landing craft and helicopter, the Canberras are the largest ships ever operated by the RAN. Lead ship HMAS Canberra was commissioned into the RAN in late 2014. The second ship of the class, Adelaide, was commissioned at the end of 2015.
27,500 t full load
230.82 metres (757.3 ft)
358 personnel (293 RAN, 62 Army, 3 RAAF)
Over 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)
9,000 nautical miles (17,000 km; 10,000 mi)
|4 × Rafael Typhoon 25 mm
6 × 12.7 mm machine guns
6-spot helicopter deck
8 × helicopters (standard load)
4 × LLC in well deck
Up to 110 vehicles
|Canberra||L02||28 November 2014||Fleet Base East||RAN Flagship|
|Adelaide||L01||4 December 2015||Fleet Base East|
The Bay-class landing ship dock HMAS Choules was acquired by the RAN in 2011. The ship was originally built by Swan Hunter for the British Royal Fleet Auxiliary, and entered British service in 2006 as RFA Largs Bay. She was made redundant in the 2011 Strategic Defence and Security Review and sold to Australia. Choules represents a major increase in sealift capability for the RAN, particularly after mechanical issues in 2010 and 2011 forced the early retirement of the navy's two Kanimbla-class vessels, and put HMAS Tobruk in dock for an extensive refit.
16,190 t full load
176.6 metres (579 ft)
18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph)
8,000 nautical miles (15,000 km; 9,200 mi)
Helicopter deck, no permanent hangar; temporary hanger can be fitted
1 × LCU, 1 × LCM-8, or 2 × LCVP in well deck
2 × Mexeflotes on flanks
32 tanks or 150 trucks
|Choules||L100||13 December 2011||Fleet Base East||In Royal Fleet Auxiliary service 2006–2011|
The Australian Air Warfare Destroyer (AWD) project commenced in 2000, to replace the Adelaide-class frigates and restore the capability last exhibited by the Perth-class destroyers. The ship was assembled from 31 pre-fabricated modules ('blocks'): 12 for the hull, 9 for the forward superstructure, and 10 for the aft superstructure. The Hobarts are built around the Aegis combat system. The first ship HMAS Hobart was ordered on 4 October 2007 and commissioned on 23 September 2017.
7,000 t full load
147.2 metres (483 ft)
186 + 16 aircrew
28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph)
5,000 nautical miles (9,300 km; 5,800 mi)
|48-cell Mark 41 Vertical Launch System
2 × 4-canister Harpoon missile launchers
1 × Mark 45 Mod 4 5-inch gun
2 × Mark 32 Mod 9 two-tube torpedo launchers
1 × Phalanx CIWS
2 × 25mm M242 Bushmaster autocannons in Typhoon mounts
1 x MH-60R Seahawk
Lockheed Martin AN/SPY-1D(V) S-band radar
Ultra Electronics Sonar Systems' Integrated Sonar System
|Hobart||DDG 39||23 September 2017||Fleet Base East|
|Brisbane||DDG 41||27 October 2018||Fleet Base East|
There are eight frigates of the Anzac class. These were commissioned from 1996 to 2006 as part of a joint program with New Zealand, whose navy operates an additional two examples. Derived from Blohm + Voss' MEKO modular ship family and designated the MEKO 200 ANZ by that company, the ships were built in Australia by Tenix in Williamstown, Victoria. They are designated as helicopter frigates (FFH) by the RAN, and are designed to be capable of both mid-level patrol and blue water operations. In 2010, these vessels began to receive upgrades to their anti-ship missile defence (ASMD) capabilities.
3600 t full load
118 metres (387 ft)
22 officers + 141 sailors
27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph)
6,000 nautical miles (11,000 km; 6,900 mi)
|5-inch/54 Mk 45 DP gun
8-cell Mk 41 VLS
8 × Harpoon Block II
2 × 3-tube Mk 32 torpedo tubes
1 × S-70B-2 Seahawk helicopter
SPS-49(V)8 CEAFAR (part of ASMD upgrade being rolled out across the class)
|Anzac||FFH 150||18 May 1996||Fleet Base East|
|Arunta||FFH 151||12 December 1998||Fleet Base West|
|Warramunga||FFH 152||31 March 2001||Fleet Base West|
|Stuart||FFH 153||17 August 2002||Fleet Base West|
|Parramatta||FFH 154||4 October 2003||Fleet Base East|
|Ballarat||FFH 155||26 June 2004||Fleet Base East|
|Toowoomba||FFH 156||8 October 2005||Fleet Base West|
|Perth||FFH 157||26 August 2006||Fleet Base West|
|Two additional ships built for and operated by the Royal New Zealand Navy|
Patrol and mine warfare
For patrol of Australia's vast coastline, territorial waters, and offshore territories, the RAN operates thirteen Armidale-class patrol boats. These replaced the Fremantle class from 2005 as the navy's primary asset for border protection, fisheries patrols, and interception of unauthorised arrivals by sea. Based on the Bay-class customs vessels, the Armidales are significantly enlarged to allow for better range and seakeeping ability. Originally, twelve boats were to be built by Austal Ships, but the establishment of a dedicated patrol force for the North West Shelf Venture saw another two ordered. The Australian Patrol Boat Group has divided the class into four divisions, with three ships' companies assigned for every two vessels to achieve higher operational availability. HMAS Bundaberg was decommissioned in December 2014 after being extensively damaged by an onboard fire. Ongoing problems with the patrol boats, including wear from high operational use and structural issues, prompted the RAN to acquire two Cape-class patrol boats from the Australian Border Force.
56.8 metres (186 ft)
25 knots (46 km/h; 29 mph)
3,000 nautical miles (5,600 km; 3,500 mi)
|1 × 25 mm M242 Bushmaster
2 × 12.7 mm machine guns
|2 × Zodiac 7.2 m (24 ft) RHIBs|
|Armidale||ACPB 83||24 June 2005||HMAS Coonawarra|
|Larrakia||ACPB 84||10 February 2006||HMAS Coonawarra|
|Bathurst||ACPB 85||10 February 2006||HMAS Coonawarra|
|Albany||ACPB 86||15 July 2006||HMAS Coonawarra|
|Pirie||ACPB 87||29 July 2006||HMAS Coonawarra|
|Maitland||ACPB 88||29 September 2006||HMAS Coonawarra|
|Ararat||ACPB 89||13 November 2006||HMAS Coonawarra|
|Broome||ACPB 90||10 February 2007||HMAS Coonawarra|
|Wollongong||ACPB 92||23 June 2007||HMAS Cairns|
|Childers||ACPB 93||7 July 2007||HMAS Cairns|
|Launceston||ACPB 94||22 September 2007||HMAS Cairns|
|Maryborough||ACPB 95||8 December 2007||HMAS Coonawarra|
|Glenelg||ACPB 96||22 February 2008||HMAS Coonawarra|
|One additional ship (Bundaberg) destroyed by fire|
Mine countermeasures at sea are handled by the Huon-class minehunters, which began to enter RAN service from 1999. The class was based on the Italian Navy's Gaeta-class minehunter developed by Intermarine SpA. Development was undertaken in partnership between Intermarine and Australian Defence Industries (ADI). The first hull was built in Italy, with fitting out the first and construction of the remaining five vessels of the class done by ADI in Newcastle, New South Wales, replacing the problematic Bay-class minehunters. In addition to the mine warfare role, individual have been deployed on occasion to support patrol and border protection operations. Four vessels operate out of HMAS Waterhen, in Sydney, New South Wales. An additional two ships were placed in reserve in October 2011.
720 t full load
52.5 metres (172 ft)
6 officers + 33 sailors
14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph)
1,500 nautical miles (2,800 km; 1,700 mi)
|1 × 30 mm DS30B autocannon
2 × 12.7 mm machine guns
|2 × Double Eagle mine disposal vehicles|
Type 1007 navigational radar
Type 2093M minehunting sonar
Type 133 PRISM radar warning
2 × Wallop Super Barricade decoy launchers
|Huon||M 82||15 May 1999||HMAS Waterhen|
|Hawkesbury||M 83||12 February 2000||HMAS Waterhen||In reserve|
|Norman||M 84||26 August 2000||HMAS Waterhen||In reserve|
|Gascoyne||M 85||2 June 2001||HMAS Waterhen|
|Diamantina||M 86||4 May 2002||HMAS Waterhen|
|Yarra||M 87||1 March 2003||HMAS Waterhen|
HMAS Sirius was initially built as a civilian oil tanker, but was purchased by the RAN during construction and converted into a replenishment ship for the west coast. Built by Hyundai Mipo Dockyard in South Korea, she was launched in 2004 and commissioned in 2006; costing half the price and becoming active three years before the RAN's original plan of a purpose-build ship.
191.3 metres (628 ft)
16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph)
|Small arms only||34,806 cz fuel capacity|
Helicopter deck, no hangar
|Sirius||O 266||16 September 2006||Fleet Base West|
Two Leeuwin-class survey ships were built for the RAN by NQEA Australia of Cairns. Ordered in 1996, the ships were commissioned in a joint ceremony in 2000. They are capable of charting waters up to 6,000 metres (20,000 ft) deep, and carry three Fantome-class survey boats for shallow-water work. In addition to hydrographic surveying duties, since 2001 both vessels have also operated in support of the RAN patrol force.
71.2 metres (234 ft)
10 officers + 46 sailors
18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph)
18,000 nautical miles (33,000 km; 21,000 mi) at 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph)
|2 × × 12.7 mm machine guns||Sonars:|
C-Tech CMAS 36/39 hull mounted high frequency active sonar
Atlas Fansweep-20 multibeam echo sounder
Atlas Hydrographic Deso single-beam echo sounder
Klein 2000 towed sidescan sonar array
STN Atlas 9600 ARPA navigation radar
Helicopter deck, no hangar
|Leeuwin||A 245||27 May 2000||HMAS Cairns|
|Melville||A 246||27 May 2000||HMAS Cairns|
The Paluma-class survey motor launches are large catamarans designed for survey operations around northern and eastern Australia. Four ships were built by Eglo Engineering at Port Adelaide, South Australia between 1988 and 1990. The vessels normally operate in pairs.
36.6 metres (120 ft)
3 officers + 11 sailors
12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)
1,800 nautical miles (3,300 km; 2,100 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph)
JRC JMA-3710-6 navigational radar
ELAC LAZ 72 side-scan mapping sonar
Skipper 113 hull-mounted scanning sonar
|Paluma||A 01||27 February 1989||HMAS Cairns|
|Mermaid||A 02||4 December 1989||HMAS Cairns|
|Shepparton||A 03||24 January 1990||HMAS Cairns|
|Benalla||A 04||20 March 1990||HMAS Cairns|
The Sail Training Ship Young Endeavour was built as a gift from the United Kingdom to Australia for the latter's 1988 bicentenary of colonisation. Built by British shipbuilder Brooke Marine, the brigantine rig vessel is operated by the RAN, but is used to facilitate the Young Endeavour Youth Scheme; a sail training program for Australian youth aged between 16 and 23. A 10-strong RAN crew is supplemented by 24–30 youth on ten-day voyages, with 500 applicants selected every year through two ballots.
|Name||Pennant number||In service||Homeport||Notes|
|Young Endeavour||–||25 January 1988||HMAS Waterhen|
Eight Cape-class patrol boats were built for the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (now the Australian Border Force) by Austal Ships between 2012 and 2015, as replacements for the Bay class. Following the loss of HMAS Bundaberg and hull issues with the Armidale class requiring an intense remedial maintenance program, two Cape-class patrol boats were leased to the RAN from late 2015 until the end of 2016. In naval service, the two rotating crew groups for each of the two vessel are made up of RAN personnel, the patrol boats operate from HMAS Cairns, and are identified with the Australian Defence Vessel (ADV) prefix, but retain the blue-and-red customs colour scheme.
57.8 metres (190 ft)
25 knots (46 km/h; 29 mph)
4,000 nautical miles (7,400 km; 4,600 mi) at 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)
|2 x .50 calibre machine guns||2 × 7.3 m (24 ft) Gemini RHIBs|
|ADV Cape Fourcroy||2017||HMAS Cairns|
|ADV Cape Inscription||2017||HMAS Cairns|
|Six additional ships built for and operated by the Australian Border Force|
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