List of accounting roles

Many accountants in the United States are not certified, particularly those who work in corporate America. Depending on their level in the management functions, and their level in the corporate hierarchy they can be referred to as bookkeepers, accountants, junior accountants, staff accountants, senior accountants, or accounting supervisors. An accountant is a generic term which can refer to any of the below classifications.

Controller

In a corporate environment, a controller supervises all other accounting staff and usually reports to a chief financial officer or director of finance.

Accounting Manager

A mid to upper-level manager and accounting professional who oversees staff accountants and/or accounting supervisors or junior accountants. They may or may not be a CPA, but are almost always required to have a bachelor's degree.[1][2]

Accounting supervisor

An upper-level accounting professional who directly oversees one or more accounting specialists. Similar to an accounting manager, they are usually subordinate to the manager, or report directly to the controller or CFO. In addition to their supervisory role, they will be responsible for monitoring and approving the financial processes and reporting of their department.[3][4]

Senior Accountant

An upper-level accounting professional who usually reports directly to a controller or assistant controller or, in the public accounting world, one of the partners. They will almost always have a bachelor's degree, and sometimes a master's. They may even have their CPA, or be a CPA candidate. In addition to general accounting duties, they help company's management to analyze the economic health of the organization, usually through timely financial reports and counsel. They may or may not have supervisory responsibilities over junior accountants and/or clerical personnel.[5]

Staff accountant

A mid-level accounting position between junior accountant and senior accountant. At public accounting firms, staff accountant may be an entry level position. Staff accountants typically have bachelor degrees but are not necessarily Certified Public Accountants. Typical duties of a staff accountant include preparing journal entries and reconciliations. Staff accountants may also perform duties such as accounts payable and accounts receivable.[6] A corporate staff accountant typically reports to a controller or accounting manager.

Junior accountant

An entry level accounting position, usually reporting to any of the higher level accounting positions, or in smaller companies, to the controller. They may or may not have a bachelor's degree, and their main responsibilities will usually include reconciling accounts and preparing preliminary reports.[7][8]

Bookkeeper

See Bookkeeping.

References

  1. "Accounting Supervisor Job Description". Monster.com. Archived from the original on December 17, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  2. "Accounting Manager". AccountingJobsToday.com. Archived from the original on December 17, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  3. "Accounting Manager Job Description Sample". Monster.com. Archived from the original on December 17, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  4. "ACCOUNTING SUPERVISOR" (PDF). The Navajo Nation. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 17, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  5. "Senior Financial Accountant: Job Description, Duties and Requirements". Study.com. Archived from the original on December 17, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  6. "Staff Accountant: Job Description, Duties and Requirements". Study.com. Archived from the original on December 17, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  7. "Junior Accountant Job Description Sample". Monster.com. Archived from the original on December 17, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  8. "junior accountant". Business Dictionary. Archived from the original on December 17, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
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