List of World War II weapons of the United Kingdom

Small arms


  • De Lisle Carbine - Specialist issue,129 made
  • Enfield Pattern 14 (P14) - Used as a marksman weapon until the No.IV Mk.I(T) was introduced, also issued in large number to the LDV.
  • M1917 Enfield - Issued to LDV.
  • Martini-Enfield - Used as a reserve arm by Commonwealth troops from India, New Zealand, etc.
  • Lee Enfield No.1 Mk.III* - Lee Enfield rifle in service at the beginning of the war, supplemented and replaced by the No.4 Mk.I by mid-war.
  • Lee Enfield No.4 Mk.1 + No.4 Mk.I(T) - Lee Enfield rifle that replaced the No.I Mk.III* in larger numbers mid-war.
  • Lee Enfield No.5 Mk.I "Jungle Carbine" - Introduced in 1944 to replace the longer No.1 Mk.III* for service in the jungle.


Machine guns

  • Bren light machine gun - Light machine gun for infantry use introduced in 1930s and used throughout the whole of the war.
  • Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR) - Issued to Home Guard
  • Lewis Gun - In service with some infantry at outbreak of war in small numbers, issued to British Home Guard for the rest of the war.
  • Vickers "K" machine gun also known as VGO - Fast firing aircraft machine gun, used in specialist roles on Long Range Desert Group and Special Air Service vehicles in North Africa, as well as a short-lived infantry machine gun with the Commandos.
  • Vickers machine gun - Standard medium machine gun of the British Army since 1912.
  • Vickers. 50 - Used as a mounted armament on fighting vehicles, as well as an anti-aircraft weapon by the Royal Navy and other allied ships.
  • Browning M1919 - Mounted on many lend-lease vehicles.
  • Browning M2 - heavy machine gun, mounted on many lend-lease vehicles.
  • Besa machine gun - in 7.92 mm BESA and 15 mm BESA forms used as armament on British-built tanks and armoured cars only.
  • Vickers-Berthier - Light machine gun adopted by Indian Army pre-war and used by Indian Commonwealth troops.
  • Besal - A machine gun that was a good alternative to the Bren gun as it was lighter, simpler, and cheaper to manufacture. The design was by Henry Faulkner of Birmingham Small Arms who also manufactured the larger Besa machine gun.




Infantry anti-tank weapons


Anti-tank guns

Guns and howitzers

Anti-aircraft artillery



see also List of World War II military vehicles by country, United Kingdom

Light tanks

Medium tanks

  • Tank, Medium, Mk.II - Used in small scale in the early battles in North Africa, from then; dug into ground with turret protruding for defence, in North Africa, & Great Britain.
  • General Grant - Medium Tank M3, purchased from America, to British specification.
  • General Lee - Medium Tank M3, provided under Lend-Lease from America.
  • General Sherman - Medium Tank M4, provided under Lend-Lease from America.

Cruiser tanks

Infantry tanks

Other tanks

Self-propelled guns

Other armoured fighting vehicles

Utility vehicles

Aerial bombs

Gas bombs Smoke bombs

4,000 lb HC (High Capacity)
8,000 lb HC
12,000 lb HC.

See also


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