List of World Heritage Sites in the Netherlands

This is a list of World Heritage Sites in the Netherlands with properties of cultural and natural heritage in the Netherlands as inscribed in UNESCO's World Heritage List or as on the country's tentative list.[1] The Netherlands, with an extension to Curaçao,[note 1] accepted the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage on 26 August 1992, after which it could nominate properties on their territory to be considered for the World Heritage List.[2]

Location of UNESCO World Heritage Sites within Curaçao

Currently, 10 properties in the Netherlands and Curaçao are inscribed on the World Heritage List. Nine of these are cultural properties and one is a natural property.[1] The first was added to the list in 1995 and the latest in 2014. Eight properties are in the Netherlands, one is in Curaçao, and one is in both the Netherlands and Germany. The tentative list of the Netherlands contains eight properties, all of which were submitted on 17 August 2011.[1] The nomination of an additional property on the tentative list, Teylers, Haarlem, was withdrawn at the request of the Netherlands during the 37th Session of the World Heritage Committee in 2013 in Phnom Penh, Cambodia after ICOMOS determined that the site did not suitably meet the criteria.[3]

The names in the tables below are the names of the properties as used on the website of UNESCO.[1] There are three different types of properties possible: cultural, natural, and mixed.[note 2] Selection criteria i, ii, iii, iv, v, and vi are the cultural criteria, and selection criteria vii, viii, ix, and x are the natural criteria.[4] The years for the properties on the World Heritage List are the years of inscription, the years for the tentative list are those of submission. The numbers are the reference numbers as used by UNESCO, and they link directly to the description pages of the properties on the UNESCO website.[1]

Properties on the World Heritage List

ID Image Name Location Type (criteria) Year Description
739 Schokland and Surroundings Noordoostpolder, Flevoland

52°38′19″N 5°46′18″E[5]

Cultural (iii, v)[5] 1995[5] Schokland symbolizes the struggle of the people of the Netherlands against the sea. It was an inhabited peninsula since pre-historic times, it became an island in the 15th century, until it was completely encroached by the Zuiderzee in 1859. In the 1940s the Noordoostpolder was created and consequently Schokland was reclaimed.[5]
759 Defence Line of Amsterdam North Holland and Utrecht

52°22′28″N 4°53′35″E[6]

Cultural (ii, iv, v)[6] 1996[6] The defence line around the Dutch capital Amsterdam was built between 1883 and 1920. It is the only fortification that is based on the principle of controlling the waters around a city. It contains a network of 45 armed forts and can temporarily flood polders extending 135 kilometers around Amsterdam.[6]
818 Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout Alblasserdam and Nieuw-Lekkerland, South Holland

51°52′57″N 4°38′58″E

Cultural (i, ii, iv) 1997
819 Historic Area of Willemstad, Inner City and Harbour, Curaçao Willemstad, Curaçao[note 3]

12°6′6.984″N 68°54′7.99″W

Cultural (ii, iv, v) 1997
867 Ir.D.F. Woudagemaal (D.F. Wouda Steam Pumping Station) Lemmer, Lemsterland, Friesland

52°50′44.988″N 5°40′44.00″E

Cultural (i, ii, iv) 1998
899 Droogmakerij de Beemster (Beemster Polder) Beemster, North Holland

52°32′56″N 4°54′40″E

Cultural (i, ii, iv) 1999
965 Rietveld Schröderhuis (Rietveld Schröder House) Utrecht, Utrecht

52°5′7″N 5°8′50″E

Cultural (i, ii) 2000
1314 The Wadden Sea Friesland, Groningen, and North Holland

53°23′27″N 5°39′57″E

Natural (viii, ix, x) 2009
1349 Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht Amsterdam, North Holland

52°21′54″N 4°53′16″E

Cultural (i, ii, iv) 2010
1441 Van Nelle Factory Rotterdam, South Holland 51°55′24″N 4°26′00″E Cultural (ii, iv) 2014

The Netherlands’s tentative list

ID Image Name Location Type (criteria) Year Description
5627 Bonaire Marine Park Bonaire, Caribbean Netherlands[note 4]

12°10′N 68°15′W

Natural (vii, viii, ix, x) 2011
5629 Eise Eisinga Planetarium Franeker, Friesland

53°11′15″N 5°32′38″E

Cultural (vii, viii, ix, x) 2011
5630 Koloniën van Weldadigheid (agricultural pauper colony) Veenhuizen, Noordenveld, Drenthe

53°01′N 6°23′E Frederiksoord/Wilhelminaoord, Westerveld, Drenthe
52°50′N 6°11′E

Cultural (vii, viii, ix, x) 2011
5631 Nieuwe Hollandse Waterlinie Gelderland, North Brabant, North Holland, South Holland, and Utrecht

52°20′14″N 5°4′12″E 51°47′57″N 4°52′06″E

Natural (vii, viii, ix, x) 2011
5632 Plantations in West Curaçao Curaçao[note 3]

12°20′32″N 69°05′38″W

Cultural (vii, viii, ix, x) 2011
5633 Sanatorium Zonnestraal Hilversum, North Holland

52°12′02″N 5°09′11″E

Cultural (i, ii, iv) 2011
5636 Frontiers of the Roman Empire (extension) Gelderland, South Holland, and Utrecht

52°12′44″N 4°23′52″E 51°51′55″N 6°03′49″E

Cultural (vii, viii, ix, x) 2011

See also

  • List of World Heritage Sites in Europe

Notes

  1. The Netherlands and Curaçao are both constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
  2. There are no mixed properties in the Netherlands and Curaçao on the World Heritage List or on the country's tentative list.
  3. Curaçao is a constitute country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Caribbean.
  4. Bonaire is a special municipality of the Netherlands located in the Caribbean.

References

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