List of World Heritage Sites in Lithuania

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.[1] Lithuania accepted the convention on 31 March 1992, making its historical sites eligible for inclusion on the list. The first site added to the list was the Vilnius Historic Centre, in 1994. Three further sites were added in 2000, 2004, and 2005.[2] All four sites are cultural sites. Two sites are transnational, the Curonian Spit is shared with Russia and the Struve Geodetic Arc is shared with nine other countries.[2]

World Heritage Sites in Lithuania. Blue dots mark the sites of Struve Geodetic Arc.

In addition to its World Heritage Sites, Lithuania also maintains two properties on its tentative list.[2]

World Heritage Sites

UNESCO lists sites under ten criteria; each entry must meet at least one of the criteria. Criteria i through vi are cultural, whereas vii through x are natural.[3]

  * Transnational site
Site Image Location Year listed UNESCO data Description
Vilnius Historic Centre Vilnius 1994 541; ii, iv (cultural) [4]
Curonian Spit* Neringa and Klaipėda district, Klaipėda County and Zelenogradsky District, Kaliningrad Oblast 2000 994; v (cultural) [5]
Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė) Kernavė, Širvintos district, Vilnius County 2004 1137; iii, iv (cultural) [6]
Struve Geodetic Arc* Panemunėlis, Nemenčinė, Nemėžis 2005 1187, ii, iii, vi
(cultural)
The Struve Geodetic Arc is a series of triangulation points, stretching over a distance of 2,820 kilometres (1,750 mi) from Hammerfest in Norway to the Black Sea. The points were set up in a survey by the astronomer Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Struve who first carried out an accurate measurement of a long segment of a meridian – and along with it the size and shape of the Earth. Originally, there were 265 station points. The World Heritage Site includes 34 points in ten countries (North to South: Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine), three of which are in Lithuania. [7]

Tentative list

In addition to sites inscribed on the World Heritage List, member states can maintain a list of tentative sites that they may consider for nomination. Nominations for the World Heritage List are only accepted if the site was previously listed on the tentative list.[8] As of 2019, Lithuania lists two properties on its tentative list.[2]

Site Image Location Year listed UNESCO criteria Description
Trakai Historical National Park Trakai 2003 (mixed) [9]
Kaunas 1919-1939: The Capital Inspired by the Modern Movement Kaunas 2017 ii, iv (cultural) [10]

References

  1. "The World Heritage Convention". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 21 September 2010.
  2. "Lithuania". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  3. "UNESCO World Heritage Centre – The Criteria for Selection". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 12 June 2016. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  4. "Vilnius Historic Centre". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  5. "Curonian Spit". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  6. "Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė)". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  7. "Struve Geodetic Arc". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  8. "Tentative Lists". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 7 October 2010.
  9. "Trakai Historical National Park". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  10. "Kaunas 1919-1939: The Capital Inspired by the Modern Movement". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 15 December 2019.


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