List of VFL/AFL premiers

This page is a complete chronological listing of VFL/AFL premiers. The Australian Football League (AFL), known as the Victorian Football League (VFL) until 1990, is the elite national competition in men's Australian rules football.[1]

Essendon won the inaugural VFL premiership in 1897
An example of a premiership medal, awarded to Norm Clark in 1907
Geelong players doing a lap of honour with the premiership cup after their grand final win in 2009

The inaugural premiership was awarded as a result of a round-robin finals system;[2] this format was replaced after the first season, and a grand final has been held every season since 1898 to determine the premiers,[3] with the exception of 1924 when a modified round-robin system was used.[4][5] The formation of a national competition, beginning in 1987,[6] has resulted in the league attempting to develop "an even and stable competition"[7] through a range of equalisation policies, such as a salary cap and draft (introduced in 1985 and 1986 respectively).[7][8] This has had a significant impact on the spread of premierships: since 1990, thirteen clubs have won a premiership,[9] compared with only five clubs between 1967 and 1989.[10]

Two clubs, Essendon and Carlton, have won the most VFL/AFL premierships with sixteen each.[11] Every team currently competing in the Australian Football League (except for Gold Coast, which has not yet qualified for a finals series) has made a grand final; only Fremantle, Gold Coast and Greater Western Sydney – three of the competition's four newest teams – are yet to win a premiership.[12]

VFL/AFL premierships

Most conventional grand finals are a single match at the end of a finals series where the winner of the match wins the premiership. Under the early VFL finals systems from 1898–1930 (except 1924), the circumstances of the grand final were often different: in twenty-nine of these years, the minor premiers had the right to challenge the winner of the finals series for the premiership, meaning the grand finals of this era were a mixture of challenge matches and non-challenge matches (which would have been followed by challenge matches had the minor premier been defeated), while in 1901, 1903 and 1906 there was no right of challenge. Regardless of the circumstances at that time, all of these games are now recognised as grand finals.

List of premiers

Premiership decided without a grand final being required
Premiership decided by a challenge final under the Argus finals system or similar
Premiership decided without a challenge final being required under the Argus finals system or similar (in these cases, had the other team won the match, a rematch would have been played the following weekend)
Premiership decided by a conventional grand final, in which neither team had any right to challenge
Premiership decided by a grand final replay, after the scheduled grand final was drawn
Season Premiers Runners-up Score Venue Attendance Date
1897EssendonGeelongN/AN/AN/AN/A
1898FitzroyEssendon5.8 (38) d. 3.5 (23)Junction Oval16,53824 September 1898
1899Fitzroy (2)South Melbourne3.9 (27) d. 3.8 (26)Junction Oval4,82316 September 1899
1900MelbourneFitzroy4.10 (34) d. 3.12 (30)East Melbourne Cricket Ground20,18122 September 1900
1901Essendon (2)Collingwood6.7 (43) d. 2.4 (16)Lake Oval30,0317 September 1901
1902CollingwoodEssendon (2)9.6 (60) d. 3.9 (27)Melbourne Cricket Ground35,20220 September 1902
1903Collingwood (2)Fitzroy (2)4.7 (31) d. 3.11 (29)Melbourne Cricket Ground32,26312 September 1903
1904Fitzroy (3)Carlton9.7 (61) d. 5.7 (37)Melbourne Cricket Ground32,68817 September 1904
1905Fitzroy (4)Collingwood (2)4.6 (30) d. 2.5 (17)Melbourne Cricket Ground30,00030 September 1905
1906CarltonFitzroy (3)15.4 (94) d. 6.9 (45)Melbourne Cricket Ground44,43722 September 1906
1907Carlton (2)South Melbourne (2)6.14 (50) d. 6.9 (45)Melbourne Cricket Ground45,47721 September 1907
1908Carlton (3)Essendon (3)5.5 (35) d. 3.8 (26)Melbourne Cricket Ground50,26126 September 1908
1909South MelbourneCarlton (2)4.14 (38) d. 4.12 (36)Melbourne Cricket Ground37,7592 October 1909
1910Collingwood (3)Carlton (3)9.7 (61) d. 6.11 (47)Melbourne Cricket Ground42,7901 October 1910
1911Essendon (3)Collingwood (3)5.11 (41) d. 4.11 (35)Melbourne Cricket Ground43,90523 September 1911
1912Essendon (4)South Melbourne (3)5.17 (47) d. 4.9 (33)Melbourne Cricket Ground54,43428 September 1912
1913Fitzroy (5)St Kilda7.14 (56) d. 5.13 (43)Melbourne Cricket Ground59,55627 September 1913
1914Carlton (4)South Melbourne (4)6.9 (45) d. 4.15 (39)Melbourne Cricket Ground30,49526 September 1914
1915Carlton (5)Collingwood (4)11.12 (78) d. 6.9 (45)Melbourne Cricket Ground39,34318 September 1915
1916Fitzroy (6)Carlton (4)12.13 (85) d. 8.8 (56)Melbourne Cricket Ground21,1302 September 1916
1917Collingwood (4)Fitzroy (4)9.20 (74) d. 5.9 (39)Melbourne Cricket Ground25,51222 September 1917
1918South Melbourne (2)Collingwood (5)9.8 (62) d. 7.15 (57)Melbourne Cricket Ground39,2627 September 1918
1919Collingwood (5)Richmond11.12 (78) d. 7.11 (53)Melbourne Cricket Ground45,41311 October 1919
1920RichmondCollingwood (6)7.10 (52) d. 5.5 (35)Melbourne Cricket Ground53,9082 October 1920
1921Richmond (2)Carlton (5)5.6 (36) d. 4.8 (32)Melbourne Cricket Ground43,12215 October 1921
1922Fitzroy (7)Collingwood (7)11.13 (79) d. 9.14 (68)Melbourne Cricket Ground50,05414 October 1922
1923Essendon (5)Fitzroy (5)8.15 (63) d. 6.10 (46)Melbourne Cricket Ground46,56620 October 1923
1924Essendon (6)Richmond (2)N/AN/AN/AN/A
1925GeelongCollingwood (8)10.19 (79) d. 9.15 (69)Melbourne Cricket Ground64,28810 October 1925
1926Melbourne (2)Collingwood (9)17.17 (119) d. 9.8 (62)Melbourne Cricket Ground59,6329 October 1926
1927Collingwood (6)Richmond (3)2.13 (25) d. 1.7 (13)Melbourne Cricket Ground34,5511 October 1927
1928Collingwood (7)Richmond (4)13.18 (96) d. 9.9 (63)Melbourne Cricket Ground50,02629 September 1928
1929Collingwood (8)Richmond (5)11.13 (79) d. 7.8 (50)Melbourne Cricket Ground63,33628 September 1929
1930Collingwood (9)Geelong (2)14.16 (100) d. 9.16 (70)Melbourne Cricket Ground45,02211 October 1930
1931Geelong (2)Richmond (6)9.14 (68) d. 7.6 (48)Melbourne Cricket Ground60,71210 October 1931
1932Richmond (3)Carlton (6)13.14 (92) d. 12.11 (83)Melbourne Cricket Ground69,7241 October 1932
1933South Melbourne (3)Richmond (7)9.17 (71) d. 4.5 (29)Melbourne Cricket Ground75,75430 September 1933
1934Richmond (4)South Melbourne (5)19.14 (128) d. 12.17 (89)Melbourne Cricket Ground65,33513 October 1934
1935Collingwood (10)South Melbourne (6)11.12 (78) d. 7.16 (58)Melbourne Cricket Ground54,1545 October 1935
1936Collingwood (11)South Melbourne (7)11.23 (89) d. 10.18 (78)Melbourne Cricket Ground74,0913 October 1936
1937Geelong (3)Collingwood (10)18.14 (122) d. 12.18 (90)Melbourne Cricket Ground88,54025 September 1937
1938Carlton (6)Collingwood (11)15.10 (100) d. 13.7 (85)Melbourne Cricket Ground96,48624 September 1938
1939Melbourne (3)Collingwood (12)21.22 (148) d. 14.11 (95)Melbourne Cricket Ground78,11030 September 1939
1940Melbourne (4)Richmond (8)15.17 (107) d. 10.8 (68)Melbourne Cricket Ground70,33028 September 1940
1941Melbourne (5)Essendon (4)19.13 (127) d. 13.20 (98)Melbourne Cricket Ground79,68727 September 1941
1942Essendon (7)Richmond (9)19.18 (132) d. 11.13 (79)Princes Park49,00019 September 1942
1943Richmond (5)Essendon (5)12.14 (86) d. 11.15 (81)Princes Park42,10025 September 1943
1944Fitzroy (8)Richmond (10)9.12 (66) d. 7.9 (51)Junction Oval43,00030 September 1944
1945Carlton (7)South Melbourne (8)15.13 (103) d. 10.15 (75)Princes Park62,98629 September 1945
1946Essendon (8)Melbourne22.18 (150) d. 13.9 (87)Melbourne Cricket Ground73,7435 October 1946
1947Carlton (8)Essendon (6)13.8 (86) d. 11.19 (85)Melbourne Cricket Ground85,81527 September 1947
1948Melbourne (6)Essendon (7)10.9 (69) drew 7.27 (69)Melbourne Cricket Ground85,6582 October 1948
13.11 (89) d. 7.8 (50)Melbourne Cricket Ground52,2269 October 1948
1949Essendon (9)Carlton (7)18.17 (125) d. 6.16 (52)Melbourne Cricket Ground90,45324 September 1949
1950Essendon (10)North Melbourne13.14 (92) d. 7.12 (54)Melbourne Cricket Ground87,60123 September 1950
1951Geelong (4)Essendon (8)11.15 (81) d. 10.10 (70)Melbourne Cricket Ground84,10929 September 1951
1952Geelong (5)Collingwood (13)13.8 (86) d. 5.10 (40)Melbourne Cricket Ground81,30427 September 1952
1953Collingwood (12)Geelong (3)11.11 (77) d. 8.17 (65)Melbourne Cricket Ground89,06026 September 1953
1954FootscrayMelbourne (2)15.12 (102) d. 7.9 (51)Melbourne Cricket Ground80,89725 September 1954
1955Melbourne (7)Collingwood (14)8.16 (64) d. 5.6 (36)Melbourne Cricket Ground88,05317 September 1955
1956Melbourne (8)Collingwood (15)17.19 (121) d. 6.12 (48)Melbourne Cricket Ground115,80315 September 1956
1957Melbourne (9)Essendon (9)17.14 (116) d. 7.13 (55)Melbourne Cricket Ground100,32421 September 1957
1958Collingwood (13)Melbourne (3)12.10 (82) d. 9.10 (64)Melbourne Cricket Ground97,95620 September 1958
1959Melbourne (10)Essendon (10)17.13 (115) d. 11.12 (78)Melbourne Cricket Ground103,50626 September 1959
1960Melbourne (11)Collingwood (16)8.14 (62) d. 2.2 (14)Melbourne Cricket Ground97,45724 September 1960
1961HawthornFootscray13.16 (94) d. 7.9 (51)Melbourne Cricket Ground107,93523 September 1961
1962Essendon (11)Carlton (8)13.12 (90) d. 8.10 (58)Melbourne Cricket Ground98,38529 September 1962
1963Geelong (6)Hawthorn15.19 (109) d. 8.12 (60)Melbourne Cricket Ground101,4525 October 1963
1964Melbourne (12)Collingwood (17)8.16 (64) d. 8.12 (60)Melbourne Cricket Ground102,46919 September 1964
1965Essendon (12)St Kilda (2)14.21 (105) d. 9.16 (70)Melbourne Cricket Ground104,84625 September 1965
1966St KildaCollingwood (18)10.14 (74) d. 10.13 (73)Melbourne Cricket Ground101,65524 September 1966
1967Richmond (6)Geelong (4)16.18 (114) d. 15.15 (105)Melbourne Cricket Ground109,39623 September 1967
1968Carlton (9)Essendon (11)7.14 (56) d. 8.5 (53)Melbourne Cricket Ground116,82828 September 1968
1969Richmond (7)Carlton (9)12.13 (85) d. 8.12 (60)Melbourne Cricket Ground119,16527 September 1969
1970Carlton (10)Collingwood (19)17.9 (111) d. 14.17 (101)Melbourne Cricket Ground121,69626 September 1970
1971Hawthorn (2)St Kilda (3)12.10 (82) d. 11.9 (75)Melbourne Cricket Ground118,19225 September 1971
1972Carlton (11)Richmond (11)28.9 (177) d. 22.18 (150)Melbourne Cricket Ground112,3937 October 1972
1973Richmond (8)Carlton (10)16.20 (116) d. 12.14 (86)Melbourne Cricket Ground116,95629 September 1973
1974Richmond (9)North Melbourne (2)18.20 (128) d. 13.9 (87)Melbourne Cricket Ground113,83928 September 1974
1975North MelbourneHawthorn (2)19.8 (122) d. 9.13 (67)Melbourne Cricket Ground110,55127 September 1975
1976Hawthorn (3)North Melbourne (3)13.22 (100) d. 10.10 (70)Melbourne Cricket Ground110,14325 September 1976
1977North Melbourne (2)Collingwood (20)9.22 (76) drew 10.16 (76)Melbourne Cricket Ground108,22424 September 1977
21.25 (151) d. 19.10 (124)Melbourne Cricket Ground98,3661 October 1977
1978Hawthorn (4)North Melbourne (4)18.13 (121) d. 15.13 (103)Melbourne Cricket Ground101,70430 September 1978
1979Carlton (12)Collingwood (21)11.16 (82) d. 11.11 (77)Melbourne Cricket Ground113,54529 September 1979
1980Richmond (10)Collingwood (22)23.21 (159) d. 9.24 (78)Melbourne Cricket Ground113,46127 September 1980
1981Carlton (13)Collingwood (23)12.20 (92) d. 10.12 (72)Melbourne Cricket Ground112,96426 September 1981
1982Carlton (14)Richmond (12)14.19 (103) d. 12.13 (85)Melbourne Cricket Ground107,53725 September 1982
1983Hawthorn (5)Essendon (12)20.20 (140) d. 8.9 (57)Melbourne Cricket Ground110,33224 September 1983
1984Essendon (13)Hawthorn (3)14.21 (105) d. 12.9 (81)Melbourne Cricket Ground92,68529 September 1984
1985Essendon (14)Hawthorn (4)26.14 (170) d. 14.8 (92)Melbourne Cricket Ground100,04228 September 1985
1986Hawthorn (6)Carlton (11)16.14 (110) d. 9.14 (68)Melbourne Cricket Ground101,86127 September 1986
1987Carlton (15)Hawthorn (5)15.14 (104) d. 9.17 (71)Melbourne Cricket Ground92,75426 September 1987
1988Hawthorn (7)Melbourne (4)22.20 (152) d. 6.20 (56)Melbourne Cricket Ground93,75424 September 1988
1989Hawthorn (8)Geelong (5)21.18 (144) d. 21.12 (138)Melbourne Cricket Ground94,79630 September 1989
Australian Football League name adopted
1990Collingwood (14)Essendon (13)13.11 (89) d. 5.11 (41)Melbourne Cricket Ground98,9446 October 1990
1991Hawthorn (9)West Coast20.19 (139) d. 13.8 (86)VFL Park75,23028 September 1991
1992West CoastGeelong (6)16.17 (113) d. 12.13 (85)Melbourne Cricket Ground95,00726 September 1992
1993Essendon (15)Carlton (12)20.13 (133) d. 13.11 (89)Melbourne Cricket Ground96,86225 September 1993
1994West Coast (2)Geelong (7)20.23 (143) d. 8.15 (63)Melbourne Cricket Ground93,8601 October 1994
1995Carlton (16)Geelong (8)21.15 (141) d. 11.14 (80)Melbourne Cricket Ground93,67030 September 1995
1996North Melbourne (3)Sydney (9)19.17 (131) d. 13.10 (88)Melbourne Cricket Ground93,10228 September 1996
1997AdelaideSt Kilda (4)19.11 (125) d. 13.16 (94)Melbourne Cricket Ground99,64527 September 1997
1998Adelaide (2)North Melbourne (5)15.15 (105) d. 8.22 (70)Melbourne Cricket Ground94,43126 September 1998
1999North Melbourne (4)Carlton (13)19.10 (124) d. 12.17 (89)Melbourne Cricket Ground94,22825 September 1999
2000Essendon (16)Melbourne (5)19.21 (135) d. 11.9 (75)Melbourne Cricket Ground96,2492 September 2000
2001Brisbane LionsEssendon (14)15.18 (108) d. 12.10 (82)Melbourne Cricket Ground91,48229 September 2001
2002Brisbane Lions (2)Collingwood (24)10.15 (75) d. 9.12 (66)Melbourne Cricket Ground91,81728 September 2002
2003Brisbane Lions (3)Collingwood (25)20.14 (134) d. 12.12 (84)Melbourne Cricket Ground79,45127 September 2003
2004Port AdelaideBrisbane Lions17.11 (113) d. 10.13 (73)Melbourne Cricket Ground77,67125 September 2004
2005Sydney (4)West Coast (2)8.10 (58) d. 7.12 (54)Melbourne Cricket Ground91,82824 September 2005
2006West Coast (3)Sydney (10)12.13 (85) d. 12.12 (84)Melbourne Cricket Ground97,43130 September 2006
2007Geelong (7)Port Adelaide24.19 (163) d. 6.8 (44)Melbourne Cricket Ground97,30229 September 2007
2008Hawthorn (10)Geelong (9)18.7 (115) d. 11.23 (89)Melbourne Cricket Ground100,01227 September 2008
2009Geelong (8)St Kilda (5)12.8 (80) d. 9.14 (68)Melbourne Cricket Ground99,25126 September 2009
2010Collingwood (15)St Kilda (6)9.14 (68) drew 10.8 (68)Melbourne Cricket Ground100,01625 September 2010
16.12 (108) d. 7.10 (52)Melbourne Cricket Ground93,8532 October 2010
2011Geelong (9)Collingwood (26)18.11 (119) d. 12.9 (81)Melbourne Cricket Ground99,5371 October 2011
2012Sydney (5)Hawthorn (6)14.7 (91) d. 11.15 (81)Melbourne Cricket Ground99,68329 September 2012
2013Hawthorn (11)Fremantle11.11 (77) d. 8.14 (62)Melbourne Cricket Ground100,00728 September 2013
2014Hawthorn (12)Sydney (11)21.11 (137) d. 11.8 (74)Melbourne Cricket Ground99,45427 September 2014
2015Hawthorn (13)West Coast (3)16.11 (107) d. 8.13 (61)Melbourne Cricket Ground98,6333 October 2015
2016Western Bulldogs (2)Sydney (12)13.11 (89) d. 10.7 (67)Melbourne Cricket Ground99,9811 October 2016
2017Richmond (11)Adelaide16.12 (108) d. 8.12 (60)Melbourne Cricket Ground100,02130 September 2017
2018West Coast (4)Collingwood (27)11.13 (79) d. 11.8 (74)Melbourne Cricket Ground100,02229 September 2018
2019Richmond (12)Greater Western Sydney17.12 (114) d. 3.7 (25)Melbourne Cricket Ground100,01428 September 2019

Premierships by club

Table of VFL/AFL premierships by club, with appearance details
Club Years Premierships Runners-up
Total Season(s) Total Season(s)
Essendon 1897–present161897, 1901, 1911, 1912, 1923,
1924, 1942, 1946, 1949, 1950,
1962, 1965, 1984, 1985, 1993,
2000
141898, 1902, 1908, 1941, 1943,
1947, 1948, 1951, 1957, 1959,
1968, 1983, 1990, 2001
Carlton 1897–present161906, 1907, 1908, 1914, 1915,
1938, 1945, 1947, 1968, 1970,
1972, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1987,
1995
131904, 1909, 1910, 1916, 1921,
1932, 1949, 1962, 1969, 1973,
1986, 1993, 1999
Collingwood 1897–present151902, 1903, 1910, 1917, 1919,
1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1935,
1936, 1953, 1958, 1990, 2010
271901, 1905, 1911, 1915, 1918,
1920, 1922, 1925, 1926, 1937,
1938, 1939, 1952, 1955, 1956,
1960, 1964, 1966, 1970, 1977,
1979, 1980, 1981, 2002, 2003,
2011, 2018
Hawthorn 1925–present131961, 1971, 1976, 1978, 1983,
1986, 1988, 1989, 1991, 2008
2013, 2014, 2015
61963, 1975, 1984, 1985, 1987,
2012
Richmond 1908–present121920, 1921, 1932, 1934, 1943,
1967, 1969, 1973, 1974, 1980,
2017, 2019
121919, 1924, 1927, 1928, 1929,
1931, 1933, 1940, 1942, 1944,
1972, 1982
Melbourne 1897–present121900, 1926, 1939, 1940, 1941,
1948, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1959,
1960, 1964
51946, 1954, 1958, 1988, 2000
Geelong 1897–present91925, 1931, 1937, 1951, 1952,
1963, 2007, 2009, 2011
91897, 1930, 1953, 1967, 1989,
1992, 1994, 1995, 2008
Fitzroy 1897–199681898, 1899, 1904, 1905, 1913,
1916, 1922, 1944
51900, 1903, 1906, 1917, 1923
South Melbourne/Sydney[c] 1897–present51909, 1918, 1933, 2005, 2012121899, 1907, 1912, 1914, 1934,
1935, 1936, 1945, 1996, 2006,
2014, 2016
North Melbourne/Kangaroos[d] 1925–present41975, 1977, 1996, 199951950, 1974, 1976, 1978, 1998
West Coast 1987–present41992, 1994, 2006, 201831991, 2005, 2015
Brisbane Lions 1997–present32001, 2002, 200312004
Adelaide 1991–present21997, 199812017
Footscray/Western Bulldogs[e] 1925–present21954, 201611961
St Kilda 1897–present1196661913, 1965, 1971, 1997, 2009,
2010
Port Adelaide 1997–present1200412007
Fremantle 1995–present0N/A12013
Greater Western Sydney 2012–present0N/A12019
University 1908–19140N/A0N/A
Brisbane Bears 1987–19960N/A0N/A
Gold Coast 2011–present0N/A0N/A

Minor grade premierships

In addition to the seniors, VFL/AFL clubs have competed in premierships in three minor grades:

  • VFL/AFL Reserves premierships: 1919–1999
  • VFL/AFL Under-19s premierships: 1946–1991
  • VFL/AFL Night premierships: 1956–1971, 1977–2013

VFL/AFL Reserves premierships

The reserve grade premiership was held in various formats between 1919 and 1999. It was known as the Victorian Junior Football League from 1919 until 1923, the Seconds from 1924 until 1959, the VFL Reserves from 1960 until 1989, and as the AFL reserves from 1990 until 1999.[13] Until 1991, the competition was run by the VFL/AFL, and from 1992 until 1999 it was administered by the Victorian State Football League.

VFL/AFL Under-19s premierships

The VFL/AFL's Under-19s competition was held between 1946 and 1991. It was known as the VFL Thirds until 1959, and as the Under-19s from 1960 until 1991.[13]

VFL/AFL Night premierships

The pre-season and night premiership covers three competitions which are considered historically equivalent in status:

For a list of premiers in these competitions, see list of VFL/AFL pre-season and night series premiers.

See also

Notes

References

  1. McFarlane, Glenn (9 June 2016). "AFL allows clubs to include VFA flags in their own VFL-AFL premiership records". news.com.au. News Corp Australia. Archived from the original on 22 August 2016. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  2. "1897 Premiership". essendonfc.com.au. Essendon Football Club. 26 October 2017. Archived from the original on 27 March 2018. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  3. McGarry, Andrew (29 September 2017). "Adelaide, Richmond to make AFL grand final history, with no players having previous experience". ABC News (Australia). Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 15 May 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  4. "Essendon premiers". The Argus. Melbourne. 29 September 1924. p. 14. Archived from the original on 22 July 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018 via Trove.
  5. "1924 Premiership". essendonfc.com.au. Telstra Media. 12 October 2017. Archived from the original on 20 March 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  6. "Chronology of Australian Football". AFL.com.au. Australian Football League. Archived from the original on 16 September 2018. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  7. "NAB AFL Draft". AFL.com.au. Australian Football League & BigPond. 10 February 2002. Archived from the original on 25 July 2008. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  8. Warner, Michael; Ralph, Jon (11 July 2012). "Stars say salary cap is old hat, urge AFL to look to US". news.com.au. News Limited. Archived from the original on 15 February 2019. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  9. Rise, Brayden (8 May 2018). "The best two clubs of the AFL era (and no, neither is Hawthorn)". The Roar. Conversant Media. Archived from the original on 16 November 2018. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  10. "An object lesson in the perils of hindsight". The Age. Melbourne: Fairfax Media. 2 October 2003. Archived from the original on 15 February 2019. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  11. Lerner, Ronny (22 October 2017). "The race for AFL premiership No.17 between Essendon and Carlton has resumed". The Age. Melbourne: Fairfax Media. Archived from the original on 20 February 2018. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  12. Lerner, Ronny (8 January 2019). "Record premiership droughts spurring AFL clubs in 2019". The Age. Melbourne: Fairfax Media. Archived from the original on 8 January 2019. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  13. "New name likely for thirds". The Sun News-Pictorial. Melbourne, VIC. 2 April 1960. p. 66.
  14. Michael Lovett (27 September 1992). "Daniher bows out in triumph". The Sunday Age (Sport Liftout). Melbourne, VIC. p. 19.
  15. Linda Pearce (26 September 1993). "Demons finally haul in premiership flag". The Sunday Age (Sport Liftout). Melbourne, VIC. p. 17.
  16. Gerard Wright (2 October 1994). "Dogs upstage fading North". The Sunday Age (Sport Liftout). Melbourne, VIC. p. 8.
  17. "Roos' turn to celebrate". The Sunday Age (Sport Liftout). 1 October 1995. p. 13.
  18. Alistair Ogilvie (29 September 1996). "Roos run away in reserves". Herald Sun. p. 58.
  19. Glenn Connley (28 September 1997). "By Gieschen, he's good". Sunday Herald Sun Sports Liftout. p. 11.
  20. "Sport scoreboard". The Age. 28 September 1998. p. 18.
  21. Howard Leigh (26 September 1999). "Bombers blitz". Sunday Herald Sun Sports Liftout. p. 22.
  22. Stephen Rodgers (1992), Every Game Ever Played – VFL/AFL results 1897–1991 (3rd ed.), Viking O'Neil
  23. Casey, Brendan (17 November 2013). "The 25 most memorable moments in MCG history". Sunday Herald Sun. Melbourne: News Corp Australia. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  24. "VFL/AFL Grand Final results". mcg.org.au. Melbourne Cricket Ground. Archived from the original on 9 August 2017. Retrieved 22 July 2018.

Sources

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