List of UTC time offsets

This is a list of the UTC time offsets, showing the difference in hours and minutes from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), from the westernmost (−12:00) to the easternmost (+14:00). It includes countries and regions that observe them during standard time or year-round.

The main purpose of this page is to list the standard time offsets of different countries, territories and regions. Information on daylight saving time or historical changes in offsets can be found in the individual offset articles (e.g. UTC+01:00), or the country-specific time articles (e.g. Time in Russia).

Places that observe daylight saving time (DST) during their respective summer periods are listed only once, at the offset for their winter (usually known as "standard") period; see their individual articles for more information. A source for detailed DST and historical information is the tz database. Note that there are many instances of unofficial observation of a different offset (and/or DST) than expected by areas close to borders, usually for economic reasons.[1]

In the section names, the letter after the offset is that used in nautical time. If present, a dagger (†) indicates the usage of a nautical time zone letter outside of the standard geographic definition of that time zone.

Some locations use the term GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) instead of UTC in their definition of local time. (For most purposes, including this article, this distinction is not significant; see the UTC article for details.)

Some zones that are north/south of each other in the mid Pacific differ by 24 hours in time – they have the same time of day but dates that are one day apart. The two extreme time zones on Earth (both in the mid Pacific) differ by 26 hours.

In the following list, only the rightmost indent of a group of locations is meant to indicate the area observing the offset; the places above and to the left are meant solely to indicate the area's parent administrative divisions. For example, the entry of Eucla explains that Eucla observes the specified time offset, and the state (Western Australia) and country (Australia) are shown only for reference and are not meant to be wholly included as observing that offset.

The purpose of the "principal cities" list at the top of some of the time zone entries is to give a brief list of major cities. These should be limited to a maximum of one city per country (within each zone), and not all countries in a zone need to have a city listed. Similarly, time zones need not have any cities listed if there are no major cities in that offset.

UTC−12:00, Y

UTC−11:00, X

UTC−10:00, W

Principal cities: Honolulu

UTC−09:30, V†

UTC−09:00, V

Principal cities: Anchorage

UTC−08:00, U

Principal cities: Los Angeles, Vancouver, Tijuana

UTC−07:00, T

Principal cities: Phoenix, Calgary, Ciudad Juárez

UTC−06:00, S

Principal cities: Mexico City, Chicago, Guatemala City, Tegucigalpa, Winnipeg, San José, San Salvador

UTC−05:00, R

Principal cities: New York, Toronto, Havana, Lima, Bogotá, Kingston

UTC−04:00, Q

Principal cities: Santiago, Santo Domingo, Manaus, Caracas, La Paz, Halifax

UTC−03:30, P†

Principal cities: St. John’s

UTC−03:00, P

Principal cities: São Paulo, Buenos Aires, Montevideo

UTC−02:00, O

UTC−01:00, N

UTC±00:00, Z

Principal cities: London, Dublin, Lisbon, Abidjan, Accra, Dakar

UTC+01:00, A

Principal cities: Berlin, Rome, Paris, Madrid, Warsaw, Lagos, Kinshasa, Algiers, Casablanca

UTC+02:00, B

Principal cities: Cairo, Johannesburg, Khartoum, Kiev, Bucharest, Athens, Jerusalem

UTC+03:00, C

Principal cities: Moscow, Istanbul, Riyadh, Baghdad, Addis Ababa, Doha

UTC+03:30, C†

Principal cities: Tehran

UTC+04:00, D

Principal cities: Dubai, Baku, Tbilisi, Yerevan, Samara

UTC+04:30, D†

Principal cities: Kabul

UTC+05:00, E

Principal cities: Karachi, Tashkent, Yekaterinburg

UTC+05:30, E†

Principal cities: Mumbai, Colombo

UTC+05:45, E*

Principal cities: Kathmandu

UTC+06:00, F

Principal cities: Dhaka, Almaty, Omsk

UTC+06:30, F†

Principal cities: Yangon

UTC+07:00, G

Principal cities: Jakarta, Ho Chi Minh City, Bangkok, Krasnoyarsk

UTC+08:00, H

Principal cities: Shanghai, Taipei, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, Perth, Manila, Makassar, Irkutsk

UTC+08:45, H*

UTC+09:00, I

Principal cities: Tokyo, Seoul, Pyongyang, Ambon, Yakutsk

UTC+09:30, I†

Principal cities: Adelaide

UTC+10:00, K

Principal cities: Sydney, Port Moresby, Vladivostok

UTC+10:30, K†

UTC+11:00, L

UTC+12:00, M

Principal cities: Auckland, Suva, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky

UTC+12:45, M*

UTC+13:00, M†

UTC+14:00, M†

See also


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