List of UK caving fatalities

This is a list of recreational caving fatalities in the United Kingdom. It includes all verified deaths associated with the exploration of natural caves and disused mines in the modern era (post 1880). Deaths involving members of the general public who may have slipped down a shaft, or wandered into a cave without being aware of the risks, have been excluded.

List of fatalities

There have been 133 fatalities associated with recreational caving in the UK. The main causes of death have been drowning when cave diving, drowning as the result of flooding or negotiating deep water, injuries incurred from falling from a height, and injuries incurred as the result of rock falls. In ten cases the bodies have not been recovered.

The worst incident in UK caving history was the Mossdale Caverns incident in 1967 when six cavers were drowned following an unexpected cloud burst.[1] There have been three incidents when three people have died. The first was when three cavers drowned in Langstroth Pot in 1976 when free-diving short sections of underwater passage as the result of the air in an air bell becoming foul.[2] Three cavers were killed by a rock fall in Ease Gill Caverns in 1988,[3] and three cavers were drowned in the Marble Arch system in 1995.[4]

Porth yr Ogof, in South Wales, accounts for eleven fatalities, nine of which were the result of people drowning when negotiating the exit pool.[5] Ease Gill Caverns and its associated entrances account for ten deaths; Alum Pot and its associated entrances account for six, as does Mossdale Caverns (all from the 1967 incident).

The only case of a caver dying in the UK as the result of becoming stuck was Neil Moss in Peak Cavern in 1959. The cause of death was foul air building up around him.[6]

DateCaveAreaCauseNameNotes
May 1929West Mine, Alderley EdgePeak DistrictHypothermiaGeorge Etchells
Alfred Hadfield
Bodies found August 1929[7][8]
July 1936Alum PotYorkshire Dales  Rock fallMabel BinksPossibly hit by a rock deliberately thrown down the shaft[9]
May 1939Rowten PotYorkshire DalesDrownedJohn LambertFell and subsequently drowned[10]
June 1946West Mine, Alderley EdgePeak DistrictFallKenneth Brown[7]
Dec 1946Grange Rigg PotYorkshire DalesHypothermiaHarold Sargeant[11]
May 1948West Mine, Alderley EdgePeak DistrictFallLeslie Hunt13-year-old schoolboy[12]
Apr 1949Wookey HoleMendipDivingGordon Marriott[13]
May 1951Penyghent PotYorkshire DalesHypothermiaJohn Williams[14]
Oct 1954West Mine, Alderley EdgePeak DistrictFallKenneth John Booth16-year-old schoolboy[15]
May 1955Alum PotYorkshire DalesFallJohn Edgar Fisher[16]
Jun 1957Porth yr OgofSouth WalesDrownedLeonard Garraway[17]
Jan 1958Goyden PotYorkshire DalesDrownedBrian KerrBody not recovered[18]
Jan 1959Swildon's HoleMendipHypothermiaJohn Wallington[19]
Mar 1959Peak CavernPeak DistrictCO2 poisoningNeil MossResult of being trapped in confined space. Body interred in situ[6]
July 1959Dow CaveYorkshire DalesRock fallDavid Priestman[20]
Dec 1959Bar PotYorkshire DalesFallEric Sugden[21]
Dec 1960Eastwater CavernMendipRock fallAlan Hartnell[7][22]
Jun 1961Coed-y-Mwstwr Woods CaveSouth WalesRock fallTony Lewis[7]
Sep 1961Ball Eye MinePeak DistrictFallGeorge Keeling[7]
Jan 1962Hell HoleYorkshire DalesDrownedEban Beeves[7][23][24]
Oct 1962Alum PotYorkshire DalesFallD. Hopley[25][26]
Mar 1963Deep Ecton MinePeak DistrictDivingGarry McElliottDiving with British Sub-Aqua Club - not a cave diver[27]
May 1963Mandale MinePeak DistrictDrownedRoger Low[7]
Nov 1963Marble Steps PotYorkshire DalesDrownedMike McShea[28]
Mar 1963Longwood SwalletMendipHypothermiaHeather Muirhead[29][30]
Mar 1964Lancaster HoleYorkshire DalesDivingAlan Clegg[31]
Jun 1966Porth yr OgofSouth WalesDrownedB. Speakman[5]
Jan 1967Alum PotYorkshire DalesFallJohn DrummondThe casualty was under instruction at the time[25][32][33]
Feb 1967Carlswark CavernPeak DistrictDrownedRobert MacDonaldOn 'adventure training'[25]
Mar 1967Easter Iron MineForest of DeanFallRex KeeneHemp rope broke when abseiling 90 metre shaft[34][35]
Jun 1967Mossdale CavernsYorkshire DalesDrownedDave Adamson
Geoffrey Boireau
William Frakes
John Ogden
Michael Ryan
Colin Vickers
The bodies were later interred in the far reaches of cave[1][36]
Oct 1967Sunset HoleYorkshire DalesFallEric LuckhurstRescue formed basis of Sid Perou's film "Sunday at Sunset Pot"[25]
Aug 1968Porth yr OgofSouth WalesDrownedAnthony Stannard[5]
Mar 1969Meregill HoleYorkshire DalesHypothermiaChristopher Hay[25][37]
Aug 1969Ease Gill CavernsYorkshire DalesRock fallDuncan Glasford[38][39]
Sep 1970PollanaffrinNorthern IrelandNatural causesMick Mulligan[7]
Oct 1970Keld HeadYorkshire DalesDivingAlan ErithRemains retrieved 5 years later[25][32]
Oct 1970Porth yr OgofSouth WalesDrownedStephen Sedgewick[5]
Feb 1971Porth yr OgofSouth WalesDrownedPaul EsserRemains retrieved in 2010[5][40]
May 1971Weathercote CaveYorkshire DalesRock fallJohn Fellows[41]
Sep 1971Swinsto HoleYorkshire DalesFallMichael Midgley[32]
Aug 1972Firehose CaveScotlandDrownedPeter Clements[42]
Mar 1973Knotlow MinePeak DistrictDrownedAlan Evans[7]
May 1973Wood Mine, Alderley EdgePeak DistrictDrownedPaul Shaw14-year-old boy on an outdoors pursuits course[43]
July 1973Porth yr OgofSouth WalesDrownedGraham AlstonTrainee soldier on exercise[5]
Sep 1973Eldon HolePeak DistrictFallSulo Sulonen[44]
Apr 1974Holme Hill CaveYorkshire DalesFallPeter Trousdale[7]
Jun 1974Ogof Agen AllweddSouth WalesDivingRoger SolariBody not recovered[45][46]
July 1974Merlin's CavePeak DistrictDivingJohn Smith[47]
Dec 1974Gaping GillYorkshire DalesFallDavid HuxtableConsidered to be the UK's first SRT fatality[48]
Sep 1975Ireby Fell CavernYorkshire DalesFallStephen Hughes[49]
Feb 1976Oxlow CavernPeak DistrictFallStephen Nunwick[7][25]
May 1976Langstroth PotYorkshire DalesDrownedMartin Blackburn
Brian Fox
Donald Southern
Encountered foul air whilst free-diving[2]
Aug 1976Royal Hopping MinePeak DistrictRock fallLeslie Wheeler[7]
May 1977Blayshaw Gill PotYorkshire DalesRock fallJohn Rhodes[7][50]
Sep 1977Ilam RisingPeak DistrictDivingMike Nelson[25][51]
Oct 1979Cote Gill PotYorkshire DalesCO poisoningRichard Marvel
John Staniforth
Result of using high explosives[52]
Dec 1979Ogof Ffynnon DduSouth WalesDrownedJ. Fitton
D.Gough
Washed away[53]
Mar 1980Bull Pot of the WitchesYorkshire DalesDivingIan Plant[54]
Aug 1980GB CaveMendipNatural causesIan Miller[25][55]
Oct 1980Top SinkYorkshire DalesFallTracy Gibson[56]
Nov 1980Keld HeadYorkshire DalesDivingMark Woodhouse[57]
Feb 1981PollnacromNorthern IrelandDivingDavid WoodsBody not recovered[58]
July 1981Porth yr OgofSouth WalesDrownedAdrian Luck[5]
Nov 1981Wookey HoleMendipDivingKeith Potter[59]
May 1982Gaping GillYorkshire DalesFallEdward Holstead[60]
May 1982Diccan PotYorkshire DalesNatural causesAnthony Mosedale[60]
Jun 1982Sunset PotYorkshire DalesDrownedNeofitos Savva[60]
Aug 1982Ireby Fell CavernYorkshire DalesFallJohn Martin[61]
Nov 1982Gaping GillYorkshire DalesFallRobert Watson[61]
Sep 1983Smallcleugh MineCumbriaFall17-year-old boy scout fell 18 metres[7][62]
Jan 1985Hurtle PotYorkshire DalesDivingDerek Crossland[63]
Feb 1985Bagshawe CavernPeak DistrictDrownedMark Dowset[7]
Nov 1985Lancaster HoleYorkshire DalesDrownedDavid James[64]
Jan 1986Longwood SwalletMendipRock fallAtilla Kurucz[25][65]
Mar 1986Rowten PotYorkshire DalesDrownedDavid AndersonCave Rescue Organisation team member on rescue[66]
May 1986Dale Head PotYorkshire DalesDrownedJames Taylor[67]
July 1986Porth yr OgofSouth WalesNatural causesGwynfor Hughes[5]
Apr 1988unnamed caveYorkshire DalesDivingNick Whaite[68]
May 1988Ease Gill CavernsYorkshire DalesRock fallJanet Barnfield
Michael Preece
David Simpson
[3]
Aug 1988Uamh Claig-ionnScotlandHypothermiaCharles Butterworth[69]
Feb 1989Jib TunnelYorkshire DalesHypothermiaKeith Mann[70]
May 1989Ivy Green CavePeak DistrictHypothermiaMichael BoultonBody found a year later 100 metres (330 ft) in, with no lighting[71]
Feb 1990Kingsdale Master CaveYorkshire DalesDrownedPhil Tamms[72]
Jul 1990Glynneath Silica MineSouth WalesNatural causesNeville GroomOn management training course[73]
July 1991Jacob's MinePeak DistrictRock fallStephen Goodwin[7][74]
Nov 1991Sell Gill HolesYorkshire DalesNatural causesFrancis Hardy[7][74]
Jun 1992Porth yr OgofSouth WalesDrownedAmanda Stead[75]
Jun 1992Joint HoleYorkshire DalesDrownedMartin McMahon[76]
Oct 1992Porth yr OgofSouth WalesDrownedGraham Lipp[77]
Jan 1993Kingsdale Master CaveYorkshire DalesDrownedMichael JonesWashed into Kingsdale Master Cave sump[78]
Feb 1994Lost Johns' CaveYorkshire DalesRock fallPaul Lyons[79]
July 1994Dismal Hill CaveYorkshire DalesDivingTrevor Kemp[80]
Oct 1994Old Ing CaveYorkshire DalesDrownedPeter Ball[81]
Nov 1994Whittington Stone MineCotswoldsNatural causesBob Fairclough[82]
Jan 1995Marble Arch CavesNorthern IrelandDrownedCon Cormican
Brian Kennedy
Philip Marshall
[4]
May 1995Calf HolesYorkshire DalesNatural causesThomas DennyManagement training exercise[83]
Aug 1996Quaking PotYorkshire DalesFallChristine Bleakley[84]
May 1997Lancaster HoleYorkshire DalesFallMichael Jeffries[85]
Dec 1998Ogof Pont Yr MeirwSouth WalesDivingPeter Fowler[86]
Nov 2000Lancaster HoleYorkshire DalesDrownedHoward Rothwell[87]
Feb 2001Ireby Fell CavernYorkshire DalesDrownedJulian Carrol
Ray Lea
[88]
July 2002Porth yr OgofSouth WalesDrownedKevin Sharman[89]
Sep 2004Notts PotYorkshire DalesFallPaula Szajnowska[90]
Mar 2005Low Birkwith CaveYorkshire DalesDivingColin Pryer[91]
Nov 2005Manchester HoleYorkshire DalesHypothermiaJoseph ListerSchool boy on supervised trip[92]
Mar 2006Upper Flood SwalletMendipNatural causesMalcolm Cotter[93]
Mar 2006Astonhill SwalletPeak DistrictRock fallDavid Briggs[93][94]
Aug 2006Meregill SkitYorkshire DalesNatural causesMike WoodingDied of natural causes whilst diving[95]
Dec 2007Giant's HolePeak DistrictHypothermiaPaul Fowkes[96][97]
Dec 2007Lower Long ChurnYorkshire DalesDrownedCaroline Fletcher
Stuart Goodwill
[98][99]
July 2008Coal mine at CraigmillarScotlandAsphyxiationPeter IresonAbseiled into foul air in disused coal mine[100][101]
Apr 2011Pwll-y-CymSouth WalesDivingBonnie Cotier[102][103]
Aug 2014Aber Las MineNorth WalesAsphyxiationWill SmithOvercome by foul air in disused slate mine[104][105][106]
Feb 2015Bull Pot, KingsdaleYorkshire DalesRock fallGordon Aitken[107][108]
Aug 2017Ewes Top Moss Pot, Scales MoorYorkshire DalesNatural causesMichael WoodDate uncertain - body not found for several weeks[109][110]
Jun 2019Curtain Pot, Fountains FellYorkshire DalesFallHarry Hesketh[111]

Breakdown of fatalities by cause and area

The following table summarises the major causes of fatality in UK caving by cause and by area. The commonest cause of fatality in the UK is drowning - accounting for almost half the deaths when cave diving is included, and 42% when diving is excluded. The second major cause of fatality, when cave diving is excluded, is falling from height which accounts for 22% of fatalities, followed by rock fall which accounts for 14% of fatalities. The 'Other' category includes gas poisoning and asphyxiation.

Area Diving Drowned Fall Rock fall Hypothermia Natural causes Other Total
Mendip20022208
Northern Ireland  13000105
Peak District356340122
South Wales3120102018
Yorkshire Dales  826171055273
Other01201127
Total1747251612115133

Breakdown of fatalities by cause and decade

The following table summarises the major causes of fatality in UK caving by decade. The changes from decade to decade partly reflect the different numbers of active cavers, partly changing techniques, and partly improved equipment.

Decade Diving Drowned Fall Rock fall Hypothermia Natural causes Other Total
1920s00002002
1930s01010002
1940s10201004
1950s02312019
1960s2125320024
1970s4117201227
1980s665433027
1990s292204019
2000s161122114
2010s10110115
Total1747251612115133

Breakdown of fatalities over time

The following bar chart shows the number of fatalities in each decade.

See also

References

Notes

  1. Kershaw, Roy. "What lies beneath: Mossdale caving disaster". The Independent. Independent Digital News and Media Limited. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
  2. "Langstroth deaths - foul air blamed". Descent (34): 18. August 1976.
  3. Boothroyd, Colin (June–July 1988). "Easegill Tragedy". Descent (82): 12.
  4. Kelly, John (Apr–May 1995). "Marble Arch fatalities". Descent (123): 18.
  5. Wilton-Jones, Mark. "Porth yr Ogof". UK Caves database site. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
  6. Lovelock (1963), pp. 1127.
  7. Howes, Chris (Oct–Nov 2007). "Caving fatalities in the UK". Descent (198): 29–30.
  8. Whitehouse, Bill. "The history of cave rescue before the 1959 'Neil Moss Tragedy'" (PDF). Mountain Rescue England and Wales. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
  9. Lovelock (1963), p. 117
  10. Eyre (1988), pp. 3236.
  11. Lovelock (1963), pp. 9899.
  12. "Boy in mine falls to death as torch fails". Daily Mirror. 3 May 1948.
  13. Lovelock (1963), pp. 6164.
  14. Lovelock (1963), pp. 99101.
  15. "Third boy dies in Giant's cave". Daily Herald. 11 Oct 1954.
  16. "Alum Pot Fatality". Craven Herald and Pioneer. 24 Jun 1955.
  17. Jenkins, D (July 1958). "Hon. Secretary's Report" (PDF). South Wales Caving Club Newsletter (24): 4. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
  18. Lovelock (1963), pp. 104117.
  19. Irwin, Dave (2007). Swildon's Hole. 100 Years of Exploration. Priddy: Wessex Cave Club. pp. 44–46. ISBN 9780950043357.
  20. Lovelock (1963), pp. 111112.
  21. Forder, John (December 2001). "An analysis of cave rescue statistics, Dales area, UK, 1935 to 2000" (PDF). Cave and Karst Science. 28 (3): 134. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
  22. Frank Frost (July 1960). "Foreword". [Wessex Cave Club Journal] (77, volume 6): 1–2.
  23. UWFRA (1998), p. 161
  24. Tate, Lesley. "The perils lying underground". Craven Herald. Newsquest (Yorkshire & North East) Ltd. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
  25. Halliwell, Ric (2002). "A Century of British Caving". Craven Pothole Club. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  26. "Cave Rescue Organisation Incident Log". BCRA Online Archives. British Cave Research Association. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  27. Churcher, R.A.; Lloyd, O.C. (1980). "British Cave Diving Accidents". Proceedings of the University of Bristol Speleological Association. 15 (3): 164.
  28. Eyre (1988), pp. 6365.
  29. "Cave of Death". Western Daily Press & Bristol Mirror. 18 March 1963.
  30. "Longwood". Belfry Bulletin (181). March 1981. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  31. "CDG History 1960 - 1969". Cave diving highlights. Cave Diving Group. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
  32. Eyre (1988), p. 192.
  33. Craven Herald & Pioneer. 20 January 1967. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  34. Bedford, Bruce (Mar–Apr 1984). "Taking the Steep Way into Easter Iron Mine". Descent (57): 5.
  35. Elliot, John (Dec 2002). "Easter Iron Mine Engine House". Royal Forest of Dean Caving Club Newsletter (128): 6.
  36. Brook, Dave (July 1971). "Mossdale Caverns 1971". University of Leeds Speleological Association Review (8): 24–25.
  37. Eyre (1988), pp. 89 90.
  38. Eyre (1988), p. 91.
  39. "Easegill Tragedy". Speleologist. 3 (19): 3. Autumn 1969.
  40. "Body of cave diver recovered nearly 40 years on". Wales Online. Medfia Wales Ltd. 29 April 2010. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
  41. "John Fellows". Northern Pennine Club Newsletter (38). August 1971.
  42. "News in Descent". Descent (23): 23. April 1973.
  43. Bedford, Bruce (July 1973). "Alderley Edge Fatality". Descent (24): 6.
  44. "News North". Descent (26): 10. Jan–Feb 1974.
  45. "Agen, Allwedd, Llangattock". The Cave Diving Group Newsletter (33): 14. October 1974.
  46. Churcher, R.A.; Lloyd, O.C.. (1980). "British Cave Diving Accidents" (PDF). Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society. 15 (3): 161–182. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
  47. "Merlin's Cave Eyam". The Cave Diving Group Newsletter (33): 15. October 1974.
  48. "Britain's first SRT fatality". Descent (31): 4. May–June 1975.
  49. Eyre (1988), p. 195.
  50. UWFRA (1998), p. 164.
  51. Eyre (1988), p. 197.
  52. "Blasting fumes kill two cavers in Yorkshire accident". Descent (44): 4–5. January–February 1980.
  53. "Inquest findings on two drowned in Welsh cave". Descent (45): 21–22. March–April 1980.
  54. "Ian Plant dies in Yorkshire cave dive". Descent (45): 4. March–April 1980.
  55. Hanwell, J (April–May 1982). "MRO Incidents 1980". Belfrey Bulletin (408/409): 12. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
  56. "Top Sink Fatality". Caves & Caving (11): 75. February 1981.
  57. "Diving fatality in Keld Head". Descent (47): 5. January–February 1981.
  58. Farr, Martyn (March–April 1981). "Irish cave diver drowned in Pollnacrom". Descent (48): 15.
  59. Danilewicz, C.J. (March–April 1982). "Obituary: Keith Potter". Descent (51): 5.
  60. Cordingley, John (August 1982). "Caving Accidents". Caves & Caving (17): 25.
  61. Eyre (1988), p. 200.
  62. Starkey, Roy (Oct 1997). "Twenty Years in the Field" (PDF). British Micromount Society Newsletter (48): 2–5. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
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  64. Boothroyd, Colin (Jan–Feb 1986). "David James - drowned in Lancaster". Descent (86): 7.
  65. Moody, Peter (Jan–Feb 1986). "Falling boulder kills caver on Mendip". Descent (68): 10.
  66. Boothroyd, Colin (May–June 1986). "Rescuer dies in Rowten Pot search". Descent (86): 12.
  67. "Tragedy follows Dales deluge". Descent (70): 5. May–June 1986.
  68. Boothroyd, Colin (June–July 1988). "Diver dies in unlined attempt on new sump". Descent (82): 12.
  69. Jeffries, Alan (Oct–Nov 1988). "Cave fatality in Argyll". Descent (84): 11.
  70. Round, Steve (1989). "A death in Gaping Ghyll". Caves & Caving (44): 18.
  71. Beck, John (Aug–Sep 1988). "The Sad Case of Michael Boulton". Descent (95): 18.
  72. Bass, Malcom (Apr–May 1990). "Fatality in West Kingsdale Master Cave". Descent (93): 10.
  73. Farr, Martyn (1990). "Silica Mine Fatality". Descent (96): 7.
  74. "BCRC incident report 1991". Descent (106): 28. Jul–Aug 1992.
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  80. Monico, Paul (Oct–Nov 1994). "Birkwith fatality". Descent (120): 10.
  81. Holland, Ian (Dec 1994 – Jan 1995). "Birkwith fatality". Descent (121): 8.
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  84. "Quaking fatality". Descent (133): 17. Dec 1996 – Jan 1997.
  85. Monico, Paul (Aug–Sep 1997). "Lancaster Hole fatality". Descent (137): 11.
  86. Howes, Chris (Feb–Mar 1999). "Fatality in Pont-y-Meirw". Descent (146): 10.
  87. "Lancaster fatality". Descent (158): 10. Feb–Mar 2001.
  88. Speight, Alan (Apr–May 2001). "Twin fatalities in Ireby Fell Cavern". Descent (159): 10.
  89. Howes, Chris (Oct–Nov 2002). "Another fatality at Porth yr Ogof". Descent (168): 12.
  90. "Notts Pot fatality". Descent (181): 16. Dec 2004 – Jan 2005.
  91. "Rescue and tragedy". Descent (183): 8. Apr–May 2005.
  92. "School trip fatality". Descent (188): 6. Feb–Mar 2006.
  93. "The Rescues of 2006". Descent (196): 123. Jun–Jul 2006.
  94. Richard, Woolley. "Caver dies in rock fall at Pikehall". Matlock Mercury. Johnston Publishing Ltd. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  95. Ryall, Dave (Oct–Nov 2006). "Farewell Mike Wooding". Descent (192): 14.
  96. "Giant's fatality". Descent (200): 16. Feb–Mar 2008.
  97. "Fatality in 'testing' cave route was first". Buxton Advertiser. Johnston Publishing Ltd. Retrieved 24 March 2014.
  98. "Double Long Churn fatality". Descent (200): 13. Feb–Mar 2008.
  99. "Pair died in potholing accident". BBC News. BBC. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
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  101. "Caver overcome by mine gas fumes dies in hospital". The Scotsman. 22 July 2008. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
  102. Farr, Martyn (June–July 2011). "Accident at Pwll-yCwm". Descent (220): 10.
  103. "Experienced caver, 53, drowned in Gwent gorge complex - inquest". South Wales Argus. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
  104. McHale, John. "Body of cave diver found after major north Wales rescue operation". Grough. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
  105. Hambridge, Karen (2014-08-29). "Diver dies in Welsh quarry accident". The Hinckley Times. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  106. "Caver Will Smith's Llangollen slate mine death inquest". bbc.co.uk/news/. BBC. 2015-01-20. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
  107. "Man, 50 killed by falling boulder in Bull Pot caving accident". BBC News. BBC. 2015-02-13. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  108. "Lancaster caver dies after being crushed by falling rock". The Visitor. Johnston Publishing Ltd. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
  109. "Missing man Michael Wood, aged 68, from Sharples found dead". The Bolton News. Newsquest. 12 December 2017. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
  110. Tate, Lesley (5 July 2018). "Experienced caver found dead in pothole near Ingleton had been undiscovered for several weeks" (Craven Herald). Newsquest (Yorkshire & North East) Ltd. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
  111. Leeson, Lucy (3 June 2019). "Rescuers speak of desperate attempts to save Yorkshire Dales caver Harry Hesketh". The Yorkshire Post. Retrieved 3 June 2019.

Sources

  • UWFRA (1998). Anytime...Anywhere. Upper Wharfedale Fell Rescue Association.
  • Lovelock, James (1963). Life and Death Underground. London: G. Bell & Sons, Ltd.
  • Eyre, Jim; John Frankland (1988). Race Against Time. Dent, Sedbergh: Lyon Equipment (Books). ISBN 978-0950687445.
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