List of Regia Aeronautica aircraft used in World War II

A list of aircraft used by Italy during World War II until its capitulation to the Allies in September 1943. After that Italy was divided in two states, the Axis Italian Social Republic in the north and the Allied Italian kingdom in the south. Both countries had their own Air Force fitted with formerly used Italian aircraft and other nation's planes. Meanwhile, the Italian National Republican Air Force continued fighting against the Allies till the last months of 1945, and the Italian co-belligerant Air Force begun operation against the Nazi forces in the Balkans. Aircraft marked in pink were captured, while aircraft in blue did not progress past prototypes.

Aircraft

Aircraft ModelNameRole1st
flight
Service
entry
# UsedRefs
Aeronautica Lombarda AL-12P-glider1943194316
Aeronautica Umbra Trojani AUT.18-fighter1939n/a1
Ambrosini A.R.-flying bomb1943n/a5
Ambrosini CVV-6 Canguro-glider1941194336
Ambrosini S.7T-trainer1939194310[1]
Ambrosini SAI.10Grifone
(griffon)
trainer1939194010
Ambrosini SAI.207-fighter1941194214
Ambrosini SAI.403Dardo
(dart)
fighter1943n/a1
Ambrosini SS.4-fighter1939n/a1
Arado Ar 96B-2-trainer193819432
AVIA FL.3-trainer19391940335[2]
Breda Ba.25-trainer19311932763[3]
Breda Ba.28-trainer1936193859
Breda Ba.39-liaison1932n/a60
Breda Ba.44-transport193419365[4]
Breda Ba.64-ground attack1935193742[5]
Breda Ba.65-ground attack19351937200[6]
Breda Ba.75-reconnaissance / ground attack1939n/a1
Breda Ba.82-medium bomber1937n/a1
Breda Ba.88Lince
(lynx)
fighter / bomber19361938149[7]
Breda Ba.201-dive bomber1941n/a2
Bücker Bü 131Jungmann
(young man)
trainer1934194141[notes 1]
CANSA C.5-trainer1939193962
CANSA C.6-trainer1941n/a2
CANSA FC.12-ground attack1940n/a11
CANSA FC.20-reconnaissance / bomber194119438
CANT Z.501Gabbiano
(gull)
maritime patrol19341936454
CANT Z.506BAirone
(heron)
maritime patrol / bomber19351939314[8]
CANT Z.506CAirone
(heron)
transport / rescue1935193957[9]
CANT Z.511-transport seaplane1940n/a2
CANT Z.515-reconnaissance / bomber1939n/a11
CANT Z.1007Alcione
(kingfisher)
bomber19371939582[10]
CANT Z.1011-heavy bomber / transport193619386
CANT Z.1012-liaison193719385[11]
CANT Z.1018Leone
(lion)
bomber1939194315
Caproni Ca.100-trainer19281930650[12]
Caproni Ca.111-reconnaissance19321933152[13]
Caproni Ca.133-transport / bomber19341935443[14]
Caproni Ca.135-bomber1935193769[15]
Caproni Ca.148-transport193854[16]
Caproni Ca.164-liaison1938280[17]
Caproni Ca.165-fighter1938n/a1
Caproni Ca.308/A.P.1Boreas
(north wind)
light bomber1934193653[18]
Caproni Ca.309Ghibli
(south wind)
reconnaissance1937n/a243[19]
Caproni Ca.310Libeccio
(s.w. wind)
reconnaissance / bomber19371938193[20]
Caproni Ca.311-bomber19391939284[21]
Caproni Ca.312-bomber1939n/a39[22]
Caproni Ca.313-bomber1939n/a338
Caproni Ca.314-bomber / maritime patroln/a1942200
Caproni Ca.316-reconnaissance / patrol1940n/a14
Caproni Ca.331Raffica
(gust)
bomber / night fighter1940n/a3[23]
Caproni Campini N.1-engine testbed1940n/a2
Caproni Vizzola F.4-fighter1940n/a1
Caproni Vizzola F.5-fighter1939193913
Caproni Vizzola F.6-fighter1941n/a2
Caudron C.440Goéland
(seagull)
transport193419437[notes 2]
Caudron C.635Simoun
(south east wind)
liaison193419432[notes 2]
CNA PM.1-trainer1939n/a1
Dewoitine D.520 C.1-fighter1938194060[notes 3]
Dornier Do 217J-night fighter1938194211[24]
Douglas DC-2-transport193419402[25]
Douglas DC-3-transportn/an/a1[26]
Fiat B.R.20Cicogna
(stork)
bomber19361936233[27]
Fiat B.R.20MCicogna
(stork)
bomber19361936279[28]
Fiat C.R.25-reconnaissance / transport1937193912
Fiat C.R.32-fighter193319331052[29]
Fiat C.R.42Falco
(falcon)
fighter193819391551[30]
Fiat G.8-trainer1934n/a51[31]
Fiat G.12-transport1940194128[32]
Fiat G.18-transport193519439[33]
Fiat G.50 Freccia
(arrow)
fighter19371938683[34]
Fiat G.55Centauro
(centaur)
fighter1942194330[35]
Fiat RS.14-reconnaissance19391941186[36]
Fieseler Fi 156Storch
(stork)
liaison1936n/a24[37][38]
Gotha Go 242-transport glider194119434
IMAM Ro.10
Fokker F.VII
-transport1924n/a1
2
[39]
IMAM Ro.37Lince
(lynx)
reconnaissance19331935617[40]
IMAM Ro.41-trainer / liaison19341935743[41]
IMAM Ro.43-reconnaissance19341935193[42]
IMAM Ro.44-floatplane fighter1936193735
IMAM Ro.51-fighter1937n/a1
IMAM Ro.57bis-dive bomber1939194350[43]
IMAM Ro.58-dive bomber1942n/a1
IMAM Ro.63-reconnaissance / liaison1940n/a6
Junkers Ju 52/3m g7e-transport193019434[44]
Junkers Ju 87B-2 & D-1Stuka
(dive bomber)
dive bomber19351940210
Junkers Ju 88A-4-bomber1936194346
Klemm Kl 35-liaison / trainer193519431
Liore et Olivier LeO 451 B.4-bomber1937194127[notes 2]
Macchi M.C.94-transport1936n/a6[45]
Macchi M.C.100-transport1936n/a6[46]
Macchi C.200Saetta
(arrow)
fighter193719391151[47]
Macchi C.201-fighter1940n/a1
Macchi C.202Folgore
(thunderbolt)
fighter194019411172[48]
Macchi C.205NOrione
(orion)
fighter1942n/a2
Macchi C.205VVeltro
(greyhound)
fighter19421943199[49]
Messerschmitt Bf 108B-2Taifun
(typhoon)
liaison193419411
Messerschmitt Bf 109G/K-fighter19351943225
Messerschmitt Bf 110C-4/G-4-night fighter193619423[50]
Morane-Saulnier MS.230 Et.2-trainer192919438[notes 2]
Morane-Saulnier MS.406 C.1-fighter1935194325[notes 2]
Nardi FN.305-trainer19351935208[51]
Nardi FN.315-trainer1938194331[52]
Nardi FN.316-trainer1941194349[53]
Piaggio P.32-bomber1936193728[54]
Piaggio P.50-heavy bomber1937n/a3
Piaggio P.108B-bomber1939194224[55]
Piaggio P.108T-transport1939194212[56]
Piaggio P.111-high altitude research1941n/a1
Piaggio P.119-fighter1942n/a1
Potez 63-11-reconnaissance1938194377[notes 2]
Potez 630/631 C.3-heavy fighter1936194313[notes 2]
Reggiane Re.2000Falco I
(falcon)
fighter1939194026[57]
Reggiane Re.2001Falco II
(falcon)
fighter19401941243[58]
Reggiane Re.2002Ariete
(ram)
fighter19401942140[59]
Reggiane Re.2003-reconnaissance1941n/a1
Reggiane Re.2004-fighter / bombern/an/a1
Reggiane Re.2005Sagittario
(archer)
fighter1942194337[60]
Rogožarski SIM-XIV-H-coastal reconnaissance / trainer193819418[notes 1]
SAIMAN 200-trainer19381940140[61]
SAIMAN 202-liaison19381939390[62]
Savoia-Marchetti S.55X-maritime patrol flying boat1924193125
Savoia-Marchetti S.56-flying-boat trainer192419274[63]
Savoia-Marchetti S.66-search and rescue flying boat193119406[64]
Savoia-Marchetti S.73-transport1934193528[65]
Savoia-Marchetti S.74-transport193419353[66]
Savoia-Marchetti SM.75Marsupiale
(marsupial)
transport1937n/a32[67]
Savoia-Marchetti SM.79Sparviero
(sparrowhawk)
bomber / transport193419361240[68]
Savoia-Marchetti SM.81Pipistrello
(bat)
bomber19341935534[69]
Savoia-Marchetti SM.82-transport / bomber19391940726[70]
Savoia-Marchetti SM.83-transport1937193920[71]
Savoia-Marchetti SM.84-bomber19401941329[72]
Savoia-Marchetti SM.85-dive bomber1936193932[73]
Savoia-Marchetti SM.86-dive bomber1939n/a1[74]
Savoia-Marchetti SM.87-transport floatplanes193919404[75]
Savoia-Marchetti SM.88-heavy fighter1939n/a1
Savoia-Marchetti SM.89-bomber194119421[76]
Savoia-Marchetti SM.91-heavy fighter / bomber1943n/a2
Savoia-Marchetti SM.92-heavy fighter / bomber1943n/a1
Savoia-Marchetti SM.93-dive bomber1944n/a1
Savoia-Marchetti SM.95-transport1943n/a5[77]

Captured

Repainted in Italian markings. Primarily used for evaluation. Other aircraft were captured but were not flyable.

References

Citations

  1. "Ambrosini S.7" Ali e Uomini
  2. "AVIA FL.3" Ali e Uomini
  3. "Breda Ba.25" Ali e Uomini
  4. "Breda Ba.44" Ali e Uomini
  5. "Breda Ba.64" Ali e Uomini
  6. "Breda Ba.65" Ali e Uomini
  7. "Breda Ba.88" Ali e Uomini
  8. "CANT Z.506B Airone" Ali e Uomini
  9. "CANT Z:506C Airone" Ali e Uomini
  10. "CANT Z:1007 Alcione" Ali e Uomini
  11. "CANT Z.1012" Ali e Uomini
  12. "Caproni Ca.100" Ali e Uomini
  13. "Caproni Ca.111" Ali e Uomini
  14. "Caproni Ca.133" Ali e Uomini
  15. "Caproni Ca.135" Ali e Uomini
  16. "Caproni Ca.148" Ali e Uomini
  17. "Caproni Ca.164" Ali e Uomini
  18. "Caproni A.P.1" Ali e Uomini
  19. "Caproni Ca.309 Ghibli" Ali e Uomini
  20. "Caproni Ca310 Libeccio" Ali e Uomini
  21. "Caproni Ca.311" Ali e Uomini
  22. "Caproni Ca.312" Ali e Uomini
  23. "Caproni Ca.331" Ali e Uomini
  24. "Dornier Do 217J" Ali e Uomini
  25. "Douglas Dc-2" Ali e Uomini
  26. "Douglas DC-3 Dakota"
  27. "Fiat BR.20 Cicogna" Ali e Uomini
  28. "Fiat BR.20M Cicogna" Ali e Uomini
  29. "Fiat CR.32" Ali e Uomini
  30. "Fiat C.R.42 Falco" Ali e Uomini
  31. "Fiat G.8"
  32. "Fiat G.12" Ali e Uomini
  33. "Fiat G.18" Ali e Uomini
  34. "Fiat G.50" Ali e Uomini
  35. "FIat G.55" Ali e Uomini
  36. "Fiat RS.14" Ali e Uomini
  37. "Fieseler Fi 156 Storch" Ali e Uomini
  38. "Fieseler Fi 156 Storch" Aeronautica Militare
  39. "IMAM Ro.10"
  40. "IMAM Ro.37 Lince" Ali e Uomini
  41. "IMAM Ro.41" Ali e Uomini
  42. "IMAM Ro.43"
  43. "IMAM Ro.57" Ali e Uomini
  44. "Junkers Ju 52" Ali e Uomini
  45. "Macchi M.C.94"
  46. "Macchi M.C.100"
  47. Macchi "C.200 Saetta" Ali e Uomini
  48. "Macchi C.202" Ali e Uomini
  49. "Macchi MC.205V" Ali e Uomini
  50. "Messerschmitt Bf 110" Ali e Uomini
  51. "Nardi FN305" Ali e Uomini
  52. "Nardi FN.315" Ali e Uomini
  53. "Nardi FN.316" Ali e Uomini
  54. "Piaggio P.32" Ali e Uomini
  55. "Piaggio P.108B" Ali e Uomini
  56. "Piaggio P.108T" Ali e Uomini
  57. Reggiane Re.2000
  58. "Reggiane Re.2001" Ali e Uomini
  59. "Reggiane Re.2002" Ali e Uomini
  60. "Reggiane Re.2005" Ali e Uomini
  61. "SAIMAN 200" Ali e Uomini
  62. "SAIMAN 202" Ali e Uomini
  63. "Savoia-Marchetti S:56" Aviastar
  64. "Savoia-Marchetti S.66" Ali e Uomini
  65. "Savoia-Marchetti S.73" Ali e Uomini
  66. "Savoia-Marchetti SM.74" Ali e Uomini
  67. "Savoia-Marchetti SM.75 Marsupiale" Ali e Uomini
  68. "Savoia-Marchetti SM.79 Sparviero" Ali e Uomini
  69. "Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 Pipistrello" Ali e Uomini
  70. "Savoia-Marchetti SM.82" Ali e Uomini
  71. "Savoia-Marchetti SM.83" Ali e Uomini
  72. "Savoia-Marchetti SM.84" Ali e Uomini
  73. Savoia-Marchetti SM.85
  74. Savoia-Marchetti SM.86
  75. "Savoia-Marchetti SM.87" Ali e Uomini
  76. "Savoia-Marchetti SM.89" Ali e Uomini
  77. "Savoia-Marchetti SM.95" Ali e Uomini

Notes

  1. Captured from Yugoslavia
  2. Captured from France
  3. received in exchange for LeO 451 given to Germany
  4. Captured from British Royal Air Force during desert war.
  5. Captured from United States Army Air Forces following accidental landing at the wrong airfield.
  6. Captured from British Fleet Air Arm.

Bibliography

  • D'Amico, F.; Valentini, G. (1986). Regia Aeronautica Vol. 2: Pictorial History of the Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana and the Italian Co-Belligerent Air Force, 1943–1945. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal. ISBN 0897471857.
  • Dunning, Chris (2009). Courage Alone: The Italian Air Force 1940–1943. Hikoki Publications. ISBN 978-1902109091.
  • Dunning, Chris (2009). Regia Aeronautica: The Italian Air Force 1923–1945 – An Operational History. Hersham, Surrey, UK: Classic Publications (Ian Allan Publishing). ISBN 978-1906537029.
  • Sgarlato, Nico (1979). Italian Aircraft of World War II. Warren, Michigan: Squadron/Signal. ISBN 0897470869.
  • Thompson, Jonathan W. (1963). Italian Civil and Military aircraft 1930–1945. USA: Aero Publishers. ISBN 0816865000. LCCN 63-17621.
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