List of Olympic Games host cities

This is a list of host cities of the Olympic Games, both summer and winter, since the modern Olympics began in 1896. Since then, summer games have usually  but not always  celebrated a four-year period known as an Olympiad. There have been 28 Summer Olympic Games held in 23 cities, and 23 Winter Olympic Games held in 20 cities. In addition, three summer and two winter editions of the Games were scheduled to take place but later cancelled due to war: Berlin (summer) in 1916; Tokyo/Helsinki (summer) and Sapporo/Garmisch-Partenkirchen (winter) in 1940; and London (summer) and Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy (winter) in 1944. The 1906 Summer Olympics were officially sanctioned and held in Athens. However, in 1949, the International Olympic Committee (IOC), decided to unrecognize the 1906 Games.[1]

The Youth Olympic Games are held every four years in staggered summer and winter events consistent with the current Olympic Games format, though in reverse order with Winter Games held in leap years instead of Summer Games. The first summer version was held in Singapore from 14 to 26 August 2010 while the first winter version was held in Innsbruck, Austria from 13 to 22 January 2012.[2]

Five cities have been chosen by the IOC to host upcoming Olympic Games: Tokyo for the 2020 Summer Olympics, Beijing for the 2022 Winter Olympics, Paris for the 2024 Summer Olympics, Milan-Cortina d'Ampezzo for the 2026 Winter Olympics, and Los Angeles for the 2028 Summer Olympics. Additional two cities have been chosen by the IOC to host upcoming Youth Olympic Games: Lausanne for the 2020 Winter Youth Olympics, and Dakar for the 2022 Summer Youth Olympics.

In 2022, Beijing will become the first-ever city that has held both the summer and the winter Olympic Games. Ten cities will have hosted the Olympic Games more than once: Athens (1896 and 2004 Summer Olympics), Paris (1900, 1924 and 2024 Summer Olympics), London (1908, 1948 and 2012 Summer Olympics), St. Moritz (1928 and 1948 Winter Olympics), Lake Placid (1932 and 1980 Winter Olympics), Los Angeles (1932, 1984 and 2028 Summer Olympics), Innsbruck (1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics and 2012 Winter Youth Olympics), Tokyo (1964 and 2020 Summer Olympics), Lillehammer (1994 Winter Olympics and 2016 Winter Youth Olympics), Beijing (2008 Summer Olympics and 2022 Winter Olympics) and Cortina D'Ampezzo (1956 and 2026). Stockholm hosted the 1912 Summer Olympics and the equestrian portion of the 1956 Summer Olympics.[d] London became the first city to have hosted three Games with the 2012 Summer Olympics. Paris will become the second city to do this with the 2024 Summer Olympics, followed by Los Angeles as the third in 2028. The United States has hosted a total of eight Olympic Games, more than any other country, followed by France with five editions. Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Austria, Canada, Italy, Japan and Germany have each hosted three Games.

The Games have primarily been hosted in the continents of Europe (32 editions) and North America (12 editions); seven Games have been hosted in Asia and two have been hosted in Oceania. In 2010, Singapore became Southeast Asia's first Olympic host city for the inaugural Summer Youth Olympics, while Rio de Janeiro became South America's first Olympic host city with the 2016 Summer Olympics, followed by Buenos Aires with the 2018 Summer Youth Olympics. The 2022 Summer Youth Olympics in Dakar will become the first-ever Games to be held on the African continent. Other major geographic regions which have never hosted the Olympics include the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent, Central America and the Caribbean.

Host cities are selected by the IOC membership, usually seven years in advance.[3] The selection process lasts approximately two years. In the first stage, any city in the world may submit an application to become a host city. After 10 months, the Executive Board of the IOC decides which applicant cities will become official candidates as based on the recommendation of a working group that reviews the applications. In a second stage, the candidate cities are investigated thoroughly by an Evaluation Commission, which then submits a final short list of cities to be considered for selection. The host city is then chosen by vote of the IOC session, a general meeting of IOC members.[4]

Olympic Games host cities

For individual summer and winter lists, see List of modern Summer Olympic Games, List of Winter Olympic Games and List of Youth Olympic Games.
City Country Year Continent Summer Winter Summer
(Youth)
Winter
(Youth)
Opening
ceremony
Closing
ceremony
Ref
Athens Greece 1896Europe S005I April 6April 15
Paris France 1900 S005II May 14October 28
St. Louis[a] United States 1904North America S005III July 1November 23
London[c] United Kingdom 1908Europe S005IV April 27October 31
Stockholm Sweden 1912 S005V May 5July 22
Berlin Germany 1916Europe S006VI Cancelled due to WWI [5]
Antwerp[d] Belgium 1920Europe S007VII April 20September 12 [6]
Chamonix France 1924 W001I January 25February 5 [7]
Paris France S008VIII May 4July 27 [8]
St. Moritz  Switzerland 1928 W002II February 11February 19 [9]
Amsterdam Netherlands S009IX May 17August 12 [10]
Lake Placid United States 1932North America W003III February 4February 15 [11]
Los Angeles United States S010X July 30August 14 [12]
Garmisch-Partenkirchen Nazi Germany 1936Europe W004IV February 6February 16 [13]
Berlin Nazi Germany S011XI August 1August 16 [14]
Sapporo / Garmisch-Partenkirchen[e] Empire of Japan /  Nazi Germany 1940Asia / Europe W005aV Cancelled due to WWII [5]
Tokyo / Helsinki[f] Empire of Japan /  Finland S012XII
Cortina d'Ampezzo Italy 1944Europe W005bV
London United Kingdom S013XIII
St. Moritz  Switzerland 1948Europe W005cV January 30February 8
London United Kingdom S014XIV July 29August 14
Oslo Norway 1952 W006VI February 14February 25
Helsinki Finland S015XV July 19August 3
Cortina d'Ampezzo Italy 1956 W007VII January 26February 5
Stockholm / Melbourne[g] Sweden /  AustraliaEurope / Oceania S016XVI June 10 / November 22June 17 /
December 8
Squaw Valley United States 1960North America W008VIII February 18February 28
Rome ItalyEurope S017XVII August 25September 11
Innsbruck Austria 1964 W009IX January 29February 9
Tokyo JapanAsia S018XVIII October 10October 24
Grenoble France 1968Europe W010X February 6February 18
Mexico City MexicoNorth America S019XIX October 12October 27
Sapporo Japan 1972Asia W011XI February 3February 13
Munich West GermanyEurope S020XX August 26September 11
Innsbruck[j] Austria 1976 W012XII February 4February 15
Montreal CanadaNorth America S021XXI July 17August 1
Lake Placid United States 1980 W013XIII February 13February 24
Moscow Soviet UnionEurope[h] S022XXII July 19August 3
Sarajevo Yugoslavia 1984Europe W014XIV February 7February 19
Los Angeles United StatesNorth America S023XXIII July 28August 12
Calgary Canada 1988 W015XV February 13February 28
Seoul South KoreaAsia S024XXIV September 17October 2
Albertville France 1992Europe W016XVI February 8February 23
Barcelona Spain S025XXV July 25August 9
Lillehammer Norway 1994 W017XVII February 12February 27
Atlanta United States 1996North America S026XXVI July 19August 4
Nagano Japan 1998Asia W018XVIII February 7February 22
Sydney Australia 2000Oceania S027XXVII September 15October 1
Salt Lake City United States 2002North America W019XIX February 8February 24
Athens Greece 2004Europe S028XXVIII August 13August 29
Turin Italy 2006 W020XX February 10February 26
Beijing[i] China 2008Asia S029XXIX August 8August 24
Vancouver Canada 2010North America W021XXI February 12February 28
Singapore SingaporeAsia SY01I August 14August 26
Innsbruck Austria 2012Europe WY01I January 13January 22
London United Kingdom S030XXX July 27August 12
Sochi Russia 2014Europe[h] W022XXII February 7February 23
Nanjing ChinaAsia SY02II August 16August 28
Lillehammer Norway 2016Europe WY02II February 12February 21
Rio de Janeiro BrazilSouth America S031XXXI August 5August 21
Pyeongchang South Korea 2018Asia W023XXIII February 9February 25
Buenos Aires ArgentinaSouth America SY03III October 6October 18
Lausanne  Switzerland 2020Europe WY03III January 9January 22
Tokyo JapanAsia S032XXXII July 24August 9
Beijing China 2022 W024XXIV February 4February 20
Dakar SenegalAfrica SY04IV (TBD)(TBD)
(TBD) 2024(TBD) WY03IV (TBD)(TBD)
Paris FranceEurope S033XXXIII July 26August 11
Milan and Cortina d'Ampezzo Italy 2026 W025XXV February 6February 22
(TBD)(TBD) SY05V (TBD)(TBD)
(TBD) 2028 (TBD)WY05V (TBD) (TBD)
Los Angeles United StatesNorth America S034XXXIV July 21August 6
(TBD) 2030(TBD) W026XXVI (TBD)(TBD)
(TBD) (TBD)SY06VI (TBD) (TBD)
(TBD) 2032 (TBD)WY06VI (TBD) (TBD)
(TBD)(TBD) S035XXXV (TBD)(TBD)

Host cities for multiple Summer and Winter Olympic Games and Youth Olympic Games

List of cities that hosted multiple editions of the Olympic Games
Rank City Country Continent Summer Olympics Winter Olympics Summer Youth Olympics Winter Youth Olympics Total Ref
1 London United KingdomEurope 3 (1908, 1948, 2012) 3
Paris France 3 (1900, 1924, 2024)
Los Angeles United StatesNorth America 3 (1932, 1984, 2028)
Innsbruck AustriaEurope 2 (1964, 1976) 1 (2012)
5 Athens Greece 2 (1896, 2004) 2
Tokyo JapanAsia 2 (1964, 2020)
Beijing China 1 (2008) 1 (2022)
St. Moritz  SwitzerlandEurope 2 (1928, 1948)
Lake Placid United StatesNorth America 2 (1932, 1980)
Lillehammer NorwayEurope 1 (1994)
Cortina d'Ampezzo Italy 2 (1956, 2026)
  1. The 1906 Intercalated Games are no longer officially recognized by the IOC as an official Olympic Games.

Number of Olympic Games by country

List of countries ranked by the number of times they hosted the Olympic Games
Rank First
Year
Last
Year
Country Continent Summer
Olympics
Winter
Olympics
Summer
Youth Olympics
Winter
Youth Olympics
Total Ref
1 19042028  United StatesAmerica, North 5 (1904, 1932, 1984, 1996, 2028) 4 (1932, 1960, 1980, 2002) 9
2 19002024  FranceEurope 3 (1900, 1924, 2024) 3 (1924, 1968, 1992) 6
3 19562026  Italy 1 (1960) 3 (1944, 1956, 2006, 2026) 4
19642020  JapanAsia 2 (1940, 1964, 2020) 2 (1940, 1972, 1998)
5 19082012  United KingdomEurope 3 (1908, 1944, 1948, 2012) 3
19282020   Switzerland 2 (1928, 1940, 1948)
19361972  Germany,
only as part of former:
 German Empire,
 Nazi Germany,
 West Germany
2 (1916, 1936, 1972) 1 (1936, 1940)
19521994  Norway 2 (1952, 1994)
19642012  Austria 2 (1964, 1976)
19762010  CanadaAmerica, North 1 (1976) 2 (1988, 2010)
20082022  ChinaAsia 1 (2008) 1 (2022) 1 (2014)
12 18962004  GreeceEurope 2 (1896, 2004) 2
19562000  AustraliaOceania 2 (1956, 2000)
19802014  Russia,
and as part of former:
 Soviet Union
Europe [h] 1 (1980) 1 (2014)
19882018  South KoreaAsia 1 (1988) 1 (2018)
16 19121912  SwedenEurope 1 (1912) 1
19201920  Belgium 1 (1920)
19281928  Netherlands 1 (1928)
19521952  Finland 1 (1940, 1952)
19681968  MexicoAmerica, North 1 (1968)
19841984  Bosnia and Herzegovina,
only as part of former:
 SFR Yugoslavia
Europe 1 (1984)
19921992  Spain 1 (1992)
20102010  SingaporeAsia 1 (2010)
20162016  BrazilAmerica, South 1 (2016)
20182018  Argentina 1 (2018)
20222022  SenegalAfrica 1 (2022)

Number of Olympic Games by continent

Rank First
Year
Last
Year
Continent Summer
Olympics
Winter
Olympics
Summer
Youth Olympics
Winter
Youth Olympics
Total Ref
1 18962026 Europe 17 (1896, 1900, 1908, 1912, 1916, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1936, 1940, 1944, 1948, 1952, 1960, 1972, 1980[h], 1992, 2004, 2012, 2024) 15 (1924, 1928, 1936, 1940, 1944, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1964, 1968, 1976, 1984, 1992, 1994, 2006, 2014[h], 2026) 03 (2012, 2016, 2020) 35
2 19042028 America, North 07 (1904, 1932, 1968, 1976, 1984, 1996, 2028) 06 (1932, 1960, 1980, 1988, 2002, 2010) 13
3 19642022 Asia 04 (1940, 1964, 1988, 2008, 2020) 04 (1940, 1972, 1998, 2018, 2022) 02 (2010, 2014) 10
4 20162018 America, South 01 (2016) 01 (2018) 2
5 19562000 Oceania 02 (1956, 2000) 2
6 20222022 Africa 01 (2022) 1

Notes

References

  1. Findling, John E.; Pelle, Kimberly D. (2004). Encyclopedia of the Modern Olympic Movement. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-313-32278-5.
  2. "FIS in favor of Youth Olympic Games". FIS. 8 May 2007. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 20 May 2007.
  3. Group, Taylor Francis (2003). The Europa World Yearbook. Taylor and Francis Group. p. 247. ISBN 978-1-85743-227-5.
  4. "Choice of the Host City". olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
  5. Durántez, Conrado (April–May 1997). "The Olympic Movement, a twentieth-century phenomenon" (PDF). Olympic Review. XXVI (14): 56–57.
  6. "Antwerp 1920". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  7. "Chamonix 1924". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  8. "Paris 1924". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  9. "St. Moritz 1928". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  10. "Amsterdam 1928". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  11. "Lake Placid 1932". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  12. "Los Angeles 1932". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  13. "Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1936". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  14. "Berlin 1936". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  15. "St Louis 1904". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 29 July 2008.
  16. "St. Louis gets Olympic Games; International Committee Sanctions the Change for the World's Fair in 1904" (PDF). The New York Times (12 February 1903). Retrieved 29 July 2008.
  17. Karl Lennartz. "The 2nd International Olympic Games In Athens 1906" (PDF). Journal of Olympic History (Dec. 2001–Jan. 2002). Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  18. "Rome Games moved to London". realclearsports.com. 2008. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  19. "Stockholm/Melbourne 1956". Swedish Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 9 October 2008. Retrieved 1 August 2008.
  20. Tim Pile. "Hong Kong saddles up for the Olympics". The Daily Telegraph (25 June 2008). London. Retrieved 29 July 2008.
  21. "2008 Beijing Olympic home page". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 4 May 2008.
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