List of National Inventors Hall of Fame inductees

The National Inventors Hall of Fame (NIHF) inductees includes over 600 inventors spanning three centuries of lifetimes. John Fitch was the earliest born inventor inducted into the NIHF (1743), while Barrett Comiskey is currently the most recently born (1975).

Key

Key
*
Denotes inventor was also awarded the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)'s Medal of Honor,
given for an exceptional contribution or extraordinary career in the IEEE fields of interest

Inductees

Induction Inductee Birth Death Notable NIHF[1]
1997 Edward Goodrich Acheson 1856 1931 Carborundum
2018 Leonard Adleman 1945 RSA cryptography
2008 Robert Adler 1913 2007 Television remote control
2006 Herman Affel 1893 1972 Coaxial cable
2014 Howard Aiken 1900 1973 Automatic sequence controlled calculator (Harvard Mark I)
2016 JD Albert 1975 Electronic ink
2015 George Edward Alcorn, Jr. 1940 X-ray spectrometer
2013 Samuel W. Alderson 1914 2005 Crash test dummy
1983 Ernst Alexanderson* 1878 1975 Radio
1983 Andrew Alford 1904 1992 VHF omnidirectional range
2007 Samuel Leeds Allen 1841 1918 Flexible flyer sled
1978 Luis Walter Alvarez 1911 1988 Radio distance and direction indicator; Hydrogen bubble chamber
2017 Iver Anderson 1953 Lead-free solder
2011 Mary Anderson 1866 1953 Windshield wiper
2016 Roger Angel 1941 Telescope mirror cell
2014 George Antheil 1900 1959 Frequency-hopping spread spectrum
2011 Thomas Armat 1866 1948 Movie projector
2017 Don Arney 1947 Bambi bucket for aerial firefighting
1980 Edwin Howard Armstrong* 1890 1954 FM radio
2014 Frances Arnold 1956 Evolution of enzymes
2019 Chieko Asakawa 1958 Home Page Reader
2013 Arthur Ashkin 1922 Optical trapping
2009 Mohamed M. Atalla 1924 2009 MOSFET transistor, silicon semiconductor surface passivation, ATM PIN security system
2007 Alpheus Babcock 1785 1842 Cast iron piano frame
1997 George Herman Babcock 1832 1893 Steam generator
2016 Roger Bacon 1926 2007 Carbon fibers
1978 Leo Baekeland 1863 1944 Bakelite
2019 John Baer 1917 2003 Thiazide diuretics (Chlorothiazide)
2010 Ralph Baer 1922 2014 Television gaming and training apparatus
2002 Rodney Bagley 1934 Substrate for catalytic converters
2005 Matthias W. Baldwin 1795 1866 Steam locomotive
2016 Bantval Jayant Baliga 1948 Insulated-gate bipolar transistor (IGBT)
2001 Robert Banks 1921 1989 Polypropylene plastics
2004 Frederick Banting 1891 1941 Isolated and purified insulin
2007 Paul Baran 1926 2011 Digital packet switching
1974 John Bardeen* 1908 1991 Transistor
2005 C. Donald Bateman 1932 Ground proximity warning system
2006 Andrew Jackson Beard 1849 1921 Improved Janney coupler for railroad cars
1987 Arnold Orville Beckman 1900 2004 pH meter
1998 Semi Joseph Begun 1905 1995 Magnetic recording
1974 Alexander Graham Bell 1847 1922 Telephone
2008 Ruth R. Benerito 1916 2013 Wrinkle-free cotton
1991 Willard Harrison Bennett 1903 1987 Mass spectrometry
1994 Emile Berliner 1851 1929 Gramophone and microphone
2017 Carolyn Bertozzi 1966 Bioorthogonal Chemistry
2002 Henry Bessemer 1813 1898 Bessemer process for steel production
2004 Charles Herbert Best 1899 1978 Isolation of insulin
2019 Karl H. Beyer Jr. 1914 1996 Thiazide diuretics (Chlorothiazide)
2006 Erastus Brigham Bigelow 1814 1879 Powered loom
2011 Edwin Binney 1866 1934 Carbon black manufacturing
1994 Gerd Binnig 1947 Scanning tunneling microscope
1995 Forrest Bird 1921 2015 Respirator / Ventilator
2013 John Birden 1918 2011 Radioisotope thermoelectric generator
2005 Clarence Birdseye 1886 1956 Frozen food
2007 László Bíró 1899 1985 Ballpoint pen
2013 Donald Bitzer 1934 Plasma display
1981 Harold Stephen Black 1898 1983 Feedback amplifier
2019 S. Duncan Black 1883 1951 Portable hand-held electric drill
2007 Eli Whitney Blake 1795 1886 Machine for crushing stone
2006 Helen Blanchard 1840 1922 Innovations to sewing machine
2006 Thomas Blanchard 1788 1864 Pattern lathe
2007 Katharine Burr Blodgett 1898 1979 Langmuir-Blodgett film
2002 Samuel E. Blum 1920 2013 LASIK eye surgery
1993 Baruch Samuel Blumberg 1925 2011 Vaccine for hepatitis B
2007 James Bogardus 1800 1874 Iron frame building
2002 Nils Bohlin 1920 2002 Safety belt
2006 Gail Borden 1801 1874 Process for condensed milk
2006 Carl Bosch 1874 1940 Haber-Bosch process for ammonia production
2008 Amar Bose 1929 2013 Audio feedback control
1997 Robert W. Bower 1936 Self-aligned-gate MOSFET transistor
2014 Bill Bowerman 1911 1999 Modern athletic shoe
2006 Seth Boyden 1788 1870 Process for making malleable iron
2001 Herbert Boyer 1936 Genetic engineering
2014 Otis Boykin 1920 1982 Electrical resistor
2006 Willard Boyle 1924 2011 Charge coupled device
2006 Milton Bradley 1836 1911 Game board
2006 Jacques E. Brandenberger 1872 1954 Cellophane
2016 Per-Ingvar Brånemark 1929 2014 Dental implant
1992 Charles F. Brannock 1903 1992 Brannock device for foot measuring
1974 Walter Houser Brattain 1902 1987 Transistor
2010 Yvonne Brill 1924 2013 Dual thrust level monopropellant spacecraft propulsion system
2013 Garrett Brown 1942 Steadicam Camera stabilizer
1994 Rachel Fuller Brown 1898 1980 Nystatin antifungal
2007 John Browning 1855 1926 Breech-loading rifle
2006 Charles F. Brush 1849 1929 Arc light for street lighting
2010 Francis R. Bundy 1910 2008 Diamond synthesis
1986 Luther Burbank 1849 1926 Plant breeding
1995 Joseph H. Burckhalter 1912 2004 Isothiocyanates
2015 John F. Burke 1922 2011 Artificial skin
1987 William Seward Burroughs I 1857 1898 Adding machine
1984 William Merriam Burton 1865 1954 Catalytic cracking
2004 Vannevar Bush 1890 1974 Differential analyzer
2006 Edward A. Calahan 1838 1912 Stock ticker
1999 Donald L. Campbell 1904 2002 Catalytic cracking
2011 George Ashley Campbell 1870 1954 Loading coil
1985 Marvin Camras 1916 1995 Magnetic recording
1981 Chester Carlson 1906 1968 Xerographic printing
1984 Wallace Carothers 1896 1937 Synthetic rubber, nylon
1985 Willis Carrier 1876 1950 Air conditioner
2003 George Robert Carruthers 1939 Ultraviolet camera
2018 Marvin Caruthers 1940 Chemical synthesis of DNA
1990 George Washington Carver 1864 1943 Peanut products
2003 Frank Cepollina 1936 Satellite servicing techniques
2006 Vint Cerf 1943 Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
2008 Daryl Chapin 1906 1995 Solar cell
2007 Emmett Chappelle 1925 2019 Bioluminescence
2008 John Charnley 1911 1982 Hip replacement surgery
2015 Mary-Dell Chilton 1939 Transgenic plant
2009 Alfred Y. Cho* 1937 Molecular beam epitaxy
2015 Edith Clarke 1883 1959 Graphical calculator
2007 Georges Claude 1870 1960 Neon light
2006 Josephine Cochrane 1839 1913 Dishwasher
2001 Stanley Norman Cohen 1935 Genetic engineering
2004 James Collip 1892 1965 Isolated and purified insulin
2006 Samuel Colt 1814 1862 Colt revolver with interchangeable parts
1988 Frank B. Colton 1923 2003 Oral contraceptives
2016 Barrett Comiskey 1975 Electronic ink
1992 Lloyd Conover 1923 2017 Tetracycline
1975 William D. Coolidge 1873 1975 X-ray tube
2006 Peter Cooper 1791 1883 Steam locomotive
2004 Harry Coover 1917 2011 Superglue
2006 George Henry Corliss 1817 1888 Improvements to steam engine
2006 Martha Coston 1826 1904 Signal flare used for ships
1992 Frederick Gardner Cottrell 1877 1948 Electrostatic precipitator
2004 Wallace H. Coulter 1913 1998 Coulter principle
2010 Jacques Cousteau 1910 1997 Diving unit
2007 Joshua Lionel Cowen 1877 1965 Model train
2006 Eckley Coxe 1839 1895 Traveling grate furnace
1997 Seymour Cray 1925 1996 Supercomputer
2007 George Crompton 1829 1886 Loom
2014 David Crosthwait 1898 1976 Heating and ventilation system
2003 Glenn Curtiss 1878 1930 Hydroplane
2007 David Cushman 1939 2000 Captopril
2006 Gottlieb Daimler 1834 1900 Design of automobile and motorcycle engines
1989 Raymond Vahan Damadian 1936 Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
2013 John Daugman 1954 Iris recognition algorithm
2007 Donald Davies 1924 2000 Digital packet switching
1977 Lee De Forest* 1873 1961 Audion amplifier tube
1999 George de Mestral 1907 1990 Velcro
1997 Mark Dean 1957 Computer peripherals
2019 Alonzo G. Decker 1884 1956 Portable hand-held electric drill
1989 John Deere 1804 1886 Farm plow
1997 Robert H. Dennard* 1932 Dynamic random access memory (DRAM)
2011 George Devol 1912 2011 Industrial robot
2011 Albert Dick 1856 1934 Duplicating machine
2017 Earle Dickson 1892 1961 Band-Aid
1976 Rudolf Diesel 1858 1913 Internal-combustion engine
2011 Whitfield Diffie 1944 Public-key cryptography
2014 Richard DiMarchi 1952 Insulin Lispro
2000 Walt Disney 1901 1966 Multiplane camera
1978 Carl Djerassi 1923 2015 Oral contraceptives
2004 Ray Dolby 1933 2013 Dolby noise reduction
2015 Marion Donovan 1917 1998 Waterproof diaper cover
1983 Herbert Henry Dow 1866 1930 Bromine extraction
1981 Charles Stark Draper 1901 1987 Stabilizing gyroscopic
2014 Mildred Dresselhaus 1930 2017 Lattice structure
2015 Charles R. Drew 1904 1950 Surgical needle
2007 Richard Gurley Drew 1899 1980 Adhesive tape
2007 Philip Drinker 1894 1972 Iron lung
2006 John Boyd Dunlop 1840 1921 Pneumatic tire
1990 Graham J. Durant 1934 2009 Cimetidine
2014 Benjamin Durfee 1897 1980 Automatic sequence controlled calculator (Harvard Mark I)
1977 George Eastman 1854 1932 Photography
2010 Roger L. Easton 1921 2014 TIMATION satellite navigation system
2002 J. Presper Eckert 1919 1995 ENIAC
1986 Harold Eugene Edgerton 1903 1990 Stroboscope photography
1973 Thomas Edison 1847 1931 Electric lighting, motion pictures, phonograph
2007 Alfred Einhorn 1856 1917 Novocain
2008 Willem Einthoven 1860 1927 Electrocardiograph
1991 Gertrude B. Elion 1918 1999 Leukemia drug
2011 Carleton Ellis 1876 1941 Margarine
1990 John Colin Emmett 1939 Cimetidine
2012 Akira Endo 1933 Mevastatin
1998 Douglas Engelbart 1925 2013 Computer mouse
1993 John Ericsson 1803 1889 Screw propeller
2006 Lloyd Espenschied* 1889 1986 Coaxial cable
2001 Oliver Evans 1755 1819 High pressure steam engine
2007 Ole Evinrude 1877 1934 Outboard motor
2003 Maxime Faget 1921 2004 Space capsule
1996 Federico Faggin 1941 Microprocessor, silicon-gate MOSFET transistor
2006 Moses G. Farmer 1820 1893 Electric fire alarm system
1984 Philo Farnsworth 1906 1971 Television
1998 James Fergason 1934 2008 Liquid crystal display
1976 Enrico Fermi 1901 1954 Nuclear fission
2000 Reginald Fessenden* 1866 1932 AM radio
2006 Harvey Samuel Firestone 1868 1938 Pneumatic tire
2006 John Fitch 1743 1798 Steamboat
2004 Edith M. Flanigen 1929 Molecular sieves
2013 Leonard Flom 1927 Iris recognition algorithm
2001 Thomas J. Fogarty 1934 Embolectomy catheter
2010 Judah Folkman 1933 2008 Angiogenesis inhibition
1982 Henry Ford 1863 1947 Automobile
1979 Jay Wright Forrester* 1918 2016 Random access memory (RAM)
2011 Eric Fossum 1957 CMOS active pixel image sensor camera-on-a-chip
2007 John E. Franz 1929 Roundup
2000 Alfred Free 1913 2000 Glucose detection for diabetes
2000 Helen Murray Free 1923 Glucose detection for diabetes
2009 Ross Freeman 1948 1989 Electrical circuit having configurable logic elements and interconnects
2017 Harold E. Froehlich 1922 2007 Deep-sea submersible
2009 Dov Frohman 1939 Erasable programmable read only memory array (EPROM)
2010 Arthur Fry 1931 Post-it notes
2008 Calvin Souther Fuller 1902 1994 Solar Cell
2006 Robert Fulton 1765 1815 Steamboat
2012 Dennis Gabor* 1900 1979 Electron holography
2014 Ashok Gadgil 1950 Water disinfection
2010 Émile Gagnan 1900 1979 Aqua-lung diving equipment
2004 Robert Gallo 1937 HIV isolation
2017 Haren S. Gandhi 1941 2010 Automotive exhaust catalyst
1990 C. Robin Ganellin 1934 Cimetidine
1996 Edmund Germer 1901 1987 Fluorescent lighting
2004 Ivan A. Getting 1912 2003 Global Positioning System (GPS)
2004 John Heysham Gibbon 1903 1973 Heart-lung machine
2007 King C. Gillette 1855 1932 Safety razor
1990 Charles Ginsburg 1920 1992 Video tape recording
2006 Joseph Glidden 1813 1906 Barbed wire
1979 Robert H. Goddard 1882 1945 Solid fuel rockets
2007 William Goddard 1913 1997 Hard drive and floppy disk
2005 Leopold Godowsky, Jr. 1900 1983 Kodachrome
2007 Peter Carl Goldmark 1906 1977 Long playing record
2011 Hannibal Goodwin 1822 1900 Transparent flexible nitrocellulose
1976 Charles Goodyear 1800 1860 Vulcanization of rubber
2006 Robert W. Gore 1937 Gore-Tex
1991 Gordon Gould 1920 2005 Laser
2006 Zénobe Gramme 1826 1901 Direct-current dynamo
2007 Elisha Gray 1835 1901 Telephone and telegraph improvements
1986 Wilson Greatbatch 1919 2011 Heart pacemaker
1991 Leonard Greene 1918 2006 Aircraft stall warning
2003 Leroy Grumman 1895 1982 Retractable landing gear
2005 Robert Gundlach 1926 2010 Photocopier
2015 Jaap Haartsen 1963 Bluetooth wireless technology
2006 Fritz Haber 1868 1934 Ammonia production process
1976 Charles Martin Hall 1863 1914 Aluminum production process
2004 Lloyd Hall 1894 1971 Food preservation
1994 Robert N. Hall 1919 2016 Magnetron
2007 Thomas Seavey Hall 1827 1880 Railroad signal
2010 Tracy Hall 1919 2008 Synthetic diamond
2006 Andrew Smith Hallidie 1836 1900 Cable car
2014 Francis E. Hamilton 1898 1972 Automatic sequence controlled calculator (Harvard Mark I)
2011 John Hays Hammond, Jr. 1888 1965 Radio control
1991 William Edward Hanford 1908 1996 Polyurethane
2017 Eli Harari 1945 Floating-gate EEPROM
2010 Walter Lincoln Hawkins 1911 1992 Polymer cable sheath
1994 Elizabeth Lee Hazen 1885 1975 Nystatin
2017 Howard Head 1914 1991 Laminated ski; oversized tennis racket
2002 M. Stephen Heilman 1933 Defibrillator
2009 George H. Heilmeier* 1936 2014 Electro-optic liquid crystal device
2011 Martin Hellman 1945 Public-key cryptography
2011 François Hennebique 1842 1921 Reinforced concrete construction
2006 Beulah Louise Henry 1887 1973 Ice cream freezer
2011 Peter Cooper Hewitt 1861 1921 Mercury-vapor lamp
1992 William Redington Hewlett 1913 2001 Audio signals
2017 Beatrice Hicks 1919 1979 Device for sensing gas density
2019 Andrew Higgins 1886 1952 Landing Craft Vehicle Personnel (LCVP)
1985 Rene Alphonse Higonnet 1902 1983 Phototypesetting machine
2007 Maurice Hilleman 1919 2005 Vaccines
1980 James Hillier 1915 2007 Electron microscope
2006 Richard March Hoe 1812 1886 Rotary printing press
2009 Jean Hoerni 1924 1997 Planar manufacturing process
1996 Marcian Hoff 1937 Microprocessor
2002 Felix Hoffmann 1868 1946 Aspirin
2001 J. Paul Hogan 1919 2012 Polypropylene and HDPE
2007 John Philip Holland 1841 1914 Submarine
1990 Herman Hollerith 1860 1929 Machine-readable recording data, punched card, tabulator
2006 Alexander Lyman Holley 1832 1882 Steelmaking
2006 Birdsill Holly 1820 1894 Fire hydrant
1991 Donald F. Holmes 1910 1980 Polyurethane
2008 Nick Holonyak* 1928 visible light emitting diode
2006 Benjamin Holt 1849 1920 Tractor
2018 Stan Honey 1955 Sports broadcast graphic enhancements
2007 Leroy Hood 1938 DNA sequencer
2008 Erna Schneider Hoover 1926 Computerized telephone switching
2009 Larry J. Hornbeck 1943 Spatial light modulator and method
1990 Eugene Houdry 1892 1962 Catalytic cracking
2007 Godfrey Hounsfield 1919 2004 CAT scanner
2004 Elias Howe 1819 1867 Sewing machine
2006 George Hulett 1846 1923 Loading and unloading machine
2014 Chuck Hull 1939 Stereolithography
2006 Walter Hunt 1796 1859 Safety pin
2006 John Wesley Hyatt 1837 1920 Celluloid
2000 James Franklin Hyde 1903 1999 Transparent silica
2006 Simon Ingersoll 1818 1894 Steam powered rock drill
2011 Frederic Eugene Ives 1856 1937 Color photography
2013 Irwin M. Jacobs 1933 Spread spectrum multiple access communication system
2016 Joseph Jacobson 1965 Electronic ink
2006 Ali Javan 1926 2016 Helium-neon laser
2017 Allene Jeanes 1906 1995 Dextran production; xanthan gum
2005 Alec Jeffreys 1950 Genetic fingerprinting
2011 Charles Francis Jenkins 1867 1934 Movie projector
2015 Thomas Jennings 1791 1859 Dry scouring
2012 Steve Jobs 1955 2011 Personal computer, mobile phone, animated movie, digital publishing
2008 Amos E. Joel, Jr.* 1918 2008 Switching concept for cellular phones
2008 Clarence Johnson 1910 1990 Aircraft
2015 Kristina M. Johnson 1957 Polarization-control technology
2018 Warren S. Johnson 1847 1911 Temperature control
2007 Frederick McKinley Jones 1893 1961 Refrigeration
2018 Howard S. Jones, Jr. 1921 2005 Conformal antenna
2017 Marshall Jones 1941 Industrial laser
2013 Kenneth Jordan 1921 2008 Radioisotope thermoelectric generator
1990 Percy Lavon Julian 1899 1975 Cortisone synthesis
2006 Bob Kahn 1938 Internet Protocol (IP)
2009 Dawon Kahng 1931 1992 Electric field controlled semiconductor device, MOSFET transistor
2003 Charles Kaman 1919 2011 Innovations to helicopter
2005 Dean Kamen 1951 Ambulatory infusion pump
2016 Sheldon Kaplan 1939 2009 Auto-injector
1993 Donald Keck 1941 Optical fiber
2006 John Harvey Kellogg 1852 1943 Breakfast cereal
2004 Charles Kelman 1930 2004 Cataract surgery
2011 Clarence Kemp c. 1860 1911 Solar water heater
1980 Charles F. Kettering 1876 1958 Electric ignition
2006 Mary Dixon Kies 1752 1837 Process for weaving straw
1982 Jack Kilby* 1923 2005 Integrated circuit
2007 Albert Kingsbury 1863 1943 Thrust bearing
2006 Dale Kleist 1909 1998 Fiberglass
2006 Margaret E. Knight 1838 1914 Paper bag machine
2019 Jeff Kodosky 1949 LabVIEW
1985 Willem Johan Kolff 1911 2009 Artificial heart
2003 Paul Kollsman 1900 1982 Altimeter
2000 William Justin Kroll 1889 1973 Titanium
2002 Raymond Kurzweil 1948 Optical character recognition
1995 Stephanie Kwolek 1923 2014 Kevlar
2002 Irwin Lachman 1930 Catalytic converter
2014 Clair Lake 1888 1958 Automatic sequence controlled calculator (Harvard Mark I)
2014 Hedy Lamarr 1914 2000 Frequency-hopping spread spectrum
1977 Edwin H. Land 1909 1991 Polaroid
2002 Alois Langer 1945 Defibrillator
2006 Robert S. Langer 1948 Drug delivery
1989 Irving Langmuir 1881 1957 Electric lighting
2007 L. L. Langstroth 1810 1895 Beehive
2010 Vincent Lanza 1922 1972 Polymer cable sheath
2006 Lewis Howard Latimer 1848 1928 Filament for electric light bulb
2007 Paul Lauterbur* 1929 2007 Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
1982 Ernest Lawrence 1901 1958 Cyclotron
2016 Victor Lawrence 1945 Signal processing in telecommunications
1993 Bill Lear 1902 1978 8-track system
2013 Joseph Lechleider 1933 2015 Digital subscriber line (DSL)
1990 Robert Ledley 1926 2012 Whole-body CAT scan
2019 Joseph Lee 1849 1908 Bread machine
2017 Tom Leighton 1956 Content delivery network
2011 Henry M. Leland 1843 1932 Interchangeable parts for automobiles
2017 Daniel Lewin 1970 2001 Content delivery network
2002 Ronald M. Lewis 1936 Catalytic converter
2017 Frances Ligler 1951 Portable optical air sensor
2003 Edwin Albert Link 1904 1981 Link Trainer
2012 Barbara Liskov 1939 Programming Languages and System Design
2007 Oliver Lodge 1851 1940 Wireless telegraphy
2013 Alfred Loomis 1887 1975 Long range navigation system (LORAN)
2007 Auguste Lumière 1862 1954 Cinématographe
2007 Louis Lumière 1864 1948 Cinématographe
2007 John Lynott 1921 1994 Hard drive
2015 Paul B. MacCready 1925 2007 Gossamer Condor
2009 John MacDougall 1940 Ion implantation
2011 Stanley Macomber 1887 1967 Open web joist
1984 Theodore Harold Maiman 1927 2007 Laser
2009 Ken Manchester 1925 2014 Ion implantation
2005 Leopold Mannes 1899 1964 Kodachrome
2007 Peter Mansfield 1933 2017 Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
1975 Guglielmo Marconi* 1874 1937 Radio
2011 Warren Marrison 1896 1980 Quartz clock
1999 Homer Martin 1910 1993 Catalytic cracking
2006 John Landis Mason 1832 1902 Mason jar
2006 Jan Ernst Matzeliger 1852 1889 Shoe lasting
2002 John Mauchly 1907 1980 ENIAC
1993 Robert D. Maurer 1924 Optical fiber
2006 Hiram Stevens Maxim 1840 1916 Machine gun
2007 Wilhelm Maybach 1846 1929 Carburetor and radiator
1996 Stanley Mazor 1941 Central processing unit (CPU)
1976 Cyrus McCormick 1809 1884 Mechanical reaper
2001 Elijah McCoy 1844 1929 Engine lubricator
2008 Ray McIntire 1918 1996 Styrofoam
2008 Malcom McLean 1913 2001 Shipping containers
2008 Harold McMaster 1916 2003 Tempered glass
2009 Carver Mead 1934 VLSI method for designing chips
1982 Ottmar Mergenthaler 1854 1899 Linotype
2011 Ralph Merkle 1952 Public-key cryptography
2007 Robert Metcalfe* 1946 Ethernet
2011 Gary K. Michelson 1949 Spinal surgical devices
2003 Thomas Midgley, Jr. 1889 1944 Ethyl gasoline, fluorocarbon refrigerants
2007 Alexander Miles 1838 1918 Elevator doors
2006 Lewis Miller 1829 1899 Combine harvester
1993 Irving Millman 1923 2012 Vaccine for hepatitis B
2002 Michel Mirowski 1924 1990 Defibrillator
2018 Sumita Mitra 1949 Nanocomposite dental materials
1997 Dennis L. Moeller 1950 Computer peripherals
1999 Bryan Molloy 1939 2004 Prozac
2004 Luc Montagnier 1932 HIV isolation and antibody test
2013 Robert Moog 1934 2005 Moog synthesizer
2009 Gordon Moore* 1929 Semiconductor production
2005 Garrett A. Morgan 1887 1963 Gas mask
1975 Samuel Morse 1791 1872 Telegraph
2002 Morton Mower 1933 Implantable heart defibrillator
1987 Andrew J. Moyer 1899 1959 Penicillin
1985 Louis Marius Moyroud 1914 2010 Photograph composition
2019 Joseph Muhler 1923 1996 Stannous fluoride toothpaste
1998 Kary Mullis 1944 Polymerase chain reaction
1999 Eger V. Murphree 1898 1962 Catalytic cracking
2008 William P. Murphy Jr. 1923 Blood bag and disposable medical trays
2011 Thomas E. Murray 1860 1929 Early power generation
2011 Eadweard Muybridge 1830 1904 Stop action photography
2015 Shuji Nakamura 1954 Blue LED
2019 William Nebergall 1914 1978 Stannous fluoride toothpaste
2011 Walther Nernst 1864 1941 Metallic filament incandescent lamp
1996 Julius Nieuwland 1878 1936 Synthetic rubber
1998 Alfred Nobel 1833 1896 Dynamite
2007 Arthur Nobile 1920 2004 Prednisone
2003 John Knudsen Northrop 1895 1981 Flying wing plane
2019 Frederick Novello 1916 1986 Thiazide diuretics (Chlorothiazide)
1983 Robert Noyce* 1927 1990 Integrated circuit
2004 Bernard M. Oliver 1916 1995 Pulse code modulation
1990 Ken Olsen 1926 2011 Magnetic core memory
2007 Miguel Ondetti 1930 2004 Captopril
1988 Elisha Otis 1811 1861 Elevator brake
1981 Nicolaus Otto 1832 1891 Otto cycle for internal combustion engine
2015 Stanford R. Ovshinsky 1922 2012 Nickel-metal hydride battery
2007 Michael Joseph Owens 1859 1923 Bottle making machine
2006 Charles Grafton Page 1812 1868 High-voltage induction coil
2006 William Painter 1838 1906 Bottle cap
2008 David Pall 1914 2004 Filtration technology
2006 Julio Palmaz 1945 Intravascular stent
1988 Louis W. Parker 1906 1993 Television
2004 Bradford Parkinson 1935 Global positioning system (GPS)
1993 John T. Parsons 1913 2007 Numerical control
1978 Louis Pasteur 1822 1895 Pasteurization
2012 C. Kumar N. Patel* 1938 Carbon dioxide laser
2005 Les Paul 1915 2009 Solid-body electric guitar
2018 Arogyaswami Paulraj 1944 MIMO wireless technology
2008 Gerald Pearson 1905 1987 Solar cell
2006 Lester Allan Pelton 1829 1908 Waterwheel
2018 Mary Engle Pennington 1872 1952 Food preservation and food storage
2016 Radia Perlman 1951 Network routing and bridging
2011 Henry F. Phillips 1890 1958 Phillips screw
2007 Thomas R. Pickering 1831 1895 Velocipede
2003 John R. Pierce* 1910 2002 Communications satellite
2006 Gregory Goodwin Pincus 1903 1967 Oral contraceptives
1979 Charles J. Plank 1915 1989 Catalytic cracking
1985 Roy J. Plunkett 1910 1994 Teflon
2011 Valdemar Poulsen 1869 1942 Magnetic wire recorder
2006 George Pullman 1831 1897 Pullman car
2011 Mihajlo Pupin 1858 1935 Loading coil
2018 Jacqueline Quinn 1967 EZVI (Emulsified Zerovalent iron)
2005 Jacob Rabinow 1910 1999 Optical character recognition
2013 Grote Reber 1911 2002 Radio telescope
2006 Louis Renault 1877 1944 Drum brake
2007 Jesse W. Reno 1861 1947 Escalator
2019 Rebecca Richards-Kortum 1964 Medical devices for low-resource settings
2008 Kenneth Richardson 1939 Fluconazole
2004 Norbert Rillieux 1806 1894 Refined sugar
1994 Robert H. Rines 1922 2009 High resolution radar and sonar
2019 Dennis Ritchie 1941 2011 UNIX operating system
2011 James Ritty 1836 1918 Cash register
2011 John Ritty 1834 1913 Cash register
2018 Ronald Rivest 1947 RSA cryptography
2004 John A. Roebling 1806 1869 Suspension bridge
2007 John Raphael Rogers 1856 1934 Automated typesetting
1994 Heinrich Rohrer 1933 2013 Scanning tunneling microscope
2012 Lubomyr Romankiw 1931 Thin film magnetic heads
2003 Harold Rosen 1926 2017 Spin stabilized synchronous communications satellite
1979 Edward J. Rosinski 1921 2000 Catalytic cracking
1992 Benjamin Rubin 1917 2010 Vaccine needle
2011 Wallace Clement Sabine 1868 1919 Architectural acoustics
2017 Augustine Sackett 1841 1914 Drywall
2013 Aran Safir 1926 2007 Iris recognition algorithm
1980 Lewis Hastings Sarett 1917 1999 Cortisone
2011 Steven Sasson 1950 Digital camera
2006 Joseph Saxton 1799 1873 Measuring instruments
1996 Arthur Leonard Schawlow 1921 1999 Laser
1999 Klaus Schmiegel 1939 Prozac
1993 Peter C. Schultz 1942 Optical fiber
2019 Edmund O. Schweitzer III 1947 Digital protective relay
2005 Glenn T. Seaborg 1912 1999 Plutonium isolation
2007 Charles Seeberger 1857 1931 Escalator
1995 Robert J. Seiwald 1925 Isothiocyanates
2007 William Sellers 1824 1905 Improvement in machine tools
1995 Waldo Semon 1898 1999 Polyvinyl chloride
1999 Gerhard M. Sessler 1931 Microphone
2018 Adi Shamir 1952 RSA cryptography
2004 Claude Shannon* 1916 2001 Pulse code modulation
2015 Gary D. Sharp 1962 Polarization-control technology
1995 John C. Sheehan 1915 1992 Structure and synthesis of penicillin
2001 Patsy O'Connell Sherman 1930 2008 Scotchgard
2018 Joseph Shivers 1920 2014 LYCRA fiber (Spandex)
1974 William Shockley 1910 1989 Transistor
2001 Christopher Latham Sholes 1819 1890 Typewriter
2007 Frederick Ellsworth Sickels 1819 1895 Valve for steam engine
1987 Igor Sikorsky 1889 1972 Helicopter
2016 John Silliker 1922 2015 Microbiological food safety and testing
2011 Bernard Silver 1924 1963 First optically scanned barcode
2010 Spencer Silver 1941 Post-it notes
2007 Samuel Slater 1768 1835 Cotton mills
2006 Games Slayter 1896 1964 Fiberglass
2013 H. Gene Slottow 1921 1989 Plasma display
2006 George E. Smith 1930 Charge-coupled device
2001 Samuel Smith 1927 2005 Scotchgard
2006 James M. Spangler 1848 1915 Portable electric vacuum cleaner
2016 William Sparks 1905 1976 Butyl rubber
1999 Percy Spencer 1894 1970 Magnetron
1991 Elmer Ambrose Sperry 1860 1930 Gyroscopic compass
2006 Frank J. Sprague 1857 1934 Electric street car
2019 James Sprague 1909 2000 Thiazide diuretics (Chlorothiazide)
2002 Rangaswamy Srinivasan 1929 LASIK eye surgery
1995 William Stanley, Jr. 1858 1916 Alternating current
2012 Gary Starkweather 1938 Laser printer
1977 Charles Steinmetz 1865 1923 Alternating current
2005 Leo Sternbach 1908 2005 Benzodiazepines
2006 John Stevens 1749 1838 Steam-powered transportation
2008 Louis Stevens 1925 2009 Magnetic disk storage
1983 George Stibitz 1904 1995 Digital computer
2010 S. Donald Stookey 1915 2014 Glass ceramics
2016 Harriet Strong 1844 1926 Water storage and flood control
2010 Herbert M. Strong 1908 2002 Synthetic diamond
2006 Almon Brown Strowger 1839 1902 Telephone dial
2011 Eugene Sullivan 1872 1962 Borosilicate glass
2006 Gideon Sundback 1880 1954 Zipper
2016 Ivan Sutherland 1938 Display windowing by clipping
2006 Ambrose Swasey 1846 1937 Improvements to telescope
1996 Leó Szilárd 1898 1964 Neutronic atomic reactor
1986 Donalee L. Tabern 1900 1974 Pentothal
2006 Charles Sumner Tainter 1854 1940 Innovations in sound recording
2011 Esther Sans Takeuchi 1953 Lithium/silver-vanadium oxide battery
2018 Ching W. Tang 1947 Organic light-emitting diode (OLED)
2016 Welton Taylor 1919 2012 Microbiological food safety and testing
2009 Gordon Kidd Teal* 1907 2003 Method of producing a semiconductor element
2012 Mária Telkes* 1900 1995 Solar thermal storage system
2018 Paul Terasaki 1929 2016 Tissue typing for organ transplants, Terasaki tray
2007 Eli Terry 1772 1852 Innovations in clockmaking
1975 Nikola Tesla 1856 1943 Induction motor
2006 John H. Thomas 1907 1991 Fiberglass
2016 Robert M. Thomas 1908 1984 Butyl rubber
2012 David A. Thompson 1940 Thin film magnetic heads
2019 Ken Thompson 1943 UNIX operating system
2006 Elihu Thomson 1853 1937 Arc lamp
2007 Louis Comfort Tiffany 1848 1933 Stained glass
1998 Henry Timken 1831 1909 Tapered roller ball bearings
1982 Max Tishler 1906 1989 Synthetic vitamins
1976 Charles Hard Townes* 1915 2015 Laser
2019 James Truchard 1943 LabVIEW
1999 Charlie Tyson 1905 1977 Catalytic cracking
2006 William E. Upjohn 1853 1932 Tablet for delivering medicine
2007 Theophilus Van Kannel 1841 1919 Revolving door
2018 Steven Van Slyke 1956 Organic light-emitting diode (OLED)
2013 Andrew Viterbi 1935 Spread spectrum multiple access communication system
1986 Ernest H. Volwiler 1893 1992 Pentothal
2003 Theodore von Kármán 1881 1963 Turbojet
2003 Hans von Ohain 1911 1998 Jet engine
2011 Carl Auer von Welsbach 1858 1929 Improvements to gas lighting
2019 David Wait 1953 Microarray
2005 Selman Waksman 1888 1973 Streptomycin
1988 An Wang 1920 1990 Magnetic core memory
2009 Frank Wanlass 1933 2010 Low stand-by power complementary field effect circuitry
2019 William J. Warner 1955 Digital non-linear editing system
2006 Lewis Waterman 1837 1901 Fountain pen
2011 Thomas A. Watson 1854 1934 Improvements to telephone
2010 Robert H. Wentorf, Jr. 1926 1997 Synthetic diamond
1999 James Edward Maceo West 1931 Microphone
1989 George Westinghouse 1846 1914 Alternating current
2006 Edward Weston 1850 1936 Portable voltmeter
2007 Squire Whipple 1804 1888 Iron truss bridge
2003 Richard T. Whitcomb 1921 2009 Supercritical wing
2011 Rollin H. White 1872 1962 Flash boiler for generating steam-controlled differential steering
2014 Willis Whitfield 1919 2012 Clean room
1974 Eli Whitney 1765 1825 Cotton gin
2003 Frank Whittle 1907 1996 Jet engine
2007 Otto Wichterle 1913 1998 Soft contact lens
2009 Bob Widlar 1937 1991 Biasing scheme especially suited for integrated circuits
1997 Stephen Wilcox 1830 1893 Steam generator
1991 Robert R. Williams 1886 1965 Vitamin synthesis
2003 Sam B. Williams 1921 2009 Contributions to jet engine
2013 Robert Willson 1936 Plasma display
2010 Field H. Winslow 1916 2009 Polymer cable sheath
2006 Alexander Winton 1860 1932 Contributions to automobile, bicycle, and diesel engine
2011 Norman Joseph Woodland 1921 2012 First optically scanned barcode
2006 Granville Woods 1856 1910 Railroad telegraph
2000 Steve Wozniak 1950 Personal computer
1975 Orville Wright 1871 1948 Airplane
1975 Wilbur Wright 1867 1912 Airplane
2002 James J. Wynne 1943 LASIK eye surgery
2006 Linus Yale, Jr. 1821 1868 Cylinder lock
2015 Ioannis Yannas 1935 Artificial skin
2012 Alejandro Zaffaroni 1923 2014 Drug delivery systems
2007 Frank Zamboni 1901 1988 Ice resurfacer
2006 Ferdinand von Zeppelin 1838 1917 Rigid airship
1977 Vladimir K. Zworykin* 1888 1982 Cathode-ray tube

References

  1. "Search for Famous Inventors". National Inventors Hall of Fame. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
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