List of National Historic Landmarks in Virginia

This is a list of National Historic Landmarks in Virginia. There are currently 121 National Historic Landmarks (NHLs), and 2 former NHLs.

Current landmarks

The National Historic Landmarks (NHLs) are widely distributed across Virginia's 95 counties and 39 independent cities.

[1] Landmark name Image Date designated[2] Location County Description
1 Alexandria Historic District November 13, 1966
38°48′12″N 77°02′47″W
Alexandria (independent city) Comprises the central portion of Alexandria, Virginia
2 Aquia Church July 5, 1991
38°27′53″N 77°24′11″W
Stafford Mid-18th-century church
3 Bacon's Castle October 9, 1960
Bacon's Castle
37°06′32″N 76°43′20″W
Surry One of the oldest brick buildings in Virginia
4 Ball's Bluff Battlefield and National Cemetery April 27, 1984
39°07′53″N 77°31′45″W
Loudoun Site of an embarrassing Union defeat early in the American Civil War, caused by inept generalship, after which drowned troops' bodies floated down the Potomac River to Washington, D.C.
5 Banneker (Benjamin) SW-9 Intermediate Boundary Stone May 11, 1976
38°52′59″N 77°09′33″W
Arlington A boundary stone associated with Benjamin Banneker, (1731–1806), an African American surveyor, mathematician and astronomer who assisted Andrew Ellicott during the first two months of Ellicott's 1791–1792 survey of the boundaries of the original District of Columbia.[3]
6 Barracks, Virginia Military Institute December 21, 1965
37°47′25″N 79°26′19″W
Lexington (independent city) Gothic style cadet barracks building on the grounds of Virginia Military Institute
7 Berkeley November 11, 1971
Charles City
37°19′18″N 77°10′54″W
Charles City One of the great plantations of Virginia, associated with Presidents William Henry Harrison and Benjamin Harrison.
8 Berry Hill November 11, 1971
South Boston
36°41′48″N 78°56′39″W
Halifax A Greek Revival plantation mansion, imitating the Parthenon
9 Brandon April 15, 1970
37°15′27″N 76°59′36″W
Prince George Plantation tended from 1614 on, with unusual brick mansion in style of Palladio's "Roman Country House" completed in 1760s
10 Bremo Historic District November 11, 1971
Bremo Bluff
37°43′32″N 78°19′47″W
Fluvanna James River plantation with mansion probably designed by Thomas Jefferson
11 Bruton Parish Church April 15, 1970
37°16′09″N 76°42′10″W
Williamsburg (independent city) Earliest church in the British American colonies to reflect the infusion of English Renaissance style.
12 Camden November 11, 1971
Port Royal
38°09′48″N 77°09′41″W
Caroline Two-story Italian villa featuring such 19th-century innovations as a central heating system, gas lights, inside toilets, and shower baths.
13 Camp Hoover June 7, 1988
Graves Mill
38°29′31″N 78°25′15″W
Madison President Herbert Hoover's rustic presidential retreat, also known as Rapidan Camp.
14 Cape Henry Lighthouse January 29, 1964
Virginia Beach
36°55′26″N 76°00′30″W
Virginia Beach (independent city) First lighthouse to be erected by the Federal Government.
15 Carter's Grove April 15, 1970
37°12′25″N 76°37′29″W
James City Georgian country house and plantation near Williamsburg.
16 Cedar Creek Battlefield and Belle Grove Plantation August 11, 1969
Middletown and Strasburg
39°01′11″N 78°18′02″W
Frederick and Warren Site of the American Civil War battle of Cedar Creek and the Belle Grove Plantation. Divided into two pieces by Interstate 81
17 Christ Church, Alexandria April 15, 1970
38°48′23″N 77°02′51″W
Alexandria (independent city) 1773 Georgian brick church
18 Christ Church (Lancaster County) May 30, 1961
37°40′37″N 76°25′07″W
Lancaster Example of British Colonial ecclesiastical architecture.
19 City Hall (Richmond) November 11, 1971
37°32′16″N 77°25′59″W
Richmond (independent city) Example of the High Victorian Gothic style.
20 Confederate Capitol December 19, 1960
37°32′20″N 77°26′01″W
Richmond (independent city) From July 1861 to April 1865, the Confederate Congress met here; state capitol before and after the war
21 Charles Richard Drew House May 11, 1976
38°52′21″N 77°05′14″W
Arlington Home of Dr. Charles R. Drew, an African American physician and researcher whose leadership on stockpiling blood plasma saved lives in World War II
22 Drydock Number One, Norfolk Naval Shipyard November 11, 1971
36°49′07″N 76°17′35″W
Portsmouth (independent city) Union frigate USS Merrimack was rebuilt by the Confederates in this drydock, becoming the ironclad CSS Virginia. Now part of Norfolk Naval Shipyard.
23 Egyptian Building November 11, 1971
37°32′18″N 77°25′45″W
Richmond (independent city) First permanent home of the Medical Department of Hampden-Sydney College
24 Elsing Green November 11, 1971
37°36′09″N 77°03′04″W
King William Georgian plantation house built by Carter Braxton
25 Exchange November 11, 1971
37°13′55″N 77°24′19″W
Petersburg (independent city) Two-story Greek Revival structure with a Doric portico.
26 Eyre Hall March 2, 2012
37°13′48″N 77°24′16″W
Northampton A private plantation in the hands of the Eyre family since 1668.
27 Five Forks Battlefield December 19, 1960
37°08′21″N 77°37′23″W
Dinwiddie Site of Battle of Five Forks, where Lee's flank was turned, leading to virtual end of the American Civil War in 1865.
28 Gerald R. Ford, Jr., House December 17, 1985
38°48′40″N 77°04′49″W
Alexandria (independent city) House of President Gerald R. Ford.
29 Fort Monroe December 19, 1960
37°00′13″N 76°18′27″W
Hampton (independent city) Fort Monroe was completed in 1834, and is named in honor of U.S. President James Monroe. Completely surrounded by a moat, the six-sided stone fort was an active Army post until 2011. The fort was redesignated as Fort Monroe National Monument in 2011.
30 Fort Myer Historic District November 28, 1972
38°52′49″N 77°04′47″W
Arlington U.S. Army post adjacent to Arlington National Cemetery.
31 Franklin & Armfield Office June 2, 1978
38°48′07″N 77°03′17″W
Alexandria (independent city) Largest slave trading firm in the antebellum South
32 Gadsby's Tavern November 4, 1963
38°48′13″N 77°02′38″W
Alexandria (independent city) Original tavern was a central part of the social, economic, political, and educational life of the city of Alexandria, and the United States. (Try Gadsby's Tavern Museum)
33 Ellen Glasgow House November 11, 1971
37°32′27″N 77°26′42″W
Richmond (independent city) Residence of author Ellen Glasgow
34 Carter Glass House December 8, 1976
37°24′48″N 79°08′51″W
Lynchburg (independent city) A home of influential congressman and senator Carter Glass
35 Green Springs Historic District May 30, 1974
Zion Crossroads
38°00′55″N 78°09′51″W
Louisa Rural manor houses and related buildings.
36 Greenway Court October 9, 1960
White Post
39°02′40″N 78°07′09″W
Clarke Remnants of 5,000,000-acre (20,000 km2) estate of Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, only British peer in America, where George Washington worked as a surveyor
37 Gunston Hall December 19, 1960
38°38′49″N 77°08′47″W
Fairfax Home of the United States Founding Father George Mason.
38 Hampton Institute May 30, 1974
37°01′17″N 76°20′14″W
Hampton (independent city) Hampton University began in 1868 as a teacher training school to train young Black men and women.
39 Hanover County Courthouse November 7, 1973
Hanover Court House
37°45′40″N 77°22′03″W
Hanover This Georgian courthouse has been used continuously since its completion around 1735. It was here that, in 1763, Patrick Henry argued and won THE PARSON'S CAUSE, a case involving religious liberty in the Colony.
40 Holly-Knoll-Robert R. Moton House December 21, 1981
37°23′16″N 76°38′38″W
Gloucester Retirement home of Black educator Robert Russa Moton
41 The Homestead July 17, 1991
Hot Springs
37°59′44″N 79°49′47″W
Bath Example of Georgian and Colonial Revival architecture.
42 Humpback Bridge October 16, 2012
37°48′02″N 80°02′49″W
Allegheny Oldest surviving covered bridge in Virginia; a rare example of a covered humpback bridge.
43 Jackson Ward Historic District June 2, 1978
37°32′54″N 77°26′27″W
Richmond (independent city) A historically African-American neighborhood.
44 Stonewall Jackson Headquarters May 28, 1967
39°11′17″N 78°09′58″W
Winchester (independent city) Confederate Major General Jackson lived here during the 1861-1862 winter
45 Kenmore April 15, 1970
38°17′35″N 77°27′59″W
Fredericksburg (independent city) Home of Fielding Lewis
46 Lee Chapel, Washington and Lee University December 19, 1960
37°47′08″N 79°26′32″W
Lexington (independent city) Victorian Gothic brick chapel commemorates the years Robert E. Lee (1807–1870) served as president (1865–1870) of the college, then known as Washington College. Lee is buried in a chapel vault.
47 LIGHTSHIP NO. 101 "PORTSMOUTH" May 5, 1989
36°50′12″N 76°17′55″W
Portsmouth (independent city) Lightship Portsmouth, commissioned as Lightship 101, was first stationed at Cape Charles, Virginia.
48 Lunar Landing Research Facility October 3, 1985
37°06′01″N 76°23′23″W
Hampton (independent city) Crane at Langley Research Center used to practice Apollo lunar landings
49 Main Street Station and Trainshed December 8, 1976
37°31′58″N 77°25′45″W
Richmond (independent city) Station is an example of Beaux-Arts influence, and the trainshed is one of the last gable-roofed trainsheds in America.
50 Marlbourne July 19, 1964
37°39′15″N 77°13′21″W
Hanover Property of Confederate secessionist Edmund Ruffin
51 General George C. Marshall House June 19, 1996
39°06′51″N 77°33′36″W
Loudoun Last home of General George C. Marshall, who called it "Dodona Manor".
52 John Marshall House December 19, 1960
37°32′27″N 77°25′59″W
Richmond (independent city) Home of 4th Chief Justice John Marshall.
53 Cyrus McCormick Farm and Workshop July 19, 1964
Steele's Tavern
37°56′02″N 79°13′04″W
Rockbridge Home of the inventor of mechanical reaper.
54 Gari Melchers Home December 21, 1965
38°19′30″N 77°28′23″W
Stafford Residence and studio of painter Gari Melchers
55 Menokin November 11, 1971
38°00′25″N 76°48′04″W
Richmond Home of Declaration of Independence signer Francis Lightfoot Lee.
56 Gen. William "Billy" Mitchell House December 8, 1976
38°57′40″N 77°44′44″W
Loudoun Residence of General William "Billy" Mitchell, advocate of military air power.
57 James Monroe Law Office November 13, 1966
38°18′09″N 77°27′42″W
Fredericksburg (independent city) James Monroe used this structure as a law office from 1786 to 1789. It is now a museum.
58 James Monroe Tomb November 11, 1971
37°31′59″N 77°27′20″W
Richmond (independent city) Tomb with "flamboyant and delicate tracery in cast iron" of President James Monroe
59 Monticello (Thomas Jefferson House) December 19, 1960
38°00′30″N 78°27′12″W
Albemarle Mansion of President Thomas Jefferson.
60 Montpelier (James Madison House) December 19, 1960
38°13′11″N 78°10′10″W
Orange Residence of President James Madison.
61 Monument Avenue Historic District December 9, 1997
37°33′37″N 77°28′15″W
Richmond (independent city) Broad tree-lined avenue with several impressive memorials.
62 Monumental Church November 11, 1971
37°32′13″N 77°25′48″W
Richmond (independent city) Early Greek Revival church.
63 Robert Russa Moton High School August 5, 1998
37°17′28″N 78°23′52″W
Prince Edward Site of a 1951 student strike that led to court case striking down the practice of "separate but equal" schools; now a museum
64 Mount Airy October 9, 1960
37°58′20″N 76°47′29″W
Richmond Stone plantation house. Burial place of Francis Lightfoot Lee.
65 Mount Vernon December 19, 1960
38°42′28″N 77°05′10″W
Fairfax Plantation home of President George Washington.
66 Natural Bridge August 5, 1998
Natural Bridge
37°37′32″N 79°32′43″W
Rockbridge Natural rock arch, once owned by Thomas Jefferson.
67 New Kent School and George W. Watkins School August 7, 2001
New Kent and Quinton
37°31′56″N 77°08′29″W
New Kent Pair of schools that represent the first wave of desegregation of southern schools in the decade after the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court decision. Focus of 1968 Green v. County School Board, in which the Supreme Court made specific demands to enforce its vision of desegregation.
68 Oak Hill (James Monroe House) December 19, 1960
38°59′51″N 77°37′13″W
Loudoun Residence of President James Monroe
69 Oatlands November 11, 1971
39°02′27″N 77°37′02″W
Loudoun Notable Federal-style mansion designed and built by George Carter.
70 Pear Valley March 11, 2013
37°23′48″N 75°55′29″W
Northampton An early 18th century Chesapeake cottage.
71 Pentagon October 5, 1992
38°52′16″N 77°03′21″W
Arlington Building is symbolic of national military power.
72 Petersburg Breakthrough Battlefield February 17, 2006
37°11′22″N 77°28′33″W
Dinwiddie Site of Union breakthrough that collapsed Confederate General Lee's fortifications from Petersburg to Richmond, on April 2, 1865.
73 Pittsylvania County Courthouse May 4, 1987
36°49′35″N 79°23′54″W
Pittsylvania In 1878, Judge J.D. Coles was arrested for excluding African Americans citizens from serving as jurors, resulting in the Supreme Court case Ex Parte Virginia, extending the Equal Protection Clause of the United States Constitution to jury selection processes.
74 Pocahontas Exhibition Coal Mine October 12, 1994
37°18′29″N 81°20′59″W
Tazewell 1882 mine in the Pocahontas coalfield.
75 Poplar Forest November 11, 1971
37°20′54″N 79°15′54″W
Bedford Thomas Jefferson built this structure as a country retreat.
76 Potomac (Potowmack)(Patowmack) Canal Historic District December 17, 1982
Great Falls
38°59′47″N 77°15′11″W
Fairfax Remains of an impressively engineered canal built beside the falls of the Potomac.
77 Prestwould July 31, 2003
36°39′19″N 78°34′14″W
Mecklenburg Most intact and best documented plantation surviving in Southside Virginia.
78 Quarters 1 (Fort Myer) November 28, 1972
38°52′58″N 77°04′53″W
Arlington Residence of all U.S. Army Chiefs of Staff since 1910
79 Peyton Randolph House April 15, 1970
37°16′13″N 76°42′00″W
Williamsburg (independent city) Home of Peyton Randolph, first President of the Continental Congress.
80 Virginia Randolph Cottage December 2, 1974
Glen Allen
37°39′40″N 77°28′56″W
Henrico Commemorates notable Black teacher Virginia E. Randolph (1874-1958).
81 Rendezvous Docking Simulator October 3, 1985
37°05′02″N 76°22′41″W
Hampton (independent city) Trainer used by Gemini and Apollo program astronauts to practice rendezvous and docking techniques at Langley Research Center
82 Reynolds Homestead December 22, 1977
36°38′32″N 80°08′55″W
Patrick Home of R. J. Reynolds, founder of the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
83 Ripshin Farm November 11, 1971
Trout Dale
36°41′53″N 81°24′26″W
Grayson Summer home of author Sherwood Anderson.
84 Rising Sun Tavern January 29, 1964
38°18′17″N 77°27′45″W
Fredericksburg (independent city) Tavern built by Charles Washington, youngest brother of George Washington
85 Rotunda, University of Virginia December 21, 1965
38°01′51″N 78°30′19″W
Albemarle County Designed by Thomas Jefferson shortly before his death.
86 Sabine Hall April 15, 1970
37°56′24″N 76°47′05″W
Richmond Early Georgian two story brick mansion.
87 St. John's Episcopal Church (Richmond) January 20, 1961
37°31′46″N 77°25′11″W
Richmond (independent city) Patrick Henry delivered his "Liberty or Death" speech here.
88 Saint Luke's Church (Smithfield) October 9, 1960
36°56′17″N 76°35′11″W
Isle Of Wight English room church with Gothic details
89 St. Peter's Parish Church March 2, 2012
New Kent
37°32′25″N 77°03′23″W
New Kent 1703 Episcopal church may have been where George and Martha Washington were married
90 Saratoga November 7, 1973
39°05′00″N 78°03′36″W
Clarke Gray limestone Georgian house built by Brig. Gen. Daniel Morgan, best known for his victory over the British at the Battle of Cowpens in 1781.
91 Sayler's Creek Battlefield February 4, 1985
37°19′04″N 78°14′02″W
Amelia and Prince Edward Sites of Battle of Sayler's Creek on April 6, 1865, where 1/4 of Lee's army was cut off, three days before surrender at Appomattox
92 Scotchtown (Patrick Henry House) December 21, 1965
37°50′40″N 77°35′04″W
Hanover Plantation house of unusual size that was childhood home of Dolley Madison and later a home of Patrick Henry
93 James Semple House April 15, 1970
37°16′06″N 76°41′36″W
Williamsburg (independent city) House likely designed by Thomas Jefferson; a relative of the Semples, President John Tyler resided here while attending school.
94 Shack Mountain October 5, 1992
38°05′32″N 78°30′04″W
Albemarle Home of Fiske Kimball, author of Thomas Jefferson, Architect.
95 Shirley April 15, 1970
37°21′21″N 77°14′39″W
Charles City Oldest plantation in Virginia.
96 Skyline Drive Historic District October 6, 2008
38°43′34″N 78°19′08″W
Albemarle Road through the Shenandoah National Park
97 Spence's Point (John Roderigo Dos Passos House) November 11, 1971
38°04′46″N 76°33′26″W
Westmoreland Farm home of writer John Roderigo Dos Passos.
98 Stratford Hall October 7, 1960
38°08′59″N 76°50′23″W
Westmoreland Notable example of early Georgian architecture. Birthplace of Robert E Lee.
99 Adam Thoroughgood House October 9, 1960
Virginia Beach
36°53′36″N 76°06′47″W
Virginia Beach (independent city) One of the oldest brick houses in Virginia, built by Adam Thoroughgood.
100 Thunderbird Archeological District May 5, 1977
Warren Three archeological sites.
101 Tredegar Iron Works December 22, 1977
37°32′08″N 77°26′43″W
Richmond (independent city) One of the largest iron works from 1841 to 1865.
102 Tuckahoe August 11, 1969
37°34′14″N 77°39′11″W
Goochland and Henrico Tuckahoe, owned by the Randolph family, was the home of president Thomas Jefferson for 7 years during his boyhood.
103 John Tyler House July 4, 1961
Charles City
37°19′29″N 77°01′14″W
Charles City Residence of President John Tyler.
104 University Of Virginia Historic District November 11, 1971
38°02′05″N 78°30′15″W
Albemarle County District includes Jefferson's original "academical village" and the Rotunda.
105 Variable Density Tunnel October 3, 1985
37°04′37″N 76°20′39″W
Hampton (independent city) Steel tank from a wind tunnel at Langley Research Center. (use source )
106 Virginia Governor's Mansion June 7, 1988
37°32′12″N 77°25′57″W
Richmond (independent city) State Executive Mansion.
107 Virginia Military Institute Historic District May 30, 1974
37°47′25″N 79°26′09″W
Lexington (independent city) First state-supported military college.
108 Maggie Lena Walker House May 15, 1975
37°32′52″N 77°26′16″W
Richmond (independent city) Home of Maggie Lena Walker, first woman to establish an American bank; now a National Historic Site
109 Washington and Lee University Historic District November 11, 1971
37°47′08″N 79°26′32″W
Lexington (independent city) Neoclassical buildings that form one of the most dignified college campuses. Washington & Lee University
110 George Washington Boyhood Home Site February 16, 2000
38°17′43″N 77°26′57″W
Stafford Known locally as Ferry Farm.
111 George Washington Masonic National Memorial July 21, 2015
38°48′27″N 77°03′58″W
Alexandria (independent city) One of the largest private memorials to Washington, reflecting the Masonic involvement of many Founding Fathers
112 Waterford Historic District April 15, 1970
39°11′12″N 77°36′36″W
Loudoun Picturesque village, oldest settlement in Loudoun County
113 Westover October 9, 1960
Charles City
37°19′58″N 77°10′23″W
Charles City Plantation that is ancestral seat of the Byrd family
114 White House of the Confederacy December 19, 1960
37°32′20″N 77°25′47″W
Richmond (independent city) Residence of Confederate President Jefferson Davis.
115 Wickham-Valentine House November 11, 1971
37°32′30″N 77°25′52″W
Richmond (independent city) One of Richmond's finest Federal residences.
116 Williamsburg Historic District October 9, 1960
37°15′45″N 76°41′59″W
Williamsburg (independent city) Capital of Virginia from 1699 to 1799.
117 Woodlawn August 6, 1998
38°43′00″N 77°08′10″W
Fairfax Flagship property of the National Trust for Historic Preservation.
118 Woodrow Wilson Birthplace July 19, 1964
38°08′55″N 79°04′09″W
Staunton (independent city) Birthplace of President Thomas Woodrow Wilson, now his presidential library
119 Wren Building, College of William and Mary October 9, 1960
37°16′08″N 76°42′33″W
Williamsburg (independent city) Wren Building at the College of William and Mary.
120 Wythe House April 15, 1970
37°16′12″N 76°42′12″W
Williamsburg (independent city) One of Virginia's finest Georgian brick townhouse and home of George Wythe.
121 Yeocomico Church April 15, 1970
Tucker Hill
38°03′44″N 76°35′50″W
Westmoreland Significant example of transitional Colonial architecture.

Former National Historic Landmarks

Landmark name Image Date designated Date moved Locality County Description
1 Eight-Foot High Speed Tunnel October 3, 1985 August 25, 2014 Hampton Hampton (independent city) Demolished
2 Full Scale 30- by 60-Foot Tunnel October 3, 1985 August 25, 2014 Hampton Hampton (independent city) Demolished

See also


  1. Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  2. The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.
  3. Bedini, Silvio A. (1999), The Life of Benjamin Banneker: The First African-American Man of Science, Second edition, Maryland Historical Society. ISBN 0-938420-59-3

"National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.

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