List of Latin-script keyboard layouts

The QWERTY keyboard layout, along with its direct derivatives such as QWERTZ and AZERTY, is the primary keyboard layout for the Latin alphabet. However, there are also keyboard layouts that do not resemble QWERTY very closely, if at all. Some of these are used for languages where QWERTY may be unsuitable. Others are specially designed to reduce finger movement and are claimed by some proponents to offer higher typing speed along with ergonomic benefits.


This is a chart of alternative keyboard layouts for typing Latin-script characters. National and specialized versions of QWERTY which do not change the letter keys are not included.

LayoutDesign prioritiesBase language, countryCreated year# changes from QWERTYBackspace locationExtra arrow keys?Programmer features?Math and symbols?Modifiers (#core, #aux)Dead keys?
QWERTYTypewriter operationEnglish, United States1870 (approx.)0top rightNo No mostly noVaries Varies
DvorakErgonomics (hand alternation)English, United States193628top rightNo Varies No 1 main, 1 auxVaries
ColemakErgonomics (total movement, combos); QWERTY learning [1][2][3]English, United States200617center left (QWERTY capslock)No No No 1 main, 1 aux14 aux; acute accent non-dead
WorkmanErgonomics (lateral extension, finger-specific); QWERTY learning [4]English, United States201022center left (QWERTY capslock)No Varies No 1 main, 1 aux14 aux; acute accent non-dead
NeoErgonomics (home row, alternation) [5]German, Germany201028top right, and shifted alternateYes Yes (home-area shifted punctuation)Yes (<100)3 main3 main; 8 shifted; 6 aux
BÉPOErgonomics (combos, home row)[6]French, France2004-200629center left (QWERTY capslock)No Yes (unshifted punctuation)Some (<50)1 main, 1 aux14 aux
AssetQWERTY similarity; Ergonomics (combos, home row)[7]English, United States200615center left (QWERTY capslock)No No No 1 mainNo
MinimakQWERTY learning; Ergonomics (total movement, repetition) [8]English, United States20128 default (versions with 4 or 12 available)center left (QWERTY capslock)No No No 1 main, 1 aux?
QWPRQWERTY learning; Ergonomics (total movement, repetition) [9]English, United States201311left (QWERTY tab), top rightYes Yes (home-area shifted punctuation)Yes (>>100)2 main1 main, 2 shifted, 14 aux, 6 doubled
JCUKEN (Latin)Phonetic similarity to ЙЦУКЕНInternational, Soviet Union191930top rightNo No No ??
Turkish (F-keyboard)Ergonomics for Turkish (letter frequency and hand muscles)Turkish, Turkey195527top rightNo No No ??


  1. "Easy to learn". Colemak. 2009-11-21. Retrieved 2015-02-24.
  2. "Colemak computer design process (Page 1) / General / Colemak forum". Retrieved 2015-02-24.
  3. "Shai how did you come up with Colemak? (Page 1) / General / Colemak forum". Retrieved 2015-02-24.
  4. "The Layout Designed with Hands in Mind". Workman Layout. Retrieved 2013-08-18.
  5. "Paradigmen – Neo-Layout". Retrieved 2013-08-18.
  6. "Qu'est-ce que le bépo ? - Disposition de clavier francophone et ergonomique bépo" (in French). Retrieved 2013-08-18.
  7. "Qwerty, Dvorak and the Asset Keyboard". 2004-05-17. Retrieved 2013-08-18.
  8. "FAQ". Minimak. 2012-10-21. Retrieved 2013-08-18.
  9. "Qwpr keylayout and layout translator : Wiki : Home". Retrieved 2013-08-18.
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