List of LNG terminals

Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is the liquefied form of natural gas, which has a much smaller volume than natural gas in its gaseous form. This liquefied condition is used to facilitate the carriage of natural gas over long distances, often by sea, in specialized tanks.

LNG port terminals are purpose-built port terminals designed to accommodate large LNG carrier ships designed to load, carry and unload LNG. These LNG terminals are located adjacent to a gas liquefaction and storage plant (export), or to a gas regasification and storage plant (import), which are themselves connected to gas pipelines connected to on-shore or off-shore gas fields (export) or to storage and distribution plants (import).

Existing liquefaction terminals

Africa

Plant Name Location Country Startup Date Capacity (MMtpa) Corporation
Arzew (CAMEL) GL4Z Trains 1-3Algeria19640.3 × 3 = 0.9Sonatrach. Shutdown since April 2010.
Arzew GL1Z Trains 1-6Algeria19781.3 × 6 = 7.8Sonatrach
Arzew GL2Z Trains 1-6Algeria19811.4 × 6 = 8.4Sonatrach
Arzew GL3Z Train 1Algeria20134.7Sonatrach
Skikda GL K Phase 1 & 2 Trains 1-6Algeria1972/1981Total 6.0Sonatrach
Skikda GL1k Skikda Train 1Algeria20134.5Sonatrach
EG LNGMalabo, Bioko IslandEquatorial Guinea[1]
SEGAS LNGDamiettaEgypt20045.5SEGAS LNG
ELNG IDCO LNGEgypt
Nigeria LNGBonnyNigeria
Angola LNGAngola

Asia

Russia

Middle East

South America

Australia

Europe

  • Hammerfest LNG, Snøhvit, Norway
  • Tornio, Finland, owners Outokumpu Oyj, SSAB Oy, Skangas Oy and EPV Energia Oy (LNG regasification & LNG distribution)[14]
  • Pori, Finland, owner a Gasum company Skangas Oy (LNG regasification & LNG distribution)[15][16]

North America

Existing regasification terminals

Argentina

Lahari

Bangladesh

Belgium

Brazil

Canada

Chile

China

Colombia

Finland

France

  • LNG Terminal Fos-Cavaou in Fos-sur-Mer near Marseille. Operated by Fosmax LNG, a subsidiary of Elengy, itself a subsidiary of Engie. Entered service in 2010, total storage capacity of 330,000 m3, 1 jetty, and a regasification capacity of 8,250,000,000 m3 per year.
  • LNG Terminal Fos-Tonkin in Fos-sur-Mer near Marseille. Operated by Elengy, a subsidiary of Engie. Entered service in 1972, total storage capacity of 150,000 m3, 1 jetty and a regasification capacity of 5,500,000,000 m3 per year.
  • LNG Terminal Loon-Plage in Loon-Plage, near Dunkirk. Operated by Électricité de France (65%), Fluxys (25%) and Total S.A. (10%). Entered service in 2017, total storage capacity of 600,000 m3, 2 jetties, and a regasification capacity of 13,000,000,000 m3 per year.
  • LNG Terminal Montoir-de-Bretagne, in Montoir-de-Bretagne near Nantes. Operated by Elengy, a subsidiary of Engie. Entered service in 1980, total storage capacity of 360,000 m3, 2 jetties, and a regasification capacity of 10,000,000,000 m3 per year.

Greece

India

Israel

  • Hadera Deepwater LNG Terminal, INGL, 2013[36]

Italy

  • Adriatic LNG Terminal, offshore near Rovigo. Operated ExxonMobil (45%), Qatar Petroleum (45%), Edison SpA (10%). Entered service in 2009, total storage capacity of 500,000 m3, 1 jetty, and a regasification capacity of 6,486,000,000 m3 per year.
  • Panigaglia LNG Terminal, near La Spezia. Operated by GNL Italia, a subsidiary of Snam. Entered service in 1971, total storage capacity of 100,000 m3, 1 jetty, and a regasification capacity of 3,864,000,000 m3 per year.[37]
  • Toscana LNG Terminal, offshore near Livorno. Operated by OLT Offshore (a joint venture of Iren (company) (49.07%), Uniper (48.24%), and Golar LNG (2.69%)). Entered service in 2013, total storage capacity of 137,100 m3, 1 jetty, and an authorized regasification capacity of 3,750,000,000 m3 per year.[38]

Japan

Kuwait

  • Mina Al-Ahmadi Gasport, 2009 (KNPC)[39]

Lithuania

Mexico

  • Costa Azul LNG 14 miles (23 km) north of Ensenada, Mexico, Sempra Energy, opened May 2008, first one on West Coast of North America.[41]
  • Altamira LNG near Tampico, Mexico, Shell, opened August 2006
  • Manzanillo LNG in Manzanillo, Colima, Mexico, Mitsui + Korea Gas + Samsung, opened 2011
  • Solensa LNG (Small Scale), near Monterrey, Mexico

Netherlands

Pakistan

  • Engro Enengy Terminal Private Limited (EETPL), Port Qasim, Karachi[43]
  • Pakistan Gas Port Corporation (PGPC), Port Qasim, Karachi

Poland

Portugal

Singapore

  • Singapore LNG Terminal. Commenced commercial operation on Q2 2013[44]

South Korea

Spain

Taiwan

Thailand

  • Map Ta Phut LNG Terminal Phase#1: 2 x 160,000 m3 for Tanks Capacity, PTT and EGAT Phase#2: extra tanks (same size). Phase#1 Completed & Commenced Commercial Operation Date in 2011.(First commissioning by LNG vessel on May 2011. 5M MMTPA, additional 5M MMTPA by 2017 under construction)

Turkey

United Arab Emirates (UAE)

  • Jebel Ali LNG Import Terminal, Dubai, started 2010 (DUSUP)[45]
  • Ruwais LNG Import Terminal, Abu Dhabi, 2016 (ADNOC)[46]

United States and Puerto Rico

The following LNG off-loading and regasification terminals are located in the United States and Gulf of Mexico:[47]

UK

Proposed liquefaction terminals

Need to add Annova LNG and Texas LNG which along with Rio Grande LNG are seeking FERC approval to build and operate at the Port of Brownsville, TX.

Also, NextDecade, parent company of Rio Grande LNG, is seeking DOE permission for a proposed Galveston Bay LNG project.

Asia Pacific

Russia

North America

Canada

====United States==== This list is hopelessly out of date!

  • Alaska LNG (, in Nikiski, AK), in connection with the State's Alaska Gasline Development Corp
  • Sabine Pass Liquefaction at Sabine Pass LNG, Louisiana OPEN 5 trains running, 6th under construction https://www.cheniere.com/terminals/sabine-pass/trains-1-6/
  • Cheniere Energy in Corpus Christi, TX OPEN 2 trains running, 3rd train under construction. https://www.cheniere.com/terminals/sabine-pass/trains-1-6/
  • Jordan Cove in Coos Bay, OR (Federal environmental review (EIS) from FERC expected on 30 September 2015.)[75]
  • Lake Charles LNG in Lake Charles, LA; Owned by Energy Transfer (old Trunkline Terminal) and being developed with Shell [76]
  • Sempra in Hackberry, LA
  • Driftwood LNG, owned by Tellurian Inc., on the West bank of the Calcasieu River, south of Lake Charles, LA
  • Dominion in Cove Point, MD
  • Oregon LNG in Astoria, OR[77]
  • Jacksonville's, FLA[78]
  • Rio Grande LNG in Brownsville, TX[79]

The United States has had a massive shift in LNG terminal planning and construction starting in 2010-2011 due to rapid increase in domestic supply with the widespread adoption of hydraulic fracking. Many brand-new LNG import terminals are planning or have begun addition of liquefaction facilities to operate as export terminals.

NOTE: Now in December of 2019, many regasification plants have been converted to liquefaction trains i.e Sabine pass and others.

South America

Peru

Australia

Europe

  • Vassiliko LNG, Limassol, Cyprus

Russia

Proposed regasification terminals

Bangladesh

Croatia

Chile

  • GNL Mejillones (In operation)
  • GNL Quintero (In operation)
  • GNL Penco

Estonia

  • Paldiski LNG (developed by Alexela)

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

  • Crete LNG Terminal, planned
  • Kavala LNG Terminal, planned

Hong Kong

  • An FSRU (floating storage regasification unit) in the waters to the east of the Soko Islands

India

  • Pipavav LNG Terminal (APM Terminals)
  • Mundra LNG Terminal (GSPC/Adani) - 5mt/year[35]
  • Ennore LNG Terminal Ltd (IOCL/TIDCO)[93]
  • Mangalore LNG Terminal Ltd
  • Paradwip LNG Terminal (GAIL)-4.8 mt/year[94]
  • Kochi LNG Terminal (Puthuvypeen)[95]
  • Kakinada LNG Terminal owned by GAIL, GDF SUEZ and Shell. 5 mt/year.[96]
  • Kakinada LNG Terminal owned by VGS Cavallo, 3.6 mt/year.[97]
  • Kakinada LNG Terminal owned by GMR, 1.75 mt/year.[98]
  • Vizag LNG Terminal owned by Petronet, 10 mt/year.[99]

Indonesia

The country also has liquefaction terminals in more remote areas for export, and imports from the Middle East in areas with dense population.

Ireland

Italy

  • Porto Empedocle LNG Terminal

Japan

  • Hitachi LNG Terminal, Tokyo Gas, 2017 possible start date.

Latvia

Mexico

Myanmar

  • A terminal in Kanbauk in Tanintharyi Region is expected to open in the middle of 2020, through JV of French company Total and Germany's Siemens for the 1,230MW capacity in 48 months[103]
  • A terminal in Mee Laung Gyaing in Ayeyarwady Region, is a US$2.5 Billion JV of China's Zhefu and local Myanmar company Supreme Group will undertake a 1,390MW LNG project, with the first phase to be completed in 36 months and full capacity ready in 42 months[104]
  • A terminal in Ahlone in Yangon Region a Thailand company TTCL – better known as Toyo Thai to will build a 356MW LNG plant. This is expected to be completed in 28 months[105]
  • A terminal in Kyaukphyu in Rakhine State a JV of China's Sinohydro and Myanmar Local company Supreme Group will build another 135MW combined-cycle gas turbine project which is expected to be completed in 28 months with the Ahlone terminal[106]

Netherlands

  • Eemshaven LNG Terminal, Eemsmond. Cancelled in 2010.[107]
  • LionGas Terminal, Europoort, Rotterdam. Canceled.[108]

Philippines

  • A First Gen LNG Terminal, Batangas City, Philippines[109]
  • A terminal in Sulu Southwestern Philippines in the Island of Mindanao[110]
  • A terminal in Cebu central Philippines of Phinma Petroleum and Geothermal (PPG), floating storage and regasification unit (FSRU) have already been completed and the entire project is expected to be completed in 2022[111]
  • Another US$1.7 billion LNG Terminal to power Luzon to be built by South Korea's SK E&S with signed MOU with he Korean Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy and the Philippines Department of Energy signed during the visit of the Philippine President Rodrigo Roa Duterte in South Korea[112]

Russia

Kaliningrad LNG Terminal[113]

South Korea

North East Asia LNG Hub Terminal[114]

Thailand

  • Map Ta Phut LNG Terminal/ Project expansion for Phase 2.

Ukraine

  • Proposed terminal near Odessa, on 26 November 2012 the Ukrainian government and Unión Fenosa (where believed to have) signed an agreement on its building but Unión Fenosa denies this and it claimed on 28 November 2012 "nor are we leading any consortium to develop such a terminal ... nor are we studying anything along these lines".[115][116] The terminal was due to start working at a capacity of 5 billion cubic meters a year by 2016.[117]

United States and Gulf of Mexico

Proposed LNG Terminals:[118]

See also

11.http://www.lngglobal.com/latest/sabine-pass-progress-report-train-2-first-cargo-mid-august-2016.html

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