List of Internet top-level domains

This list of Internet top-level domains (TLD) contains top-level domains, which are those domains in the DNS root zone of the Domain Name System of the Internet. The official list of all top-level domains is maintained by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) at the Root Zone Database.[1][2] IANA also oversees the approval process for new proposed top-level domains. As of June 2019, the root domain contains 1530 top-level domains,[3] while a few have been retired and are no longer functional.

Types

IANA distinguishes the following groups of top-level domains:[4]

Original top-level domains

Seven generic top-level domains were created early in the development of the Internet, and predate the creation of ICANN in 1998.

Name Entity Administrator[5] Notes IDN DNSSEC SLD IPv6
.comcommercialVerisignThis is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register. Though originally intended for use by for-profit business entities, for a number of reasons it became the "main" TLD for domain names and is currently used by all types of entities including nonprofits, schools, and private individuals. Domain name registrations may be successfully challenged if the holder cannot prove an outside relation justifying reservation of the name, to prevent "squatting". It was originally administered by the United States Department of Defense.YesYesYesYes
.orgorganizationPublic Interest RegistryThis is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register. Originally intended for use by non-profit organizations, and still primarily used by some.YesYesYesYes
.netnetworkVerisignThis is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register. Originally intended for use by domains pointing to a distributed network of computers, or "umbrella" sites that act as the portal to a set of smaller websites.YesYesYesYes
.intinternational organizationsInternet Assigned Numbers AuthorityThe .int TLD is strictly limited to organizations, offices, and programs endorsed by a treaty between two or more nations. However, a few grandfathered domains do not meet these criteria.NoYesYesYes
.edueducationEducause (via Verisign)The .edu TLD is limited to specific higher educational institutions such as, but not limited to, trade schools and universities. In the U.S., its use was restricted in 2001 to post-secondary institutions accredited by an agency on the list of nationally recognized accrediting agencies. This domain is therefore almost exclusively used by American colleges and universities. Some institutions, such as the Exploratorium, that do not meet the current registration criteria have grandfathered domain names.NoYesYesYes
.govU.S. national and state government agenciesGeneral Services Administration (via Verisign)The .gov TLD is limited to United States governmental entities and agencies as well as qualifying state, county and local municipal government agencies.NoYesYesYes
.milU.S. militaryUnited States Department of DefenseThe .mil TLD is limited to use by the United States military.NoYesYesYes

Infrastructure top-level domain

InfrastructureEntityNotesIDNDNSSEC
.arpa"Address and Routing Parameter Area"Originally assigned to the Advanced Research Projects Agency in the early days on the Internet, .arpa is now exclusively used as an Internet infrastructure TLD.NoYes

Country code top-level domains

As of May 20, 2017, there were 255 Country code top-level domains. (For comparison, at the same time the United Nations comprised 193 countries.)

Table legend
NameDNS name of the two-letter country-code top-level domain. They follow ISO 3166-1 alpha-2, with some exceptions such as ".ac" for Ascension Island, ".eu" for the European Union, or ".uk" for United Kingdom of Great Britain instead of ".gb".
EntityCountry, dependency, or region
ExplanationExplanation of the code when it is not self-evident from the English name of the country. These are usually domains that arise from native name of the country (e.g. .de for Deutschland, German name for Germany).
NotesGeneral remarks
IDNSupport for internationalized domain names (IDN)
DNSSECPresence of DS records for Domain Name System Security Extensions
SLDAllows second-level domain registration (restrictions may apply)
IPv6Registry fully supports IPv6 access
Name Entity Explanation Notes IDN DNSSEC SLD IPv6
.ac Ascension IslandCommonly used for academic websites, such as universities. However, .ac is not to be confused with the official academic domains used by several countries such as the United Kingdom (.ac.uk), India (.ac.in) or Indonesia (.ac.id). Also used in the accounting, consulting, and air-conditioning industries.YesYesYesYes
.ad AndorraLocal trademark, trade name or citizenship required[6][7]YesYes
.ae United Arab EmiratesNoYes
.af AfghanistanYesYes
.ag Antigua and BarbudaAlso unofficially used by German businesses (where AG is an abbreviation of Aktiengesellschaft)YesYes
.ai AnguillaAlso unofficially used by tech companies specializing in AI (Artificial Intelligence) NoYes
.al AlbaniaCitizenship no longer requiredNoYes
.am ArmeniaAlso unofficially used by AM radio stations, podcasts or related businessNoYesYesYes
.ao AngolaNoUnknown
.aq AntarcticaAntarctiqueDefined by the Antarctic Treaty as everything south of latitude 60°S. AQ domain names are available to government organizations who are signatories to the Antarctic Treaty and to other registrants who have a physical presence in Antarctica.?YesYes?
.ar ArgentinaSpanish[cctld 1]YesYesYes
.as American Samoa (United States)In some countries, like Norway and Denmark, "AS" or "A/S" is used as an abbreviation for stock-based or limited companies. Such companies will often make use of the domain. Also unofficially used by the Principality of Asturias, Spain.YesNoYes
.at AustriaYes[cctld 2]YesYesYes
.au AustraliaRestrictions apply. In general, registrants must be Australian, and can be registered anywhere between 1 and 5 years.[8] Includes Ashmore and Cartier Islands and Coral Sea Islands.NoYesNoYes
.aw Aruba (Kingdom of the Netherlands)Aruba, West IndiesRestricted to registered Aruban companies, organisations and citizensYesYes
.ax Åland (Finland).al, .an, .ad already allocatedYesYes
.az AzerbaijanYesYes
.ba Bosnia and HerzegovinaYesYes
.bb BarbadosNoYes
.bd BangladeshYesNoYes
.be BelgiumAlso unofficially used in the Canton of Bern, SwitzerlandLatin[9]YesYesYes[10]
.bf Burkina FasoNoYes
.bg BulgariaSee also .бг (.bg in cyrillic) for IDN ccTLDYesYesYes
.bh BahrainYesYes
.bi BurundiYesYes
.bj BeninYesYes
.bm BermudaLocal corporate registration requiredYesYes
.bn BruneiYesNo
.bo BoliviaYesYes
.br BrazilRestricted. Registration is done under several categories (i.e.: .edu.br for higher education institutions, .gov.br for government agencies, etc.)[11]Yes[12]YesNo[cctld 3]
.bs BahamasYesYes
.bt BhutanYesNo
.bw BotswanaYesYes
.by BelarusByelarus’Also unofficially used to denote Bayern (Bavaria), GermanyYesYes
.bz BelizeAlso unofficially used in the province of Bozen (or South Tyrol, see .st)YesYes
.ca CanadaSubject to Canadian Presence Requirements. Also unofficially used by some websites in the U.S. state of California.French[cctld 4]YesYes
.cc Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia)Australian territory: not to be confused with Cocos islands in Guam. Currently marketed as global domain, registration allowed worldwide, local presence not required; the domain is currently operated by eNIC, a VeriSign company.YesYes
.cd Democratic Republic of the CongoCongo, Democratic RepublicNoYes
.cf Central African RepublicAlso used as a free domain service to the public.NoYes
.cg Republic of the CongoNoYes
.ch  SwitzerlandConfoederatio HelveticaYes[cctld 5]YesYes
.ci Ivory CoastCôte d'Ivoire NoYes
.ck Cook IslandsNoYes
.cl ChileYesYesYesYes
.cm CameroonA local entity/company in Cameroon is required to register a domain name.NoYes
.cn People's Republic of ChinaChinaA local company in China is required to register a domain name, or for personal registrations a valid Resident Identity Card. See ICP license for more information regarding registrations. Hong Kong, Macau and also maintain TLDs.YesYesYesYes
.co ColombiaMarketed as a global domain – recognized as a gccTLD by Google. Anyone can register.YesYes
.cr Costa RicaYesYes
.cu CubaNoYes
.cv Cape VerdeNoYes
.cw Curaçao (Kingdom of the Netherlands)Curaçao, West IndiesNoUnknown
.cx Christmas IslandChristmas XmasYesYes
.cy CyprusNoNo
.cz Czech RepublicNo[cctld 6]YesYes
.de GermanyDeutschlandGerman postal address for administrative contact (admin-c) required. Proxy registrations are allowed.Yes[cctld 7]YesYesYes
.dj DjiboutiUnofficially used by Disc JockeysNoYes
.dk Denmark Yes[cctld 8]YesYesYes
.dm DominicaNoYes
.do Dominican RepublicNoYes
.dz AlgeriaEl DjazairNoYes
.ec EcuadorIn Japan, "EC" is used as an acronym for "electronic commerce". Because of that, it's used unofficially by companies dedicated to provide online stores like BASE, a company that has two domains related to e-commerce: "base.in" and "official.ec".[14] NoYes
.ee EstoniaEestiYes[cctld 9]YesYes
.eg EgyptNoYes
.er EritreaEritreaYesYes
.es SpainEspañaYesYes
.et EthiopiaNoNo
.eu European UnionRestricted to legal and natural persons in European Union member states. Previously unofficially used for sites in the Basque language, but now .eus is in official use.Yes[cctld 10]YesYesYes[15]
.fi FinlandRegistration allowed worldwide, local presence not required.Yes[cctld 11]YesYes
.fj FijiNoYes
.fk Falkland IslandsNoNo
.fm Federated States of MicronesiaAlso unofficially used by FM radio stations, podcasts or related business.NoYes
.fo Faroe Islands (Kingdom of Denmark)royarYesYes
.fr FranceRestricted to individuals and companies in European Union, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein.[cctld 12]Yes[cctld 13]YesYes
.ga GabonAlso used as a free domain service to the public.NoYes
.gd GrenadaYesYes
.ge GeorgiaAvailable for registration for residents of Georgia (unlimited) or for foreign companies via representation of any local legal person (one domain name per registrant)[16]NoNoYes
.gf French Guiana (France)Guyane FrançaiseNo
.gg Guernsey (United Kingdom)Guernsey / GuerneseyNoYes
.gh GhanaNoNo
.gi Gibraltar (United Kingdom)YesYes
.gl Greenland (Kingdom of Denmark)Previously also unofficially used in Galicia, Spain, but now .gal has been approved for such use and was implemented in mid-2014YesYes
.gm The GambiaDomain name should match the domain owners name or trademarks. Common nouns are blocked.NoYes
.gn GuineaA local contact is requiredYesNo
.gp Guadeloupe (France)Still used for Saint-Barthélemy and Saint-MartinNoYes
.gq Equatorial GuineaGuinée équatorialeAlso used as a free domain service to the public.No
.gr GreeceYes[cctld 14]YesYes
.gs South Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsYesYes
.gt GuatemalaYesNoYes
.gu Guam (United States)Registry has been closed since 2017.NoNo
.gw Guinea-BissauGuinea, West AfricaYesYes
.gy GuyanaNoYes
.hk Hong KongYesYesYes
.hm Heard Island and McDonald IslandsNoYes
.hn HondurasYesYes
.hr CroatiaHrvatskaYesYes
.ht HaitiYesNoYes
.hu HungaryCitizens of the European Union or entities established by law within the territory of the EU YesYes
.id IndonesiaRestricted to Indonesian companies (co.id), organisations (or.id), academic (ac.id & sch.id) and citizens (biz.id, my.id & web.id). Second-level domains are becoming available now and opened to general registration on 17 August 2014.[17]YesYesYes
.ie IrelandIn 2002, registration was expanded to include persons or businesses with a "real and substantive" connection with the island of Ireland (including Northern Ireland).[18][19]YesYesYesYes
.il IsraelYesYesYes
.im Isle of Man (United Kingdom)NoYes
.in IndiaUnder INRegistry since April 2005 (except: gov.in, nic.in, mil.in, ac.in, edu.in, res.in).Yes [cctld 15]YesYesYes
.io British Indian Ocean TerritoryUsed unofficially by technology companies, startups, and web applications because IO can be an acronym for input/output that is useful for domain hacks.YesYes
.iq IraqPartial[20]Yes
.ir IranYesNoYes
.is IcelandÍslandYesYesYes
.it ItalyRestricted to companies and individuals in the European Union.Yes[cctld 16]Yes[21]Yes
.je Jersey (United Kingdom)NoYes
.jm JamaicaNoNo
.jo JordanNoYes
.jp JapanRestricted to individuals or companies with a physical address in Japan.YesYesYesYes[22]
.ke KenyaYesNo
.kg KyrgyzstanYesYes
.kh CambodiaKhmerNoNo
.ki KiribatiYesYes
.km ComorosKomoriNoYes
.kn Saint Kitts and NevisNoYes
.kp North KoreaKorea Democratic People's RepublicRestricted to companies, organizations, or government entities based in North Korea. Despite this, few domains are actually registered because of internet censorship in North Korea.NoNo
.kr South KoreaKorea RepublicYesYesYes
.kw KuwaitNoNo
.ky Cayman IslandsYesYes
.kz KazakhstanNoYes
.la LaosCurrently being marketed as the unofficial domain for Los Angeles[23]YesYes
.lb LebanonRestricted to registration with a company in LebanonYesNo
.lc Saint LuciaYesYes
.li LiechtensteinAlso unofficially used by entities on Long Island, New York or people with the last name Li. In Russian, li can be used to create domain names that mean a verb with a past tense singular ending liYesYesYes
.lk Sri LankaLankaYesYesYes
.lr LiberiaPartial[20]No
.ls LesothoNoNo
.lt LithuaniaYesYesYes
.lu LuxembourgYesYesYes
.lv LatviaYesYesYes
.ly LibyaNoYes
.ma MoroccoMarocPartial[20]Yes
.mc MonacoOnly for companies with a trademark registered in MonacoNoYes
.md MoldovaRestricted to individuals or companies with a physical address in Moldova.NoYes
.me MontenegroAlso unofficially used and marketed as a domain hack (for example love.me, meet.me, etc.)YesYes
.mg MadagascarYesYes
.mh Marshall IslandsNo
.mk North MacedoniaMakedonijaRestricted to registration with a company in North MacedoniaNoYes
.ml MaliAlso used as a free domain service to the public.NoYes
.mm MyanmarYesNo
.mn MongoliaThe second-level domains '.gov.mn', '.org.mn', and '.edu.mn' are reserved for special use. See .mn for more information.YesYes
.mo MacauMacaoSpecial administrative region of the People's Republic of China. Registrants must have a registered business in Macau, with the same name as the domain they wish to register.NoYes
.mp Northern Mariana Islands (United States)Marianas PacificNoYes
.mq Martinique (France)NoNo
.mr MauritaniaNoYes
.ms MontserratUnofficially used for Microsoft-related domains.NoYes
.mt MaltaNoNo
.mu MauritiusNoYes
.mv MaldivesNoYes
.mw MalawiNoYes
.mx MexicoYesYes
.my MalaysiaRestricted to registration by an individual or company in MalaysiaYes[cctld 17]YesYes
.mz MozambiqueNoNo
.na NamibiaYesYes
.nc New Caledonia (France) Restricted to companies that have a New Caledonian Business Registration Certificate or individuals living in New Caledonia for at least 6 months.YesYes
.ne NigerNoYes
.nf Norfolk IslandYesYes
.ng NigeriaNoYes
.ni NicaraguaNoNo
.nl NetherlandsFirst official country code TLD.[24]NoYesYes
.no NorwayBusinesses and professionals must be registered as an approved type of organization in the Brønnøysund Register Centre. Individual applicants must be of age (18 years) and be registered in the Folkeregisteret. All applicants must have a Norwegian postal address.YesYesYes
.np   NepalAll .np domains are free to register for individuals and registered businesses. Foreign businesses must provide proof of local presence in Nepal.NoNo
.nr NauruWas previously used as a free domain service to the public as co.nr.[25]NoYes
.nu NiueCommonly used by Danish, Dutch and Swedish websites, because in those languages "nu" means "now".Yes[cctld 18]YesYesYes
.nz New ZealandMāori[cctld 19]YesYes[26]
.om OmanRegistrant must have company or trademark registered in Oman as well as a local administrative contact.NoNo
.pa PanamaNoNo
.pe PeruYes[cctld 20]YesYes
.pf French Polynesia (France)Polynésie françaiseWith Clipperton IslandNoYes
.pg Papua New GuineaNoNo
.ph PhilippinesNoYes
.pk PakistanOperated by PKNIC since 1992NoYes
.pl PolandYes[cctld 21]YesYes
.pm Saint-Pierre and Miquelon (France)Restricted to individuals and companies in European Union, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein.[cctld 12]YesYes
.pn Pitcairn IslandsAs a part of a marketing campaign, Lionsgate used the TLD for some (now defunct) sites related to The Hunger Games franchise, presenting it as the "official" country code of the fictional nation of Panem, notable sites included thecapitol.pn and revolution.pn.NoYes
.pr Puerto Rico (United States)YesYes
.ps Palestine[27]West Bank and Gaza Strip.NoYes
.pt PortugalPortugueseYesYesYes[28]
.pw PalauPelewYesYesYesYes[29]
.py ParaguayNoNo
.qa QatarNoNo
.re Réunion (France)Restricted to individuals and companies in European Union, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein.[cctld 12]Yes[cctld 13]YesYes
.ro RomaniaYes[30]Yes[31]YesYes[32]
.rs SerbiaRepublika SrbijaYesNoYesYes
.ru RussiaSee also .su, still in use, and .рф, for IDN.NoYesYesYes
.rw RwandaNoYes
.sa Saudi ArabiaRegistrant must have a registered trademark in Saudi Arabia matching the domain name to register or provide company incorporation documents of a company in Saudi Arabia or for personal registrations a copy of valid ID. A letter on the official letterhead of your organization addressed to SaudiNIC requesting the domain name registration is also required. Local administrative contact required. 2LD registrations rolled out in 2011.[33]Arabic[9]Yes[34]YesYes[35]
.sb Solomon IslandsSolomon Islands, BritishYesNo
.sc SeychellesYesYes
.sd SudanNoYes
.se SwedenS/E are the only letters occurring in both Sverige and SwedenYes[cctld 22]YesYesYes
.sg SingaporeYesYes
.sh Saint HelenaYes[cctld 23]YesYes
.si SloveniaYes[cctld 24]YesYes
.sk SlovakiaRestricted to Slovak companies, organisations and citizensYesYesYes
.sl Sierra LeoneNoYes
.sm San MarinoDomain name must be same as company name or trademarkNoYes
.sn SenegalRegistration allowed for companies only. Individuals are not allowed to register.YesYes
.so SomaliaRelaunched on 1 November 2010NoNoYes
.sr SurinameNoYes
.ss South SudanAdded to the DNS root zone in February 2019. Registry is not yet available.
.st São Tomé and PríncipeAlso unofficially used in South Tyrol (or province of Bozen, see .bz)NoYes
.su Soviet UnionStill in use.Yes[cctld 25]YesYesYes[cctld 26]
.sv El SalvadorNoNo
.sx Sint Maarten.si, .sm, and .ms already allocated. YesNo
.sy SyriaYesYes
.sz EswatiniSwazilandRegistration is restricted to Eswatini organizations with Eswatini Trading Licenses.NoNo
.tc Turks and Caicos IslandsAlso marketed in Turkey. The official abbreviation of 'Türkiye Cumhuriyeti' (Republic of Turkey) is TC.NoYes
.td ChadTchadAvailable for registration to entities connected with Chad only.NoYes
.tf French Southern and Antarctic LandsTerres australes et antarctiques françaisesSeldom used. Restricted to individuals and companies in European Union, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein. Domains must be longer than two characters. It has also been adopted by the community of the game Team Fortress 2.[cctld 12]Yes[cctld 13]YesYes
.tg TogoNoYes
.th ThailandYesYesNo
.tj TajikistanNoYes
.tk TokelauAlso used as a free domain service to the public.NoYes
.tl East TimorTimor-LesteOld code .tp is deactivated since 2015.YesYes
.tm TurkmenistanYes[cctld 27]YesYes
.tn TunisiaYesYesYesYes
.to TongaOften used unofficially for Torrent, Turin (Torino in Italian), Toronto, Tokyo, or TocantinsYesNoYes
.tr Turkey.nc.tr used by Northern CyprusYes[cctld 28]NoYesYes[36]
.tt Trinidad and TobagoYesYes
.tv TuvaluUsed as an abbreviation of television, the domain is currently operated by dotTV, a VeriSign company; the Tuvalu government owns twenty percent of the company.YesYes
.tw TaiwanRegistration allowed worldwide, local presence not required. In line with ISO 3166-1, IANA's official position is that “TW” is "designated for use to represent "Taiwan."[37]Yes[cctld 29]YesYes
.tz TanzaniaMust have a presence in TanzaniaYesNo
.ua UkraineUkrainaUkrainian trademark requiredYesYes
.ug UgandaYesYes
.uk United KingdomThe ISO 3166-1 code for the United Kingdom is GB. UK is a specially reserved ISO 3166-1 code. However, the creation of the .uk TLD predates the ISO 3166-1 list of ccTLD and is the primary TLD for the United Kingdom.[38]YesYes
.us United States of AmericaRegistrants must be United States citizens, residents, or organizations, or a foreign entity with a presence in the United States. Formerly commonly used by U.S. State and local governments, see also .gov TLDYesYes
.uy Uruguay2LD rollout began on 10 July 2012.[39]YesYes
.uz UzbekistanNoYes
.va  Vatican CityLimited to the official sites of the Holy See (including those of the Vatican City State)NoNo
.vc Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesPartial[20]Yes
.ve VenezuelaRegistration is at the third level.NoNo
.vg British Virgin IslandsNoYes
.vi United States Virgin Islands (United States)NoYes
.vn VietnamYes[cctld 30]YesYes
.vu VanuatuYesYes
.wf Wallis and FutunaRestricted to individuals and companies in European Union, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein.[cctld 12]Yes[cctld 13]YesYes
.ws SamoaWestern SamoaMarketed for use in general WebsitesYesYes[40]Yes
.ye YemenNoNo
.yt MayotteRestricted to individuals and companies in European Union, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein.[cctld 12]Yes[cctld 13]YesYes
.za South AfricaZuid-Afrika YesYes
.zm ZambiaYesYes[cctld 31]
.zw ZimbabweNoNo

Notes

  1. (17 November 2009) Spanish-Portuguese specific characters (á, â, ã, à, é, ê, í, ó, ô, õ, ú, ü, ñ, ç) allowed, as approved by law
  2. Mostly latin characters (à á â ã ä å æ ç è é ê ë ì í î ï ð ñ ò ó ô õ ö ø ù ú û ü ý þ ÿ œ š ž), see IDN Zeichentabelle (PDF, in german language).
  3. Currently not allowed, but some higher-learning institutions were grandfathered in.
  4. "About Internationalized Domain Names" (PDF). Cira.ca. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 March 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  5. Since March 2004, see details
  6. IDN not adopted due to lack of public and corporate interest[13]
  7. 93 non-ASCII characters, see details
  8. (1 January 2004), (æ, ø, å, ö, ä, ü, & é): see details Archived 19 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  9. Estonian domain names to incorporate diacritics (IDN) Starting from 13 June 2011 "Estonian domain names to incorporate diacritics (IDN)". Archived from the original on 7 June 2012. Retrieved 5 February 2016.
  10. Supported characters (Latin, Greek, Cyrillic): see details Archived 20 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  11. (September 2005) Supported characters (Latin): see details
  12. (6 December 2011) "Opening to Europe of the .fr, .wf, .re, .yt, .pm, and .tf TLDs"..
    Before restricted to residents of the corresponding French territory.
  13. "Availability of IDN on the .fr, .yt, .pm, .wf, .tf, and .re TLDs". Afnic.fr. Archived from the original on 6 August 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  14. Support for Greek characters since July 2005, see details Archived 5 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  15. "Now, get Internet domain names in regional languages". The Hindu. The Hindu. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
  16. "Idn: un successo". Nic.it. Archived from the original on 8 March 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  17. ".my Domain Registry". Domainregistry.my. Archived from the original on 22 May 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  18. see
  19. "F.A.Q. for Domain Names with macrons (IDNs) - .nz Domain Name Commission". Archived from the original on 5 June 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
  20. (8 December 2007): see details
  21. "www.dns.pl: IDN". Archived from the original on 10 August 2003. Retrieved 11 September 2003.
  22. (October 2003), for Swedish characters, summer 2007 also for Finnish, Meänkieli, Romani, Sami, and Yiddish: see details
  23. "IDN Code Points Policy for the .SH Top Level Domain" (PDF). Nic.sh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 September 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  24. Since October 2010, see details
  25. (28 April 2008) see details Archived 19 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  26. "ccTLD.su". Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  27. "IDN Code Points Policy for the .TM Top Level Domain" (PDF). Nic.tm. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 February 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  28. (14 November 2006): see details
  29. Traditional Chinese characters: see details
  30. "TRUNG TÂM INTERNET VIÊT NAM – Tên mien tieng viet". Archived from the original on 23 January 2007. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  31. Restricted to ISPs and other undefined entities. See .zm

Internationalized country code top-level domains

DNS nameIDN ccTLDCountry/RegionLanguageScriptTransliterationCommentsOther ccTLDDNSSEC
xn--lgbbat1ad8j.الجزائر AlgeriaArabicArabic (Arabic)al-Jazā'ir.dzNo
xn--y9a3aq.հայ ArmeniaArmenianArmenianhay.amYes
xn--mgbcpq6gpa1a.البحرين BahrainArabicArabical-BahrainNot delegated.bhNo
xn--54b7fta0cc.বাংলা BangladeshBengaliBengaliBangla.bdYes
xn--90ais.бел BelarusBelarusianCyrillicbel.byNo
xn--90ae.бг[41] BulgariaBulgarianCyrillicbg.bgNo
xn--fiqs8s.中国 ChinaChineseChinese (Simplified)Zhōngguó.cnYes
xn--fiqz9s.中國 ChinaChineseChinese (Traditional)Zhōngguó.cnYes
xn--wgbh1c.مصر EgyptArabicArabic (Arabic)Miṣr / Maṣr[42].egYes
xn--e1a4c.ею European UnionBulgarianCyrilliceyu.euYes
xn--qxa6a.ευ European UnionGreekGreekeyNot delegated.eu
xn--node.გე GeorgiaGeorgianGeorgian (Mkhedruli)GE.geNo
xn--qxam.ελ[41] GreeceGreekGreekelIn use since July 2018.grNo
xn--j6w193g.香港 Hong KongChineseChinese (Simplified and Traditional)Hoeng1 gong2.hkYes
xn--h2brj9c.भारत IndiaHindiDevanagariBhāratBecame available 27 August 2014[43].inYes
xn--mgbbh1a71e.بھارت IndiaUrduArabic (Urdu)BhāratBecame available 2017.inYes
xn--fpcrj9c3d.భారత్ IndiaTeluguTeluguBhārataBecame available 2017.inYes
xn--gecrj9c.ભારત IndiaGujaratiGujaratiBhāratBecame available 2017.inYes
xn--s9brj9c.ਭਾਰਤ IndiaPunjabiGurmukhīBhāratBecame available 2017.inYes
xn--xkc2dl3a5ee0h.இந்தியா IndiaTamilTamilIntiyāBecame available 2015.inYes
xn--45brj9c.ভারত IndiaBengaliBengaliBharôtBecame available 2017.inYes
xn--2scrj9c.ಭಾರತ IndiaKannadaKannadaBhāratNot in use.in
xn--rvc1e0am3e.ഭാരതം IndiaMalayalamMalayalamBhāratamNot in use.in
xn--45br5cyl.ভাৰত IndiaAssameseBengaliBharatamNot in use.in
xn--3hcrj9c.ଭାରତ IndiaOriyaOriyaBhāratNot in use.in
xn--mgbbh1a.بارت IndiaKashmiriArabic (Kashmiri)BāratNot in use.in
xn--h2breg3eve.भारतम् IndiaSanskritDevanagariBhāratamNot in use.in
xn--h2brj9c8c.भारोत IndiaSantaliDevanagariBharotNot in use.in
xn--mgbgu82a.ڀارت IndiaSindhiArabic (Sindhi)BhāratNot in use.in
xn--mgba3a4f16a.ایران IranPersianArabic (Persian)Īrān.irNo
xn--mgbtx2b.عراق IraqArabicArabic (Arabic)ʿIrāqNot in use.iqNo
xn--mgbayh7gpa.الاردن JordanArabicArabic (Arabic)al-Urdun.joNo
xn--80ao21a.қаз KazakhstanKazakhCyrillic (Kazakh)qaz.kzNo
xn--q7ce6a.ລາວ LaosLaoLaoLaoNot delegated.la
xn--mix082f.澳门 MacaoChineseChinese (Simplified)Ou3 mun4 / ÀoménNot in use.moNo
xn--mix891f.澳門 MacaoChineseChinese (Traditional)Ou3 mun4 / ÀoménNot in use.moNo
xn--mgbx4cd0ab.مليسيا MalaysiaMalayArabic (Jawi)Malaysīyā.myYes
xn--mgbah1a3hjkrd.موريتانيا MauritaniaArabicArabic (Arabic)Mūrītāniyā.mrNo
xn--l1acc.мон MongoliaMongolianCyrillic (Mongolian)mon.mnYes
xn--mgbc0a9azcg.المغرب MoroccoArabicArabic (Arabic)al-Maġrib.maNo
xn--d1alf.мкд North MacedoniaMacedonianCyrillic (Macedonian)mkd.mkNo
xn--mgb9awbf.عمان OmanArabicArabic (Arabic)ʿUmān.omNo
xn--mgbai9azgqp6j.پاکستان PakistanUrduArabic (Urdu)Pākistān.pkYes
xn--ygbi2ammx.فلسطين Palestinian AuthorityArabicArabic (Arabic)Filasṭīn.psNo
xn--wgbl6a.قطر QatarArabicArabic (Arabic)Qaṭar.qaNo
xn--p1ai.рф RussiaRussianCyrillic (Russian)rf.ruYes
xn--mgberp4a5d4ar.السعودية Saudi ArabiaArabicArabic (Arabic)as-Suʿūdīya.saYes[34]
xn--90a3ac.срб SerbiaSerbianCyrillic (Serbian)srb.rsNo
xn--yfro4i67o.新加坡 SingaporeChineseChinese (Simplified and Traditional)Xīnjiāpō.sgYes
xn--clchc0ea0b2g2a9gcd.சிங்கப்பூர் SingaporeTamilTamilCinkappūr.sgYes
xn--3e0b707e.한국 South KoreaKoreanHangulHan-guk.krYes
xn--fzc2c9e2c.ලංකා Sri LankaSinhalaSinhalaLanka.lkPartial[20]
xn--xkc2al3hye2a.இலங்கை Sri LankaTamilTamilIlaṅkai.lkPartial[20]
xn--mgbpl2fh.سودان SudanArabicArabic (Arabic)Sūdān.sdNo
xn--ogbpf8fl.سورية SyriaArabicArabic (Arabic)Sūriyya.syYes
xn--kprw13d.台湾 TaiwanChineseChinese (Simplified)Táiwān.twYes
xn--kpry57d.台灣 TaiwanChineseChinese (Traditional)Táiwān.twYes
xn--o3cw4h.ไทย ThailandThaiThaiThai.thYes
xn--pgbs0dh.تونس TunisiaArabicArabic (Arabic)Tūnis.tnYes
xn--j1amh.укр UkraineUkrainianCyrillic (Ukrainian)ukr.uaNo
xn--mgbaam7a8h.امارات United Arab EmiratesArabicArabic (Arabic)Imārāt.aeNo
xn--mgb2ddes.اليمن YemenArabicArabic (Arabic)al-YamanNot delegated.yeNo

Source:[44]

Proposed internationalized ccTLDs

Internationalised domain names have been proposed for Israel, Japan and Libya.

ICANN-era generic top-level domains

English

A

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.academyacademic institutesDonuts[donuts 1]YesYes
.accountantaccountants and accounting firmsGlobal Registry Services Ltd[45]UnknownYes
.accountantsaccountants and accounting firmsDonuts[donuts 2]YesYes
.activegeneralThe Active NetworkUnknownYes
.actoractorsRightside Group[n 1]YesYes
.adsCharleston Road Registry Inc. (Google)[46]
.adultadult entertainment (pornography)For sites providing sexually explicit content, such as pornography.YesYes
.aeroair-transport industryMust verify eligibility for registration; only those in various categories of air-travel-related entities may register.SITANoNo
.africaZA Central RegistryUnknownYes
.agencybusiness associationsDonuts[donuts 3]Yes[9]Yes
.airforcedefense contractorsRightside Group[n 1]UnknownYes
.amazonAmazon
.analyticsCampus IP LLC[46]
.apartmentsapartmentsDonutsYesYes
.appApps[47]Google[n 2]UnknownYes
.archiarchitects and architect firms[48]Restricted to individuals and organizations that can verify participation in architecture industry.[49]STARTING DOT LIMITEDUnknownYes
.armydefense contractorsRightside Group[n 1]UnknownYes
.artartists, museums, art galleries, dealers, service providers and contractorsUK Creative IdeasYesYes
.associatesbusiness associationsDonuts[donuts 4]YesYes
.attorneyattorneys and legal organizationsRightside Group[n 1]UnknownYes
.auctionRightside Group[n 1]UnknownYes
.audibleAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.audiostereo/sound systems, musicUniregistryYes[50]Yes
.authorAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.autoCars Registry Limited[46]
.autosDERAutosUnknownYes
.awsAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]

B

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.babyJohnson & Johnson Services, Inc.[46]
.bandRightside Group[n 1]UnknownYes
.bankbanksRestricted to banks and savings associationsfTLD Registry Services, LLCUnknownYes
.barBars and related industryPunto 2012YesYes
.barefootGallo Vineyards, Inc.[46]
.bargainscoupons and online sellersDonuts[donuts 5]YesYes
.baseballMLB Advanced Media DH, LLC[46]
.basketballFédération Internationale de Basketball (FIBA)[46]
.beautyL'Oréal[46]
.beerbreweries and beer aficionadosMinds + Machines[n 3]UnknownYes
.berlin companies, brands, persons and other things with relation to Germany's capital Berlin dotBERLIN GmbH & Co. KG Yes
.bestBestTLD Pty LtdUnknownYes
.bestbuyBBY Solutions, Inc.[46]
.betAfilias plc[46]
.bibleRespect for "the Bible", "God as He is revealed in the Bible", and "orthodox" Christianity[51][52]American Bible Society[46]
.bidauctionsGlobal Registry Services Ltd[45]YesYes
.bikebicyclesDonuts[donuts 6]Yes[53]Yes
.bingobingoDonutsYesYes
.biobiodiversity, biographiesMay require compliance with organic agriculture principles.[54]STARTING DOT LIMITEDUnknownYes
.bizbusinessOpen TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register; however, registrations may be challenged later if they are not held by commercial entities in accordance with the domain's charter. This TLD was created to provide relief for the .com TLD, where many names have already been taken.NeuStarYes[9]Yes
.blackthose who like the color black[55]AfiliasYesYes
.blackfridayBlack Friday, retailUniregistryYes[50]Yes
.blockbusterDish DBS Corporation[46]
.blogBlogsAutomattic[56]UnknownYes
.bluethose who like the color blue[57]AfiliasYesYes
.booGoogle[n 2]UnknownYes
.bookAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.bootsTHE BOOTS COMPANY PLC[46]
.botAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.boutiquespecialized businessesDonuts[donuts 7]YesYes
.boxindividuals and businesses, in order to promote personal cloud storageNS1 LimitedYesYes
.broadwayCelebrate Broadway, Inc.[46]
.brokerDOTBROKER REGISTRY LTD[46]
.buildconstruction industryOpen Top Level Domain—[58]Plan Bee LLCYesYes
.buildersconstruction workersDonuts[donuts 8]YesYes
.businessbusinessesDonuts[donuts 9]YesYes
.buyAmazon Registry Services, INC[46]
.buzzmarketing and social networkingDOTSTRATEGYYesYes

C

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.cabcabs and taxi companiesDonuts[donuts 10]YesYes
.cafecoffee industryDonutsYesYes
.callAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.camentertainment[59]Acwebconnecting[60]YesYes
.cameracamera-related businessesDonuts[donuts 11]YesYes
.campcamps and campingDonuts[donuts 12]YesYes
.cancerresearchOrganizations, research institutes and individuals interested in ending cancer through research[61]Australian Cancer Research FoundationUnknownYes
.capitalfinancial firmsDonuts[donuts 13]YesYes
.carCars Registry Limited[46]
.cardsgeneralDonuts[donuts 14]YesYes
.carehealthcare industryDonuts[donuts 15]YesYes
.careerdotCareer LLCYesYes
.careersEmploymentDonuts[donuts 16]YesYes
.carsAutomotiveUniregistryYesYes
.caseCNH Industrial N.V.[46]
.cashfinancialDonuts[donuts 17]YesYes
.casinocasinosDonutsYesYes
.cateringFood serviceDonuts[donuts 18]YesYes
.catholicPontificium Consilium de Comunicationibus Socialibus (PCCS) (Pontifical Council for Social Communications)[46]
.centergeneralDonuts[donuts 19]YesYes
.cernCERNCERNUnknownUnknown
.ceoCEOs[62]CEOTLD Pty LtdUnknownYes
.cfdDOTCFD REGISTRY LTD[46]
.channelGoogle[n 2]UnknownYes
.chatonline chatDonutsYesYes
.cheapResellersDonuts[donuts 20]YesYes
.christmasChristmasUniregistryYes[50]Yes
.churchchurchesDonuts[donuts 21]YesYes
.ciprianiHotel Cipriani Srl[46]
.circleAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.citygeneralDonuts[donuts 22]YesYes
.claimsretail, auctionsDonuts[donuts 23]YesYes
.cleaningCleaning servicesDonuts[donuts 24]YesYes
.clickUniregistryYes[50]Yes
.clinichealthcare clinicsDonuts[donuts 25]YesYes
.clothingApparelDonuts[donuts 26]YesYes
.cloudAruba S.p.A.
.clubgroups, organizations, assemblies, communities, general[63].CLUB DOMAINSYes[64]Yes
.coachtravel (flights and motor coaches)DonutsYesYes
.codescomputer and/or encryption code enthusiastsDonuts[donuts 27]YesYes
.coffeecafés and coffee aficionadosDonuts[donuts 28]YesYes
.collegeEducationalXYZ.comYesYes
.communitysocial groups, neighborhoodsDonuts[donuts 29]YesYes
.companybusiness associationsDonuts[donuts 30]YesYes
.compareiSelect Ltd[46]
.computerTechnologyDonuts[donuts 31]YesYes
.condosReal estateDonuts[donuts 32]YesYes
.constructionConstruction industryDonuts[donuts 33]YesYes
.consultinghired advisorsRightside Group[n 1]YesYes
.contactTop Level Spectrum, Inc.[46]
.contractorsRemodeling and independent businessesDonuts[donuts 34]YesYes
.cookingsharing recipesMinds + Machines[n 3]YesYes
.coolGeneral interestsDonuts[donuts 35]YesYes
.coopcooperativesThe .coop TLD is limited to cooperatives as defined by the Rochdale Principles.DotCooperationNoYes
.countrygeneralMinds + Machines[n 3]YesYes
.couponAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.couponscouponsDonutsYesYes
.coursesOPEN UNIVERSITIES AUSTRALIA PTY LTD[46]
.creditFinancial institutionsDonuts[donuts 36]YesYes
.creditcardFinancial institutionsDonuts[donuts 37]YesYes
.cruiseViking River Cruises (Bermuda) Ltd.[46]
.cricketcricketGlobal Registry Services Ltd[45]UnknownYes
.cruisescruise businesses and travelDonuts[donuts 38]YesYes

D

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.dadfamiliesGoogle[n 2]UnknownYes
.danceDance studios and companiesRightside Group[n 1]YesYes
.dataDish DBS Corporation[46]
.dateonline datingGlobal Registry Services Ltd[45]UnknownYes
.datingonline datingDonuts[donuts 39]YesYes
.daygeneralGoogle[n 2]UnknownYes
.dealAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.dealsonline shopping and couponingDonuts[donuts 40]YesYes
.degreegeneralRightside Group[n 1]UnknownYes
.deliverygeneralDonuts[donuts 41]YesYes
.democratDemocratic Party politicsRightside Group[n 1]YesYes
.dentaldentistsDonuts[donuts 42]YesYes
.dentistdentistsRightside Group[n 1]UnknownYes
.designgraphic art and fashionTop Level DesignYesYes
.devdevelopment-GoogleUnknownYes
.diamondsdiamond and jewelry industryDonuts[donuts 43]YesYes
.dietUniregistryYes[50]Yes
.digitalgeneralDonuts[donuts 44]YesYes
.directgeneralDonuts[donuts 45]UnknownYes
.directorygeneral directoryDonuts[donuts 46]YesYes
.discountgeneralDonuts[donuts 47]YesYes
.diyLifestyle Domain Holdings, Inc.[46]
.docsCharleston Road Registry Inc. (Google)[46]
.doctorBrice Trail, LLC[46]
.dogdog stores and ownersDonutsYesYes
.domainsdomain registriesDonuts[donuts 48]YesYes
.dotDish DBS Corporation[46]
.downloadtechnologyGlobal Registry Services Ltd[45]UnknownYes
.driveCharleston Road Registry Inc. (Google)[46]
.duckJohnson Shareholdings, Inc.[46]

E

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.earthInterlink Co., Ltd.[46]
.eatrestaurants and foodiesGoogle[n 2]UnknownYes
.ecoSustainability minded companies, non-profits and professionals.[65]Open to anyone pledging a commitment to sustainability action.[66]Big Room Inc.[67]NoYes
.educationeducational institutesDonuts[donuts 49]YesYes
.emailemailDonuts[donuts 50]YesYes
.energyenergy industry and marketingDonuts[donuts 51]YesYes
.engineerengineers and engineering firmsRightside Group[n 1]YesYes
.engineeringengineering firmsDonuts[donuts 52]YesYes
.enterprisesbusiness associationsDonuts[donuts 53]YesYes
.equipmentequipment-related businessesDonuts[donuts 54]YesYes
.esqlawyers, law firms, legal professionalsTo be restricted to verified lawyers and attorneys[68]Google[n 2]UnknownYes
.estatereal estate businessesDonuts[donuts 55]YesYes
.eventshappeningsDonuts[donuts 56]YesYes
.exchangegeneric tradeDonuts[donuts 57]YesYes
.expertgeneric expertiseDonuts[donuts 58]YesYes
.exposedgeneral interestDonuts[donuts 59]YesYes
.expressshippingDonutsYesYes

F

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.failgeneralDonuts[donuts 60]YesYes
.faithreligion and churchesGlobal Registry Services Ltd[45]UnknownYes
.familyfamiliesUnknownYes
.fanAsiamix Digital Ltd[46]
.fansgeneralUnknownYes
.farmfarms and agricultureDonuts[donuts 61]YesYes
.fashionclothing industryMinds + Machines[n 3]YesYes
.fastAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.feedbackTop Level SpectrumUnknownYes
.filmMotion Picture Domain Registry Pty Ltd[46]
.finalNúcleo de Informação e Coordenação do Ponto BR - NIC.br[46]
.financefinancialDonuts[donuts 62]YesYes
.financialfinancialDonuts[donuts 63]YesYes
.fireAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.fishfishing businesses, sports, and interestsDonuts[donuts 64]YesYes
.fishingfishing businesses, sports, and interestsMinds + Machines[n 3]YesYes
.fitFitness and exerciseMinds + Machines[n 3]UnknownYes
.fitnessFitness and exerciseDonuts[donuts 65]YesYes
.flightsairline businesses and travelDonuts[donuts 66]YesYes
.floristfloristsDonuts[donuts 67]YesYes
.flowersflorists and gardensUniregistryYesYes
.flytravelTo be restricted to verified airlines, travel agencies and travel resellers[69]Google[n 2]UnknownYes
.fooweb development[70]Google[n 2]UnknownYes
.foodLifestyle Domain Holdings, Inc.[46]
.foodnetworkLifestyle Domain Holdings, Inc.[46]
.footballsoccer and American footballDonutsYesYes
.forsaleonline retailRightside Group[n 1]UnknownYes
.forumFegistry, LLC[46]
.foundationcharitable organizationsDonuts[donuts 68]YesYes
.freeAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.frontdoorLifestyle Domain Holdings, Inc.[46]
.funRadix RegistryUnknownUnknown
.fundfinancialDonuts[donuts 69]YesYes
.furniturefurniture businessesDonuts[donuts 70]YesYes
.futbol
.fyi"for your information"DonutsYesYes

G

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.galleryphoto and art galleriesDonuts[donuts 71]YesYes
.gameUniregistry, Corp.[46]
.gamesUnited TLD Holdco Ltd.[46]
.gardengardeningMinds + Machines[n 3]YesYes
.gdnnone, anyoneGDN RegistryUnknownUnknown
.giftgift-givingUniregistryYes[50]Yes
.giftsgift-givingDonuts[donuts 72]YesYes
.givescharities and gift-givingRightside Group[n 1]UnknownYes
.glasswindow sales and repairsDonuts[donuts 73]YesYes
.globalgeneralDot GLOBALYesYes
.goldgold and luxuryDonutsUnknownYes
.golfgolfDonutsYesYes
.gopRepublican Party politicsRepublican State Leadership CommitteeSpanish[71]Yes
.graphicsgraphicsDonuts[donuts 74]YesYes
.greenthe environmentally-focused"As a Registrant you may not ... use a .green name or its content in a way that negatively affects the mission, purpose of the .green TLD, or its brand."[72]AfiliasUnknownYes
.gripeopinion sitesDonuts[donuts 75]YesYes
.groceryWal-Mart Stores, Inc.[46]
.groupRomeo Town, LLC[46]
.guidehelp sitesDonuts[donuts 76]YesYes
.guitarsGuitarsUniregistryYes[50]Yes
.gurugeneric expertiseDonuts[donuts 77]Yes[73]Yes

H

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.hairL'Oreal[46]
.hangoutCharleston Road Registry Inc. (Google)[46]
.healthDotHealth, LLC[46]
.healthcarehealthcare industryDonuts[donuts 78]UnknownYes
.helphelp sitesUniregistryYes[50]Yes
.heregeneric geographicGoogle[n 2]UnknownYes
.hiphopHip hop cultureUniregistryYes[50]Yes
.hivAIDS and HIVdotHIVUnknownYes
.hockeyhockeyDonutsYesYes
.holdingsreal estate or financial businessDonuts[donuts 79]YesYes
.holidayholiday gift industryDonuts[donuts 80]YesYes
.homegoodsThe TJX Companies, Inc.[46]
.homesreal estate professionalsDominion EnterprisesUnknownYes
.homesenseThe TJX Companies, Inc.[46]
.horsehorse-related businesses and interestMinds + Machines[n 3]YesYes
.hospitalRuby Pike, LLC[46]
.hostnetwork companiesRadix RegistryUnknownYes
.hostingUniregistryYes[50]Yes
.hotAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.hotelsBooking.com B.V.[46]
.housereal estate and construction businessesDonuts[donuts 81]YesYes
.howhow-to guidesGoogle[n 2]UnknownYes

I

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.iceIntercontinentalExchange, Inc.[46]
.icu entrepreneurs and business owners ShortDot SA
.industriesindustrial businessesDonuts[donuts 82]YesYes
.infoinformationAfiliasGerman[9]Yes
.ingVerbal suffix: e.g., "jump.ing".Google[n 2]UnknownYes
.inkcreative printing or tattooing[74]Top Level DesignYesYes
.institute[75]Donuts[donuts 83]YesYes
.insurancefTLD Registry Services LLC[46]
.insureInsurance companiesDonuts[donuts 84]YesYes
.internationalinternational entitiesDonuts[donuts 85]YesYes
.investmentsfinancialDonuts[donuts 86]YesYes

J, K

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.jewelryjewelry storesDonutsYesYes
.jobsEmploymentFor websites with job opportunities and job listings.[76]Employ MediaNoYes
.joyAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.kimKim (Korean surname)AfiliasUnknownYes
.kitchenfood industry and remodelingDonuts[donuts 87]YesYes

L

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.landreal estateDonuts[donuts 88]YesYes
.latinoDish DBS Corporation[46]
.lawRestricted to qualified lawyers, courts of law, law schools, and legal regulators.[77]Minds + Machines Group Limited[46]
.lawyerlawyers and legal organizationsRightside Group[n 1]UnknownYes
.leasefinancingDonuts[donuts 89]YesYes
.legallawyers and legal organizationsDonutsYesYes
.lgbtthe lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community"Registrants are prohibited from using the .LGBT domain in a manner that is harmful, threatening, abusive, harassing, defamatory, or hateful with respect to the LGBT community."[78]AfiliasUnknownYes
.lifegeneralDonuts[donuts 90]YesYes
.lifeinsuranceAmerican Council of Life Insurers[46]
.lightinglightingDonuts[donuts 91]YesYes
.likeAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.limitedgeneralDonuts[donuts 92]YesYes
.limolimousine businessesDonuts[donuts 93]YesYes
.linkconnecting to information[79]UniregistryYes[50]Yes
.liveUnited TLD Holdco Ltd.[46]
.livingLifestyle Domain Holdings, Inc.[46]
.loanbanks and lendersGlobal Registry Services Ltd[45]UnknownYes
.loansbanks and lendersDonuts[donuts 94]YesYes
.lockerDish DBS Corporation[46]
.lolLOL: laughing out loudUniregistry[80]UnknownYes
.lottoAfiliasUnknownYes
.lovedating sitesUnknownYes
.ltdDonutsUnknownYes
.luxurybusinesses catering to the wealthyLuxury PartnersYesYes

M

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.makeupL'Oréal[46]
.managementbusiness managementDonuts[donuts 95]YesYes
.mapCharleston Road Registry Inc. (Google)[46]
.marketmarketing services and retailersRightside Group[n 1]UnknownYes
.marketingmarketing servicesDonuts[donuts 96]YesYes
.marketsfinancial and stock marketsIG GroupUnknownYes
.mbaMasters in Business AdministrationDonutsYesYes
.medMedistry LLC[46]
.mediageneral media interestsDonuts[donuts 97]YesYes
.meetsocial gatherings, meeting new peopleAfiliasUnknownYes
.memeInternet memesGoogle[n 2]UnknownYes
.memorialmemorial sitesDonutsYesYes
.menmenGlobal Registry Services Ltd[45]UnknownYes
.menurestaurantsWedding TLD2YesYes
.mintIntuit Administrative Services, Inc.[46]
.mobimobile devicesMust be used for mobile-compatible sites in accordance with standards.AfiliasYesYes
.mobileDish DBS Corporation[46]
.mobilyGreenTech Consultancy Company W.L.L.[46]
.moeJapanese otaku culture; see moe (slang)InterlinkYesYes
.momUniregistry, Corp.[46]
.moneyfinancialDonutsYesYes
.monsterOrganizationsxyz.comYesYes
.mortgagemortgage lendersRightside Group[n 1]UnknownYes
.motorcyclesmotorcyclesDERMotorcyclesUnknownYes
.movDigital videoGoogle[n 2]UnknownYes
.moviemovies and cinemasDonutsYesYes
.museummuseumsMust be verified as a legitimate museum.Museum Domain Management AssociationLatin script[9]Yes
.music Music dissemination and appreciation Under contention

N, O

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.nameindividuals, by nameOpen TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register; however, registrations may be challenged later if they are not by individuals (or the owners of fictional characters) in accordance with the domain's charter.VerisignYes[9]Yes
.navydefense contractorsRightside Group[n 1]UnknownYes
.networkgeneralDonuts[donuts 98]YesYes
.newgeneralGoogle[n 2]UnknownYes
.newsnews sitesUnknownYes
.ngoNon-governmental organizations.
Sold packaged with .ong.
Restricted to validated NGOs, as determined by PIR. See the eligibility requirements.Public Interest RegistryUnknownYes
.ninjageneral expertiseRightside Group[n 1]YesYes
.nowAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.observernews organizationsTop Level Spectrum, Inc.
.offJohnson Shareholdings, Inc.[46]
.orggeneralPublic Interest Registry
.onegeneral.one (top-level domain)UnknownYes
.ongNon-governmental organizations.
Sold packaged with .ngo.
Restricted to validated NGOs, as determined by PIR. See the eligibility requirements.Public Interest RegistryUnknownYes
.onlshort for "online"I-REGISTRYUnknownYes
.onlinegenericRadix RegistryUnknownYes
.ooogeneralInfibeamNoYes
.openAmerican Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc.[46]
.organicorganic gardeners, farmers, foods, etc.Registrants must be verified as a member of the organic community.[81]AfiliasUnknownYes
.originsThe Estée Lauder Companies Inc.[46]

P, Q

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.pageCharleston Road Registry Inc. (Google)[46]
.partnersbusinessesDonuts[donuts 99]YesYes
.partsmanufacturing and consumer autoDonuts[donuts 100]YesYes
.partynightclubs and social gatheringsGlobal Registry Services Ltd[45]UnknownYes
.payAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.petAfilias plc[46]
.pharmacypharmacies"All registrants within the .pharmacy gTLD are vetted prior to registration to confirm that they meet all applicable regulatory standards, including pharmacy licensure and valid prescription requirements, in the jurisdictions where they are based and where they serve patients."[82]National Association of Boards of PharmacyUnknownYes
.phoneDish DBS Corporation[46]
.photophotography and photo-sharingUniregistryYes[50]Yes
.photographyphotography and photo-sharingDonuts[donuts 101]YesYes
.photosphotography and photo-sharingDonuts[donuts 102]YesYes
.physiophysical therapistsMust be eligible for membership within an association that is a member of the World Confederation for Physical Therapy, have proper training as a physical therapist outside WCPT's reach, or otherwise supports physical therapy.[83][84]PhysBizUnknownYes
.picsphotography and photo-sharingUniregistryYes[50]Yes
.picturesphotography and photo-sharingDonuts[donuts 103]YesYes
.pidTop Level SpectrumUnknownYes
.pinAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.pinkthose who like the color pinkAfiliasYesYes
.pizzapizza parlorsDonuts[donuts 104]YesYes
.placegeneralDonuts[donuts 105]YesYes
.plumbingplumbing businessesDonuts[donuts 106]YesYes
.plusgenericDonutsYesYes
.pokerPoker players and sitesAfilias[n 4]UnknownYes
.pornadult entertainment (pornography)For sites providing sexually explicit content, such as pornography.YesYes
.postpostal servicesThe .post TLD is restricted to Postal Administrations as defined in the Universal Postal Union constitution, and their large customers who wish to provide "Trusted Postal Services".[85]Universal Postal UnionNo[86]Yes
.presspublishing and journalismRadix RegistryUnknownYes
.primeAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.proprofessions/professionalsRegistry Services CorporationNoYes
.productionsstudio/art businessesDonuts[donuts 107]YesYes
.profProfessors, teachers and learningGoogle[n 2]UnknownYes
.promoAfilias plc[46]
.propertiesreal estateDonuts[donuts 108]YesYes
.propertyreal estateUniregistryYes[50]Yes
.protectionsecurity XYZ.COM LLC[46]
.pubbars and pubsRightside Group[n 1]YesYes
.qponcouponsdotCOOLUnknownYes

R

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.racingracingGlobal Registry Services Ltd[45]UnknownYes
.radioradio stations European Broadcasting Union (EBU)[46]
.readebook websites Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.realestatereal estate dotRealEstate LLC[46]
.realtorrealtorsTo be restricted to members of the National Association of Realtors and the Canadian Real Estate Association, and related associations.[87]Real Estate DomainsUnknownYes
.realtyFegistry, LLC[46]
.recipesrecipes and cookingDonuts[donuts 109]YesYes
.redthose who like the color red[88]
Also Spanish variant of .net
Also likely to be attractive for domain hacks for words that end with '-red'.
AfiliasYesYes
.rehabRehab centers and support sitesRightside Group[n 1]UnknownYes
.reitreal estate investment trustsRestricted to REITs, as determined by national law.[89]National Association of Real Estate Investment TrustsUnknownYes
.rentReal estate professionals and small businessesxyz.xyzUnknownYes
.rentalsshort-term ownershipDonuts[donuts 110]YesYes
.repairgeneral repair/maintenance businessesDonuts[donuts 111]YesYes
.reportbusiness servicesDonuts[donuts 112]YesYes
.republicanRepublican Party politicsRightside Group[n 1]UnknownYes
.restRestaurants and related industryPunto 2012Yes[90]Yes
.restaurantrestaurantsDonuts[donuts 113]YesYes
.reviewpublic reviewsGlobal Registry Services Ltd[45]UnknownYes
.reviewspublic reviewsRightside Group[n 1]YesYes
.richbusinesses catering to the wealthyI-REGISTRYUnknownYes
.ripmemorial sites[91]Rightside Group[n 1]UnknownYes
.rocksgeneralRightside Group[n 1]YesYes
.rodeoRodeo interestMinds + Machines[n 3]YesYes
.roomAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.rugbyWorld Rugby Strategic Developments Limited[46]
.runrunning and joggingDonutsYesYes

S

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.safeAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.saleretailUnknownYes
.saveAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.scholarshipsscholarship relatedScholarships.com[92][93]UnknownUnknown
.schoolschoolsDonuts[donuts 114]YesYes
.sciencescience-related sitesGlobal Registry Services Ltd[45]UnknownYes
.searchCharleston Road Registry Inc. (Google)[46]
.secureAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.securityXYZ.COM LLC[46]
.selectiSelect Ltd[46]
.servicesbusiness servicesDonuts[donuts 115]YesYes
.sexadult entertainment (pornography)For sites providing sexually explicit content, such as pornography.ICM RegistryYesYes
.sexyadult entertainmentUniregistryYes[50]Yes
.shoesshoesDonuts[donuts 116]YesYes
.shopGMO Registry, Inc.[46]
.shoppingOver Keep, LLC[46]
.showentertainment and vlogsDonutsYesYes
.showtimeCBS Domains Inc.[46]
.silkAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.singlesonline datingDonuts[donuts 117]YesYes
.sitegeneralUnknownYes
.skiSTARTING DOT LIMITED[46]
.skinL'Oréal[46]
.skySky International AG[46]
.slingHughes Satellite Systems Corporation[46]
.smileAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.soccersoccerDonutsYesYes
.socialgeneral interestRightside Group[n 1]YesYes
.softwarecomputer softwareRightside Group[n 1]UnknownYes
.solarsolar-powerDonuts[donuts 118]YesYes
.solutionsbusiness servicesDonuts[donuts 119]YesYes
.songAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.spaceas a creative spaceRadix RegistryUnknownYes
.spotAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.spreadbettingDOTSPREADBETTING REGISTRY LTD[46]
.storageSelf Storage Company LLC[46]
.storestoresRadix RegistryYesYes
.streamGlobal Registry Services Ltd[45]
.studioart, fitness, & entertainmentRightside Group[n 1]YesYes
.studyOPEN UNIVERSITIES AUSTRALIA PTY LTD[46]
.stylefashionDonutsYesYes
.sucksgripe sitesVox PopuliUnknownYes
.suppliesmanufacturing industriesDonuts[donuts 120]YesYes
.supplymanufacturing industriesDonuts[donuts 121]YesYes
.supporthelp pagesDonuts[donuts 122]Yes[94]Yes
.surfsurfingMinds + Machines[n 3]UnknownYes
.surgeryhealthcare industryDonuts[donuts 123]YesYes
.systemstechnologyDonuts[donuts 124]YesYes

T, U, V

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.talkAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.tattootattoo aficionadosUniregistryYes[50]Yes
.taxfinancialDonutsYesYes
.taxitaxi servicesDonutsYesYes
.teamteam sportsDonutsYesYes
.techtechnologyRadix RegistryYesYes
.technologytechnologyDonutsYesYes
.telInternet communication servicesA contact directory housing all types of contact information directly in the Domain Name System.Yes[95]Yes
.tennistennisDonutsYesYes
.theatertheaters and cinemasDonutsYesYes
.theatreXYZ.COM LLC[46]
.ticketsAccent Media Limited[46]
.tipsgeneral help topicsDonutsYesYes
.tirestire manufacturersDonutsYesYes
.todaygeneralDonutsYesYes
.toolsmanufacturing industriesDonutsYesYes
.topgeneralJiangsu BangningUnknownYes
.tourstourismDonutsYesYes
.towngeneric geographicDonutsYesYes
.toystoy businessesDonutsYesYes
.tradebusinessesGlobal Registry Services Ltd[45]YesYes
.tradingDOTTRADING REGISTRY LTD[46]
.trainingsports and fitnessDonutsYesYes
.traveltravel and tourism industry related sitesMust be verified as a legitimate travel-related entity.NoYes
.travelersinsuranceTravelers TLD, LLC[46]
.trustArtemis Internet Inc[46]
.tubeLatin American Telecom LLC[46]
.tunesAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.uconnectFCA US LLC[46]
.universityyoung adults, university lifeDonutsYesYes
.vacationstravelDonutsYesYes
.venturesfunding for start-upsDonutsYesYes
.vetveterans and veterinariansYesYes
.videovideo sharingUnknownYes
.villasreal estate and/or travel businessesDonutsYesYes
.vipMinds + Machines Group Limited[46]
.visioneye-care businessesDonutsYesYes
.vodkaVodka-related businesses and interestYesYes
.votedemocratic elections and campaign websitesMust use the domain in connection with a "clearly identified political/democratic process."[96]AfiliasUnknownYes
.votingpolling sitesLatin and Cyrillic scripts[9]Yes
.voyagetravelDonutsYesYes

W, X, Y, Z

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.wanggeneral
Wǎng is a Chinese Mandarin pinyin rendering of 网 (traditional 網) meaning "web" or "portal".[97]
Wang is also a common surname in mainland China.
Zodiac RegistryYes[98]Yes
.watchWatchesDonutsYesYes
.watchesRichemont DNS Inc.[46]
.weatherInternational Business Machines Corporation[46]
.webcamWeb cam shows and video sharingGlobal Registry Services Ltd[45]YesYes
.websitegeneralRadix RegistryUnknownYes
.wedengaged couples and wedding-oriented businessesThis TLD is intended primarily for engaged couples on a short-term basis (two years with large third-year renewal fees for second-level domains).[99]
And although the registry is advertising for multiple world languages, all domains appear to need to be in Latin script.[100]
NoYes
.weddingwedding-oriented businessesMinds + Machines[n 3]YesYes
.whoswhogeneralAn open TLD, any person or entity is permitted to register. Conceived for those cited in one of the Who's Who reference titles published around the world, the registry was opened for use by private individuals, and for-profit and nonprofit entities, including those with social media aspirations. Registry policies allow for rapid takedown of non-compliant domains, for violations including imposturous registration of another's names, and proscribed uses, including pornography or adult services/applications.Who's Who RegistryYesYes
.wikiwikis"An open TLD for anyone interested in community resource creation"Top Level DesignYesYes
.wingames, Microsoft WindowsGlobal Registry Services Ltd[45]UnknownYes
.wineWineUnknownUnknown
.winnersThe TJX Companies, Inc.[46]
.workgeneralMinds + Machines[n 3]YesYes
.worksgeneralDonutsYesYes
.worldgeneralDonutsYesYes
.wowAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.wtfgeneralDonutsYesYes
.xxxadult entertainment (pornography)For sites providing sexually explicit content, such as pornography.UniregistryYesYes
.xyzgeneralXYZ.comYes[101]Yes
.yachtsDERYachts, LLC[46]
.yogayogaMinds + Machines[n 3]YesYes
.youAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.zeroAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.zonegeneralDonutsYesYes

Chinese

Name Chinese term Translation Restrictions Operator IDN DNSSEC
.renrén"people/person" in Mandarin pinyinRestricted TLD[102](Cancelled)[103]UnknownYes
.shouji手机 shŏujīmobile phoneQIHOO 360 TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD.
.tushu图书 túshūbooksAmazon Registry Services, Inc.
.wanggou网购 wǎnggòuonline shoppingAmazon Registry Services, Inc.
.weibo微博 wēibómicrobloggingSina Corporation
.xihuan喜欢 xǐhuānlikeQIHOO 360 TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD.
.xinxìncredit; honestAlibaba Group

French

Name Translation Restrictions Operator IDN DNSSEC
.arteAssociation Relative à la Télévision Européenne G.E.I.E.[46]
.clinique"hospital" The Estée Lauder Companies Inc.[46]
.luxe"luxury" Minds + Machines[n 3]UnknownYes
.maison"house"Donuts[donuts 125]Chinese, French, German, Spanish[104]Yes
.moi"me" Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.rsvpInvitations and repliesGoogle[n 2]UnknownYes
.sarlSociété à responsabilité limitée, Francophone Limited liability companyDonuts[donuts 126]YesYes

German

Name Translation Restrictions Operator IDN DNSSEC
.eposte-mailDeutsche Post AG
.gmbhGmbHUpon request, you will be required to demonstrate current or pending designation as a GmbH company whose existence can be validated with the respective public authorities in Austria, Germany, Liechtenstein or Switzerland. Extra Dynamite, LLC
.haus"house"Rightside Group[n 1]YesYes
.immobilien"real estate"Rightside Group[n 1]German[9]Yes
.jetzt"now"New TLD CompanyYesYes
.kaufen"buy"Rightside Group[n 1]German[9]Yes
.kinder"children"restricted .brand TLDFerrero Trading Lux S.A.
.reise"travel"Must be an eligible member of the travel business community; also, domain must be used for travel-related purposes.[105]dotreiseLatin script[9]Yes
.reisen"traveling"Donuts[donuts 127]German[9]Yes
.schule"school"Donuts[donuts 128]YesYes
.versicherung"insurance"Latin script[9]Yes

Hindi

Name Translation Restrictions Operator IDN DNSSEC
.desiदेसी, Hindi for the peoples and cultures of South Asia
See also Desi
Desi NetworksUnknownYes
.shikshaशिक्षा, Hindi for "education".AfiliasUnknownYes

Italian

Name Translation Restrictions Operator IDN DNSSEC
.casa"house"Minds + Machines[n 3]YesYes
.immoFrench, German,[106] and Italian abbreviation for "real estate"Donuts[donuts 129]YesYes
.moda"fashion"Rightside Group[n 1]Spanish[9]Yes
.voto"vote", for election and campaign websitesMust use the domain in connection with a "clearly identified political/democratic process."[107] Initially only available to registrations in the United States.[108]AfiliasUnknownYes

Portuguese

Name Translation Restrictions Operator IDN DNSSEC
.bomgoodNúcleo de Informação e Coordenação do Ponto BR - NIC.br
.passagensticketTravel Reservations SRL

Spanish

Name Translation Restrictions Operator IDN DNSSEC
.abogado"lawyer"To be restricted to licensed lawyers or law firms.[109]Minds + Machines[n 3]UnknownYes
.gratis"free"Donuts[donuts 130]YesYes
.futbolFootball (soccer)Rightside Group[n 1]YesYes
.hoteleshotelsTravel Reservations SRL
.juegos"games"UniregistryYes[50]Yes
.ltdacompanies in South AmericaDomains are limited to registered LTDAs (like LLCs) in Brazil, Colombia, Chile, and Ecuador.[110]InterNetXUnknownYes
.soy"I am"
Also refers to the soybean and its food derivatives
Google[n 2]Latin script, Japanese[111]Yes
.tienda"shop", "store"DonutsSpanishYes
.uno"one", for websites targeting Spanish speaking consumersSpanishYes
.viajes"travel"DonutsSpanishYes
.vuelosflightsTravel Reservations SRL

Internationalized generic top-level domains

All of these TLDs are internationalized domain names (IDN) and support second-level IDNs.

Arabic script

DNS Name IDN Language Script Transliteration English Translation Notes DNSSEC
xn--4gbrim[112].موقعArabicArabicmawqiʿ "site" or "location"Open TLDYes
xn--fhbei[112].كومArabickūmcomOwned by: VeriSign Sarl[46]
xn--mgbb9fbpob[112].موبايليArabicmūbāylīMy mobile (phone)Owned by: GreenTech Consultancy Company W.L.L.[46]
xn--mgbi4ecexp[112].كاثوليكArabickāthūlīkCatholicOwned by: Pontificium Consilium de Comunicationibus Socialibus (PCCS) (Pontifical Council for Social Communication)[46]
xn--ngbc5azd[112].شبكةArabicArabicshabaka"network"Open TLDYes
xn--ngbe9e0a[112].بيتكArabicbaytak your homeOwned by: Kuwait Finance House[46]
xn--mgbab2bd[112].بازارPersianArabicbâzâr"market", "bazaar"Open TLDYes

Chinese characters

DNS Name IDN Language Script Transliteration English Translation Notes DNSSEC
xn--3ds443g[112].在线ChineseChinese (Simplified)zàixiàn"online"Open TLD.
The Chinese Government quickly bought 20,000 internationalized subdomains for localities.[113]
Yes
xn--fiq228c5hs[112].中文网ChineseChinese (Simplified)Zhōngwén wǎng"(written) Chinese (language) network"Open TLD.
The Chinese Government quickly bought 20,000 IDN for localities.[113]
Yes
xn--ses554g[112].网址ChineseChinese (Simplified)wǎngzhǐ"network address" or "website"Open TLDYes
xn--5tzm5g[112].网站ChineseChinese (Simplified)wǎngzhàn"website"Open TLDYes
xn--io0a7i[112].网络ChineseChinese (Simplified)wǎngluò"network"Open TLDYes
xn--55qx5d[112].公司ChineseChinese (Simplified and Traditional)gōngsī"business organization" or "company"Open TLDYes
xn--czru2d[112].商城ChineseChinese (Simplified and Traditional)shāngchéng"mall"Open TLDYes
xn--nqv7f[112].机构ChineseChinese (Simplified)jīgòu"agency"Open TLDYes
xn--6qq986b3xl[112].我爱你ChineseChinese (Simplified)wǒ ài nǐ"I love you"Open TLDYes
xn--czr694b[112].商标ChineseChinese (Simplified)shāngbiāo"trademark"Open TLDYes
xn--rhqv96g[112].世界ChineseChinese (Simplified and Traditional)shìjiè"world"Open TLDYes
xn--3bst00m[112].集团ChineseChinese (Simplified)jítuán"conglomerate"Open TLDYes
xn--30rr7y[112].慈善ChineseChinese (Simplified)Císhàn"philanthropy"Open TLDYes
xn--45q11c[112].八卦ChineseChinese (Simplified)Bāguà"gossip"Open TLDYes
xn--55qw42g[112].公益ChineseChinese (Simplified)Gōngyì"philanthropy"Open TLDYes

Cyrillic script

DNS Name IDN Language Script Transliteration English Translation Notes DNSSEC
xn--d1acj3b[112].детиRussianCyrillic (Russian)dyeti"kids" or "children"Open TLDYes
xn--80aqecdr1a[112].католикCyrillicKatolikCatholicOwned by: Pontificium Consilium de Comunicationibus Socialibus (Pontifical Council for Social Communications)[46]
xn--j1aef[112].комRussianCyrillic (Russian)komcom
xn--80asehdb[112].онлайнRussianCyrillic (Russian)onlain"online"Open TLDYes
xn--c1avg[112].оргRussianCyrillic (Russian)org"org" or "organization"Open TLDYes
xn--80aswg[112].сайтRussianCyrillic (Russian)sait"site"Open TLDYes

Other script

DNS Name IDN Language Script Transliteration English Translation Notes DNSSEC
xn--i1b6b1a6a2e[112].संगठनHindiDevanagarisaṅgaṭhana"organization"Open TLDYes
xn--11b4c3d[112].कॉमHindiDevanagarikomcom
xn--c2br7g[112].नेटHindiDevanagarinetnet
xn--mk1bu44c[112].닷컴KoreanHanguldatkeom / tatk'ŏmdotcom
xn--t60b56a[112].닷넷KoreanHanguldatnet / tatnetdotnet
xn--9dbq2a[112].קוםHebrewHebrewqwm"com"Open TLDYes
xn--q9jyb4c[112].みんなJapaneseHiraganaminnaeveryoneOpen TLD[114]Yes
xn--1ck2e1b[112].セールJapaneseKatakanasērusaleOwned by: Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
xn--bck1b9a5dre4c[112].ファッションJapaneseKatakanafasshonfashion
xn--cck2b3b[112].ストアJapaneseKatakanasutoastore
xn--eckvdtc9d[112].ポイントJapaneseKatakanapointopoint
xn--gckr3f0f[112].クラウドJapaneseKatakanakuraudocloud
xn--tckwe[112].コムJapaneseKatakanakomucomOwned by: VeriSign Sarl[46]
xn--42c2d9a[112].คอมThaiThaikhomcom

Geographic top-level domains

Africa

Name Entity Notes IDN DNSSEC
.africaAfrica[46]
.capetownCape Town, South Africa[115]UnknownYes
.durbanDurban, South Africa[116]UnknownYes
.joburgJohannesburg, South Africa[117]UnknownYes

Asia

Name Entity Notes IDN DNSSEC
.abudhabiAbu Dhabi[46]
.arabLeague of Arab States[46]
.asiaAsia-Pacific regionThis is a TLD for companies, organizations, and individuals based in the region of Asia, Australia, and the Pacific.Chinese, Japanese, Korean[9]Yes
.dohaDoha[46]
.dubaiDubai[46]
.krd KurdistanThis is a TLD for companies, organizations, and individuals based in the region of Kurdistan[118][119]KurdishYes
.kyotoKyoto, Japan[120]
.nagoyaNagoya, Japan[121]Japanese[9]Yes
.okinawaOkinawa, JapanJapaneseYes
.osakaOsaka, Japan[46]
.ryukyuRyukyu Islands, Japan[122]UnknownYes
.taipeiTaipei, TaiwanIntroduced in September, 2014[123]UnknownYes
.tatarTatar peoples and placesTatarstan is a region in Russia, though this TLD is meant for the global Tatar community.[124]UnknownYes
.tokyoTokyo, Japan[125]YesYes
.yokohamaYokohama, Japan[126]JapaneseYes

Europe

Name Entity Notes IDN DNSSEC
.alsace Alsace, France[127]UnknownYes
.amsterdamAmsterdam, The Netherlands[128]UnknownYes
.bar Bar, Montenegro[46] Mostly used for bars and other alcohol facilities worldwide
.bcnBarcelona, Spain[46]
.barcelonaBarcelona, SpainUnknownYes
.bayern Bavaria, Germany[129]YesYes
.berlin Berlin, Germany[130]Latin and Cyrillic scripts[9]Yes
.brusselsBrussels, Belgium[131]Latin script[9]Yes
.budapestBudapest, Hungary[132]UnknownYes
.bzh Brittany, France; Breton language and cultureBreizh in Breton.[133] This is a TLD for Web sites in the Breton language or related to Breton cultureFrench[9]Yes
.cat Catalonia, Spain; Catalan language and cultureThis is a TLD for Web sites in the Catalan language or related to Catalan culture.[134]Catalan[9]Yes
.cologneCologne, Germany[135]YesYes
.corsica Corsica, FranceTLD Related to Corsican CultureUnknownYes
.cymru Wales, United Kingdom[136]Welsh[9]Yes
.eusBasque, Spain and FranceEuskal Herria in Basque. Web sites must be in the Basque language and are checked periodically.[137]UnknownYes
.frl Friesland, NetherlandsFryslân in (West) Frisian, one of the twelve provinces in the Netherlands.[138]UnknownYes
.gal Galicia, SpainThis is a TLD for Web sites in the Galician language or related to Galician culture.[139]UnknownYes
.gentGhent, Belgium[140]UnknownYes
.hamburgHamburg, GermanyLatin script[9]Yes
.helsinkiHelsinki, Finland
.irish Ireland; global Irish communityUnknownYes
.istİstanbul, TurkeyUnknownUnknown
.istanbulİstanbul, TurkeyUnknownUnknown
.koelnCologne, Germany[141]YesYes
.londonLondon, United Kingdom[142]YesYes
.madridMadrid, Spain[143]UnknownYes
.moscowMoscow, Russia[144]YesYes
.nrwNorth Rhine-Westphalia, Germany[145]YesYes
.parisParis, France[146]French[9]Yes
.ruhrRuhr, Germany[147]German[9]Yes
.saarland Saarland, Germany[148]UnknownYes
.scot Scotland, United Kingdom[149]UnknownYes
.stockholmStockholm, Sweden[46]
.swiss  Switzerland[46]Yes[150]Yes
.tirol Tyrol, Austria[151]Yes[9]Yes
.vlaanderen Flanders, Belgium[152]Latin script[9]Yes
.wales Wales, United Kingdom[136]Welsh[9]Yes
.wien Vienna, Austria[153]Latin script[9]Yes
.zuerichZurich, Switzerland[154]UnknownYes

North America

Name Entity Notes IDN DNSSEC Alternatives
.bostonBoston, Massachusetts[46].boston.ma.us
.miamiMiami, Florida[155]UnknownYes
.nycNew York City, New York[156]Spanish[9]Yes.new-york.ny.us
.quebecQuébec, Canada[157]UnknownYes.qc.ca
.vegasLas Vegas, Nevada[158]YesYes.las-vegas.nv.us

Oceania

Name Entity Notes IDN DNSSEC
.kiwiNew Zealanders[159]Latin script[9]Yes
.melbourneMelbourne, Australia[160]UnknownYes
.sydneySydney, Australia[161]UnknownYes

South America

Name Entity Notes IDN DNSSEC
.latLatin America[162]Spanish[163]Yes
.rioRio de Janeiro, Brazil[164]UnknownYes

Internationalized geographic top-level domains

DNS name IDN Entity Language Script Transliteration Notes Other TLD IDN DNSSEC
xn--1qqw23a[112].佛山Foshan, ChinaChineseChinesefóshān[165]YesYes
xn--xhq521b[112].广东Guangdong, ChinaChineseChineseguǎngdōng[46]
xn--80adxhks[112].москваMoscow, RussiaRussianCyrillic (Russian)moskva[166].moscowRussian[9]Yes
xn--p1acf[112].русRussiaRussianCyrillic (Russian)rus[46].ru / .рф
xn--mgbca7dzdo[112].ابوظبيAbu DhabiArabicArabicAbū Ẓabī[46].abudhabi
xn--ngbrx[112].عربArabArabicArabic‘Arab[46]

Brand top-level domains

Name Entity Notes IDN DNSSEC
.aaaAmerican Automobile Association, Inc.[46]
.aarpAARP[46]
.abarthFiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V. (Abarth)[46]
.abbABB Ltd[46]
.abbottAbbott Laboratories, Inc.[46]
.abbvieAbbVie Inc.[46]
.abcAmerican Broadcasting Companies, Inc.[167][46]
.accentureAccenture plc[46]
.acoACO Severin Ahlmann GmbH & Co. KG[46]
.aegAktiebolaget Electrolux[46]
.aetnaAetna Life Insurance Company[46]
.aflAustralian Football League[46]
.agakhanFondation Aga Khan (Aga Khan Foundation)[46]
.aigAmerican International Group, Inc.[46]
.aigoaigo Digital Technology Co, Ltd.[46]
.airbusAirbus S.A.S.[46]
.airtelBharti Airtel Limited[46]
.akdnFondation Aga Khan (Aga Khan Foundation)[46]
.alfaromeoFiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V. (Alfa Romeo)[46]
.alibabaAlibaba Group Holding Limited[46]
.alipayAlibaba Group Holding Limited[46]
.allfinanzAllfinanz Deutsche Vermögensberatung Aktiengesellschaft[168]UnknownYes
.allstateAllstate Fire and Casualty Insurance Company[46]
.allyAlly Financial Inc.[46]
.alstomALSTOM[46]
.americanexpressAmerican Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc.[46]
.amexAmerican Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc.[46]
.amicaAmica Mutual Insurance Company[46]
.androidGoogle (Android)[169]UnknownYes
.anzAustralia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited[46]
.aolAOL Inc.[46]
.appleApple Inc.[46]
.aquarelleAquarelle.com Group[170]UnknownYes
.aramcoAramco Services Company[46]
.audiAUDI Aktiengesellschaft[46]
.auspostAustralian Postal Corporation[46]
.axaAXA[171]Yes[9]Yes
.azureMicrosoft Corporation[46]
.baiduBaidu, Inc.[46]
.bananarepublicThe Gap, Inc.[46]
.barclaycardBarclays[172]UnknownYes
.barclaysBarclays[172]UnknownYes
.basketballFIBA[173]
.bauhausWerkhaus GmbH[46]
.bbcBritish Broadcasting Corporation[46]
.bbtBB&T Corporation[46]
.bbvaBanco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria, S.A.[46]
.bcgThe Boston Consulting Group, Inc.[46]
.bentleyBentley Motors Limited[46]
.bhartiBharti Enterprises (Holding) Private Limited[46]
.bingMicrosoft Corporation[46]
.blancoBLANCO GmbH + Co KG[46]
.bloombergBloomberg IP Holdings LLC[174]UnknownYes
.bmsBristol-Myers Squibb Company[46]
.bmwBayerische Motoren Werke AG[175]NoYes
.bnlBanca Nazionale del Lavoro[176]UnknownYes
.bnpparibasBNP Paribas[177]UnknownYes
.boehringerBoehringer Ingelheim International GmbH[46]
.bondBond University Limited[46]
.bookingBooking.com B.V.[46]
.boschRobert Bosch GmbH[46]
.bostikBostik SA[46]
.bradescoBradesco[178]UnknownYes
.bridgestoneBridgestone Corporation[46]
.brotherBrother Industries, Ltd.[46]
.bugattiBugatti International SA[46]
.calGoogle (Google Calendar)[179]UnknownYes
.calvinkleinPVH gTLD Holdings LLC[46]
.canonCanon Inc.[46]
.capitaloneCapital One Financial Corporation[46]
.caravanCaravan International, Inc.[180]UnknownYes
.cartierRichemont DNS Inc.[46]
.cbaCommonwealth Bank Of Australia[46]
.cbnThe Christian Broadcasting Network, Inc.[46]
.cbreCBRE, Inc.[46]
.cbsCBS Domains Inc.[46]
.cernCERN[181]UnknownYes
.cfaCFA Institute[46]
.chanelChanel International B.V.[46]
.chaseJPMorgan Chase Bank, National Association[46]
.chintaiChintai Corporation[46]
.chromeGoogle (Google Chrome)[182]UnknownYes
.chryslerFCA US LLC[46]
.ciscoCisco Technology, Inc.[46]
.citadelCitadel Domain LLC[46]
.citiCitigroup Inc.[46]
.citicCITIC Group[183]NoYes
.clubmedClub Méditerranée S.A.[46]
.comcastComcast IP Holdings I, LLC[46]
.commbankCommonwealth Bank Of Australia[46]
.creditunionCUNA Performance Resources, LLC[46]
.crownCrown Equipment Corporation[46]
.crsFederated Co-operatives Limited
(Co-Operative Retailing System)
[184]UnknownYes
.csc DXC Technology (Formerly CSC)
.cuisinellaSociété Alsacienne de Meubles (Cuisinella)[185]UnknownYes
.daburDabur India Limited[46]
.datsunNissan Motor Co., Ltd.[46]
.dealerDealer Dot Com, Inc.[46]
.dellDell Inc.[46]
.deloitteDeloitte Touche Tohmatsu[46]
.deltaDelta Air Lines, Inc.[46]
.dhlDeutsche Post AG[46]
.discoverDiscover Financial Services[46]
.dishDish DBS Corporation[46]
.dnpDai Nippon Printing Co.[186]UnknownYes
.dodgeFCA US LLC (Dodge)[46]
.dunlopThe Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company[46]
.dupontE. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company[46]
.dvagDeutsche Vermögensberatung Aktiengesellschaft[187]UnknownYes
.edekaEdeka[188]UnknownYes
.emerckMerck KGaA[189]UnknownYes
.epsonSeiko Epson Corporation[46]
.ericssonTelefonaktiebolaget L M Ericsson[46]
.erniERNI Group Holding AG[46]
.esuranceEsurance Insurance Company[46]
.etisalatEmirates Telecommunications Corporation (trading as Etisalat)[46]
.eurovisionEuropean Broadcasting Union (EBU)[46]
.everbankEverBank[190]UnknownYes
.extraspaceExtra Space Storage LLC[46]
.fageFage International S.A.[46]
.fairwindsFairWinds Partners, LLC[46]
.farmersFarmers Insurance Exchange[46]
.fedexFedEx Corporation[46]
.ferrariFiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V. (Ferrari)[46]
.ferreroFerrero Trading Lux S.A.[46]
.fiatFiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V.[46]
.fidelityFidelity Brokerage Services LLC[46]
.firestoneBridgestone Licensing Services, Inc.[46]
.firmdaleFirmdale Holdings[191]UnknownYes
.flickrYahoo! Domain Services Inc.[46]
.flirFLIR Systems, Inc.[46]
.flsmidthFLSmidth A/S[192]UnknownYes
.fordFord Motor Company[46]
.foxFOX Registry, LLC[46]
.freseniusFresenius Immobilien-Verwaltungs-GmbH[46]
.forexDotforex Registry Ltd[46]
.frogansOP3FTSolely for use by the Frogans technology[193]Yes[9]Yes
.frontierFrontier Communications Corporation[46]
.fujitsuFujitsu Limited[46]
.fujixeroxXerox DNHC LLC[46]
.galloGallo Vineyards, Inc.[46]
.gallupGallup, Inc.[46]
.gapThe Gap, Inc.[46]
.gbizGoogle[194]UnknownYes
.geaGEA Group Aktiengesellschaft[46]
.gentingResorts World Inc. Pte. Ltd.[46]
.givingGiving Limited[46]
.gleGoogle[195]UnknownYes
.globoGrupo Globo[196]NoYes
.gmailGoogle (Gmail)[197]UnknownYes
.gmoGMO Internet[198]UnknownYes
.gmx1&1 Mail & Media (Global Message Exchange)[199]UnknownYes
.godaddyGo Daddy East, LLC[46]
.goldpointYodobashi Camera Co., Ltd.[46]
.goodyearThe Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company[46]
.googGoogle[200]UnknownYes
.googleGoogle[201]UnknownYes
.graingerGrainger Registry Services, LLC[46]
.guardianThe Guardian Life Insurance Company of America[46]
.gucciGuccio Gucci S.p.a.[46]
.hboHBO Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.hdfcHousing Development Finance Corporation Limited[46]
.hdfcbankHDFC Bank Limited[46]
.hermesHermes International[46]
.hisamitsuHisamitsu Pharmaceutical Co., Inc.[46]
.hitachiHitachi, Ltd.[46]
.hktPCCW-HKT DataCom Services Limited[46]
.hondaHonda Motor Co., Ltd.[46]
.honeywellHoneywell GTLD LLC[46]
.hotmailMicrosoft Corporation[46]
.hsbcHSBC[202]UnknownYes
.hughesHughes Satellite Systems Corporation[46]
.hyattHyatt GTLD, L.L.C.[46]
.hyundaiHyundai Motor Company[46]
.ibmIBM[203]UnknownYes
.ieeeIEEE Global LLC[46]
.ifmifm electronic gmbh[46]
.ikanoIkano S.A.[46]
.imdbAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.infinitiNissan Motor Co., Ltd. (Infiniti)[46]
.intelIntel Corporation[46]
.intuitIntuit Administrative Services, Inc.[46]
.ipirangaIpiranga Produtos de Petroleo S.A.[46]
.iselectiSelect Ltd[46]
.itauItau Unibanco Holding S.A.[46]
.itvITV Services Limited[46]
.ivecoCNH Industrial N.V.[46]
.jaguarJaguar Land Rover Ltd[46]
.javaOracle Corporation[46]
.jcbJCB Co., Ltd.[46]
.jcpJCP Media, Inc.[46]
.jeepFCA US LLC (Jeep)[46]
.jpmorganJPMorgan Chase Bank, National Association[46]
.juniperJuniper Networks, Inc.[46]
.kddiKDDI Corporation[46]
.kerryhotelsKerry Trading Co. Limited[46]
.kerrylogisticsKerry Trading Co. Limited[46]
.kerrypropertiesKerry Trading Co. Limited[46]
.kfhKuwait Finance House[46]
.kiaKia Motors Corporation[46]
.kinderFerrero Trading Lux S.A.[46]
.kindleAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.komatsuKomatsu Ltd.[46]
.kpmgKPMG International Cooperative (KPMG International Genossenschaft)[46]
.kredKredTLD[204]UnknownYes
.kuokgroupKerry Trading Co. Limited[46]
.lacaixaCaixa d’Estalvis i Pensions de Barcelona[205]UnknownYes
.ladbrokesLadbrokes International PLC[46]
.lamborghiniAutomobili Lamborghini S.p.A.[46]
.lancasterLancaster[46]
.lanciaFiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V. (Lancia)[46]
.lancomeL'Oréal[46]
.landroverJaguar Land Rover Ltd[46]
.lanxessLanxess Corporation[46]
.lasalleJones Lang LaSalle Incorporated[46]
.latrobeLa Trobe University[206]UnknownYes
.ldsThe Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church)[207][208]UnknownYes
.leclerc E.Leclerc [209]
.legoLEGO Juris A/S[46]
.liaisonLiaison Technologies, Incorporated[46]
.lexusToyota Motor Corporation (Lexus)[46]
.lidlSchwarz Domains und Services GmbH & Co. KG[46]
.lifestyleLifestyle Domain Holdings, Inc.[46]
.lillyEli Lilly and Company[46]
.lincolnFord Motor Company (Lincoln)[46]
.lindeLinde Aktiengesellschaft[46]
.lipsyLipsy Ltd[46]
.lixilLIXIL Group Corporation[46]
.locusLocus Analytics LLC[46]
.lotteLotte Holdings Co., Ltd.[46]
.lplLPL Holdings, Inc.[46]
.lplfinancialLPL Holdings, Inc.[46]
.lundbeckH. Lundbeck A/S[46]
.lupinLupin Limited[46]
.macysMacy's, Inc.[46]
.maifMutuelle Assurance Instituteur France (MAIF)[46]
.manMAN SE[46]
.mangoMANGO[210]Latin script[9]Yes
.marriottMarriott Worldwide Corporation[46]
.maseratiFiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V. (Maserati)[46]
.mattelMattel Sites, Inc.[46]
.mckinseyMcKinsey Holdings, Inc.[46]
.metlifeMetLife Services and Solutions, LLC[46]
.microsoftMicrosoft Corporation[46]
.miniBMW (Mini)[211]NoYes
.mitMassachusetts Institute of Technology[46]
.mitsubishiMitsubishi Corporation[46]
.mlbMLB Advanced Media DH, LLC[46]
.mmaMMA IARD[46]
.monashMonash University[212][213]NoYes
.mormonThe Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church)[207][214]UnknownYes
.motoMotorola Trademark Holdings, LLC[46]
.movistarTelefónica S.A.[46]
.msdMSD Registry Holdings, Inc.[46]
.mtnMTN Dubai Limited[46]
.mtrMTR Corporation Limited[46]
.mutualNorthwestern Mutual MU TLD Registry, LLC[46]
.nadexNadex Domains, Inc[46]
.nationwideNationwide Mutual Insurance Company[46]
.naturaNatura Cosméticos S.A.[46]
.nbaNBA Registry, LLC[46]
.necNEC Corporation[46]
.netflixNetflix, Inc.[46]
.neustarNeustar[215]NoYes
.newhollandCNH Industrial N.V.[46]
.nexusGoogle (Google Nexus)[216]UnknownYes
.nflNFL Reg Ops LLC[46]
.nhkNHK[217]UnknownYes
.nicoDwango Co., Ltd. (Niconico)[218]UnknownYes
.nikeNike, Inc.[46]
.nikonNikon Corporation[46]
.nissanNissan Motor Co., Ltd.[46]
.nissayNippon Life Insurance Company[46]
.nokiaNokia Corporation[46]
.northwesternmutualNorthwestern Mutual Registry, LLC[46]
.nortonSymantec Corporation[46]
.nraNational Rifle Association[219]UnknownYes
.nttNippon Telegraph And Telephone Corporation[46]
.obiOBI Group Holding SE & Co. KGaA[46]
.officeMicrosoft Corporation[46]
.omegaThe Swatch Group Ltd[46]
.oracleOracle Corporation[46]
.orangeOrange Brand Services Limited[46]
.otsukaOtsuka Holdings[220]UnknownYes
.ovhOVH[221]French[9]Yes
.panasonicPanasonic Corporation[46]
.pccwPCCW Enterprises Limited[46]
.pfizerPfizer Inc.[46]
.philipsKoninklijke Philips N.V.[46]
.piagetPiaget SA[222]UnknownYes
.pictetPictet Europe S.A.[46]
.pingPing Registry Provider, Inc.[46]
.pioneerPioneer Corporation[46]
.playCharleston Road Registry Inc. (Google)[46]
.playstationSony Computer Entertainment Inc.[46]
.pohlDeutsche Vermögensberatung Aktiengesellschaft
(founder Reinfried Pohl)
[223]UnknownYes
.politiePolitie Nederland[46]
.praxiPraxi[224]UnknownYes
.prodGoogle (products)[225]UnknownYes
.progressiveProgressive Casualty Insurance Company[46]
.pruPrudential Financial, Inc.[46]
.prudentialPrudential Financial, Inc.[46]
.pwcPwC[226]UnknownYes
.questQuest ION Limited[46]
.qvcQVC, Inc.[46]
.redstoneRedstone Haute Couture Co., Ltd.[46]
.relianceReliance Industries Limited[46]
.rexrothRobert Bosch GmbH[46]
.ricohRicoh Company, Ltd.[46]
.rmitRoyal Melbourne Institute of Technology[46]
.rocherFerrero Trading Lux S.A.[46]
.rogersRogers Communications Canada Inc.[46]
.rweRWE AG[46]
.safetySafety Registry Services, LLC.[46]
.sakuraSAKURA Internet Inc.[46]
.samsungSAMSUNG SDS CO., LTD[46]
.sandvikSandvik AB[46]
.sandvikcoromantSandvik Coromant[227]UnknownUnknown
.sanofiSanofi[46]
.sapSAP SE[228]
.saxoSaxo Bank A/S[46]
.sbiState Bank of India[46]
.sbsSpecial Broadcasting Service Corporation[46]
.scaSvenska Cellulosa Aktiebolaget[229]UnknownYes
.scbSiam Commercial BankThai[9]Yes
.schaefflerSchaeffler Technologies AG & Co. KG[46]
.schmidtSociété Alsacienne de Meubles (Cuisines Schmidt)[230]UnknownYes
.schwarzSchwarz Domains und Services GmbH & Co. KG[46]
.scjohnsonJohnson Shareholdings, Inc.[46]
.scorSCOR SE[46]
.seatSEAT, S.A. (Sociedad Unipersonal)[46]
.senerSener Ingeniería y Sistemas, S.A.[46]
.sesSES[46]
.sewSEW-EURODRIVE GmbH & Co KG[46]
.sevenSeven West Media Ltd[46]
.sfrSociete Francaise du Radiotelephone - SFR[46]
.seekSeek Limited[231]NoUnknown
.shangrilaShangri‐La International Hotel Management Limited[46]
.sharpSharp Corporation[46]
.shawShaw Cablesystems G.P.[46]
.shellShell Information Technology International Inc[46]
.shriramShriram Capital Ltd.[46]
.sinaSina Corporation[46]
.skySky plc[46]
.skypeMicrosoft Corporation[46]
.smartSmart Communications, Inc. (SMART)[46]
.sncfSNCF (Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Français)[46]
.softbankSoftBank Group Corp.[46]
.sohuSohu[232]UnknownYes
.sonySony Corporation[46]
.spiegelSpiegel-Verlag[233]UnknownYes
.stadaSTADA Arzneimittel AG[46]
.staplesStaples, Inc.[46]
.starStar India Private Limited[46]
.starhubStarHub Limited[46]
.statebankState Bank of India[46]
.statefarmState Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Company[46]
.statoilStatoil ASA[46]
.stcSaudi Telecom Company[46]
.stcgroupSaudi Telecom Company[46]
.suzukiSuzuki Motor Corporation[234]UnknownYes
.swatchThe Swatch Group Ltd[46]
.swiftcoverSwiftcover Insurance Services Limited[46]
.symantecSymantec Corporation[46]
.taobaoAlibaba Group Holding Limited[46]
.targetTarget Domain Holdings, LLC[46]
.tatamotorsTata Motors Ltd[46]
.tdkTDK Corporation[46]
.telecityTelecityGroup International Limited[46]
.telefonicaTelefónica S.A.[46]
.temasekTemasek Holdings (Private) Limited[46]
.tevaTeva Pharmaceutical Industries Limited[46]
.tiffanyTiffany and Company[46]
.tjxThe TJX Companies, Inc.[46]
.torayToray Industries, Inc.[46]
.toshibaToshiba Corporation[46]
.totalTotal SA[46]
.toyotaToyota Motor Corporation[46]
.travelchannelLifestyle Domain Holdings, Inc.[46]
.travelersTravelers TLD, LLC[46]
.tuiTUI AG[235]UnknownYes
.tvsT V Sundram Iyengar & Sons Private Limited[46]
.ubsUBS AG[46]
.unicomChina United Network Communications Corporation Limited[46]
.uolUniverso OnlineDelegated to UOL subsidiary UBN Internet.[236]UnknownYes
.upsUPS Market Driver, Inc.[46]
.vanguardThe Vanguard Group, Inc.[46]
.verisignVeriSign, Inc.[46]
.vigVienna Insurance Group AG Wiener Versicherung Gruppe[46]
.vikingViking River Cruises (Bermuda) Ltd.[46]
.virginVirgin Enterprises Limited[46]
.visaVisa Worldwide Pte. Limited[46]
.vistaVistaprint Limited[46]
.vistaprintVistaprint Limited[46]
.vivoTelefónica Brasil S.A.[46]
.volkswagenVolkswagen Group of America Inc.[46]
.volvoVolvo Holding Sverige Aktiebolag[46]
.walmartWalmart, Inc.[46]
.walterSandvik AB[46]
.weatherchannelInternational Business Machines Corporation (The Weather Company)[46]
.weberSaint-Gobain Weber SA[46]
.weirWeir Group IP Limited[46]
.williamhillWilliam Hill[237]UnknownYes
.windowsMicrosoft Corporation[46]
.wmeWilliam Morris Endeavor Entertainment[238]UnknownYes
.wolterskluwerWolters Kluwer N.V.[46]
.woodsideWoodside Petroleum Limited[46]
.wtcWorld Trade Centers Association[239]UnknownYes
.xboxMicrosoft Corporation[46]
.xeroxXerox DNHC LLC[46]
.xfinityComcast IP Holdings I, LLC[46]
.yahooYahoo! Domain Services Inc.[46]
.yamaxunAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.yandexYandex[240]UnknownYes
.yodobashiYODOBASHI CAMERA CO., LTD.[46]
.youtubeGoogle (YouTube)[241]UnknownYes
.zapposAmazon Registry Services, Inc.[46]
.zaraIndustria de Diseño Textil, S.A. (INDITEX, S.A.)[46]
.zipCharleston Road Registry Inc. (Google)[46]
.zippoZadco Company[46]

Internationalized brand top-level domains

DNS nameIDN TLDEntityScriptTransliterationCommentsDNSSEC
xn--mgba3a3ejt.ارامكوAramco Services CompanyArabic[46]
xn--mgbaakc7dvf.اتصالاتEmirates Telecommunications Corporation (trading as Etisalat)Arabic[46]
xn--8y0a063a.联通China United Network Communications Corporation LimitedChineseLiántōng[46]
xn--6frz82g.移动China Mobile Communications CorporationChineseYídòng
xn--fiq64b.中信CITIC GroupChinesezhōngxìn[242]Yes
xn--5su34j936bgsg.香格里拉Shangri‐La International Hotel Management LimitedChineseXiānggélǐlā[46]
xn--b4w605ferd.淡马锡Temasek Holdings (Private) LimitedChineseDànmǎxī[46]
xn--3oq18vl8pn36a.大众汽车Volkswagen (China) Investment Co., Ltd.ChineseDàzhòngqìchē[46]
xn--vermgensberater-ctb.vermögensberaterDeutsche Vermögensberatung AktiengesellschaftLatin[243]Yes
xn--vermgensberatung-pwb.vermögensberatungDeutsche Vermögensberatung AktiengesellschaftLatin[244]Yes
xn--qcka1pmc.グーグルGoogleKatakanagūguru[245]Yes
xn--flw351e.谷歌GoogleChinese
(Simplified)
gǔgē[246]Yes
xn--estv75g.工行Industrial and Commercial Bank of China LimitedChineseGōngháng[46]
xn--w4rs40l.嘉里Kerry Trading Co. LimitedChineseJiālǐ[46]
xn--w4r85el8fhu5dnra.嘉里大酒店Kerry Trading Co. LimitedChineseJiālǐdàjiǔdiàn[46]
xn--kcrx77d1x4a.飞利浦Koninklijke Philips N.V.ChineseFēilìpǔ[46]
xn--jlq61u9w7b.诺基亚Nokia CorporationChineseNuòjīyà[46]
xn--fzys8d69uvgm.電訊盈科PCCW Enterprises LimitedChinese[46]
xn--cg4bki.삼성SamsungHangulsamseong[247]Yes

Special-Use Domains

ICANN/IANA has created some Special-Use domain names which are meant for special technical purposes. ICANN/IANA owns all of the Special-Use domain names.[248]

Name Entity Notes IDN DNSSEC
.exampleNot installed as a domain name, but usable in text as an example.
example.com, example.net and example.org are also reserved for this purpose but are active sites.
Unknown
.invalidNot installed as a domain name, but usable in testing as a domain which wouldn't work.Unknown
.localLocal networkUnknown
.localhostPoints back to own computerUnknown
.onionConnection to the Tor networkUnknown
.testMeant for testing DNS softwareUnknown

See also

Notes

  1. Domain registry is operated by United TLD Holdco Ltd. t/a Rightside Registry, a subsidiary of the Rightside Group.
  2. Operated by Charleston Road Registry, Inc., a subsidiary of Google. See .
  3. A subsidiary of Minds + Machines Group (formerly Top Level Domain Holdings.)
  4. Operating as Afilias Domains No. 5 Limited.
  1. Operating as Half Oaks, LLC
  2. Operating as Knob Town, LLC
  3. Operating as Steel Falls, LLC
  4. Operating as Baxter Hill, LLC
  5. Operating as Half Hallow, LLC
  6. Operating as Grand Hollow, LLC
  7. Operating as Over Galley, LLC
  8. Operating as Atomic Madison, LLC
  9. Operating as Spring Cross, LLC
  10. Operating as Half Sunset, LLC
  11. Operating as Atomic Maple, LLC
  12. Operating as Delta Dynamite, LLC
  13. Operating as Delta Mill, LLC
  14. Operating as Foggy Hollow, LLC
  15. Operating as Goose Cross, LLC
  16. Operating as Wild Corner, LLC
  17. Operating as Delta Lake, LLC
  18. Operating as New Falls, LLC
  19. Operating as Tin Mill, LLC
  20. Operating as Sand Cover, LLC
  21. Operating as Holly Fields, LLC
  22. Operating as Snow Sky, LLC
  23. Operating as Black Corner, LLC
  24. Operating as Fox Shadow, LLC
  25. Operating as Goose Park, LLC
  26. Operating as Steel Lake, LLC
  27. Operating as Puff Willow, LLC
  28. Operating as Trixy Cover, LLC
  29. Operating as Fox Orchard, LLC
  30. Operating as Silver Avenue, LLC
  31. Operating as Pine Mill, LLC
  32. Operating as Pine House, LLC
  33. Operating as Fox Dynamite, LLC
  34. Operating as Magic Woods, LLC
  35. Operating as Koko Lake, LLC
  36. Operating as Snow Shadow, LLC
  37. Operating as Binky Frostbite, LLC
  38. Operating as Spring Way, LLC
  39. Operating as Pine Fest, LLC
  40. Operating as Sand Sunset, LLC
  41. Operating as Steel Station, LLC
  42. Operating as Tin Birch, LLC
  43. Operating as John Edge, LLC
  44. Operating as Dash Park, LLC
  45. Operating as Half Trail, LLC
  46. Operating as Extra Madison, LLC
  47. Operating as Holly Hill, LLC
  48. Operating as Sugar Cross, LLC
  49. Operating as Brice Way, LLC
  50. Operating as Spring Madison, LLC
  51. Operating as Binky Birch, LLC
  52. Operating as Romeo Canyon.
  53. Operating as Snow Oaks, LLC
  54. Operating as Corn Station, LLC
  55. Operating as Trixy Park, LLC
  56. Operating as Pioneer Maple, LLC
  57. Operating as Spring Falls, LLC
  58. Operating as Magic Pass, LLC
  59. Operating as Victor Beach, LLC
  60. Operating as Atomic Pipe, LLC
  61. Operating as Just Maple, LLC
  62. Operating as Cotton Cypress, LLC
  63. Operating as Just Cover, LLC
  64. Operating as Fox Woods, LLC
  65. Operating as Brice Orchard, LLC
  66. Operating as Fox Station, LLC
  67. Operating as Half Cypress, LLC
  68. Operating as John Dale, LLC
  69. Operating as John Castle, LLC
  70. Operating as Lone Fields, LLC
  71. Operating as Sugar House, LLC
  72. Operating as Goose Sky, LLC
  73. Operating as Black Cover, LLC
  74. Operating as Over Madison, LLC
  75. Operating as Corn Sunset, LLC
  76. Operating as Snow Moon, LLC
  77. Operating as Pioneer Cypress, LLC
  78. Operating as Silver Glen, LLC
  79. Operating as John Madison, LLC
  80. Operating as Goose Woods, LLC
  81. Operating as Sugar Park, LLC
  82. Operating as Outer House, LLC
  83. Operating as Outer Maple, LLC
  84. Operating as Pioneer Willow, LLC
  85. Operating as Wild Way, LLC
  86. Operating as Holly Glen, LLC
  87. Operating as Just Goodbye, LLC
  88. Operating as Pine Moon, LLC
  89. Operating as Victor Trail, LLC
  90. Operating as Trixy Oaks, LLC
  91. Operating as John McCook, LLC
  92. Operating as Big Fest, LLC
  93. Operating as Hidden Frostbite, LLC
  94. Operating as June Woods, LLC
  95. Operating as John Goodbye, LLC
  96. Operating as Fern Pass, LLC
  97. Operating as Grand Glen, LLC
  98. Operating as Trixy Manor, LLC
  99. Operating as Magic Glen, LLC
  100. Operating as Sea Goodbye, LLC
  101. Operating as Sugar Glen, LLC
  102. Operating as Sea Corner, LLC
  103. Operating as Foggy Sky, LLC
  104. Operating as Foggy Moon, LLC
  105. Operating as Snow Galley, LLC
  106. Operating as Spring Tigers, LLC
  107. Operating as Magic Birch, LLC
  108. Operating as Big Pass, LLC
  109. Operating as Grand Island, LLC
  110. Operating as Big Hollow, LLC
  111. Operating as Lone Sunset, LLC
  112. Operating as Binky Glen, LLC
  113. Operating as Snow Avenue, LLC
  114. Operating as Little Galley, LLC
  115. Operating as Fox Castle, LLC
  116. Operating as Binky Galley, LLC
  117. Operating as Fern Madison, LLC
  118. Operating as Ruby Town, LLC
  119. Operating as Silver Cover, LLC
  120. Operating as Atomic Fields, LLC
  121. Operating as Half Falls, LLC
  122. Operating as Grand Orchard, LLC
  123. Operating as Tin Avenue, LLC
  124. Operating as Dash Cypress, LLC
  125. Operating as Victor Frostbite, LLC
  126. Operating as Delta Orchard, LLC
  127. Operating as New Cypress, LLC
  128. Operating as Outer Moon, LLC
  129. Operating as Auburn Bloom, LLC
  130. Operating as Pioneer Tigers, LLC

References

  1. "IANA — Root Zone Database". www.iana.org. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
  2. "IANA's list of TLDs in machine-readable format". Iana.org. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  3. "Daily TLD DNSSEC Report". icann.org. ICANN. 10 June 2019. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  4. "IANA root zone database". Iana.org. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  5. "Root Zone Database". Iana.org. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  6. "Andorra Telecom trademark domain registration policy". Nic.ad. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  7. "Andorra Telecom trade name registration policy". Nic.ad. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  8. "Rules for .au Domains".
  9. "IANA — Repository of IDN Practices". iana.org. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  10. "DNS Belgium and IPv6" (PDF). economie.fgov.be. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
  11. "Domínios .br". Registro.br.
  12. (9 May 2005) for Portuguese (Brazilian) names: see Anúncio 04/05/2005
  13. "CZ.NIC - IDN - Internationalized domain names". Nic.cz. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  14. BASE. "BASE (ベイス) | ネットショップを無料で簡単に作成". BASE (ベイス) | ネットショップを無料で簡単に作成 (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 8 May 2018. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  15. ".eu and IPv6". EURid. Archived from the original on 16 October 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
  16. Article 1.9 of Rules and Conditions for GE Domain Names Registration (Recent Georgian version has some updates not causing this article)
  17. "Shorter .id domain will be available in Indonesia next year". Tech in Asia. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  18. "Domain chaos spikes e-business ambitions". Silicon Republic. 17 December 2002. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
  19. Information Technology Law: Professional Practice Guide, Dublin: Law Society of Ireland, 2004, p. 23
  20. Delegation Signer (DS) record in a root zone is not yet published.
  21. "TLD DNSSEC Report". stats.research.icann.org. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  22. Yasuhiro Orange Morishita (2 September 2003). ".JP technical update (RIPE 46 General Meeting)" (PDF). jprs.jp. Japan Registry Service, Co., Ltd. (JPRS). Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  23. ".LA - The Official .LA Registry". La. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  24. (in Dutch) Archived 16 November 2016 at the Wayback Machine (SIDN: Ons verhaal), Official website of SIDN
  25. "Free Domain Name Pro". www.freedomain.pro. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
  26. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 January 2015. Retrieved 17 November 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  27. "Delegation Record for .PS". Iana.org. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  28. "Notícias - dns.pt". Dns.pt. Archived from the original on 24 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  29. "Registrars". registry.pw. PW Registry. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
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  59. "DotCam - DotCam". Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  60. "CancerResearch launch Site". Home.cancerresearch. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
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  73. "Why .ink? - .ink". Nic.ink. Archived from the original on 21 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
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  75. "What is .jobs?". Nic.jobs. Archived from the original on 20 February 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  76. "Join Law FAQ". www.join.law. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
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  80. ".ORGANIC Eligibility". Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
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  87. "Why .RED?". Get.red. Archived from the original on 12 February 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
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  90. "A respectful domain name for remembering loved ones". Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  91. "scholarships Registry Agreement". ICANN. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
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  94. Telnic. "IDN.tel". Archived from the original on 2 May 2010. Retrieved 2 September 2010.
  95. ".VOTE Registration Policy". Archived from the original on 18 December 2014. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
  96. "Zodiac Holdings Limited". En.nic.wang. Archived from the original on 21 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  97. "Daily list of new gTLD domain name registrations". Retrieved 10 November 2014.
  98. "Weirdest new gTLD launch yet? .wed launches with a single registrar". DomainIncite - Domain Name News & Opinion. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  99. ".WED Third Level Extensions". Atgron, Inc Introduces .WED. A New Top Level Domain for Your Wedding. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
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  102. "关于拟注销北京千橡网景科技发展有限公司".ren"顶级域域名注册管理机构许可的公示" (in Chinese). 9 December 2019. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
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  104. §5, Policy for the Registration of .reise Domain Names, dotreise GmbH. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  105. "'Immo' as abbreviation for 'immobiliën'". Archived from the original on 12 August 2016. Retrieved 13 September 2016.
  106. ".VOTO Registration Policy". Archived from the original on 18 December 2014. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
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  109. "Why choose .LTDA?". .LTDA advantages. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014.
  110. "IANA — Repository of IDN Practices". iana.org. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
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  112. "Chinese government buys 20,000 new IDN domain names". Domain Name Wire - Domain Name News & Views. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  113. "Google Registry – Google". Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  114. "dotCapeTown - .CapeTown - The new domain extension for the City of Cape Town". Nic.capetown. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  115. "dotDurban - .Durban - The new domain extension for the City of Durban". Nic.durban. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  116. "dotJoburg - .Joburg - The new domain extension for the City of Johannesburg". Nic.joburg. Archived from the original on 18 December 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  117. IANA - .krd Domain Delegation Data, IANA. Accessed on line 24 November 2014.
  118. .krd Network Information Centre, accessed on line 24 November 2014.
  119. "About .kyoto". The Kyoto College of Graduate Studies for Informatics. Archived from the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  120. "「.nagoya」名古屋のための新ドメイン - GMOドメインレジストリ株式会社". GMOドメインレジストリ株式会社. Archived from the original on 21 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  121. IANA - .ryukyu Domain Delegation Data, IANA. Accessed on line 1 December 2014.
  122. ".taipei Net Top City". Archived from the original on 5 November 2014. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  123. "Mission". Tatar Internet. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  124. "「.tokyo」東京のための新ドメイン - GMOドメインレジストリ株式会社". GMOドメインレジストリ株式会社. Archived from the original on 4 September 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  125. "「.yokohama」横浜のための新ドメイン - GMOドメインレジストリ株式会社". GMOドメインレジストリ株式会社. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  126. IANA — .alsace Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 19 November 2014.
  127. amsterdam Top-Level-Domain.
  128. (in German)
  129. (in German) berlin Top-Level-Domain. Nic.berlin. Retrieved on 25 May 2014.
  130. ".brussels is now in the root! - DNS Belgium". Nic.brussels. Archived from the original on 18 December 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  131. IANA — .budapest Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 20 November 2014.
  132. (in French)
  133. (in Catalan) Fundació punt CAT | A Internet, el català és .cat. Registra ara un domini i identifica’t amb el teu .cat. Fundacio.cat. Retrieved on 25 May 2014.
  134. "The New TLDS .koeln & .cologne". Dot.cologne. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 September 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  135. ".cymru .wales Our Home Online". Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  136. ".eus Domeinua - .eus - Euskara eta Euskal Kultura Interneten". Nic.eus. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  137. (in Dutch) frl Top-Level-Domain. Nic.frl. Retrieved on 5 September 2014.
  138. "Dominio .gal". Dominio.gal. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  139. "Official website of .GENT". Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  140. "The New TLDS .koeln & .cologne". Dot.koeln. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  141. "The New London Code". Nic.london. Archived from the original on 18 December 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  142. IANA - .madrid Domain Delegation Data, IANA. Accessed on line 24 November 2014.
  143. "About TLDs .MOSCOW and .МОСКВА - dotMoscow: .MOSCOW and .МОСКВА TLDs for Russian Capital". Nic.moscow. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  144. IANA - .nrw Domain Delegation Data, IANA. Accessed on line 26 November 2014.
  145. ".PARIS, La nouvelle adresse web de Paris". Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  146. ".ruhr". Dot.ruhr. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  147. "dotSaarland GmbH". Retrieved 28 October 2014.
  148. "Register .scot domains - Calico .scot domains - dotscot is the new Scottish top level domain". Calico.scot. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  149. "Zuteilung und Verwaltung der Domain-Namen der zweiten Ebene, die der Internet-Domain ".swiss" untergeordnet sind" (in German). BAKOM. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  150. "Tirol Domain" (in German). Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  151. ".vlaanderen is now in the root! - DNS Belgium". Nic.vlaanderen. Archived from the original on 21 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  152. ".wien: punktwien". Nic.wien. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  153. ".zuerich Registry Operator Website". Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  154. IANA - .miami Domain Delegation Data, IANA. Accessed on line 25 November 2014.
  155. ".NYC Domain Name Extension - Official Website". .NYC - The Official Website for the Ultimate New York City Address. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  156. ".QUEBEC". Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  157. "Dot Vegas, Inc". Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  158. "About". Hello.kiwi. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  159. Twenty4. "nic.melbourne - Home page". nic.melbourne. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  160. IANA - .sydney Domain Delegation Data, IANA. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  161. ".LAT Domain - About us". Archived from the original on 3 September 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  162. ".LAT Domain - FAQs". Archived from the original on 3 September 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  163. "IANA - .rio Domain Delegation Data". Retrieved 1 December 2014.
  164. IANA - .佛山 Domain Delegation Data, IANA. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  165. http://nic.москва/
  166. ".abc Domain Registration - .abc Domains - American Broadcasting Companies, Inc. Domain Name .abc - Register American Broadcasting Companies, Inc. Domain Name .abc". www.101domain.com. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  167. IANA — .allfinanz Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 19 November 2014.
  168. IANA — .android Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 19 November 2014.
  169. IANA — .aquarelle Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  170. "dotAXA: AXA Group New Online Space" (PDF). Domains.axa. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  171. "Barclays begins using .Barclays and .Barclaycard top level domains". Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  172. "FIBA launches .basketball as new digital identity of the global basketball community" (Press release). FIBA. 15 June 2017. Archived from the original on 2 July 2018. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  173. IANA — .bloomberg Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 19 November 2014.
  174. "Home dotBMW registry operator". nic.bmw. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  175. IANA — .bnl Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 26 June 2015.
  176. "nic.bnpparibas". Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  177. "IANA — .bradesco Domain Delegation Data". www.iana.org. Retrieved 3 November 2016.
  178. IANA — .cal Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 19 November 2014.
  179. IANA — .caravan Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 19 November 2014.
  180. IANA — .cern Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 20 November 2014.
  181. IANA — .chrome Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 20 November 2014.
  182. "中国中信集团有限公司". Nic.citic. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  183. IANA — .crs Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 20 November 2014.
  184. IANA — .cuisinella Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 20 November 2014.
  185. IANA — .dnp Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 20 November 2014.
  186. IANA — .dvag Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 20 November 2014.
  187. IANA — .edka Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 10 October 2016.
  188. IANA — .emerck Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 20 November 2014.
  189. IANA — .everbank Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  190. IANA — .firmdale Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 24 November 2014.
  191. IANA — .flsmidth Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 21 November 2014.
  192. "Using the .frogans gTLD". Nic.frogans. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  193. IANA — .gbiz Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 21 November 2014.
  194. IANA — .gle Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 21 November 2014.
  195. ".globo". Nic.globo. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  196. IANA — .gmail Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 21 November 2014.
  197. IANA — .gmo Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 21 November 2014.
  198. IANA — .gmx Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 21 November 2014.
  199. IANA — Delegation Record for .GOOG. Accessed on line 3 October 2018.
  200. IANA — .google Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 21 November 2014.
  201. ".hsbc". Retrieved 15 August 2015.
  202. IANA — .ibm Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 24 November 2014.
  203. IANA — .kred Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 24 November 2014.
  204. IANA — .lacaixa Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 25 November 2014.
  205. IANA — .latrobe Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  206. This domain has been delegated to IRI Domain Management, LLC, a subsidiary of Intellectual Reserve, Inc., which is owned and operated by the LDS Church.
  207. IANA — .lds Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 21 November 2014.
  208. "IANA — .leclerc Domain Delegation Data". www.iana.org. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  209. "MANGO". Nic.mango. Archived from the original on 14 February 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  210. "Home dotMINI registry operator". Nic.mini. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  211. ".monash - Network Information Centre". Nic.monash. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  212. "New gTLD Program : InitialEvaluation Report : Report Date: 10 May 2013" (PDF). Newgtlds.icann.org. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  213. IANA — .mormon Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 21 November 2014.
  214. "Neustar Launches New TLD .Neustar". Nic.neustar. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  215. IANA — .nexus Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 26 November 2014.
  216. IANA — .nhk Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 26 November 2014.
  217. ".nico - The Brand TLD for Dwango Co., Ltd". Dwango Co., Ltd. Retrieved 2 November 2015.
  218. IANA — .nra Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 26 November 2014.
  219. IANA — .otsuka Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 26 November 2014.
  220. "The New OVH Code" (PDF). Nic.ovh. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  221. "NIC PIAGET". Archived from the original on 18 January 2018. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  222. IANA — .pohl Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 1 December 2014.
  223. IANA — .praxi Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 1 December 2014.
  224. IANA — .prod Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 1 December 2014.
  225. NIC PwC. Accessed on line 1 December 2014.
  226. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 October 2018. Retrieved 26 January 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  227. ".sap - ICANNWiki". icannwiki.org. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  228. ".sca". Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  229. IANA — .schmidt Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  230. IANA — .seek Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 20 July 2016.
  231. IANA — .sohu Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  232. IANA — .spiegel Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  233. IANA — .suzuki Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  234. IANA — .tui Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 19 November 2014.
  235. IANA — .uol Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  236. IANA — .williamhill Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  237. IANA — .wme Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  238. IANA — .wtc Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  239. "This is .yandex". Nic.yandex. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 July 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  240. IANA — .youtube Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 2 December 2014.
  241. "Nic.中信". nic.中信. Archived from the original Check |url= value (help) on 6 March 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  242. IANA — .vermögensberater Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 1 December 2014.
  243. IANA — .vermögensberatung Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 1 December 2014.
  244. IANA — .グーグル Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 24 November 2014.
  245. IANA — .谷歌 Domain Delegation Data. Accessed on line 24 November 2014.
  246. "WHOIS 서비스란?" Check |url= value (help). Whois.nic. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  247. "Special-Use Domain Names". Iana.org. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
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