# List of Indian mathematicians

The chronology of Indian mathematicians spans from the Indus Valley Civilization and the Vedas to Modern India.

Indian mathematicians have made a number of contributions to mathematics that have significantly influenced scientists and mathematicians in the modern era. These include place-value arithmetical notations, the use of the ruler, the concept of zero, and, most importantly, the Arabic-Hindu numerals predominantly used today and likely into the future.

## Ancient

- Baudhayana (fl. c. 800 BCE)
- Katyayana (fl. c. 300 BCE)
- Pingala (possibly c. 500 BCE)
- Panini
- Aryabhata
- Sushroot
- Bhaskaracharya

## Classical

Post-Vedic Sanskrit to Pala period mathematicians (5th century BCE to 11th century CE)

- Aryabhata (476–550 CE)
- Varahamihira (505–587 CE)
- Yativṛṣabha – 6th-century mathematician and writer of the book Tiloyapannatti which gives various units for measuring distances and time and postulated different concepts about infinity.
- Brahmagupta (598–670 CE) – Helped bring the concept of zero into arithmetic
- Bhaskara I (600–680 CE)
- Shridhara (between 650–850) – Gave a rule for finding the volume of a sphere
- Mahavira (9th century CE)
- Halayudha 10th Century
- Pavuluri Mallana – (11th century CE)
- Hemachandra (1087–1172 CE)
- Bhaskara II (1114–1185 CE)

## Medieval Period (1200–1800)

- Narayana Pandit
- Madhava of Sangamagrama
- Parameshvara (1360–1455), discovered drk-ganita, a mode of astronomy based on observations
- Nilakantha Somayaji (1444–1545), mathematician and astronomer
- Raghunatha Siromani (1475–1550), logician
- Mahendra Suri (14th century)
- Shankara Variyar (c. 1530)
- Jyeshtadeva (1500–1610), author of
*Yuktibhāṣā* - Achyuta Pisharati (1550–1621), mathematician and astronomer
- Munishvara (17th century)
- Kamalakara (1657)
- Jagannatha Samrat (1730)

## Born in 19th century

- Radhanath Sikdar (1813–1870)
- Ramchandra (1821–1880)
- Pathani Samanta (1835–1904)
- Jadav Chandra Chakravarti (1855–1920)
- Ashutosh Mukherjee (1864–1924)
- Ganesh Prasad (1876–1935)
- Swami Bharati Krishna Tirtha (1884–1960)
- Srinivasa Ramanujan (1887–1920)
- A. A. Krishnaswami Ayyangar (1892–1953)
- Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis (1893–1972)
- K. C. Nag (1893–1987)

## Born in 20th century

- Subbayya Sivasankaranarayana Pillai (1901–1950)
- Raj Chandra Bose (1901–1987)
- Tirukkannapuram Vijayaraghavan (1902–1955)
- Dattaraya Ramchandra Kaprekar (1905–1986)
- Samarendra Nath Roy (1906–1964)
- Damodar Dharmananda Kosambi (1907–1966)
- Sarvadaman Chowla (1907–1995)
- Lakkoju Sanjeevaraya Sharma (1907–1998)
- Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1910–1995)
- S. S. Shrikhande (born 1917)
- Prahalad Chunnilal Vaidya (1918-2010)
- Anil Kumar Gain (1919–1978)
- Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao (born 1920)
- Harish-Chandra (1923-1983)
- P. K. Srinivasan (1924–2005)
- Raghu Raj Bahadur (1924-1997)
- Gopinath Kallianpur (1925-2015)
- Shreeram Shankar Abhyankar (1930–2012)
- M. S. Narasimhan (born 1932)
- C. S. Seshadri (born 1932)
- K. S. S. Nambooripad (born 1935)
- Ramaiyengar Sridharan (born 1935)
- Vinod Johri (1935–2014)
- K. R. Parthasarathy (born 1936)
- Ramdas L. Bhirud (1937-1997)
- S. Ramanan (born 1937)
- Pranab K. Sen (born 1937)
- Veeravalli S. Varadarajan (born 1937)
- Jayanta Kumar Ghosh (born 1937)
- C. P. Ramanujam (1938–1974)
- V. N. Bhat (1938–2009)
- S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan (born 1940)
- M. S. Raghunathan (born 1941)
- Vashishtha Narayan Singh (born 1942)
- S. B. Rao (born 1943)
- Phoolan Prasad (born 1944)
- Gopal Prasad (born 1945)
- Vijay Kumar Patodi (1945–1976)
- S. G. Dani (born 1947)
- Raman Parimala (born 1948)
- Navin M. Singhi (born 1949)
- Sujatha Ramdorai
- P. N. Pandey (born 1951)
- R. Balasubramanian (born 1951)
- M. Ram Murty (born 1953)
- Alok Bhargava (born 1954)
- Rattan Chand (born 1955)
- Narendra Karmarkar (born 1957)
- Dinesh Thakur (born 1961)
- Manindra Agrawal (born 1966)
- Madhu Sudan (born 1966)
- Chandrashekhar Khare (born 1968)
- U. S. R. Murty
- L. Mahadevan
- Kapil Hari Paranjape
- Vijay Vazirani (born 1957)
- Umesh Vazirani
- Mahan Mj (born 1968)
- Santosh Vempala (born 1971)
- Kannan Soundararajan (born 1973)
- Kiran Kedlaya (born 1974)
- Ritabrata Munshi (born 1976)
- Subhash Khot (born 1978)
- Sourav Chatterjee (born 1979)
- Sucharit Sarkar (born 1983)
- Neena Gupta (born 1984)
- Nayandeep Deka Baruah (born 1972)
- Anand Kumar (born 1973)

## References

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