List of ISO 639-2 codes

ISO 639 is a set of international standards that lists short codes for language names. The following is a complete list of three-letter codes defined in part two (ISO 639-2) of the standard,[1] including the corresponding two-letter (ISO 639-1) codes where they exist.

Where two ISO 639-2 codes are given in the table, the one with the asterisk is the bibliographic code (B code) and the other is the terminological code (T code).

Entries in the Scope and Type columns distinguish:

The standard includes some codes for special situations:[1]

  • mis, for "uncoded languages";
  • mul, for "multiple languages";
  • qaa-qtz, a range reserved for local use.
  • und, for "undetermined";
  • zxx, for "no linguistic content; not applicable";
639-2[1]639-3[2]639-5[3]639-1Language name(s) from ISO 639-2[1]ScopeTypeNative name(s)Other name(s)
aaraaraaAfarIndividualLivingQafaraf; ’Afar Af; Afaraf; Qafar af
abkabkabAbkhazianIndividualLivingАҧсуа бызшәа; АҧсшәаAbkhaz
aceaceAchineseIndividualLivingبهسا اچيهAcehnese
achachAcoliIndividualLivingLwoAcholi
adaadaAdangmeIndividualLivingDangmeDangme
adyadyAdyghe; AdygeiIndividualLivingАдыгабзэ; КӏахыбзэWest Circassian
afaafaAfro-Asiatic languagesCollective
afhafhAfrihiliIndividualConstructedEl-Afrihili
afrafrafAfrikaansIndividualLivingAfrikaans
ainainAinuIndividualLivingアイヌ・イタㇰ
akaakaakAkanMacrolanguageLivingAkan
akkakkAkkadianIndividualAncient𒀝𒅗𒁺𒌑
alb* / sqisqisqAlbanianMacrolanguageLivingShqip
alealeAleutIndividualLivingУна́ӈам тунуу́; Унаӈан умсуу
algalgAlgonquian languagesCollective
altaltSouthern AltaiIndividualLivingАлтай тили
amhamhamAmharicIndividualLivingአማርኛ
angangEnglish, Old (ca.450–1100)IndividualHistoricalÆnglisc; Anglisc; Englisc
anpanpAngikaIndividualLiving
apaapaApache languagesCollectiveSouthern Athabaskan languages
araaraarArabicMacrolanguageLivingالعَرَبِيَّة
arcarcOfficial Aramaic (700–300 BCE); Imperial Aramaic (700–300 BCE)IndividualAncient
argarganAragoneseIndividualLivingaragonés
arm* / hyehyehyArmenianIndividualLivingՀայերէն; Հայերեն
arnarnMapudungun; MapucheIndividualLiving
arparpArapahoIndividualLivingHinónoʼeitíít
artartArtificial languagesCollective
arwarwArawakIndividualLivingLokonoLokono
asmasmasAssameseIndividualLivingঅসমীয়া
astastAsturian; Bable; Leonese; AsturleoneseIndividualLivingAsturianu
athathAthapascan languagesCollectiveAthabaskan languages
ausausAustralian languagesCollective
avaavaavAvaricIndividualLivingМагӏарул мацӏ; Авар мацӏAvar
aveaveaeAvestanIndividualAncient
awaawaAwadhiIndividualLivingअवधी
aymaymayAymaraMacrolanguageLivingAymar aru
azeazeazAzerbaijaniMacrolanguageLivingAzərbaycan dili; آذربایجان دیلی; Азәрбајҹан дили
badbadBanda languagesCollective
baibaiBamileke languagesCollectiveBamiléké
bakbakbaBashkirIndividualLivingБашҡорт теле; Başqort tele
balbalBaluchiMacrolanguageLivingبلوچیBalochi
bambambmBambaraIndividualLivingߓߊߡߊߣߊߣߞߊߣ
banbanBalineseIndividualLivingᬪᬵᬱᬩᬮᬶ; ᬩᬲᬩᬮᬶ
baq* / euseuseuBasqueIndividualLivingeuskara
basbasBasaIndividualLivingMbene; ƁasaáBasaa
batbatBaltic languagesCollective
bejbejBeja; BedawiyetIndividualLivingBidhaawyeet
belbelbeBelarusianIndividualLivingБеларуская мова
bembemBembaIndividualLivingChibemba
benbenbnBengaliIndividualLivingবাংলা
berberBerber languagesCollectiveTamaziɣt; Tamazight; ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ; ⵝⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗⵝ; ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗⵜAmazigh languages
bhobhoBhojpuriIndividualLivingभोजपुरी
bihbihbhBihari languagesCollective
bikbikBikolMacrolanguageLiving
binbinBini; EdoIndividualLivingẸ̀dó
bisbisbiBislamaIndividualLiving
blablaSiksikaIndividualLivingᓱᖽᐧᖿBlackfoot
bntbntBantu (Other)Collective
bod / tib*bodboTibetanIndividualLivingབོད་སྐད་; ལྷ་སའི་སྐད་
bosbosbsBosnianIndividualLivingbosanski; босански
brabraBrajIndividualLivingBraj Bhāshā
brebrebrBretonIndividualLivingBrezhoneg
btkbtkBatak languagesCollective
buabuaBuriatMacrolanguageLivingбуряад хэлэнBuryat
bugbugBugineseIndividualLivingᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ
bulbulbgBulgarianIndividualLivingбългарски език
bur* / myamyamyBurmeseIndividualLivingမြန်မာစာ; မြန်မာစကားMyanmar
bynbynBlin; BilinIndividualLivingብሊና; ብሊንBilen
cadcadCaddoIndividualLivingHasí:nay
caicaiCentral American Indian languagesCollective
carcarGalibi CaribIndividualLivingKari'njaCarib
catcatcaCatalan; ValencianIndividualLivingcatalà
caucauCaucasian languagesCollective
cebcebCebuanoIndividualLivingSinugbuanong Binisayâ
celcelCeltic languagesCollective
ces / cze*cescsCzechIndividualLivingčeština; český jazyk
chachachChamorroIndividualLivingFinu' Chamoru
chbchbChibchaIndividualExtinctMuysccubun
checheceChechenIndividualLivingНохчийн мотт; نَاخچیین موٓتت; ნახჩიე მუოთთ
chgchgChagataiIndividualExtinctجغتای
chi* / zhozhozhChineseMacrolanguageLiving中文; 汉语; 漢語
chkchkChuukeseIndividualLiving
chmchmMariMacrolanguageLivingмарий йылме
chnchnChinook jargonIndividualLivingchinuk wawa; wawa; chinook lelang; lelang
chochoChoctawIndividualLivingChahta'
chpchpChipewyan; Dene SulineIndividualLivingᑌᓀᓱᒼᕄᓀ (Dënesųłiné)
chrchrCherokeeIndividualLivingᏣᎳᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ
chuchucuChurch Slavic; Old Slavonic; Church Slavonic; Old Bulgarian; Old Church SlavonicIndividualAncientСлаве́нскїй ѧ҆зы́къ
chvchvcvChuvashIndividualLivingЧӑвашла
chychyCheyenneIndividualLivingTsėhésenėstsestȯtse
cmccmcChamic languagesCollective
cnrcnrMontenegrinIndividualLivingcrnogorski / црногорски
copcopCopticIndividualExtinctϯⲙⲉⲑⲣⲉⲙⲛ̀ⲭⲏⲙⲓ; ⲧⲙⲛ̄ⲧⲣⲙ̄ⲛ̄ⲕⲏⲙⲉ
corcorkwCornishIndividualLivingKernowek
coscoscoCorsicanIndividualLivingCorsu; Lingua corsa
cpecpeCreoles and pidgins, English basedCollective
cpfcpfCreoles and pidgins, French-basedCollective
cppcppCreoles and pidgins, Portuguese-basedCollective
crecrecrCreeMacrolanguageLiving
crhcrhCrimean Tatar; Crimean TurkishIndividualLivingКъырымтатарджа; Къырымтатар тили; Ҡырымтатарҗа; Ҡырымтатар тили
crpcrpCreoles and pidginsCollective
csbcsbKashubianIndividualLivingKaszëbsczi jãzëkCassubian
cuscusCushitic languagesCollective
cym / wel*cymcyWelshIndividualLivingCymraeg; y Gymraeg
cze* / cescescsCzechIndividualLivingčeština; český jazyk
dakdakDakotaIndividualLivingDakhótiyapi; Dakȟótiyapi
dandandaDanishIndividualLivingdansk
dardarDargwaIndividualLivingдарган мез
daydayLand Dayak languagesCollective
deldelDelawareMacrolanguageLiving
dendenSlave (Athapascan)MacrolanguageLivingDene K'eSlavey
deu / ger*deudeGermanIndividualLivingDeutsch
dgrdgrDogribIndividualLivingडोगरी; ڈوگرى
dindinDinkaMacrolanguageLivingThuɔŋjäŋ
divdivdvDivehi; Dhivehi; MaldivianIndividualLivingދިވެހި; ދިވެހިބަސް
doidoiDogriMacrolanguageLivingडोगरी; ڈوگرى
dradraDravidian languagesCollective
dsbdsbLower SorbianIndividualLivingDolnoserbski; Dolnoserbšćina
duaduaDualaIndividualLiving
dumdumDutch, Middle (ca. 1050–1350)IndividualHistorical
dut* / nldnldnlDutch; FlemishIndividualLivingNederlands; Vlaams
dyudyuDyulaIndividualLivingJulakanJula
dzodzodzDzongkhaIndividualLivingརྫོང་ཁ་
efiefiEfikIndividualLiving
egyegyEgyptian (Ancient)IndividualAncient
ekaekaEkajukIndividualLivingKajuk
ell / gre*ellelGreek, Modern (1453–)IndividualLivingΝέα Ελληνικά
elxelxElamiteIndividualAncient
engengenEnglishIndividualLivingEnglish
enmenmEnglish, Middle (1100–1500)IndividualHistorical
epoepoeoEsperantoIndividualConstructedEsperanto
estestetEstonianMacrolanguageLivingeesti keel
eus / baq*euseuBasqueIndividualLivingeuskara
eweeweeeEweIndividualLivingÈʋegbe
ewoewoEwondoIndividualLivingKolo
fanfanFangIndividualLiving
faofaofoFaroeseIndividualLivingføroyskt
fas / per*fasfaPersianMacrolanguageLivingفارسیFarsi
fatfatFantiIndividualLivingMfantse; Fante; FantiFante
fijfijfjFijianIndividualLivingNa Vosa Vakaviti
filfilFilipino; PilipinoIndividualLivingWikang Filipino
finfinfiFinnishIndividualLivingsuomen kieli
fiufiuFinno-Ugrian languagesCollectiveFinno-Ugric languages
fonfonFonIndividualLivingFon gbè
fra / fre*frafrFrenchIndividualLivingfrançais
fre* / frafrafrFrenchIndividualLivingfrançais
frmfrmFrench, Middle (ca. 1400–1600)IndividualHistoricalfrançois; franceis
frofroFrench, Old (842–ca. 1400)IndividualHistoricalFranceis; François; Romanz
frrfrrNorthern FrisianIndividualLivingFrasch; Fresk; Freesk; FriiskNorth Frisian
frsfrsEastern FrisianIndividualLivingSeelterskSaterland Frisian
fryfryfyWestern FrisianIndividualLivingFryskWest Frisian
fulfulffFulahMacrolanguageLivingFulfulde; Pulaar; PularFula
furfurFriulianIndividualLivingFurlan
gaagaaGaIndividualLiving
gaygayGayoIndividualLivingBasa Gayo
gbagbaGbayaMacrolanguageLiving
gemgemGermanic languagesCollective
geo* / katkatkaGeorgianIndividualLivingქართული
ger* / deudeudeGermanIndividualLivingDeutsch
gezgezGeezIndividualAncientግዕዝGe'ez
gilgilGilberteseIndividualLivingTaetae ni Kiribati
glaglagdGaelic; Scottish GaelicIndividualLivingGàidhlig
gleglegaIrishIndividualLivingGaeilge
glgglgglGalicianIndividualLivinggalego
glvglvgvManxIndividualLivingGaelg; Gailck
gmhgmhGerman, Middle High (ca. 1050–1500)IndividualHistoricalDiutsch
gohgohGerman, Old High (ca. 750–1050)IndividualHistoricalDiutisk
gongonGondiMacrolanguageLiving
gorgorGorontaloIndividualLivingBahasa Hulontalo
gotgotGothicIndividualAncient
grbgrbGreboMacrolanguageLiving
grcgrcGreek, Ancient (to 1453)IndividualHistoricalἙλληνική
gre* / ellellelGreek, Modern (1453–)IndividualLivingΝέα Ελληνικά
grngrngnGuaraniMacrolanguageLivingAvañe'ẽ
gswgswSwiss German; Alemannic; AlsatianIndividualLivingSchwiizerdütsch
gujgujguGujaratiIndividualLivingગુજરાતી
gwigwiGwich'inIndividualLivingDinjii Zhu’ Ginjik
haihaiHaidaMacrolanguageLivingX̱aat Kíl; X̱aadas Kíl; X̱aayda Kil; Xaad kil
hathathtHaitian; Haitian CreoleIndividualLivingkreyòl ayisyen
hauhauhaHausaIndividualLivingHarshen Hausa; هَرْشَن
hawhawHawaiianIndividualLivingʻŌlelo Hawaiʻi
hebhebheHebrewIndividualLivingעברית
herherhzHereroIndividualLivingOtjiherero
hilhilHiligaynonIndividualLivingIlonggo
him[note]Himachali languages; Pahari languagesCollective
hinhinhiHindiIndividualLivingहिन्दी
hithitHittiteIndividualAncient𒉈𒅆𒇷
hmnhmnHmong; MongMacrolanguageLivinglus Hmoob; lug Moob; lol Hmongb
hmohmohoHiri MotuIndividualLiving
hrvhrvhrCroatianIndividualLivinghrvatski
hsbhsbUpper SorbianIndividualLivinghornjoserbšćina
hunhunhuHungarianIndividualLivingmagyar nyelv
huphupHupaIndividualLivingNa:tinixwe Mixine:whe'
hye / arm*hyehyArmenianIndividualLivingՀայերէն; Հայերեն
ibaibaIbanIndividualLivingJaku Iban
iboiboigIgboIndividualLivingAsụsụ Igbo
ice* / islislisIcelandicIndividualLivingíslenska
idoidoioIdoIndividualConstructed
iiiiiiiiSichuan Yi; NuosuIndividualLivingꆈꌠꉙ
ijoijoIjo languagesCollectiveỊjọIjaw languages
ikuikuiuInuktitutMacrolanguageLivingᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ
ileileieInterlingue; OccidentalIndividualConstructed
iloiloIlokoIndividualLivingPagsasao nga Ilokano; IlokanoIlocano
inainaiaInterlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association)IndividualConstructed
incincIndic languagesCollectiveIndo-Aryan languages
indindidIndonesianIndividualLivingbahasa Indonesia
ineineIndo-European languagesCollective
inhinhIngushIndividualLivingГӀалгӀай мотт
ipkipkikInupiaqMacrolanguageLivingIñupiaq
irairaIranian languagesCollective
iroiroIroquoian languagesCollective
isl / ice*islisIcelandicIndividualLivingíslenska
itaitaitItalianIndividualLivingitaliano; lingua italiana
javjavjvJavaneseIndividualLivingꦧꦱꦗꦮ
jbojboLojbanIndividualConstructedla .lojban.
jpnjpnjaJapaneseIndividualLiving日本語
jprjprJudeo-PersianIndividualLivingDzhidi
jrbjrbJudeo-ArabicMacrolanguageLivingعربية يهودية / ערבית יהודית
kaakaaKara-KalpakIndividualLivingQaraqalpaq tili; Қарақалпақ тилиKarakalpak
kabkabKabyleIndividualLivingTamaziɣt Taqbaylit; Tazwawt
kackacKachin; JingphoIndividualLivingJingpho
kalkalklKalaallisut; GreenlandicIndividualLiving
kamkamKambaIndividualLiving
kankanknKannadaIndividualLivingಕನ್ನಡ
karkarKaren languagesCollectiveKarenic languages
kaskasksKashmiriIndividualLivingकॉशुर / كأشُر
kat / geo*katkaGeorgianIndividualLivingქართული
kaukaukrKanuriMacrolanguageLiving
kawkawKawiIndividualAncientꦧꦱꦗꦮ
kazkazkkKazakhIndividualLivingқазақ тілі / qazaq tili
kbdkbdKabardianIndividualLivingАдыгэбзэ (Къэбэрдейбзэ)
khakhaKhasiIndividualLivingকা কতিয়েন খাশি
khikhiKhoisan languagesCollective
khmkhmkmCentral KhmerIndividualLivingភាសាខ្មែរ
khokhoKhotanese; SakanIndividualAncientSaka
kikkikkiKikuyu; GikuyuIndividualLivingGĩkũyũ
kinkinrwKinyarwandaIndividualLiving
kirkirkyKirghiz; KyrgyzIndividualLivingкыргызча; кыргыз тили
kmbkmbKimbunduIndividualLiving
kokkokKonkaniMacrolanguageLivingकोंकणी
komkomkvKomiMacrolanguageLivingКоми кыв
konkonkgKongoMacrolanguageLiving
korkorkoKoreanIndividualLiving한국어
koskosKosraeanIndividualLiving
kpekpeKpelleMacrolanguageLivingKpɛlɛwoo
krckrcKarachay-BalkarIndividualLivingКъарачай-Малкъар тил; Таулу тил
krlkrlKarelianIndividualLivingkarjal; kariela; karjala
krokroKru languagesCollective
krukruKurukhIndividualLivingकुड़ुख़
kuakuakjKuanyama; KwanyamaIndividualLiving
kumkumKumykIndividualLivingкъумукъ тил/qumuq til
kurkurkuKurdishMacrolanguageLivingKurdî / کوردی
kutkutKutenaiIndividualLiving
ladladLadinoIndividualLivingJudeo-españolJudaeo-Spanish
lahlahLahndaMacrolanguageLivingبھارت کاWestern Punjabi
lamlamLambaIndividualLiving
laolaoloLaoIndividualLivingພາສາລາວ
latlatlaLatinIndividualAncientLingua latīna
lavlavlvLatvianMacrolanguageLivingLatviešu valoda
lezlezLezghianIndividualLivingЛезги чӏалLezgian
limlimliLimburgan; Limburger; LimburgishIndividualLivingLèmburgs
linlinlnLingalaIndividualLiving
litlitltLithuanianIndividualLivinglietuvių kalba
lollolMongoIndividualLivingLomongo
lozlozLoziIndividualLiving
ltzltzlbLuxembourgish; LetzeburgeschIndividualLivingLëtzebuergesch
lualuaLuba-LuluaIndividualLivingTshilubaLuba-Kasai
lublubluLuba-KatangaIndividualLivingKiluba
lugluglgGandaIndividualLivingLugandaLuganda
luiluiLuisenoIndividualExtinctCham'teela
lunlunLundaIndividualLivingChilunda
luoluoLuo (Kenya and Tanzania)IndividualLivingDholuo
luslusLushaiIndividualLivingMizo ṭawngMizo
mac* / mkdmkdmkMacedonianIndividualLivingмакедонски јазик
madmadMadureseIndividualLivingMadhura
magmagMagahiIndividualLivingमगही
mahmahmhMarshalleseIndividualLivingKajin M̧ajeļ
maimaiMaithiliIndividualLivingमैथिली; মৈথিলী
makmakMakasarIndividualLivingBasa Mangkasara' / ᨅᨔ ᨆᨀᨔᨑMakassarese
malmalmlMalayalamIndividualLivingമലയാളം
manmanMandingoMacrolanguageLivingMandi'nka kangoManding
mao* / mrimrimiMaoriIndividualLivingTe Reo Māori
mapmapAustronesian languagesCollective
marmarmrMarathiIndividualLivingमराठी
masmasMasaiIndividualLivingɔl
may* / msamsamsMalayMacrolanguageLivingBahasa Melayu
mdfmdfMokshaIndividualLivingмокшень кяль
mdrmdrMandarIndividualLiving
menmenMendeIndividualLivingMɛnde yia
mgamgaIrish, Middle (900–1200)IndividualHistoricalGaoidhealg
micmicMi'kmaq; MicmacIndividualLivingMíkmawísimk
minminMinangkabauIndividualLivingBaso Minang
mismisUncoded languagesSpecial
mkd / mac*mkdmkMacedonianIndividualLivingмакедонски јазик
mkhmkhMon-Khmer languagesCollectiveAustroasiatic languages
mlgmlgmgMalagasyMacrolanguageLiving
mltmltmtMalteseIndividualLivingMalti
mncmncManchuIndividualLivingᠮᠠᠨᠵᡠ ᡤᡳᠰᡠᠨ
mnimniManipuriIndividualLivingMeitei
mnomnoManobo languagesCollective
mohmohMohawkIndividualLivingKanien’kéha
monmonmnMongolianMacrolanguageLivingмонгол хэл; ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ
mosmosMossiIndividualLivingMooré
mri / mao*mrimiMaoriIndividualLivingTe Reo Māori
msa / may*msamsMalayMacrolanguageLivingBahasa Melayu
mulmulMultiple languagesSpecial
munmunMunda languagesCollective
musmusCreekIndividualLivingMvskokeMuscogee
mwlmwlMirandeseIndividualLivingmirandés; lhéngua mirandesa
mwrmwrMarwariMacrolanguageLivingमारवाड़ी
mya / bur*myamyBurmeseIndividualLivingမြန်မာစာ; မြန်မာစကားMyanmar
mynmynMayan languagesCollective
myvmyvErzyaIndividualLivingэрзянь кель
nahnahNahuatl languagesCollectiveNahuan languages
nainaiNorth American Indian languagesCollective
napnapNeapolitanIndividualLivingnapulitano
naunaunaNauruIndividualLivingdorerin NaoeroNauruan
navnavnvNavajo; NavahoIndividualLivingDiné bizaad; Naabeehó bizaad
nblnblnrNdebele, South; South NdebeleIndividualLivingisiNdebele seSewulaSouthern Ndebele
ndendendNdebele, North; North NdebeleIndividualLivingsiNdebele saseNyakathoNorthern Ndebele
ndondongNdongaIndividualLivingndonga
ndsndsLow German; Low Saxon; German, Low; Saxon, LowIndividualLivingPlattdütsch; Plattdüütsch
nepnepneNepaliMacrolanguageLivingनेपाली भाषा
newnewNepal Bhasa; NewariIndividualLivingनेपाल भाषा; नेवाः भाय्Newar
nianiaNiasIndividualLivingLi Niha
nicnicNiger-Kordofanian languagesCollectiveNiger-Congo languages
niuniuNiueanIndividualLivingko e vagahau Niuē
nld / dut*nldnlDutch; FlemishIndividualLivingNederlands; Vlaams
nnonnonnNorwegian Nynorsk; Nynorsk, NorwegianIndividualLivingnynorskNynorsk
nobnobnbBokmål, Norwegian; Norwegian BokmålIndividualLivingbokmålBokmål
nognogNogaiIndividualLivingНогай тили
nonnonNorse, OldIndividualHistoricalDǫnsk tunga; Norrœnt mál
nornornoNorwegianMacrolanguageLivingnorsk
nqonqoN'KoIndividualLiving
nsonsoPedi; Sepedi; Northern SothoIndividualLivingSesotho sa Leboa
nubnubNubian languagesCollectiveلغات نوبية
nwcnwcClassical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal BhasaIndividualHistoricalपुलां भाय्; पुलाङु नेपाल भाय्
nyanyanyChichewa; Chewa; NyanjaIndividualLivingChichewa; Chinyanja
nymnymNyamweziIndividualLiving
nynnynNyankoleIndividualLivingNkore
nyonyoNyoroIndividualLivingRunyoro
nzinziNzimaIndividualLivingNzema
ociociocOccitan (post 1500); ProvençalIndividualLivingoccitan; lenga d'òc; provençal
ojiojiojOjibwaMacrolanguageLivingOjibwe
orioriorOriyaMacrolanguageLivingଓଡ଼ିଆOdia
ormormomOromoMacrolanguageLivingAfaan Oromoo
osaosaOsageIndividualLivingWazhazhe ie / 𐓏𐓘𐓻𐓘𐓻𐓟 𐒻𐓟
ossossosOssetian; OsseticIndividualLivingИрон æвзаг
otaotaTurkish, Ottoman (1500–1928)IndividualHistoricalلسان عثمانى / lisân-ı Osmânî
otootoOtomian languagesCollectiveOto-Pamean languages
paapaaPapuan languagesCollective
pagpagPangasinanIndividualLivingSalitan Pangasinan
palpalPahlaviIndividualAncientPārsīk; PārsīgMiddle Persian
pampamPampanga; KapampanganIndividualLivingAmánung Kapampangan; Amánung Sísuan
panpanpaPanjabi; PunjabiIndividualLivingਪੰਜਾਬੀ / پنجابی
pappapPapiamentoIndividualLivingPapiamentu
paupauPalauanIndividualLivinga tekoi er a Belau
peopeoPersian, Old (ca. 600–400 B.C.)IndividualHistorical
per* / fasfasfaPersianMacrolanguageLivingفارسی
phiphiPhilippine languagesCollective
phnphnPhoenicianIndividualAncient𐤃𐤁𐤓𐤉𐤌 𐤊𐤍𐤏𐤍𐤉𐤌
pliplipiPaliIndividualAncientPāli
polpolplPolishIndividualLivingJęzyk polski
ponponPohnpeianIndividualLiving
porporptPortugueseIndividualLivingportuguês
prapraPrakrit languagesCollective
proproProvençal, Old (to 1500); Old Occitan (to 1500)IndividualHistorical
puspuspsPushto; PashtoMacrolanguageLivingپښتو
qaa-qtzqaa-qtzReserved for local useLocal
quequequQuechuaMacrolanguageLivingRuna simi; kichwa simi; Nuna shimi
rajrajRajasthaniMacrolanguageLivingराजस्थानी
raprapRapanuiIndividualLivingVananga rapa nui
rarrarRarotongan; Cook Islands MaoriIndividualLivingMāori Kūki 'Āirani
roaroaRomance languagesCollective
rohrohrmRomanshIndividualLivingRumantsch; Rumàntsch; Romauntsch; Romontsch
romromRomanyMacrolanguageLivingromani čhibRomani
ron / rum*ronroRomanian; Moldavian; MoldovanIndividualLivinglimba română
rum* / ronronroRomanian; Moldavian; MoldovanIndividualLivinglimba română
runrunrnRundiIndividualLivingIkirundiKirundi
ruprupAromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-RomanianIndividualLivingarmãneashce; armãneashti; rrãmãneshti
rusrusruRussianIndividualLivingрусский язык
sadsadSandaweIndividualLivingSandaweeki
sagsagsgSangoIndividualLivingyângâ tî sängö
sahsahYakutIndividualLivingСахалыы
saisaiSouth American Indian (Other)Collective
salsalSalishan languagesCollective
samsamSamaritan AramaicIndividualExtinctארמית
sansansaSanskritIndividualAncientसंस्कृतम्
sassasSasakIndividualLiving
satsatSantaliIndividualLivingᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ
scnscnSicilianIndividualLivingSicilianu
scoscoScotsIndividualLivingBraid Scots; Lallans
selselSelkupIndividualLiving
semsemSemitic languagesCollective
sgasgaIrish, Old (to 900)IndividualHistoricalGoídelc
sgnsgnSign LanguagesCollective
shnshnShanIndividualLivingၵႂၢမ်းတႆးယႂ်
sidsidSidamoIndividualLivingSidaamu Afoo
sinsinsiSinhala; SinhaleseIndividualLivingසිංහල
siosioSiouan languagesCollective
sitsitSino-Tibetan languagesCollective
slaslaSlavic languagesCollective
slo* / slkslkskSlovakIndividualLivingslovenčina; slovenský jazyk
slk / slo*slkskSlovakIndividualLivingslovenčina; slovenský jazyk
slvslvslSlovenianIndividualLivingslovenski jezik; slovenščinaSlovene
smasmaSouthern SamiIndividualLivingÅarjelsaemien gïele
smesmeseNorthern SamiIndividualLivingdavvisámegiella
smismiSami languagesCollective
smjsmjLule SamiIndividualLivingjulevsámegiella
smnsmnInari SamiIndividualLivinganarâškielâ
smosmosmSamoanIndividualLivingGagana faʻa Sāmoa
smssmsSkolt SamiIndividualLivingsääʹmǩiõll
snasnasnShonaIndividualLivingchiShona
sndsndsdSindhiIndividualLivingسنڌي / सिन्धी / ਸਿੰਧੀ
snksnkSoninkeIndividualLivingSooninkanxanne
sogsogSogdianIndividualAncient
somsomsoSomaliIndividualLivingaf Soomaali
sonsonSonghai languagesCollectiveSonghay languages
sotsotstSotho, SouthernIndividualLivingSesotho [southern]
spaspaesSpanish; CastilianIndividualLivingespañol; castellano
sqi / alb*sqisqAlbanianMacrolanguageLivingShqip
srdsrdscSardinianMacrolanguageLivingsardu; limba sarda; lingua sarda
srnsrnSranan TongoIndividualLiving
srpsrpsrSerbianIndividualLivingсрпски / srpski
srrsrrSererIndividualLivingSeereer
ssassaNilo-Saharan languagesCollective
sswsswssSwatiIndividualLivingsiSwatiSwazi
suksukSukumaIndividualLivingKɪsukuma
sunsunsuSundaneseIndividualLivingᮘᮞ ᮞᮥᮔ᮪ᮓ / Basa Sunda
sussusSusuIndividualLivingSosoxui
suxsuxSumerianIndividualAncient𒅴𒂠
swaswaswSwahiliMacrolanguageLivingKiswahili
sweswesvSwedishIndividualLivingsvenska
sycsycClassical SyriacIndividualHistorical
syrsyrSyriacMacrolanguageLivingܠܫܢܐ ܣܘܪܝܝܐ
tahtahtyTahitianIndividualLivingReo Tahiti; Reo Mā'ohi
taitaiTai languagesCollectiveภาษาไท; ภาษาไต
tamtamtaTamilIndividualLivingதமிழ்
tattatttTatarIndividualLivingтатар теле / tatar tele / تاتار
teltelteTeluguIndividualLivingతెలుగు
temtemTimneIndividualLivingKʌThemnɛTemne
terterTerenoIndividualLivingTerênaTerena
tettetTetumIndividualLivingLia-Tetun
tgktgktgTajikIndividualLivingтоҷикӣ / tojikī
tgltgltlTagalogIndividualLivingWikang Tagalog
thathathThaiIndividualLivingภาษาไทย
tib* / bodbodboTibetanIndividualLivingབོད་སྐད་; ལྷ་སའི་སྐད་
tigtigTigreIndividualLivingትግረ; ትግሬ; ኻሳ; ትግራይት
tirtirtiTigrinyaIndividualLivingትግርኛ
tivtivTivIndividualLiving
tkltklTokelauIndividualLivingTokelauan
tlhtlhKlingon; tlhIngan-HolIndividualConstructed
tlitliTlingitIndividualLivingLingít
tmhtmhTamashekMacrolanguageLivingTamasheq
togtogTonga (Nyasa)IndividualLivingchiTonga
tontontoTonga (Tonga Islands)IndividualLivinglea faka-TongaTongan
tpitpiTok PisinIndividualLiving
tsitsiTsimshianIndividualLiving
tsntsntnTswanaIndividualLivingSetswana
tsotsotsTsongaIndividualLivingXitsonga
tuktuktkTurkmenIndividualLivingTürkmençe / Түркменче / تورکمن تیلی تورکمنچ; türkmen dili / түркмен дили
tumtumTumbukaIndividualLivingchiTumbuka
tuptupTupi languagesCollectiveTupian languages
turturtrTurkishIndividualLivingTürkçe
tuttutAltaic languagesCollective
tvltvlTuvaluIndividualLivingTe Ggana Tuuvalu; Te Gagana TuuvaluTuvaluan
twitwitwTwiIndividualLiving
tyvtyvTuvinianIndividualLivingтыва дылTuvan
udmudmUdmurtIndividualLivingудмурт кыл
ugaugaUgariticIndividualAncient
uiguigugUighur; UyghurIndividualLivingئۇيغۇرچە ; ئۇيغۇر تىلى
ukrukrukUkrainianIndividualLivingукраїнська мова
umbumbUmbunduIndividualLivingÚmbúndú
undundUndeterminedSpecial
urdurdurUrduIndividualLivingاُردُو
uzbuzbuzUzbekMacrolanguageLivingOʻzbekcha / ўзбекча / ئوزبېچه; oʻzbek tili / ўзбек тили / ئوبېک تیلی
vaivaiVaiIndividualLivingꕙꔤ
venvenveVendaIndividualLivingTshivenḓa
vievieviVietnameseIndividualLivingTiếng Việt
volvolvoVolapükIndividualConstructed
votvotVoticIndividualLivingvađđa ceeli
wakwakWakashan languagesCollective
walwalWolaitta; WolayttaIndividualLiving
warwarWarayIndividualLivingWinaray; Samareño; Lineyte-Samarnon; Binisayâ nga Winaray; Binisayâ nga Samar-Leyte; “Binisayâ nga Waray”
waswasWashoIndividualLivingwá:šiw ʔítlu
wel* / cymcymcyWelshIndividualLivingCymraeg; y Gymraeg
wenwenSorbian languagesCollectiveSerbsce / Serbski
wlnwlnwaWalloonIndividualLivingWalon
wolwolwoWolofIndividualLiving
xalxalKalmyk; OiratIndividualLivingХальмг келн / Xaľmg keln
xhoxhoxhXhosaIndividualLivingisiXhosa
yaoyaoYaoIndividualLiving
yapyapYapeseIndividualLiving
yidyidyiYiddishMacrolanguageLivingייִדיש; יידיש; אידיש
yoryoryoYorubaIndividualLivingèdè Yorùbá
ypkypkYupik languagesCollective
zapzapZapotecMacrolanguageLivingDiidxazá
zblzblBlissymbols; Blissymbolics; BlissIndividualConstructed
zenzenZenagaIndividualLivingTuḍḍungiyya
zghzghStandard Moroccan TamazightIndividualLivingⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ ⵜⴰⵏⴰⵡⴰⵢⵜStandard Moroccan Berber
zhazhazaZhuang; ChuangMacrolanguageLivingVahcuengh / 話僮
zho / chi*zhozhChineseMacrolanguageLiving中文; 汉语; 漢語
zndzndZande languagesCollective
zulzulzuZuluIndividualLivingisiZulu
zunzunZuniIndividualLivingShiwi'ma
zxxzxxNo linguistic content; Not applicableSpecial
zzazzaZaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; ZazakiMacrolanguageLiving

*Synonyms for terminology applications (ISO 639-2/T) and for *bibliographic applications (ISO 639-2/B)

Notes

^ SIL International treats ISO 639-2 code him (Himachali languages / Western Pahari languages) as an ISO 639-5 code,[4][5] although it does not appear in the official list of ISO 639-5 codes[3] maintained by the Library of Congress (the registration authority for ISO 639-5).

See also

References

  1. "Codes arranged alphabetically by alpha-3/ISO 639-2 Code". ISO 639-2 Registration Authority - Library of Congress.
  2. "ISO 639 Code Tables". SIL International.
  3. "ISO 639-5 codes ordered by Identifier". ISO 639-5 Registration Authority - Library of Congress. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  4. "ISO 639 identifier: him". SIL International. Retrieved 2019-01-11. Code set: 639-2 and 639-5
  5. "Issues to Resolve in ISO 639" (PDF). SIL International. 2004-08-14.
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