List of Governors of Singapore

The Governors of Singapore were the political leaders of Singapore during its pre-independence phase in the history of Singapore.[1]

Residents of Singapore (1819–1826)

The Residents and Commandants of Singapore ruled the British colony that is today the Republic of Singapore. The men that held this position governed Singapore from 1819 to 1826, on behalf of the British East India Company.

British East India Company (EIC)
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Monarch
Took Office Left Office Duration
1Maj-Gen. William Farquhar
(1774–1839)
6 February 18191 May 18234 years, 2 months

George III

George IV

2Dr. John Crawfurd
(1783–1868)
27 May 182315 August 18263 years, 2 months

Governors of the Straits Settlements (1826–1942)

The Governors of the Straits Settlements ruled the Straits Settlements. The men that held this position governed the Straits Settlements from 1826 to 1946, on behalf of the British East India Company (until 1858), the India Office (until 1867) and the Colonial Office (until 1946).

In the absence of the governor, the chief secretary immediately became the acting governor of the Straits Settlements. The chief secretaries were historically drawn from the Colonial Office or British military.

British Straits Settlements
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Monarch
Took Office Left Office Duration
1 Robert Fullerton
(1773–1831)
27 November 1826 12 November 1830 3 years, 11 months

George IV

William IV

2 Robert Ibbetson
(1789–1880)
12 November 1830 7 December 1833 3 years, 25 days
3 Kenneth Murchison
(1794–1854)
7 December 1833 17 November 1836 2 years, 11 months
4 Sir Samuel George Bonham
(1803–1863)
18 November 1836 January 1843 ~ 6 years, 1 month

Victoria

Ruled directly from the British East India Company
From January to August 1843.
5 Major General William John Butterworth
(1801–1856)
August 1843 21 March 1855 ~ 11 years, 9 months
6 Edmund Augustus Blundell
(1804–1868)
21 March 1855 6 August 1859 4 years, 4 months
1858: East India Company and Board of Control replaced by India Office and Council of India in the Government of India Act 1858.
7 Major General Sir William Orfeur Cavenagh
(1820–1891)
6 August 1859 16 March 1867 7 years, 7 months
1 April 1867: Control passed from Bengal to the Colonial Office in London and the Straits Settlements became a Crown colony.
8 Major General Sir Harry St. George Ord
(1819–1885)
16 March 1867 4 March 1871 3 years, 11 months
Major General Edward Archibald Harbord Anson
(1826–1925)
Acting
4 March 1871 22 March 1872 1 year and 18 days
8 Major General Sir Harry St. George Ord
(1819–1885)
22 March 1872 3 November 1873 1 year, 7 months
Major General Edward Archibald Harbord Anson
(1826–1925)
Acting
3 November 1873 4 November 1873 1 day
9 Sir Andrew Clarke
(1824–1902)
4 November 18738 May 1875 1 year, 6 months
10 Sir William Jervois
(1821–1897)
8 May 1875 3 April 1877 1 year, 10 months
Major General Edward Archibald Harbord Anson
(1826–1925)
Acting
3 April 1877 August 1877 ~ 4 months
11 Sir William Cleaver Francis Robinson
(1834–1897)
August 1877 10 February 1879 ~ 1 year, 5 months
Major General Edward Archibald Harbord Anson
(1826–1925)
Acting
10 February 1879 16 May 1880 1 year, 3 months
12 Sir Frederick Weld
(1823–1891)
16 May 1880 17 October 1887 7 years, 5 months
13 Sir Cecil Clementi Smith
(1840–1916)
17 October 1887 30 August 1893 5 years, 10 months
William Edward Maxwell
(1846–1897)
Acting
30 August 1893 1 February 1894 5 months and 2 days
14 Sir Charles Mitchell
(1836–1899)
Died while in office
1 February 1894 7 December 1899 5 years, 10 months
James Alexander Swettenham
(1846–1933)
Acting
7 December 1899 5 November 1901 1 year, 10 months

Edward VII

15 Sir Frank Swettenham
(1850–1946)
5 November 1901 16 April 1904 2 years, 5 months
16 Sir John Anderson
(1858–1918)
16 April 1904 2 September 1911 7 years, 4 months

George V

17 Sir Arthur Young
(1854–1938)
2 September 1911 17 February 1920 8 years, 5 months
18 Sir Laurence Guillemard
(1862–1951)
17 February 1920 3 June 1927 7 years, 3 months
19 Sir Hugh Clifford
(1866–1941)
3 June 1927 21 October 1929 2 years, 4 months
Sir John Scott
(1878 – 1946)
Acting
21 October 1929 5 February 1930 3 months and 15 days
20 Sir Cecil Clementi
(1875–1947)
5 February 1930 17 February 1934 4 years and 12 days
Sir Andrew Caldecott
(1884–1951)
Acting
17 February 1934 9 November 1934 8 months and 23 days
Sir Shenton Thomas
(1879–1962)
9 November 1934 15 February 1942 7 years, 3 months
21

Edward VIII

George VI

Japanese occupation of Singapore
From 15 February 1942 to 12 September 1945.

Japanese Occupation (1942 to 1945)

During the Japanese occupation of Singapore, there were 2 mayors and 4 military administrators appointed to Syonan-to.[2]

Syonan-to「昭南島」(Shōnan-tō)
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Monarch
Took Office Left Office Duration
1Odate Shigeo
(1892–1955)
7 March 19428 July 19431 year, 4 months

Emperor Shōwa

2Naito Kanichi

(1897–19??)

19 July 1943
[2]
12 September 19452 years, 1 month
End of Japanese occupation of Singapore
Syonan-to「昭南島」(Shōnan-tō)
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Monarch
Took Office Left Office
Japanese Military Administrators
From 15 February 1942 to 12 September 1945.

Emperor Shōwa

1Yamashita Tomoyuki
(1888–1946)
15 February 19421943
2Terauchi Hisaichi
(1879–1946)
19431944
3Doihara Kenji
(1883–1948)
19441945
4Itagaki Seishiro
(1885–1948)
194412 September 1945
End of Japanese occupation of Singapore

Governors of the Straits Settlements (1945–1946)

British Straits Settlements
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Monarch
Took Office Left Office Duration
British Military Administration of the Straits Settlements
From 12 September 1945 to 31 March 1946.

George VI

Lord Louis Mountbatten
(1900–1979)
British High Command
12 September 194531 March 19466 months and 19 days
Continuation of the Governor of the Straits Settlements
21Sir Shenton Thomas
(1879–1962)
12 September 194531 March 19466 months and 19 days
Singapore became a separate Crown Colony

Governors of Singapore (1946–1959)

The Governors of Singapore ruled Singapore. The men that held this position governed the Crown Colony of Singapore from 1946 to 1959, on behalf of the Colonial Office until Singapore gained self-governance in 1959 in where the Office of the Governor was abolished.

Crown Colony of Singapore
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Monarch
Took Office Left Office Duration
1 Sir Franklin Charles Gimson
(1890–1975)
1 April 1946 20 March 1952 5 years, 11 months

George VI

Elizabeth II

Wilfred Lawson Blythe
(1896 – 1975)
Acting
20 March 195221 April 1952 1 month and 1 day
2 Sir John Fearns Nicoll
(1899–1981)
21 April 1952 2 June 1955 3 years, 1 month
William Allmond Codrington Goode
(1907–1986)
Acting
2 June 1955 30 June 1955 28 days
3 Sir Robert Brown Black
(1906–1999)
30 June 1955 9 December 1957 2 years, 5 months
4 Sir William Allmond Codrington Goode
(1907–1986)
9 December 1957 2 June 1959 1 year, 5 months
Singapore is granted self-governance on 1959 within the British Empire
Singapore merges with the Federation of Malaya on 16 September 1963 to form Malaysia
Singapore declares independence from Malaysia on 9 August 1965

See also

References

  1. "Past and present leaders of Singapore". Singapore National Library Board.
  2. "Kanichi Naito Named Mayor Of Syonan". Syonan Shimbun. 20 July 1943. p. 1.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.