List of German-language newspapers published in the United States

In the period from the 1830s until the First World War there were dozens of German language newspapers in the United States. Although the first German immigrants had arrived by 1700, most German-language newspapers flourished during the era of mass immigration from Germany that began in the 1820s.[1]

Germans were the first non-English speakers to publish newspapers in the U.S., and by 1890, there were over 1,000 German language newspapers being published in the United States.[1] The first German language paper was Die Philadelphische Zeitung, published by Benjamin Franklin in Philadelphia beginning in 1732; it failed after a year.[1] In 1739, Christopher Sauer established Der Hoch-Deutsche Pennsylvanische Geschicht-Schreiber, later known as Die Germantauner Zeitung.[2] It was one of the most influential pre-Revolutionary weekly newspapers in the colonies.[2] By 1802, Pennsylvanian Germans published newspapers not only in Philadelphia, but also in Lancaster, Reading, Easton, Harrisburg, York, and Norristown.[1] The oldest German Catholic newspaper, the Cincinnati Archdiocese's Der Wahrheitsfreund, began publishing in 1837.[3][4] By 1881, it was one of five German papers in the Cincinnati market.[5]

The newspapers were hit by two rounds of closure due to sudden drops in advertising revenue. As the U.S. entered World War I, many advertisers stopped placing advertisements in German newspapers. Later, with the onset of Prohibition in 1920, the remaining newspapers faded as older generations died and newer generations chose not to embrace a German-American identity, with Americanization.[1] A handful of America newspapers in the German language remain extant today.

Current

California

  • Neue Presse USA, Hemet, 1986–Present

Florida

  • Florida Sun, Orlando

Georgia

  • Das Fenster, Athens, 1904–Present

Michigan

  • Nordamerikanische Wochenpost, Warren, 1854–Present

New York

Pennsylvania

Defunct

Illinois

Iowa

  • Iowa Tribüne, Burlington, 1861–1899
  • Der Demokrat, Davenport, 1851–1918
  • Ostfriesische Nachrichten, Dubuque, 1881–1971
  • Le Mars Herold, Le Mars, 1884–1918

Maryland

  • Baltimore Wecker, Baltimore, 1851–1877
  • Der Deutsche Correspondent, Baltimore, 1841–1918, merger into Baltimore Correspondent
  • Bayrisches Wochenblatt, Baltimore, 1880–1919, merged into Baltimore Correspondent
  • (Täglicher) Baltimore Correspondent, Baltimore, 1919–1976[6][7][8]

Massachusetts

  • Neu England Rundschau, Holyoke, 1884–1942

Minnesota

  • Der Nordstern, St. Cloud, 1874–1931
  • Minnesota Staats-Zeitung, St. Paul, 1858-1877
  • Minnesota Volksblatt, St. Paul, 1861-1877
  • Die Volkszeitung, St. Paul, 1877-1881
  • Wöchentliche Volkszeitung, 1881-1921
  • Tägliche Volkszeitung, 1881-1941

Missouri

New York

North Dakota

Ohio

Oregon

Pennsylvania

  • Die Germantauner Zeitung, 1739
  • Philadelphia Demokrat, Philadelphia, 1838–1918
  • Philadelphische Staatsbote, Philadelphia
  • Die Philadelphische Zeitung, Philadelphia, 1732
  • Die York Gazette, 1796
  • Freiheits-Freund, Pittsburgh, 1834–1901
  • Pittsburger Volksblatt, Pittsburgh, 1859–1901
  • Volksblatt und Freiheits-Freund, Pittsburgh, 1901–1942
  • Hiwwe wie Driwwe, Kutztown/Ober-Olm, 1997-present

South Dakota

Tennessee

  • Tennessee Staats-Zeitung, Nashville, 1866-?

Virginia

  • Richmonder Anzeiger, Richmond, 1854-?[9]

Washington DC

  • Washington Journal, Washington DC, 1859–1999, merger with Amerika Woche

Wisconsin

National newspapers

  • Amerika Woche, 1972-present
  • Der Ruf, distributed to German POWs across the United States during World War II

See also

References

  1. Grohsgal, Leah Weinry. "Chronicling America's Historic German Newspapers and the Growth of the American Ethnic Press". neh.gov. National Endowment for the Humanities. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
  2. "A History of Pennsylvania Newspapers". libraries.psu.edu. The Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
  3. McCann, Mary Agnes (1920). "The Most Reverend John Baptist Purcell, D.D., Archbishop of Cincinnati (1800-1883)". The Catholic Historical Review. American Catholic Historical Association. 6 (2): 183. ISSN 0008-8080. JSTOR 25011687.
  4. Clark, S. J. (1912). Cincinnati, the Queen City, 1788-1912, Volume 2. The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 12.
  5. "A Word About the Enquirer". The Cincinnati Enquirer. 39 (293). October 20, 1881. p. 4. ProQuest 888489269.
  6. "Baltimore Correspondent". Retrieved 2017-11-11.
  7. "Täglicher Baltimore Correspondent". Retrieved 2017-11-11.
  8. "Baltimore Correspondent. [volume]". Retrieved 2017-11-11.
  9. entry for Richmonder Anzeiger at the Library of Congress
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.