List of Estonian flags

The national flag of Estonia is a tricolour featuring three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), black, and white. The normal size is 105 × 165 cm. In Estonian it is colloquially called the "sinimustvalge" (literally "blue-black-white"), after the colours of the bands. The flag became associated with Estonian nationalism and was used as the national flag (riigilipp) when the Estonian Declaration of Independence was issued on February 24, 1918. The flag was formally adopted on November 21, 1918. On December 12, 1918 was the first time the flag was raised as the national symbol atop of the Pikk Hermann Tower in Tallinn.[1]
The following is a list of flags of Estonia.

National flag and state flag

FlagDateUseDescription
1918–1940
1944
1988/1990–present
State flag and civil ensignDimensions are 7:11; colors were standardized in 2014.

Governmental flags

FlagDateUseDescription
1992–present
1927[2]-1940
Presidential standardNational tricolour with the greater coat of arms in the center
?–presentPresidential standard (at sea)Swallow-tailed tricolour with the greater coat of arms in the center
?–presentDefence MinisterNational tricolour with the lesser coat of arms off-set to hoist
?–presentPostal flag

Military flags

FlagDateUseDescription
1991–present
1926–1940
Naval ensignSwallow-tailed tricolour with the lesser coat of arms in the center
1991–present
1926–1940
Naval jackDimension: 7:11 (the saltaire equals 1 part, the George's cross 2 parts)
?–presentState flag of the Estonian Air Force
2008–presentFlag of the Estonian Defense Forces
?–presentFlag of the Estonian Land Forces
?–presentFlag of the Estonian Air Force
?–presentFlag of the Defence League (obverse)
?–presentFlag of the Defence League (reverse)
?–presentChief of Naval ForcesWhite triangular swallow tailed pennant (broad pennant) with blue "chevron" rising from the hoist and with yellow anchor near the hoist
?–presentRear admiral’s FlagFlag similar to CinC Armed Forces but without any yellow borders
?–presentLieutenant general’s FlagFlag similar to CinC Armed Forces but with yellow edge only at the top
?–presentMajor general’s flagFlag similar to CinC Armed Forces but with yellow edge only along the lower edge
?–presentChief of divisionThe same flag as Chief of Naval Forces, but without the anchor
?–presentSenior Officer AfloatWhite triangular pennant with horizontal blue stripe though the middle
?–presentGeneral Agent of the NavyNational flag with two crossed anchors in the top canton
?–presentPresidential pennant
?–presentMasthead pennantWhite pennant tappering toward the point in the fly from about the half of the length with the national tricolour at hoist
?–presentMinister of Internal Affairs pennant
?–presentBorder Guard pennant
?–presentPolice and Border Guard flag
1923[3]–presentBorder Guard
?–presentBorder GuardThe letters PV are visible on the national flag which is defaced with green and yellow markings
2004–presentCustoms flag
1923[4]–2004Customs flag

County flags

FlagDateUseDescription
1939[5]–presentHarju County
1996–presentHiiu County
1997–presentIda-Viru County
1996–presentJõgeva County
1939[6]–presentJärva County
1939[7]–presentLääne County
1996–presentLääne-Viru County
1996–presentPõlva County
1939[8]–presentPärnu County
1996–presentRapla County
1939[9]–presentSaare County
1939[10]–presentTartu County
1939[11]–presentValga County
1939[12]–presentViljandi County
1939[13]–presentVõru County

Regional and minority flags

FlagDateUseDescription
?-presentFlag of Ingrian Finns
?-presentFlag of Setos
2003–presentFlag of Votes
?-presentAlternate flag of Votes
2013–presentFlag of Võros
?-presentAlternate flag of Võros
1939[14]–1940Petseri County

Historical flags

Denmark (1219–1346 and 1559–1645)

FlagDateUseDescription
1219–1346
1559–1645
Flag of Denmark

Livonia (1237–1561)

FlagDateUseDescription
1237–1561Flag of the State of the Teutonic Order

Sweden (1561–1721)

FlagDateUseDescription
1561-ca. 1650Flag of Sweden
ca. 1650-
1710/1721
Flag of Sweden

Lithuania (1561–1569)

FlagDateUseDescription
1561–1569Royal Banner of Lithuania

Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569–1629)

FlagDateUseDescription
1569–1587Royal Banner of Lithuania
1569–1587Royal Banner of Poland
1587–1668Flag of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth

Russia (1721–1918)

FlagDateUseDescription
1705–1917Merchant flag of Russia
Flag of Russia
1858–1896State flag of Russia
1896–1917National flag of Russia
Flag of Russia
1914–1917Flag of Russia (for private use)
1703–1858Imperial Standard of Russia
1858–1917Imperial Standard of Russia
?–1918Flag of the Duchy of Estonia
?–1918Flag of the Duchy of Livonia
1917–1918Bolshevik flagA red flag

Germany (1918, 1941–1944)

FlagDateUseDescription
1918Flag of Germany and the Ober Ost
1941–1944Flag of Germany and the Reichskomissariat Ostland

Estonian Workers' Commune (1918–1919)

FlagDateUseDescription
1918–1919Flag of the Estonian Workers' CommuneA red flag with a golden canton. Inside the canton, the texts meaning "Estonian Workers' Commune", separated by a red line:
Estonian: "Eesti Töörahva Kommuun";
Russian: "Эстляндская трудовая коммуна" ("Estlyandskaya Trudovaya Kommuna").

Soviet Union (1940–1941, 1944–1991)

FlagDateUseDescription
1940–1941
1944–1955
Flag of the Soviet Union
1955–1980Flag of the Soviet Union
1980–1990/1991Flag of the Soviet Union
1940–1941
1944–1953
Flag of the Estonian SSRA red flag with a golden hammer and sickle in the top-left corner. Above the hammer and sickle were the gold Latin upper case characters "ENSV" (Eesti Nõukogude Sotsialistlik Vabariik - "Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic") in a sans-serif font.
1953–1990Flag of the Estonian SSR
obverse
A red flag with a golden hammer and sickle and outlined star above them in the top-left corner. In the lower half of the flag was a band of blue and white water waves.
1953–1990Flag of the Estonian SSR
reverse
A red flag with a band of blue and white waves in the lower half of the flag.

Proposed national and state flags

FlagDateUseDescription
-- A black-bordered white cross offset to left defacing a blue field.
-- A black-bordered blue cross offset to left defacing a white field.
--
1918Flag of the United Baltic Duchy
1922Proposed flag, former flag of the Duchy of Estonia

See also

References

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