List of Croatian soldiers

This is a list of Croatian soldiers, and it includes all kinds of military personnel.

Medieval Croatian state

Croatian principalities (until 925)

Dalmatian Croatia

Soldier Allegiance Rank Wars Battles Notes Image
Višeslav Dalmatian Croatia Prince Frankish campaign against Avars and Slavs Siege of Trsat Višeslav warred against the Franks during his rule and avoided defeat until 803 — a year after his death.
Borna Dalmatian Croatia Prince Frankish campaign against Ljudevit Posavski Battle of Kupa
Trpimir I Dalmatian Croatia Prince Against Byzantine Empire
Croato-Bulgarian Wars
Domagoj Dalmatian Croatia Prince Civil war in Croatia
Wars against Venetia
Wars against Arabs
Branimir Dalmatian Croatia Prince

Pannonian Croatia

Soldier Allegiance Rank Wars Battles Notes Image
Vojnomir Pannonian Croatia / Carolingian Empire Prince Vojnomir is known for fighting the Avars during their occupation of Croatia. He launched a joint counterattack with the help of Frankish troops under King Charlemagne in 791. The offensive was successful and the Avars were driven out of Croatia. In return for the help of Charlemagne, Vojnomir was obliged to recognize Frankish sovereignty, convert to Christianity and have his territory named as Pannonian Croatia.
Ljudevit Posavski Pannonian Croatia Prince
Ratimir Pannonian Croatia / First Bulgarian Empire Prince
Braslav Pannonian Croatia Prince

Kingdom of Croatia (925–1102)

Soldier Allegiance Rank Wars Battles Notes Image
Tomislav Dalmatian Croatia / Kingdom of Croatia Prince / King Croatian–Bulgarian wars Battle of the Bosnian Highlands Tomislav united the Croats of Dalmatia and Pannonia into a single Kingdom in 925.
Michael Krešimir II Kingdom of Croatia King War against Arabs Michael was a victor in a conflict with the Arab pirates near the Italian peninsula Gargano in 969.
Stephen Držislav Kingdom of Croatia King War against Venetia
Svetoslav Suronja Kingdom of Croatia King War against Venetia
Stephen I Kingdom of Croatia King War against Arabs
Peter Krešimir IV Kingdom of Croatia King War against Normans
Zvonimir Kingdom of Croatia King War against Holy Roman Empire He was a part of a minor conflict with the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV, specifically one of his servants from Istria.
Petar Svačić Kingdom of Croatia King War against Kingdom of Hungary Battle of Gvozd Mountain

Croatia in personal union with Hungary (1102–1527)

Soldier Allegiance Rank Wars Battles Notes Image
Paul I Šubić of Bribir
(c. 1245 - 1 May 1312)
Kingdom of Croatia / Kingdom of Hungary Ban of Croatia /
Lord of all of Bosnia
Against Venetia /
Against Bosnia
Ivan Karlović
(1478 or 1479 - Medvedgrad, 1531)
Kingdom of Croatia / Kingdom of Hungary Ban of Croatia Croatian–Ottoman Wars / Ottoman wars in Europe
Ivan Frankopan Cetinski
( - 1493)
Kingdom of Croatia / Kingdom of Hungary Ban of Croatia Croatian–Ottoman Wars / Ottoman wars in Europe Battle of Krbava field
John of Palisna Kingdom of Croatia / Kingdom of Hungary Ban of Croatia Croatian–Ottoman Wars / Ottoman wars in Europe Battle of Kosovo John of Palisna led a contingent of Knights Hospitallers from Vrana in Croatia against Ottomans in the Battle of Kosovo.[1]

Croatia within Habsburg Monarchy (1527–1918)

Regular Habsburg army

Bans

Soldier Allegiance Rank Wars Battles Notes Image
Petar Keglević Kingdom of Croatia a part of Habsburg Monarchy Ban of Croatia
Franjo Vlašić Kingdom of Croatia a part of Habsburg Monarchy Ban of Croatia
Petar Zrinski Kingdom of Croatia a part of Habsburg Monarchy Ban of Croatia Croatian–Ottoman wars / Ottoman wars in Europe
Nikola Šubić Zrinski Kingdom of Croatia a part of Habsburg Monarchy Ban of Croatia Croatian–Ottoman wars / Ottoman wars in Europe Siege of Szigetvár Nikola Šubić Zrinski was known for defending Szigeth Fortress against Ottomans.
Nikola VII Zrinski Kingdom of Croatia a part of Habsburg Monarchy Ban of Croatia Croatian–Ottoman wars / Ottoman wars in Europe
Marko Srdanovic Principality of Omis a part of Republic of Venice Prince Croatian–Ottoman wars / Ottoman wars in Europe

Officers

Soldier Allegiance Rank Wars Battles Notes Image
Nikola Jurišić Kingdom of Croatia, a part of Habsburg Monarchy Captain Ottoman wars in Europe
Little War in Hungary
Siege of Güns (Kőszeg) (1532) Nikola Jurišić defended the small border fort of Kőszeg with only 700-800 Croatian soldiers with no cannons and few guns, preventing the advance of the Turkish army of 120,000-140,000 toward Vienna.[2]
Franjo Jelačić Habsburg Monarchy Feldmarschall-Leutnant Austro-Turkish War (1787–1791)
French Revolutionary Wars
Napoleonic Wars
Ulm Campaign
Battle of Sankt Michael
Battle of Raab
Battle of Wagram
Peter Vitus von Quosdanovich Habsburg Monarchy Feldmarschall-Leutnant Seven Years' War
War of the Bavarian Succession
Austro-Turkish War (1787–1791)
French Revolutionary Wars
Josef Philipp Vukassovich[3]  Austrian Empire Feldmarschall-Leutnant Austro-Turkish War (1787–1791)
French Revolutionary Wars
Napoleonic Wars
Siege of Mantua (1796–1797)
Battle of Wagram
Grgo Kusić (1892–1918)  Austria-Hungary Soldier Grgo Kusić was a 2.37 m (7 ft 9 12 in) tall Croat soldier in the Austro-Hungarian Army. According to some accounts, Kusić was the tallest soldier of the Austro-Hungarian Army.[4][5]
Svetozar Boroević[6][7][8]  Austria-Hungary Field Marshal World War I
Stjepan Sarkotić  Austria-Hungary General World War I
Maximilian Njegovan  Austria-Hungary Admiral World War I
Josip Filipović  Austrian Empire General World War I

Irregular military

Uskoci

Soldier Allegiance Rank Wars Battles Notes Image
Petar Kružić (died 1537)[9] Kingdom of Croatia a part of Habsburg Monarchy Captain Ottoman wars in Europe Petar Kružić was a capitan of Klis and Senj.[9] He gathered together a garrison composed of Croat refugees, who used the base at Klis Fortress both to hold the Turks at bay, and to engage in marauding and piracy against coastal shipping.[9] Although nominally accepting the sovereignty of the Habsburg Emperor Ferdinand I, who obtained the Croatian crown in 1527, Kružić and his freebooting Uskoci were a law unto themselves.[9]
Ivan Lenković (died 1569. Metlika, Slovenia)[10] Kingdom of Croatia a part of Habsburg Monarchy General Ottoman wars in Europe Ivan Lenković was ruler of Senj and Military Frontier commander.[10] He is noted for the construction of Fortress Nehaj and as a captain of the Uskoks.[10]
Ivo Senjanin Kingdom of Croatia a part of Habsburg Monarchy Ottoman wars in Europe
Elia Peraizza Kingdom of Croatia a part of Habsburg Monarchy Ottoman wars in Europe

Hajduci

Pandurs

Rebels

Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918–1941)

World War II (1941–1945)

Ustaše

Partisans

SFR Yugoslavia (1945–1991)

Republic of Croatia (1991–present)

Croatian War of Independence

Croatia–NATO relations

Foreign Armies

Soldier Allegiance Rank Wars Battles Notes Image
Michael J. Novosel  United States of America Lieutenant Colonel (USAF)
Chief Warrant Officer (USA)
World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
Michael J. Novosel, Sr. (September 3, 1922 – April 2, 2006) was a recipient of the United States' highest military decoration — the Medal of Honor — and a retired Chief Warrant Officer (CW4).
Lothar Rendulic  Austria-Hungary
 Austria
 Nazi Germany
 Independent State of Croatia
Oberst (Austria)
Generaloberst (Germany)
World War II
Louis Cukela  United States of America Major World War I
World War II
Soissons engagement
Battle of Belleau Wood
Peter Tomich  United States of America Chief Watertender (Navy) World War I
World War II
Attack on Pearl Harbor
Matija Zmajević Tsardom of Russia Admiral
Rustem Pasha Opuković[11][12] Ottoman Empire General
Piyale Pasha Ottoman Empire Grand Admiral and Vizier
Veli Mahmud Pasha[13][14] Ottoman Empire General
Hersekzade Ahmed Pasha[15] Ottoman Empire General
İshak Pasha[16] Ottoman Empire General
Kuyucu Murat Pasha Ottoman Empire General

References

  1. Hunyadi and Laszlovszky, Zsolt and József (2001). The Crusades and the military orders: expanding the frontiers of medieval latin christianity. Budapest: Central European University Press. Dept. of Medieval Studies. pp. 285–290. ISBN 963-9241-42-3.
  2. Turnbull, Stephen. The Ottoman Empire 1326–1699. New York: Osprey, 2003. p. 51
  3. Hollins, David (2004). Austrian Commanders of the Napoleonic Wars 1792–1815. Oxford: Osprey Publishing Ltd. p. 29. ISBN 1-84176-664-X.
  4. "Visoki Hrvati" (in Croatian). October 28, 2008. Archived from the original on May 15, 2011. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
  5. "La Croatie: Le saviez-vous?" (in French). Embassy of Croatia in France. Archived from the original on 2009-03-12. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
  6. Morselli, Mario (2001). Caporetto, 1917: victory or defeat?. Routledge. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-7146-5073-9. ISBN 0-7146-5073-0.
  7. Palmer, Alan (2000). Victory 1918. Grove Press. p. 185. ISBN 978-0-8021-3787-6. ISBN 0-8021-3787-3.
  8. Tucker, Spencer (1996). The European powers in the First World War. Taylor & Francis. p. 762. ISBN 978-0-8153-0399-2. ISBN 0-8153-0399-8.
  9. Singleton, Frederick Bernard (1989). A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 60–61. ISBN 0-521-25478-7. ISBN 0-521-27485-0.
  10. Bousfield, Jonathan (2003). The Rough Guide to Croatia. London: Rough Guides. p. 313. ISBN 978-1-84353-084-8. ISBN 1-84353-084-8.
  11. Taylor, Jane (2007). Imperial Istanbul: A Traveller's Guide: Includes Iznik, Bursa and Edirne. London: Tauris Parke Paperbacks. pp. 166–167. ISBN 978-1-84511-334-6.
  12. Fine, John Van Antwerp (2006). When ethnicity did not matter in the Balkans. Michigan: The University of Michigan Press. pp. 215–216. ISBN 0-472-11414-X.
  13. Miller, Barnette (1941). The Palace school of Muhammad the Conqueror. Harvard University Press. p. 7.
  14. United Center for Research and Training in History (1998). Bulgarian historical review: Revue bulgare d'histoire. Pub. House of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. p. 48.
  15. Klemenčić, Mladen (1993). A Concise atlas of the Republic of Croatia & of the Republic of Bosnia and Hercegovina. Michigan: Miroslav Krleža Lexicographical Institute (original from University of Michigan Press). p. 88.
  16. Radushev, Evg (2003). Inventory of Ottoman Turkish documents about Waqf preserved in the Oriental Department at the St. St. Cyril and Methodius National Library. Sv. sv. Kiril i Metodiĭ. p. 228.
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