List of Chinese dissidents
This list consists of these activists who are known as Chinese dissidents. The label is primarily applied to intellectuals who "push the boundaries" of society or criticize the policies of the government. Examples of the former include Wei Hui and Jia Pingwa, whose sexually explicit writings reflect dissent from traditional Chinese culture rather than the laws of the state.
Detained and jailed people
|Ai Weiwei||artist and activist||2011||alleged economic crimes||Fine of 2.4 million for tax evasion||Detained for 80 days from April 3. to 22 June 2011|
|Bao Tong||government official||1989||revealing state secrets and counter-revolutionary propagandizing||7 years||Sentenced 1992. Prison: 1989–1996. As of 2009, under surveillance.|
|Bao Zunxin||historian||1989||counterrevolutionary propaganda and incitement||5 years||Sentenced 1991. Released 1992, died 2007.|
|Cai Lujun||businessman, writer||2003||incitement to subversion||3 years||Released 2006, sought political asylum in Taiwan in 2007.|
|Chen Pokong||author, commentator, democracy activist||1989, 1993||"carrying out counter-revolutionary propaganda and incitement", illegally crossing state borders||3 years, 2 years||Sentenced 1989 and 1993.|
|Cheng Jianping||online activist||2010||disturbing social order||1 year||Reeducation through labor for a sarcastic post on Twitter.|
|Gao Zhisheng||lawyer||~2006||disturbing public order||5 yrs suspended||Illegally detained and tortured in 2007; forcibly removed from family home in Shaanxi in 2009.|
|Guo Quan||professor||2008||subversion of state power||10 years||Sentenced 2009. Awaiting appeal.|
|He Depu||writer||2002||"incited subversion" on the Internet||8 years||Sentenced 2003. Released 2011.|
|Hu Jia||activist||2007||inciting subversion of state power||3.5 years||Arrested, imprisoned, and sentenced in 2008. Released 2011.|
|Huang Qi||webmaster, anti-human trafficking activist||2000||inciting subversion||5 years||Sentenced 2003. Accused of violating articles 103, 105, 55 and 56. Released 2005.|
|2008||illegal possession of state secrets||3 years||Sentenced 2009. Arrested after essay regarding the Sichuan earthquake. Released 2011.|
|Ilham Tohti||economist||2014||inciting subversion||life||Detained in January 2014 after criticizing Beijing's response to 2013 Tiananmen Square attack.|
|Jiang Lijun||writer||2002||inciting subversion of the state power||4 years||Sentenced 2003. Arrested for "Internet writing and publishing dissident articles". Also sentenced to 'deprivation of political rights' for 1 year.|
|Jiang Rong||writer||1989||Released 1991.|
|Jiang Yanyong||doctor||2004||Detained and released in 2004. Broke story on SARS epidemic. Wrote critical letter regarding Tiananmen.|
|Jiang Yefei||political cartoonist||2015||incitement to subversion||Escaped from China to Thailand in 2004, he was granted political asylum by the Canadian Government, but was arrested by Thailand Immigration authorities on illegal entry. In November 2015 he was deported from Thailand at the request of the Chinese authorities and now awaiting trial in custody.|
|Li Hai||student||1994||9 years||Sentenced in 1995. Released 2004.|
|Li Zhi||civil servant||2003||inciting subversion||8 years||Sentenced 2003. Yahoo! helped the government against him. Expected release in 2011.|
|Liao Yiwu||writer, musician||1990||poem "Massacre" about Tiananmen Square||4 years, permanent blacklist from travel||Under a 2011 'travel ban' for 'national security' reasons.|
|Liu Di||student||2002||Released in 2003|
|Liu Xiaobo||professor of literature||2008||inciting subversion of state power||11 years||Sentenced 2009. Died July 13, 2017. Recipient of the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize.|
|Qin Yongmin||human rights activist||1998
|inciting subversion of state power||12 years
|Sentenced 1998 and July 2018. Co-founder of the Democracy Party of China.|
|Shi Tao||journalist, writer, poet||2004||illegally supplying state secrets to overseas organizations||10 years||Sentenced 2005. Yahoo! helped the government against him. Released 2013.|
|Tan Zuoren||writer||2008||3 years||Sentenced 2009.|
|2010||subversion of state power||5 years||Sentenced 2010.|
|Tang Baiqiao||activist||1989||spreading counterrevolutionary propaganda; inciting counterrevolutionary activities; defection to the enemy; treason.||3 years||Released under international pressure 1991. Fled to Hong Kong, then U.S. 1992.|
|Wang Bingzhang||doctor||2002||spying, terrorism||life||Sentenced 2003.|
|Wang Dan||professor of history||1989||Tiananmen activities||4 years||Sentenced 1991. Released on parole in 1993.|
|1995||11 years||Sentenced 1996. Released on medical parole to U.S. in 1998; currently in Taiwan.|
|Wang Quanzhang||lawyer||2015||subversion of state power||4½ years||Put on trial in December 2018, sentenced in January 2019.|
|Wang Xiaoning||engineer||2002||incitement to subvert state power||10 years||Sentenced 2003. Yahoo! helped the government against him. Expected release 2012|
|~1998||subversion||11 years||Released and exiled in 2004; currently in the United States.|
|Wei Jingsheng||electrician||1979||passing military secrets||15 years||Released and jailed again in 1993; released for "medical reasons" and deported to the US in 1997.|
|Wu Gan||blogger||2015||subversion of state power||8 years|
|Xu Zhiyong||lawyer, lecturer||2014||gathering crowds to disrupt public order||4 years||For his role of founding New Citizens' Movement and in protests.|
|Yang Jianli||activist, scholar||2002||alleged espionage & illegal entry||5 years||The Chinese government placed Yang on a 1994 blacklist of 49 pro-democracy activists barred from returning to China. Yang used another person's passport to enter China in 2002.|
|Yuan Hongbing||jurist, writer||1994||Detained and forced to leave China in 1994; travelled to and sought political asylum in Australia in 2004.|
|Yue Xin||student activist||2018||unknown, likely in response to protests organized by Yue||unknown||Yue went missing in October 2018, after she and fifty other students were detained by Chinese authorities after participating in Jasic Incident. She remains missing.|
|Qiu Zhanxuan||student activist||2019||unknown, likely because he was the leader of the Marxist student association at Peking University||unknown||Qiu was abducted on April 29 2019 by State security agents on the outskirts of Beijing. He was the leader of the Marxist student association at the elite Peking University, a communist of conscience who defied the Communist Party of China. He remains missing.|
|Zeng Jinyan||blogger||2006||suspected of harming state security||Under house arrest with husband Hu Jia from August 2006 - March 2007; currently under house arrest again, since May 2007.|
|Zhao Changqing||teacher of history||1989||Tiananmen activities||Released after about 1/2 year.|
|1998||workers rights activity||3 years|
|2002||attempted subversion of state power||5 years||Sentenced 2003.|
|Zhao Lianhai||food safety worker, activist||2009||inciting social disorder||2.5 years||Sentenced 2010.|
- Chai Ling
- Chaohua Wang
- Chen Guangcheng
- Fang Lizhi
- Feng Congde
- Feng Zhenghu
- Gao Xingjian (born 1940). Recipient of the 2000 Nobel Prize in Literature
- Gao Yu (journalist)
- Gao Zhisheng
- Gui Minhai (born 1964). Publisher and writer of books on Chinese politics.
- Guo Wengui
- Han Dongfang
- Harry Wu
- Jiao Guobiao (born 1963). Former professor of Peking University and the author of Denouncing the Central Propaganda Department (of the Communist Party of China)
- Li Lu
- Lu Jinghua, 33. Former merchant who became involved in the Beijing Workers' Autonomous Federation in 1989. Now in New York. Attempted to return to Beijing in June 1993 but was refused entry and sent back to US.
- Li Zehou (born 1930). Scholar of philosophy and intellectual history.
- Liu Binyan Died 2005
- Michael Anti (journalist) (born 1975). Proponent of freedom of the press in China.
- Murong Xuecun Writer and critic of censorship.
- Shen Tong
- Su Xiaokang
- Tang Baiqiao
- Li Hongkuan
- Tashi Wangchuk, sentenced to 5 years in prison in May 2018 for "inciting separatism" after speaking to the New York Times about his concerns over the current state of Tibetan culture and language in China.
- Wang Bingzhang
- Wang Ruowang
- Wang Meiyu (王美雨), democracy activist who died in police custody under suspicious circumstances in September 2019 after having been arrested for "picking quarrels and provoking trouble" in July 2019 when he was protesting for universal suffrage and calling for the resignation of Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang
- Wu Fan
- Xie Wanjun (born 1967). Founding member of the Democracy Party of China.
- Xiong Yan (dissident)
- Xu Jiatun
- Xue Fei (host)
- Yan Jiaqi
- Yang Jianli
- Yu Jie (born 1973). Dissident writer.
- Zhang Boli
- Zheng Yi (writer)
- Zhou Fengsuo
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to List of Chinese dissidents.|
- "Ai Weiwei's whereabouts still unknown". RTHK English News. 10 April 2011. Retrieved April 14, 2011.
- Amnesty International, Chen Pokong (30) and other prisoners at Guangzhou No. 1 Reeducation-Through-Labour CenterAmnesty International information note on Chen Pokong, 7 December 1994, accessed June 31, 2013
- Chinese woman, Cheng Jianping, sentenced to a year in labor camp over Twitter post Aliyah Shahid, 2010 11 18, NY Daily News, via www.nydailynews.com on 2010 11 18
- Human Rights in China, "Torture Account by Missing Rights Defense Lawyer Gao Zhisheng," February 8, 2009
- Jacobs, Andrew (March 28, 2010). "Chinese Activist Surfaces After a Year in Custody". The New York Times. Retrieved May 8, 2010.
- Bradsher, Keith (March 16, 2010). "China Fails to Dispel Mystery About Missing Dissident". The New York Times. Retrieved May 8, 2010.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-04-03. Retrieved 2010-03-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "China accused of 'tricking' dissidents into deportation". Aljazeera. 2015-12-29. Retrieved Feb 17, 2015.
- "Qin Yongmin: Prominent Chinese dissident jailed for 13 years". BBC News. 11 July 2018. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
- "About Shi Tao," Incorporating Responsibility 2008
- "PEN International is delighted to announce the release of Chinese poet, journalist and PEN member Shi Tao, 15 months before the end of his 10-year sentence PEN International". www.pen-international.org. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2017-05-14.
- Chin, Josh (28 January 2019). "China Civil-Rights Lawyer Sentenced to 4½ Years in Prison for Subversion". Wall Street Journal.
- Coonan, Clifford (April 20, 2007). "Chinese couple sue Yahoo! in US over torture case". The Independent. London. Retrieved May 8, 2010.
- "CECC Record Number: 2004-04961 Yang Jianli". ppdcecc.gov. Retrieved 2018-12-20.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-11-27. Retrieved 2010-03-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-07-14. Retrieved 2010-03-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Father of poisoned baby rallies parents in tainted-milk fight - thestar.com, Bill Schiller, Asia Bureau, Toronto Star, via www.thestar.com on 2010 11 10
- China food safety activist given 21⁄2 years Archived November 14, 2010, at the Wayback Machine Christopher Bodeen, Associated Press – Wed Nov 10, 2:41 am ET, via news.yahoo.com on 2010 11 10
- "Tibet activist jailed in China over language campaign". BBC News. 22 May 2018. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
- Kuo, Lily (27 September 2019). "Death of Chinese activist in police custody prompts calls for investigation into torture". The Guardian.
- [China: List of Political Prisoners Detained or Imprisoned as of November 5, 2017 (1,414 cases) http://www.cecc.gov/sites/chinacommission.house.gov/files/documents/CECC%20Pris%20List_20171105_1414.pdf]
- List of top Chinese dissidents
- Human Rights in China
- IFEX: Monitoring Censorship in China
- Photos of Chinese dissidents