List of Canadian military operations

Since 1947, the Canadian Armed Forces have completed 72 international missions. More than 3,600 soldiers, sailors and Air Force personnel are deployed overseas on operational missions. On any given day, about 8,000 Canadian Armed Forces members Royal Canadian Air Force, Royal Canadian Navy, and Canadian Army (one-third of the Canadian deployable force) are preparing for, engaged in or are returning from an overseas mission.

Below is a list of all currently active and past Canadian Armed Forces operations both within Canada's borders and internationally.

Current and recurring operations

This section consists of Canadian Forces operations which are currently active, or conducted annually or on a periodic basis.

North America

  • Operation Caribbe – Multinational campaign against illicit trafficking by transnational organized crime in the Caribbean basin and the eastern Pacific Ocean.[1][2]
  • Operation Driftnet – In support of Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Multinational efforts to control driftnetting and other forms of illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing in the North Pacific Ocean.[1][3]
  • Operation Lentus – Contingency plan that outlines the joint response to provide support for Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Response (HADR) to provincial and territorial authorities in the case of a major natural disaster that overwhelms their capacity to respond.[1][4]
  • Operation Limpid – Routine domestic surveillance of Canadian air, maritime, land, space, and cyber domains as well as presence in Canada's aerial, maritime and land approaches in order to detect, deter, prevent, pre-empt and defeat threats aimed at Canada or Canadian interests.[1][5]
  • Operation Nanook – To assert Canada's sovereignty over its northernmost regions, to enhance the Canadian Armed Forces' ability to operate in Arctic conditions, to improve coordination in whole-of-government operations, and to maintain interoperability with mission partners for maximum effectiveness in response to safety and security issues in the North.[1][6]
  • Operation Nevus – To perform essential preventive and corrective maintenance on the High Arctic Data Communications System (HADCS) located on Ellesmere Island.[1][7]
  • Operation Nunalivut – To assert Canada's sovereignty over its northernmost regions, to demonstrate the ability to operate in the harsh winter environment in remote areas of the High Arctic, and to enhance its capability to respond to any situation in the Canada's North.[1][8]
  • Operation Nunakput – To assert Canada's sovereignty over its northernmost regions, to enhance the Canadian Armed Forces' ability to operate in Arctic conditions, to improve coordination and cooperation in whole-of-government operations, and to maintain interoperability with mission partners for maximum effectiveness in response to safety and security issues in the North.[1][9]
  • Operation Palaci – Contribution to Parks Canada's avalanche-control program in Rogers Pass. To prevent uncontrolled, naturally occurring avalanches, and thus prevent blockage of the essential road and rail links between coastal British Columbia and the rest of Canada.[1][10]
  • Operation Sabot – Marijuana-eradication program conducted annually with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.[1][11]

Abroad

Americas

Africa

  • Operation Crocodile – Military contribution to the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.[12][14]
  • Operation Saturn – To serve with UNAMID, the hybrid operation by the African Union (A.U.) and the United Nations in Darfur.[12][15]
  • Operation Soprano – Participation in the United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS), the military component of a "whole-of-government" engagement in South Sudan that also includes the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.[12][16]
  • Operation Sirona – Military component of the Canadian whole-of-government contribution to fighting the Ebola outbreak in West Africa. Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) personnel will augment efforts undertaken by the United Kingdom to combat the spread of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Sierra Leone.[17]

At sea

  • Operation Artemis – Participation in counter-terrorism and maritime security operations in the Arabian Sea.[12][18]
  • Operation Projection - Royal Canadian Navy operations in the Asia-Pacific, Euro-Atlantic and African maritime environment in support of NATO Maritime Command, U.S. Naval Forces, and other allied operations.[19]

Middle East

  • Operation Jade – Contribution to the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) in the Middle East[12][20]
  • Operation Gladius – Latest stage of Canada's long-standing participation in the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) on the Golan Heights between Israel and Syria.[12][21]
  • Operation Calumet – Canada's participation in the Multinational Force and Observers (MFO), an independent peacekeeping operation in the Sinai Peninsula.[12][22]
  • Operation Metric – Periodic participation in international efforts to enhance security in the eastern Mediterranean region, specifically the Middle East and North Africa.[23][24]
  • Operation Proteus – Canada's contribution to the Office of the United States Security Coordinator (USSC) in Jerusalem.[12][25]
  • Operation Foundation – Contribution of headquarters and liaison staff to United States Central Command (USCENTCOM) to support operations in its area of responsibility, which extends from Egypt to Pakistan and includes the Middle East and southwest Asia. Supports Canada's efforts in the Middle East and southwest Asia, and promotes Canadian values through regular presence and exchange with military allies, foreign armed forces, and governments in the USCENTCOM area of responsibility.[12][26]

Europe

  • Operation Kobold – Deployment to Pristina, Kosovo, to serve with the NATO-led Kosovo Force (KFOR).[12][27]
  • Operation Ignition – Periodic participation in the NATO – Airborne Surveillance and Interception Capabilities to Meet Iceland's Peacetime Preparedness Needs mission. This is an operation conducted to monitor Iceland's airspace and enforce security if required. Contributes to the security of Canadian airspace by monitoring and controlling air traffic in the northeastern approaches to North America.[23][28]
  • Operation Reassurance – Deployment in Central and Eastern Europe as part of NATO reassurance measures.[12][29]
  • Operation Snowgoose – Contribution to the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP).[12][30]
  • Operation Unifier – Contribution to support Ukrainian forces through capacity building, in coordination with the U.S. and other countries providing similar training assistance.[31]

Past operations

This section consists of Canadian Forces operations that are no longer active or on-going on an annual or periodic basis and are deemed complete.

Domestic

  • Operation Abacus (Y2K preparation)
  • Operation Assistance (Red River Flood, 1997)
  • Operation Cadence (Security for the 2010 G8 and G20 summits held in Ontario)
  • Operation Canopy
  • Operation Grizzly (G8 Security in 2002)
  • Operation Hurricane
  • Operation Force (Assistance for 2011 Ontario Forest Fires)
  • Operation Forge (2011 assistance to local authorities in Northwestern Ontario evacuating residents threatened by forest fires)
  • Operation Lama (2010 assistance to southern and eastern Newfoundland following Hurricane Igor)
  • Operation Lentus 13-01 (2013 CAF response to Request for Assistance from the Province of Alberta for help with humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations)
  • Operation Lentus 14-05: (2014 Assistance to the Province of Manitoba following flooding)
  • Operation Lentus 14-03: Northern Ontario
  • Operation Lentus 14-02: Northern Ontario
  • Operation Lentus 14-02: Northern Ontario
  • Operation Lentus 15-02: Northern Saskatchewan
  • Operation Lentus 15-01: Kashechewan, Ontario
  • Operation Lentus 16-01: Fort McMurray, Alberta
  • Operation Lentus 17-01: Western Canada
  • Operation Lentus 17-02: Manitoba
  • Operation Lentus 17-03: Quebec and Newfoundland
  • Operation Lentus 17-02: Kashechewan, Ontario
  • Operation Lentus 17-01: New Brunswick
  • Operation Lentus 18-01 - Kashechewan Floods
  • Operation Lentus 18-02 - New Brunswick Floods
  • Operations Lentus 18-03 - BC Wild Fires
  • Operation Lentus 18-04 - Manitoba Wild Fires
  • Operation Lentus 18-05 - BC Wild Fires
  • Operation Lentus 19-01: Nova Scotia Hurricane Dorian Relief
  • Operation Lentus 19-02: Pikangikum First Nation Evacuations
  • Operation Lentus 19-03: New Brunswick, Quebec and Ontario Floods
  • Operation Lotus (Assistance for the 2011 Lake Champlain and Richelieu River Floods)
  • Operation Lustre (2011 Manitoba Floods)
  • Operation Octal
  • Operation Persistence (Swissair Flight 111)
  • Operation Peregrine (BC Forest Fires 2003)
  • Operation Podium (Vancouver 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games)
  • Operation Preamble
  • Operation Reconfiguration (1999 Migration of CF most C&C systems from Banyan to Windows prior to Y2K)
  • Operation Recuperation (Ice Storm of 1998)
  • Operation Pyramid (Victoria, BC Heavy snowfall (1m) 1996)
  • Operation Salon (Oka Crisis in Oka, Quebec)
  • CAF Operation Unique (1989–1991 Protection of CFB Goose Bay against protesters from NATO low flying operations)
  • Operation Provision (2015–2016 Syrian Refugee Crisis)

International

This section covers past Canadian Forces operations that took place beyond Canada's borders. It includes peacekeeping operations as well as those through NATO and in participation with other allies.

Americas and Caribbean

Africa

Europe, Balkans and Mediterranean

Southeast Asia

Southwest Asia and Middle East

See also

References

  1. "Recurring Operations – Canada North America – National Defence – Canadian Armed Forces". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 17 April 2014. Archived from the original on 28 July 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  2. "Operation CARIBBE". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 7 April 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  3. "Operation DRIFTNET". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 31 January 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  4. "Operation LENTUS". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 10 July 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  5. "Operation LIMPID". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 25 April 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  6. "Operation NANOOK". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 31 January 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  7. "Operation NEVUS". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 31 January 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  8. "Operation NUNALIVUT". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 16 May 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  9. "Operation NUNAKPUT". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 25 March 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  10. "Operation PALACI". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 31 January 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  11. "Operation SABOT". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 31 January 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  12. "Current Operations – Operations Abroad – National Defence – Canadian Armed Forces". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 23 June 2014. Archived from the original on 28 July 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  13. "HAMLET – Operations Abroad – National Defence – Canadian Armed Forces". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  14. "CROCODILE – Operations Abroad – National Defence – Canadian Armed Forces". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 3 April 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  15. "SATURN – Operations Abroad – National Defence – Canadian Armed Forces". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 3 April 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  16. "SOPRANO – Operations Abroad – National Defence – Canadian Armed Forces". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  17. Defence, Government of Canada, National. "Operation SIRONA". www.forces.gc.ca.
  18. "Operation ARTEMIS". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 20 May 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  19. Defence, National (22 February 2018). "Operation PROJECTION". aem. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
  20. "JADE – Operations Abroad – National Defence – Canadian Armed Forces". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  21. "GLADIUS – Operations Abroad – National Defence – Canadian Armed Forces". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 3 April 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  22. "CALUMET – Operations Abroad – National Defence – Canadian Armed Forces". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 3 April 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  23. "Recurring Operations". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 20 March 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  24. "METRIC – Operations Abroad – National Defence – Canadian Armed Forces". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 27 August 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  25. "PROTEUS – Operations Abroad – National Defence – Canadian Armed Forces". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 3 April 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  26. "FOUNDATION – Operations Abroad – National Defence – Canadian Armed Forces". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 3 April 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  27. "KOBOLD – Operations Abroad – National Defence – Canadian Armed Forces". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  28. "IGNITION – Operations Abroad – National Defence – Canadian Armed Forces". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 17 October 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  29. "Operation REASSURANCE". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  30. "SNOWGOOSE – Operations Abroad – National Defence – Canadian Armed Forces". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  31. "Current operations – Operation Unifier". Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  32. "Operations Database-Operation ABALONE". Department of National Defence/Directorate of History and Heritage. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  33. "Operations Database-Operation BANDIT". Department of National Defence/Directorate of History and Heritage. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  34. "Operations Database-Operation CADENCE". Department of National Defence/Directorate of History and Heritage. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  35. "Operations Database-Operation CAULDRON". Department of National Defence/Directorate of History and Heritage. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  36. "Operations Database-Operation COMPLIMENT". Department of National Defence/Directorate of History and Heritage. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  37. "Operations Database-Operation CONSTABLE". Department of National Defence/Directorate of History and Heritage. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  38. "Operations Database-Operation FORWARD ACTION". Department of National Defence/Directorate of History and Heritage. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  39. "Operations Database-Operation HALO". Department of National Defence/Directorate of History and Heritage. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  40. "Operations Database-Operation HERRITAGE". Department of National Defence/Directorate of History and Heritage. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  41. "Canadian Forces Operations". Department of National Defence. 28 September 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
  42. "Operations Database-Operation MATCH". Department of National Defence/Directorate of History and Heritage. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  43. "Operations Database-Operation STABLE". Department of National Defence/Directorate of History and Heritage. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  44. "Operations Database-Operation STANDARD". Department of National Defence/Directorate of History and Heritage. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  45. "Operations Database-Operation SULTAN". Department of National Defence/Directorate of History and Heritage. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  46. "Operations Database-Operation VISION". Department of National Defence/Directorate of History and Heritage. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  47. "Operations Database-Operation QUARTZ". Department of National Defence/Directorate of History and Heritage. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  48. "Op AUGURAL". Department of National Defence/Canadian Expeditionary Force Command. 12 August 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
  49. Personnel, Government of Canada, National Defence, Chief Military. "Operations Database Details/Information". www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca.
  50. "Support to French operations in Mali – Operations Abroad – National Defence – Canadian Armed Forces". Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 10 February 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  51. "Op BRONZE". Department of National Defence/Canadian Expeditionary Force Command. 19 August 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
  52. "Op QUADRANT". Department of National Defence/Canadian Expeditionary Force Command. 23 August 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
  53. "Op SEXTANT". Department of National Defence/Canadian Expeditionary Force Command. 23 September 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
  54. "Op ALTAIR". Department of National Defence/Canadian Expeditionary Force Command. 20 September 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
  55. Royal Canadian Navy. "Operation PREVENTION".
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