List of Canadian flags

This is a list of flags used in Canada. The Department of Canadian Heritage lays out protocol guidelines for the display of flags, including an order of precedence; these instructions are only conventional, however, and are generally intended to show respect for what are considered important symbols of the state or institutions.[1] The Queen's personal standard is supreme in the order of precedence, followed by those for the monarch's representatives (depending on jurisdiction), the personal flags of other members of the Royal Family,[2] and then the national flag and provincial flags.

Many museums across Canada display historic flags in their exhibits. The Canadian Museum of History, in Hull, Quebec has many culturally important flags in their collections. Settlers, Rails & Trails Inc., in Argyle, Manitoba holds the 2nd largest exhibit - known as the Canadian Flag Collection.

Royal

FlagDateUseDescription
1962–presentRoyal Standard of CanadaA banner of the Royal Arms of Canada defaced with a royal cypher of Queen Elizabeth II
2011–presentRoyal Standard of Prince Charles, the Prince of WalesA banner of the Royal Arms of Canada defaced with the Prince of Wales's feathers and a 3-point label.
2011–presentRoyal Standard of Prince William, the Duke of CambridgeA banner of the Royal Arms of Canada defaced with the royal cypher of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and a 3-point label with one red scallop, representing the coat of arms of his mother, Diana, Princess of Wales.
2013–presentRoyal Standard of Princess Anne, Princess RoyalA banner of the Royal Arms of Canada defaced with the royal cypher of the Princess Anne, Princess Royal, and a 3-point label with one heart in the centre, and the other two, Saint-George's crosses.
2014–presentRoyal Standard of Prince Andrew, the Duke of YorkA banner of the Royal Arms of Canada defaced with the royal cypher of the Prince Andrew, Duke of York, and a 3-point label with an anchor in the centre and the other two, blank.
2014–presentRoyal Standard of Prince Edward, the Earl of WessexA banner of the Royal Arms of Canada defaced with the royal cypher of the His Royal Highness the Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, and a 3-point label with a Tudor Rose in the centre and the other two, blank.
2015–presentRoyal Standard for other members of the Royal FamilyA banner of the Royal Arms of Canada surrounded by an ermine border

Viceregal and administrative

Governor general

FlagDateUseDescription
1981–1999
2002–present
Flag of the Governor General of CanadaA blue field with the crest of the Royal Arms of Canada charged in the centre

Lieutenant governors

FlagDateUseDescription
1981–presentStandard of the Lieutenant Governor of OntarioA blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of Ontario, ensigned with a St. Edward's Crown and surrounded a wreath of by ten golden maple leaves, charged in the centre
1952–presentStandard of the Lieutenant Governor of QuebecA blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of Quebec, ensigned with a Tudor Crown and within a white disc, charged in the centre
1929–presentStandard of the Lieutenant Governor of Nova ScotiaThe Royal Union Flag defaced with the shield of the coat of arms of Nova Scotia on a white disc and surrounded by a chain of green maple leaves
1982–presentStandard of the Lieutenant Governor of New BrunswickA blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of New Brunswick, ensigned with a St. Edward's Crown and surrounded by a wreath of ten golden maple leaves, charged in the centre
1984–presentStandard of the Lieutenant Governor of ManitobaA blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of Manitoba, ensigned with a St. Edward's Crown and surrounded by a wreath of ten golden maple leaves, charged in the centre
1982–presentStandard of the Lieutenant Governor of British ColumbiaA blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of British Columbia, ensigned with a St. Edward's Crown and surrounded by a wreath of ten golden maple leaves, charged in the centre
1981–presentStandard of the Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward IslandA blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of Prince Edward Island, ensigned with a St. Edward's Crown and surrounded by a wreath of ten golden maple leaves, charged in the centre
1981–presentStandard of the Lieutenant Governor of SaskatchewanA blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of Saskatchewan, ensigned with a St. Edward's Crown and surrounded by a wreath of ten golden maple leaves, charged in the centre
1981–presentStandard of the Lieutenant Governor of AlbertaA blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of Alberta, ensigned with a St. Edward's Crown and surrounded by a wreath of ten golden maple leaves, charged in the centre
1987–presentStandard of the Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland and LabradorA blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of Newfoundland and Labrador, ensigned with a St. Edward's Crown and surrounded by a wreath of ten golden maple leaves, charged in the centre

Commissioners

FlagDateUseDescription
2007–presentStandard of the Commissioner of Northwest TerritoriesA blue field with the shield of the Coat of arms of the Northwest Territories, surrounded by a wreath of six gold maple leaves and two flowers, charged in the centre
2006–presentStandard of the Commissioner of YukonA blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of Yukon, surrounded by a wreath of six gold maple leaves and two flowers, charged in the centre
2009–presentStandard of the Commissioner of NunavutA blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of Nunavut, surrounded by a wreath of six gold maple leaves and two flowers, charged in the centre

Civil and state

National

FlagDateUseDescription
1965–presentNational Flag of Canada
(Maple Leaf Flag, l'Unifolié)
A vertical bicolour triband of red, white, red with a red maple leaf emblem charged in the Canadian pale

Ceremonial

FlagDateUseDescription
1965–presentRoyal Union FlagNational flag of the United Kingdom. The Cross of St. Andrew counterchanged with the Cross of St. Patrick and over all the Cross of St. George.

Provincial

FlagDateUseDescription
1965–presentFlag of OntarioA red field with the Royal Union Flag in the canton and the shield of the coat of arms of Ontario charged in the fly
1948–presentFlag of Quebec
(The Fleurdelisé)
A blue field with an ordinary white cross and a white fleur-de-lis in each quadrant
1858–presentFlag of Nova ScotiaA banner of the coat of arms of Nova Scotia
1965–presentFlag of New BrunswickA banner of the coat of arms of New Brunswick
1965–presentFlag of ManitobaA red field with the Royal Union Flag in the canton and the shield of the coat of arms of Manitoba charged in the fly
1960–presentFlag of British ColumbiaA banner of the coat of arms of British Columbia
1964–presentFlag of Prince Edward IslandA banner of the coat of arms of Prince Edward Island within a bordure compony of red and white
1969–presentFlag of SaskatchewanA field party per fess, green and yellow, with the shield of the coat of arms of Saskatchewan in the canton and western red lily emblem charged in the fly
1968–presentFlag of AlbertaA blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of Alberta charged in the centre
1980–presentFlag of Newfoundland and LabradorA blue and white field party per pale (at nombril point) with a white border, white ordinary cross and white saltire, two triangular divisions in the fly lined in red, a golden arrow between

Territorial

FlagDateUseDescription
1969–presentFlag of the Northwest TerritoriesA vertical bicolour triband of blue, white, blue with the shield of the coat of arms of the Northwest Territories charged in the Canadian pale
1968–presentFlag of YukonA vertical tricolour triband of green, white, blue with the shield of the coat of arms of Yukon above a wreath of fireweed charged in the Canadian pale
1999–presentFlag of NunavutA field party per pale, yellow and white, with a red inukshuk charged in the centre and a blue star in the upper fly

Regional (unofficial)

FlagDateUseDescription
1832–presentPatriote flagThe proposed flag of Republic of Lower Canada in 1838, still used nowadays by some souverainists, in mostly 4 variants: the original, and three versions with the yellow star in the top left corner. Of which, two of them have Henri Julien's Patriot painting of 1904, one in colour and the other stylised in black and white.
1837–1838Flag of the Republic of CanadaTwo white stars representing the colonies of Upper and Lower Canada on the upper half with "LIBERTY" inscribed on the lower half.
1880s–presentNewfoundland TricolourA field tierced per pale, green, white, and pink
1884–presentFlag of AcadiaA field tierced per pale, blue, white, and red, with a gold star in the upper hoist. Common in Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Quebec, and Nova Scotia.
1938–presentFlag of Saguenay-Lac-Saint-JeanA field party per fess, green and yellow, with a red-bordered grey ordinary cross; green represents the region's forests, yellow its agriculture, grey its industry and commerce, and red the vitality of the population
1974–presentFlag of LabradorA field party per fess, white and azure, with a green horizontal band across the centre and a spruce twig in the upper hoist
1988–presentFlag of Vancouver IslandA Blue Ensign defaced with the great seal of the Colony of Vancouver Island. Used informally today.[3] This unofficial flag was designed in the 1980s to retroactively represent the colony (1849–1866). In 1865 the Crown gave colonies permission to place their badges on the fly of the Blue Ensign; thus vexillologists could argue that this flag is official.[4]
1988–presentFlag of Western CanadaOriginally used by the Western Independence Party, it was designed in 1988 ahead of the party's first election.
2008–presentFlag of Gaelic CanadiansAdopted by the Comhairle na Gàidhlig (The Gaelic Council of Nova Scotia), the salmon represents the gift of knowledge in the Gaelic storytelling traditions of Nova Scotia, Scotland and Ireland and the Isle of Man. The “G” represents the Gaelic language and the ripples are the manifestations of the language through its rich culture of song, story, music, dance and custom and belief system.

Indigenous nations

FlagDateUseDescription
2013–presentProposed flag of NunavikThe bird with wings spread, reaching for the sky, represents self-governance and freedom. The large size of the wings represent strength. Each feather represents a community in Nunavik. The symmetry of the wings represent equality. The dot represents a head and mind fully supported by the body. The wings both have five feathers, representing the fingers of human hands, symbolic of pulling yourself up and pushing yourself forward. The wings are also similar to caribou antlers, which may represent protection. The two colours represent the co-existence of being and nature, which complement each other equally
2005–presentFlag of NunatsiavutA white field with a white, green, and blue Inukshuk charged in the centre
2018–presentFlag of NunatuKavutThe flag features an ulu, a traditional Inuit knife used by women. Within the ulu image is a dog sled team, showing the importance of husky dogs, as well as a kudlik, a traditional seal oil lamp
Unknown–presentFlag of the Mi'kmaq Nation Grand CouncilA white field with a red Latin cross and a red star and moon in the left quadrants; white denotes purity of creation, the red cross represents mankind and infinity, the sun and moon the forces of day and night,[5] the flag is meant to be displayed hanging vertically as shown here[6]
1980s–presentFlag of the Haudenosaunee ConfederacyA mauve field party per fess by a band of white squares joined and a stylized white "Tree of Peace" charged in the centre; design is adapted from the Hiawatha wampum belt, each element represents an original nation in the confederacy
Unknown–presentFlag of the Innu NationHorizontal bands of teal, white and light blue, within the blue sits a centre snowshoe flanked by reindeer skulls on both sides
Unknown–presentFlag of the Matimekush BandA vertical tricolour triband of chartreuse, white, green with the coat of arms of the Matimekush Lac John Band charged in the Canadian pale
Unknown–presentFlag of the AnishinaabekA black pictographic thunderbird on a white field
Mid-1980s–presentFlag of the Natuaqanek BandA red field with yellow left and right borders, a quartered roundel charged in the centre[5]
Unknown–presentFlag of Ĩyãħé Nakón Mąkóce (Stoney Nakoda)Stoney Nakoda flag
2005–presentFlag of the Ktunaxa NationFlag features a golden feathered staff on a brown field
Unknown–presentFlag of Secwepemcúl̓ecwFlag features 17 feathers representing the 17 bands in the Secwépemc Nation. The feathers are mostly black, with a white portion in the middle. The white portion signifies those communities which were wiped out by disease and other trauma following contact
1980–presentFlag of the Nlakaʼpamux NationCircle wreath of Nlakaʼpamux pictographs set on a grey field
Unknown–presentFlag of the Haida NationA red field with an eagle and raven headed bird, surrounded by a circlet, charged in the centre
2012–presentFlag of Deisleen Ḵwáan, Lingít AaníHorizontally striped, red-white-red, 1-3-1, with five totems or emblems in the centre, from left to right: Kùkhhittàn (Raven Children), Ishklitàn (Frog), Yanyèdi (Wolf), Sèshitàn (Beaver), Dakhlʼawèdi (Eagle)
Unknown–presentFlag of the Tahltan NationFlag of Tahltan Kolīne representing the two clans: Crow (or Tseskʼiya) and Wolf (or Chʼioyone)
2001–presentFlag of the Nisg̱aʼa NationA vertical tricolour triband of black, white, and sanguine with the badge of the Nisgaʼa Nation,[7] surrounded by black and sanguine ovals, charged in the Canadian pale[8]
Pre-1816–presentFlag of the Métis Nation of CanadaA blue field with a white symbol of infinity charged in the centre
Pre-1816–presentFlag of the Métis Nation of AlbertaA red field with a white symbol of infinity charged in the centre

Francophone peoples

FlagDateUseDescription
1884–present Acadian flag Tri-colored flag, blue, white then red. A yellow star representing independence and unique culture from main land France.
1975–presentFlag of the Franco-OntariansA field party per pale, green and white, with a white fleur-de-lys charged in the hoist and a green trillium emblem charged in the fly
1976–presentFlag of the FransaskoisA yellow field with a green Nordic cross centred towards the upper hoist and a red fleur-de-lis charged in the lower fly
1980–presentFlag of the Franco-ManitobansA white field with yellow over sanguine bars with a green plant emblem in four pieces charged in the hoist
1981–presentFlag of the Franco-ColumbiansA white field party per pale by a bar gemelles and dancetty, a fleur-de-lys and Pacific Dogwood emblem charged in the fly; Dogwood is the floral emblem of British Columbia, the blue stripes evoke the Pacific Ocean and the rising mountains beside, the yellow centre of the Dogwood flower represents the sun
1982–presentFlag of the Franco-AlbertansA field party per bend sinister, blue and white, by a bend cotised white and blue with a white fleur-de-lys in the upper hoist and a red wild rose in the lower fly
1985–presentFlag of the Franco-YukonnaisA blue field and three diagonal stripes set from lower hoist to upper fly. The colours of the stripes are white and golden yellow. The effect created by the arrangement of the stripes is meant to represent Yukon's many mountains. Blue is for the French people and the sky. White is for winter and snow. Yellow represents the gold rush and the Franco-Yukonnais contributions to history of the territory.
1986–presentFlag of the Fédération des Francophones de Terre-Neuve et du Labrador (Franco-Terreneuviens)Three unequal panels of blue, white, and red, with two yellow sails set on the line between the white and red panels. The sail on top is charged with a spruce twig, while the bottom sail is charged with a pitcher flower.
1992–presentFlag of the Franco-TénoisA polar bear on a snowy hill, looking forward towards a snowflake/Fleur-de-lis combined, representing the French community of the Northwest Territories of Canada.
2002–presentFlag of the Franco-NunavoisBlue that represents the Arctic sky and white recalls the snow, abundantly present on the territory. The principal shape represent an igloo, and under this one, the inukshuk which symbolise the human presence. A single dandelion flower grows from beneath it.

Military, police, coast guard and border services

Canada Border Services Agency

FlagDateUseDescription
2012–presentFlag of the Canada Border Services AgencyA Blue field with the National Flag of Canada in the canton and the Canada Border Services Agency badge charged in the fly

Canadian Armed Forces

FlagDateUseDescription
1968–presentFlag of the Canadian Armed ForcesA white field with the National Flag of Canada in the canton and the Canadian Armed Forces badge charged in the fly
1968–presentCanadian Naval EnsignA white field with the National Flag of Canada in the canton and the Royal Canadian Navy badge in blue charged in the fly
1968–presentCanadian Forces Auxiliary JackA blue field with the National Flag of Canada in the canton and the Royal Canadian Navy badge in white charged in the fly
2016–presentFlag of the Canadian ArmyA scarlet red field with the National Flag of Canada in the canton and the Canadian Army badge charged in the fly
1982–presentRoyal Canadian Air Force EnsignA field of air force blue with the National Flag of Canada in the canton and the Royal Canadian Air Force roundel charged in the fly
c. 1964–presentFlag of the Canadian Navy BoardA field party per bend, blue and sanguine, with a fouled anchor in gold charged in the centre
1920–presentFlag of the Royal Military College of CanadaA field tierced per pale, red, white, and red with the badge of the Royal Military College of Canada charged in the centre
Unknown–presentFlag of the Royal Military College Saint-JeanA field tierced per pale, blue, white, and blue with the badge of the Royal Military College Saint-Jean charged in the centre
2000–presentBanner of the Commander-in-Chief Unit CommendationA field tierced per pale, blue, red, and azure, with the crest of the Royal Arms of Canada charged in the centre

Coast Guard

FlagDateUseDescription
1962–presentFlag of the Canadian Coast GuardA banner of the arms of the Canadian Coast Guard: vertical diband of white and blue, a red maple leaf emblem charged in the hoist and a pair of fish in gold and facing opposite directions charged in the fly

Police

FlagDateUseDescription
1991–presentEnsign of the Royal Canadian Mounted PoliceA red field with a blue canton bordered yellow with a representation of the Badge of the RCMP
Link to imagepresentFlag of the Ontario Provincial PoliceBlue with the heraldic badge of the OPP
2005–presentFlag of the Sûreté du QuébecA green field, on a Canadian Pale Yellow charged with the badge of the Sûreté du Québec

Canadian Cadet Organisations, Cadet Leagues and the Navy League Cadets

FlagDateUseDescription
1976–present[9]Jackflag of the Royal Canadian Sea CadetsA white flag with a Canadian Flag at the canton, with the badge of the Royal Canadian Sea Cadets at the fly.
1953–1976[9]Former jackflag of the Royal Canadian Sea CadetsA white flag with a Union Flag at the canton, with the badge of the Royal Canadian Sea Cadets at the fly. This is the basis of the current Jackflag of the Royal Canadian Sea Cadets.
2009–present[10]Flag of the Navy League of CanadaA white flag with a Canadian Flag at the canton, with the current badge of the Navy League of Canada at the fly.
Link to image???–presentEnsign of the Royal Canadian Air CadetsAn Air Force blue flag, with a Canadian flag at the canton, with the historical badge of the Royal Canadian Air Cadets.
Images???–presentFlags of the Royal Canadian Army Cadets

Municipal

FlagDateUseDescription
2005–presentFlag of BarrieArgent three bars gemel wavy Azure, on a chief Gules a naval crown between a winged wheel and a cog wheel Or
1999–presentFlag of BurlingtonA vertical bicolour triband of blue, yellow, blue with the shield of the coat of arms of Burlington charged in the Canadian pale
1983–presentFlag of CalgaryA red field with white border at top and bottom, a combined 'C' and cowboy hat emblem in the hoist
???–presentFlag of Cambridge
1989–presentFlag of CharlottetownA banner of the Arms — Argent on a square Vert joined at each corner with a smaller square Vert a representation of the coronation crown of Queen Charlotte Sophia of England proper — the three edges in chief fly and base charged with a bordure compony Vert and Argent
???–presentFlag of ChibougamauA white field with "Chibougamau" written in the center.
1995–presentFlag of CornwallA vertical bicolour triband of gold, black, gold with the shield of the coat of arms of the Duke of Cornwall charged in the Canadian pale
2005–presentFlag of DeltaVert a plate environed of a triangle voided of the field couped on each corner Argent
???–presentFlag of Dollard-des-Ormeaux
1966–presentFlag of EdmontonIncorporates the City of Edmonton Coat of Arms on a white field with two blue borders. Blue symbolizes strength and the North Saskatchewan River; white signifies peace.
2003–presentFlag of FernieAzure on a fess Or, its upper edge dancetty, three lozenges Sable. Fernie also has a second flag (not shown): Or the Badge of The Corporation of the City of Fernie, a canton of the Arms
1999–presentFlag of GloucesterOr on a cross raguly Vert a maple leaf Or
1993–presentFlag of GuelphPer fess Gules and Argent in dexter chief a horse's head erased Argent and in dexter base an ancient crown Gules
2003–presentFlag of HamiltonA vertical bicolour triband of gold, blue, gold with a cinquefoil surrounded by a chain, all gold, charged in the Canadian pale
1996–presentFlag of Halifax, Nova ScotiaAzure a saltire Or and a bezant merged thereon a Kingfisher between four broad arrows points outward Azure in fess two sailing vessels tempore 1760 flags flying to the dexter Or. The principal charge identifies Halifax as the provincial seat of government; the four arms represent its predecessor municipalities. The kingfisher is drawn from the arms of the City of Halifax; the ships and arrows recall the emblems of Dartmouth and Bedford.
2009–presentFlag of Kawartha LakesAn orange-yellow sun, two evergreen trees, green rolling hills and blue water; the water is the Trent–Severn Waterway and surrounding lakes.
1999–presentFlag of KingstonA banner Gules charged in base barry wavy of three Argent Azure and Argent set thereon dexter a Martello tower Argent in sinister chief three Eastern crowns two and one Or.
???–presentFlag of Laval
1967presentFlag of LethbridgeRed and white striped, with blue and white pattern in top left corner.
2002–presentFlag of LévisA black and gold field with a white cross.
???–presentFlag of LondonMunicipal tree logo on a green background with white horizontal stripes.
2004–presentFlag of LongueuilAzure three roses Or, on a chief Gules a crescent between two mullets Or
???–presentFlag of La Matapédia Regional County MunicipalityThree colours flag (blue, green and white) showing mountains, a tree and a salmon.
1954–1997Flag of Metro TorontoA horizontal bi-colour band of green and blue with a white ringed symbol from the seal of Metro Toronto; the six rings represented Metro Toronto's six constituent lower-tier municipalities: Etobicoke, York, North York, East York, Scarborough and the former city of Toronto
1935–1939Flag of MontrealA red saltire on a white field, with a rose in the upper section (representing England), a beaver in the lower section (representing France and the voyageur fur trade), a thistle in the left section (representing Scotland), and a cluster of shamrocks in the right section (representing Ireland).[11]
1939–2017Flag of MontrealA white field with a red ordinary cross, a blue fleur-de-lis (representing France), a Lancastrian rose (representing England), a thistle (representing Scotland), and a shamrock (representing Ireland), all proper, in each quadrant
2017–presentFlag of MontrealA white field with a red cross bearing a white pine (representing the Iroquois/Haudenosaunee) in the centre, a blue fleur-de-lis (representing France), a Lancastrian rose (representing England), a thistle (representing Scotland), and a shamrock (representing Ireland), all proper, in each quadrant
1989–presentFlag of North CowichanOr on a pale Vert an inescutcheon of the Arms of the District of North Cowichan: Or on a fess raguly Vert between two bars wavy Azure a Pacific Sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) naiant Argent between two dogwood flowers (Cornus nuttallii) also Argent seeded Or
1902–1987Flag of OttawaA vertical 1:2 tricolour of purple, red, and blue
1987–2000Flag of OttawaSame as above, with the addition of the coat of arms of Ottawa in the middle
2000–presentFlag of OttawaBlue and azure, with a stylised 'O' representing both a maple leaf and the Peace Tower and Centre Block of the parliament buildings
1999–presentFlag of PeterboroughVert a sword point downwards Argent pommel and hilt Or surmounted by a fess barry wavy of six Argent and Azure
2007–presentFlag of Pilot ButtePlain white with a blue house, the house has a white silhouette of a family in it. Above the house is a yellow sun. The flag was adopted in 2007 for the 125th anniversary of Pilot Butte.
1980–presentFlag of Prince AlbertA vertical bicolour triband of green, gold, green with four green triangles in the centre.
1987–presentFlag of Quebec CityAzure an ancient ship under full sail Or within an embattled bordure Argent. The ship represents Samuel de Champlain's Don de Dieu; the background represents the city walls
1992–presentFlag of ReginaAzure a base Or in canton a representation of the Royal Crown Argent.
1986–presentFlag of Richmondfield of gold surrounded by a thick blue border. The centre is the shield, depicting three Pacific Salmon fish on a light blue wave running vertically down the shield.
1969–presentFlag of ScarboroughField of white with blue stylized Scarborough Bluffs and waves of Lake Ontario, and a red maple leaf
???–presentFlag of Saint-Damien
1955–presentFlag of Saint-Éphrem-de-Beauce
1965–presentFlag of St. John'sJohn the Baptist is symbolised on the shield by the lamb, carrying a banner bearing St. George's Cross. The shield is supported on the left by John Cabot bearing the year (1497) of discovery. The supporter on the right is Sir Humphrey Gilbert, bearing the date 1583 that he founded the city and claimed Newfoundland for Queen Elizabeth of England.
???–presentFlag of Shawinigan
2003–presentFlag of SudburyPer fess sapiné Vert and Or, in dexter chief a mullet Or
???–presentFlag of Summerside
1999–presentFlag of TorontoA blue field with a white stylised city hall and maple leaf emblem
1972–presentFlag of Thunder BayA maple leaf behind the sleeping giant with water below.
1984–presentFlag of Trois-RivièresFrom the top of a green square down a blue line that has three bordering two islands before reaching the river in the form of waves.
1983–presentFlag of VancouverThe axe and paddle stand for the traditional industries, logging and fishing, and the green background is a symbol of the forests
1962–presentFlag of VictoriaBleu-celeste the shield of Arms of the City of Victoria [Note: The arms depicted are incorrect (Azure on a pile Argent another Gules charged with the Royal Crown proper)]
1975–presentFlag of WinnipegThe blue represents Winnipeg's clear blue sky, and the gold a field of wheat surrounding the city's coat of arms
1971–presentFlag of WindsorDesigned by an unknown citizen during a local contest, the flag includes the city seal along with a red rose; the blue and white represent the Detroit River and Saint Lawrence Seaway, respectively.[12]
1992–present[nb 1]Flag of WindsorAzure on a Canadian pale Argent the shield of Arms of the City of Windsor; Arms: Or on a pale between two roses Gules barbed Vert charged with a cogwheel Or a fleur de lys Or above a rose Or barbed Vert charged with a cogwheel Gules a chief undy Azure.[14]
1971?–presentFlag of YellowknifeThe blue represents the clear blue waters of Yellowknife Bay and other bodies of water in and around Yellowknife, and the gold represents Yellowknife's gold mining heritage, with the city's crest in the pale

Crown corporations

FlagDateUseDescription
UnknownFlag of the Royal Canadian MintA red field with the logo of the Royal Canadian Mint charged in the centre; logo was first introduced in 1978

Historical flags

National flags

FlagDateUseDescription
1957–1965Canadian Red Ensign, used as the de facto National Flag of Canada; unofficial.Red Ensign defaced with the Royal Arms of Canada. The maple leaves at the bottom of the shield are red.
1921–1957Canadian Red Ensign, used as the de facto National Flag of Canada; unofficial.Red Ensign defaced with the Royal Arms of Canada. The maple leaves at the bottom of the shield are green.
1868–1921Used as the de facto National Flag of Canada; unofficial.Red Ensign defaced with the arms of the four original provinces of Canada. Nine Provinces version from 1907-1922 (https://fotw.info/flags/ca-9prov.html)
1904–1949The Dominion and Colony of Newfoundland's flagRed Ensign defaced with the Great Seal of Newfoundland
1801–1965Canada's de jure flag until 1965 (when the current national was adopted), known as the Royal Union FlagThe Union Flag, the royal flag of the United Kingdom in use since 1801
1763–1801Flag hoisted in most military installations in Quebec and later for both Upper Canada and Lower CanadaFlag used for the Province of Quebec from 1763 to 1791.
1789–1830Flag used in presence of the French Royal family as of 1789.Flag used after restoration of the Monarchy in France from 1814-1830.
1715–1789Flag of the Kingdom of France used since Louis XIV.Flag used along with the flags of French regiments.
1663–1715Flag of New France? Standard of King Louis XIV.Flag seen in New France prior to the flag of the Kingdom of France.
1638–1790Naval flag of the Kingdom of FranceFlag used on French war ships.
1689–1790Merchant marine flag on French ships from 1689 to 1790.Flag used on French merchant ships.
1600–1689Merchant marine flag on French ships from 1600 to 1689.Flag on Samuel de Champlain's ship.
1348–1707Flag of the Kingdom of EnglandFlag on John Cabot's ship, and used during the English colonisation of the Americas before the Act of Union.
1286–1707Flag of the Kingdom of ScotlandFlag used during the Scottish colonisation of the Americas before the Act of Union.

Vice-regal flags

FlagDateUseDescription
1999–2002Flag of the Governor GeneralModification ordered by the then Governor General of Canada, The Right Honourable Roméo LeBlanc. The tongue and the claws were removed to have a more polite look. Replaced by previous flag
1952–1981Flag of the Governor GeneralA lion standing on a St. Edward's crown, with the name "Canada" below; replaced 1931 flag
1931–1952Flag of the Governor GeneralA lion standing on an Imperial/Tudor crown, with the name "Canada" below; replaced by 1952 flag
1921–1931Flag of the Governor GeneralThe Union Jack, defaced with a white circle, at the center of which is the crowned shield of arms of Canada in 1921, surrounded by a wreath of stylize green maple leaves.
1869–1901Flag of the Governor GeneralThe Union Jack, defaced with a white circle, at the center of which is the crowned shield of arms of Canada in 1869, surrounded by a wreath of stylize green maple leaves.
1901–1921Flag of the Governor GeneralThe Union Jack, defaced with a white circle, at the center of which is the crowned shield of arms of Canada in 1869, surrounded by a wreath of green maple leaves.
c. 1965–1981Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of AlbertaThe Union Jack defaced with a white circle in the centre containing the arms of Alberta and surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
1870–1871Flag of the Governor of British ColumbiaThe Union Jack, defaced with a white circle surrounded by a laurel wreath, in which there is a crown surmounted by a lion with the letters "B" and "C" either side of it.
1871–1906Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of British ColumbiaThe Union Jack defaced in the centre with a white circle surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves and containing a crown surmounted by a lion with the letters "B" and "C" either side of it.
1906–1982Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of British ColumbiaThe Union Jack defaced in the centre with a white circle containing the arms and motto of British Columbia and surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
1870–1905Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of ManitobaThe Union Jack defaced in the centre with a white circle containing the unofficial 1870 arms of Manitoba and surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
1905–1984Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of ManitobaThe Union Jack defaced in the centre with a white circle containing the arms of Manitoba and surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
1870–1982Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of New BrunswickThe Union Jack defaced in the centre with a white circle containing the arms of New Brunswick and surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
1870–1904Flag of the Governor of NewfoundlandThe Union Jack defaced with a white circle in the centre containing a crown over the words "TERRA NOVA" in red and surrounded by a laurel wreath.
1904–1975Flag of the Governor/Lieutenant Governor of NewfoundlandThe Union Jack defaced with the badge of Newfoundland in the centre surrounded by a laurel wreath.
1975–1987Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of NewfoundlandThe Union Jack defaced in the centre with the badge of Newfoundland surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
1870–1929Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of Nova ScotiaThe Union Jack defaced in the centre with a white circle containing the 1868 arms of Nova Scotia and surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
1870–1959
1965–1981
Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of OntarioThe Union Jack defaced in the centre with a white circle containing the arms of Ontario and surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
1959–1965Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario[15]Reverted to a Union Jack with provincial badge 1965–1981
1878–1905Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward IslandThe Union Jack defaced in the centre with the badge of Prince Edward Island surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
1905–1981Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward IslandThe Union Jack defaced in the centre with a white circle containing the arms and motto of Prince Edward Island and surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
1870–1939Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of QuebecThe Union Jack defaced in the centre with a white circle containing the 1868 arms of Quebec and surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
1939–1952Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of QuebecThe Union Jack defaced in the centre with a white circle containing the arms of Quebec and surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
1906–1981Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of SaskatchewanThe Union Jack defaced in the centre with a white circle containing the arms of Saskatchewan and surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.

Military flags

FlagDateUseDescription
RCN (1911–1965)

RCSCC (1905–1965)

Used as the ensign of the Royal Canadian Navy and some Royal Canadian Sea Cadets corps. Used throughout the entire British Empire by the Royal Navy and by several former British colonies even after they became independent and established their own navies.White Ensign, St George's Cross with the Union Flag in the canton.
RCN (1921–1957)

RCSCC (1929–1953)

The Blue Ensign, worn as a jack by the Royal Canadian Navy and used by the RCSCCBlue Ensign defaced with the Royal Arms of Canada. The maple leaves at the bottom of the shield are green.
1939–1944 Canadian Army Battle Flag White Ensign. Designed by Colonel Archer Fortescue Duguid, Director of Historical Section, General Staff, National Defence Headquarters.
1957–1965Final version of the Blue Ensign, worn as a jack by the Royal Canadian Navy and as an ensign by royal yacht clubs in CanadaBlue Ensign defaced with the Royal Arms of Canada. The maple leaves at the bottom of the shield are red.
1941–1965Royal Canadian Air Force EnsignA field of air force blue with the Union Flag in the canton and the Canadian roundel in the middle of the fly.
???−1965Based King's Colour, as used by the Royal Military College of CanadaKing's Colour of the Royal Military College of Canada with the Union Flag.

Civil flags

FlagDateUseDescription
19221923Canadian Civil Aviation Ensign, briefly used by the Air Board.A field of light blue with the Union Flag in the canton and a shield with white albatross superimposed upon three maple leaves in the middle of the fly.

Others/non-official flags

FlagDateUseDescription
1946Proposed Flag for CanadaA red British ensign defaced with a large golden maple leaf outlined in white in the fly.
1965Canadian flag proposal by the Native Sons of CanadaParty per bend Gules and Argent a maple leaf Gules
1965Proposed Flag for Canada, known as the Pearson PennantA blue field with a white square containing a three-leaf maple. The blue sides were meant to represent John A. Macdonald's description of the Canadian Pacific Railway and Canada's geography, "From sea to sea".
1994Proposed flag for Canada, known as the Canadian Unity FlagBlue vertical stripes replacing part of the red bands, in approximate proportion to population of French heritage.

University flags

FlagDateUseDescription
1884–presentQueen's UniversityTierced in pale Azure Or and Gules in the canton an ancient crown Or
1920–presentFlag of the Royal Military College of CanadaGules on a pale Argent the Crest [A dexter arm embowed vambraced and gauntleted proper holding a sprig of three maple leaves Or all ensigned by the Royal Crown proper]
unknown–presentFlag of Mount Allison UniversityA gold blazon on a garnet field.

Organizational flags

FlagDateUseDescription
Grand Orange Lodge of CanadaAn orange British ensign depicted with a red maple leaf on a white shield in the fly
Anglican Church of CanadaA St. George's Cross with one green-and-gold maple leaf in each corner.

Corporate flags

A number of private corporations also use their own flags, but they are often used alongside the Maple Leaf.

A list of corporations with corporate flags:

See also

Notes

  1. Although this flag was formally granted to Windsor by the Canadian Heraldic Authority on 08 May 1992,[13] it appears that, after the Letters Patent had been issued, the city declined to adopt it officially.[12]

References

  1. Department of Canadian Heritage. "Ceremonial and Canadian Symbols Promotion > Flag Etiquette in Canada". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 18 September 2010.
  2. Department of Canadian Heritage. "Ceremonial and Canadian Symbols Promotion > Personal Flags and Standards". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 18 September 2010.
  3. FOTW Flags of the World: Vancouver Island (British Colony, Canada)
  4. Flags of Canada: British Columbia
  5. "Canada > Index of Pages > First Nations > Mikmaq". Flags of the World. ISSN 1712-9842. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
  6. Flags of the World
  7. Canadian Heraldic Authority. "The Public Register of Arms, Flags and Badges of Canada > Nisga'a Nation". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
  8. "Canada > Index of Pages > First Nations > Nisga'a Nation". Flags of the World. ISSN 1712-9842. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
  9. http://fraser.cc/FlagsCan/Nation/NatDefence.html
  10. http://reg.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=1985
  11. "Montreal to have city flag to fly", Montreal Gazette May 3-1935, retrieved December 13, 2018
  12. Hill, Sharon (July 20, 2015). "Windsor needs a new flag, says local blogger". The Windsor Star. Postmedia Network. Retrieved July 23, 2015.
  13. Canada Gazette, vol. 126 (25 Jul 1992), p. 2303
  14. "The Corporation Of The City Of Windsor". Reg.GG.CA. The Governor General Of Canada. 1992-05-08. Retrieved 2018-10-27.
  15. David Prothero (December 4, 1999). "The Maple Leaf Garland". Flags of the World. Retrieved April 1, 2011.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.