List of Bohemian consorts

This is a list of the royal consorts of the rulers of Bohemia.

The first Duchess of Bohemia (česká kněžna) was St. Ludmila, while the first Queen of Bohemia (česká královna) was Świętosława of Poland. Some of them were (like their husbands) not crowned.

There was only one queen regnant in Czech history - Maria Theresa. Nevertheless, some female royal consorts were highly influential in the country's history, having ruled as regents for their minor children and heirs, as well as having a great influence over their spouses.

The title was used until 1918, when husband of the last queen was deposed.

House of Přemysl

Duchesses of Bohemia

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Świętosława of Poland
(Svatava Polská)
Casimir I of Poland1046-10481062
since 1085 first Queen of Bohemia
14 Jan 10921 Sep 1126Vratislaus II
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Judith of Thuringia
(Judita Durynská)
Louis I, Landgrave of Thuringiaafter 11351153
since 1158 second Queen of Bohemia
1172after 1174Vladislaus II

Queens of Bohemia

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Adelheid of Meissen
(Adléta Míšeňská)
Otto II, Margrave of Meissen1160+1178119811992 Feb 1211Ottokar I
Constance of Hungary
(Konstancie Uherská)
Béla III of Hungary1181119912306 Dec 1240
Kunigunde of Hohenstaufen
(Kunhuta Švábská/Štaufská)
Philip of Swabia12001224123013 Sep 1248Wenceslaus I
Margaret, Duchess of Austria
(Markéta Babenberská)
Leopold VI, Duke of Austria1204Feb 125212531260
divorced
29 Oct 1266Ottokar II
Kunigunda of Slavonia
(Kunhuta Haličská/Uherská)
Rostislav of Slavonia124525 Oct 126112789 Sep 1285
Judith of Habsburg
(Guta Habsburská)
Rudolf I of Habsburg13 Mar 127124 Jan 1285'18 Jun 1297Wenceslaus II
Elisabeth Richeza of Poland
(Eliška Rejčka)
Przemysl II of Poland1 Sep 128613001303130518 October 1335
Viola of Teschen
(Viola Těšínská)
Mieszko I, Duke of Teschenc. 12901305130621 September 1317Wenceslaus III

Non-dynastic

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Elisabeth Richeza of Poland
(Eliška Rejčka)
Przemysl II of Poland1 Sep 128613061306130718 October 1335Rudolph I
Anne of Bohemia (1290–1313)
(Anna Přemyslovna)
Wenceslaus II10 Oct 129013061306/713103 Sep 1313Henry

House of Luxemburg

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Elisabeth of Bohemia (1292–1330)
(Elisabeth of Premysled, Eliška Přemyslovna)
Václav II20 Jan 12921 Sep 1310 in the Cathédrale in Spier (Germany) / Queen from 9 Dec 131028 Sep 1330 in Prag - Vyšehrad Castle (Czech Republic)John
Beatrice of Bourbon
(BeatriceB (alias Beatrix) Bourbonská)
Louis I, Duke of Bourboncirca 1315-16Dec 1334 in France / Dec 133426 Aug 134623 Dec 1383
Blanche of Valois
(Blanka z Valois)
Charles of Valois131615 May 1323 in Paris (France)26 Aug 13461 Aug 1348 in PragCharles I
Anna of Bavaria
(Anna Falcká)
Rudolf II, Duke of Bavaria26 Sep 13294 (11) Mar 1349 in Bacharach am Rhein (Germany)2 Feb 1353
Anna of Świdnica
(Anna Svídnická)
Henry II, Duke of Świdnica133927 May 1353 in Buda (today Budapest, Hungary)11 Jul 1362
Elizabeth of Pomerania
(Alžběta Pomořanská)
Bogislaw V, Duke of Pomerania134721 May 1363 in the Royal Castle in Wawel in Kraków (Poland)29 Nov 137814 Feb 1393 evident in Castle in Hradec Králové (alias Königgrätz, Czech Republic)
Joanna of Bavaria
(Johanna (alias Jana) Bavorská)
Albert I, Duke of Bavariacirca 135629 Sep 1370 in Nuremberg (alias Nürnberg, Germany)10 Jun 137631 Dec 1386 in Karlštejn Castle (alias Karlstein Castle, Czech Republic)Wenceslaus IV King of Bohemia
Sofia of Bavaria
(Žofie Bavorská)
John II, Duke of Bavaria13762 May 138916 Aug 141926 Sep 1425 in Bratislava, (original Pozsony alias Pressburg, today Slovakia)
Barbara of Celje
(Barbora Cellská)
Hermann II, Count of Celjecirca 1393140816 Aug 14199 Dec 143711 Jul 1451 in Mělník Castle (Czech Republic)Sigismund

Non-dynastic

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Elisabeth of Bohemia (1409–1442) (Alžběta Lucemburská)
(Elizabeth of Luxemburg)
Emperor Sigismund140914221438
husband's coronation
27 Oct 1439
husband's death
25 Dec 1442Albert II of Germany (Albrecht Habsburský)
Joanna of Rožmitál
(Johana z Rožmitálu)
John of Rosentalc. 143014507 May 1457
husband's election
22 Mar 147112 Nov 1475George of Podebrady

House of Jagiellon, 1490–1526

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Barbara of Brandenburg Albert III, Elector of Brandenburg
(Hohenzollern)
30 May 1464 20 August 1476 1491
divorce
4 September 1515 Vladislaus II
Beatrice of Naples Ferdinand I of Naples
(Trastámara)
16 November 1457 4 October 1490 7 April 1500
marriage annulled by Pope Alexander VI
23 September 1508
Anna of Foix-Candale Gaston de Foix, Count of Candale
(Foix)
1484 29 September 1502 26 July 1506
Maria of Austria Philip I of Castile
(Habsburg)
18 September 1505 13 January 1522 29 August 1526
husband's death
18 October 1558 Louis II

House of Habsburg

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
(Anna Jagellonská)
Vladislaus II23 July 150325 May 15211526
husband's election
27 January 1547Ferdinand I
Maria of Spain
(Marie Španělská)
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor21 June 152813 September 154825 July 1564
husband's ascension
12 October 1576
husband's death
26 February 1603Maximilian
Anna of Austria
(Anna Tyrolská)
Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria4 October 15854 December 161114 December 1618Matthias

House of Wittelsbach

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Elizabeth Stuart of England, Scotland and Ireland
(Alžběta Stuartovna)
James VI and I of Scotland, England and Ireland19 August 159614 February 161326 August 1619
husband's election
9 November 1620
flight from Bohemia
13 February 1662Frederick V, Elector Palatine

House of Habsburg

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Eleonore of Mantua
(Eleonora Mantovská)
Vincenzo I of Gonzaga23 September (23 February?) 15984 February 162215 February 1637
husband's death
27 June 1655Ferdinand II
Maria Anna of Spain
(Marie Anna Španělská)
Philip III of Spain18 August 160620 February 163113 May 1646Ferdinand III
Maria Leopoldine of Austria
(Marie Leopoldina Tyrolská)
Leopold V, Archduke of Austria6 April 16322 July 16487 August 1649
Eleanor of Mantua
(Eleonora Mantovská)
Charles II Gonzaga of Mantua18 November 163030 April 16512 April 1657
husband's death
6 December 1686
Margaret Theresa of Spain
(Markéta Tereza Habsburská)
Philip IV of Spain12 July 165112 December 166612 March 1673Leopold I
Claudia Felicitas of Austria
(Klaudie Felicitas Tyrolská)
Archduke Ferdinand Charles of Austria30 May 165315 October 16738 April 1676
Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg
(Eleonora Magdalena Falcko-Neuburská)
Philip William, Elector Palatine6 January 165514 December 16765 May 1705
husband's death
19 January 1720
Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick
(Amálie Vilemína Brunšvická)
John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg21 April 167324 February 16995 May 1705
husband's ascension
17 April 1711
husband's death
10 April 1742Joseph I
Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
(Alžběta Kristýna Brunšvická)
Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg28 August (28 September?) 16911 August 170817 April 1711
husband's ascension
20 October 1740
husband's death
21 December 1750Charles II

House of Wittelsbach

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Maria Amalia of Austria
(Marie Amálie Habsburská)
Emperor Joseph I22 October 17015 October 17229 December 1741
coronation
20 January 1745
husband's death
11 December 1756Charles Albert

House of Habsburg-Lorraine

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Maria Louisa of SpainCharles III of Spain24 November 174516 February 176420 February 17901 March 179215 May 1792Leopold II
Maria Teresa of the Two SiciliesFerdinand I of the Two Sicilies6 June 177215 August 17901 March 179213 April 1807Francis II
Maria Ludovika of Austria-EsteArchduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este14 December 17876 January 18087 April 1816
Caroline Augusta of BavariaMaximilian I Joseph of Bavaria8 February 179229 October 18162 March 1835
husband's death
9 February 1873
Maria Anna of SardiniaVictor Emmanuel I of Sardinia19 September 180312 February ? 18312 March 1835
husband's ascension
2 December 1848
husband's abdication
4 May 1884Ferdinand V
Elisabeth of BavariaMaximilian Joseph, Duke in Bavaria24 December 183724 April 185410 September 1898Francis Joseph I
Zita of Bourbon-ParmaRobert I, Duke of Parma9 May 189221 October 191121 November 1916
husband's ascension
11 November 1918
husband's deposition
14 March 1989Charles III

References

    See also

    • List of the Czechoslovak and Czech First Ladies
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