Linn County, Iowa
Linn County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 211,226, making it the second-most populous county in Iowa. The county seat is Cedar Rapids. Linn county is named in honor of Senator Lewis F. Linn of Missouri.
Location within the U.S. state of Iowa
Iowa's location within the U.S.
|Coordinates: 42°04′43″N 91°35′59″W|
|Named for||Lewis Linn|
|Largest city||Cedar Rapids|
|• Total||725 sq mi (1,880 km2)|
|• Land||717 sq mi (1,860 km2)|
|• Water||7.6 sq mi (20 km2) 1.1%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||290/sq mi (110/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Linn County is included in the Cedar Rapids, IA Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The earliest inhabitants of Linn County, prior to Anglo settlement, were the Sac and Fox tribes. Relations were described by 20th century historians as amicable. Native Americans provided food and furs to whites in exchange for merchandise.
Linn County was created as a named but unorganized area on December 21, 1837, as a part of Wisconsin Territory. It became part of Iowa Territory on July 4, 1838 when the territory was organized. Linn County was organized by the first legislative assembly of the Iowa Territory on January 15, 1839. A site was selected for its first county seat along Indian Creek, and was named Marion, after the Revolutionary War general Francis Marion. As early as 1855, there were debates over moving the county seat to the fast-growing Cedar Rapids, southwest of Marion, but it was not until November 6, 1919, that there were enough votes in favor of the move (9,960 to 4,823). The first rail line was built through Cedar Rapids in 1859, and made the town (and the county) a major commercial hub in eastern Iowa.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 725 square miles (1,880 km2), of which 717 square miles (1,860 km2) is land and 7.6 square miles (20 km2) (1.1%) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 191,701 people, 76,753 households, and 50,349 families residing in the county. The population density was 267 people per square mile (103/km²). There were 80,551 housing units at an average density of 112 per square mile (43/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.90% White, 2.57% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 1.37% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. 1.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 76,753 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.20% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.40% were non-families. 27.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.99.
Age spread: 25.30% under the age of 18, 10.10% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 12.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $46,206, and the median income for a family was $56,494. Males had a median income of $38,525 versus $26,403 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,977. About 4.30% of families and 6.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.60% of those under age 18 and 6.40% of those age 65 or over.
On July 24, 2007, the voters of Linn County approved a measure to change the form of government from a 3-member Board of Supervisors elected at large to a 5-member Board of Supervisors elected by district. The supervisors serve overlapping 4-year terms.
The current supervisors are:
|Stacey Walker||District 1||2016|
|Ben Rogers||District 2||2008|
|Brent Oleson||District 3||2008|
The Board of Supervisors operate as both the executive and legislative branches of Linn County government. The following departments report directly to the Board of Supervisors: Communications, Community Services, Engineering/Secondary Road, Facilities, Finance and Budget, Human Resources, Information Technology, LIFTS (para-transit), Planning and Development, Policy and Administration, Purchasing, Risk Management, Soil and Water Conservation and Veteran Affairs. Conservation and Public Health report to independent boards appointed by the Board of Supervisors. The Linn County Public Health Department is the only nationally-accredited health department in Iowa. The County Attorney, Auditor, Recorder, Sheriff and Treasurer are elected separately.
The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Linn County.
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Municipal type||Population (2010 Census)|
|1||† Cedar Rapids||City||126,326|
|10||Walford (partially in Benton County)||City||1,463|
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 187.
- United States Office of Management and Budget. "Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses" (PDF). pp. 5, 36. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 14, 2006. Retrieved July 21, 2006.
- Brewer, Luther; Barthinus, Wick (1911). History of Linn County Iowa. Chicago: The Pioneer Publishing Company. pp. 10–12.
- "WI: Individual County Chronologies". publications.newberry.org. Retrieved September 28, 2016.
- "History of Linn County". Archived from the original on May 3, 2009.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 13, 2019.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
- "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved May 19, 2011.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "Board of Supervisors". Archived from the original on February 18, 2009. Retrieved February 18, 2009.
- "Linn County, IA – Official Website | Official Website". www.linncounty.org. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 6, 2013. Retrieved July 10, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Linn County, Iowa.|
- Linn County government's website
- The History of Linn county, Iowa Western Historical Company(1878 copyright expired) This searchable and pdf downloadable book was scanned into the public domain by Google books.
- History of Linn County Iowa by Luther A. Brewer and Barthinius L. Wick The Pioneer Publishing Company(1911 copyright expired) This searchable and pdf downloadable book was scanned into the public domain by Google books.