Line of succession to the former throne of Baden


Near extinction

In the early 19th century the grand ducal house was on the verge of extinction. By 1817 the only male members of the family were the reigning Grand Duke Charles and his unmarried uncle Prince Louis. In the event that the male line died out the throne would pass to King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria. The only alternative to this was for the grand duke to recognise his morganatic uncles Leopold, William and Maximilian, the Counts von Hochberg as dynastic members of the grand ducal family. On 4 October 1817 Grand Duke Charles took this step issuing a new house law recognising his uncles as Princes of Baden. The Hochberg's right of succession was recognised by the Great Powers on 10 July 1819.[2] The former Count Leopold von Hochberg succeeded as Grand Duke in 1830 and his descendants went on to rule Baden until 1918. By the early 20th century the succession was once again insecure with the future of the dynasty resting on Prince Berthold of Baden.[3]

Kasper Hauser

According to contemporary rumours – probably current as early as 1829 – Kaspar Hauser was the son of Grand Duke Charles who was born on 29 September 1812, and who, according to known history, had died on 16 October 1812. It was alleged that this prince had been switched with a dying baby, and had subsequently surfaced 16 years later as Kaspar Hauser in Nuremberg. These theories linking him with the princely House of Baden have long since been rejected by professional historians.

Succession law

The succession law is Semi-Salic, with the succession hereditary among the male members. However, in the event of the extinction of the male line the succession could be transmitted to princesses and their descendants.[2]

Line of succession in 1918

Current line of succession to the headship of the house



  1. Hugh Montgomery-Massingberd (1977). Burke's Royal Families of the World (1 ed.). Burke's Peerage. p. 199.
  2. Almanach de Gotha (147 ed.). Justus Perthes. 1910. pp. 12, 551.
  3. "Eleven German Dynasties Dying". Detroit Free Press. 18 October 1918. p. 11.
  4. Kidd, Charles; Shaw, Christine (2008). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (147 ed.). Debrett's. p. 123.
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