Line E (Buenos Aires Underground)

Line E of the Buenos Aires Underground, which runs from Retiro to Plaza de los Virreyes, currently extending a total distance of 12  km. Opened in 1944, the Line E was the last completely new line to be added to the Buenos Aires Underground, until 2007 when Line H was opened. The line has a history of being re-routed and extended due to having been historically the line with the lowest passenger numbers on the network.


Line E
Bolívar station entrance
Overview
TypeRapid transit
SystemBuenos Aires Underground
TerminiRetiro
Plaza de los Virreyes
Stations18
Daily ridership94,000 (2018)[1] 2.83% [2]
Operation
Opened1944
Operator(s)Metrovías
CharacterUnderground
Technical
Line length12 km (8.07 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
ElectrificationCatenary 1500 V DC
Route map

Retiro
Catalinas
Correo Central
Bolívar
Belgrano
Independencia
San José
Constitución
San José vieja
original alignment
Entre Ríos
Pichincha
Jujuy
General Urquiza
Boedo
Apeadero Boedo
Avenida La Plata
José María Moreno
Emilio Mitre
Medalla Milagrosa
Varela
Plaza de los Virreyes
Mariano Acosta Workshops

History

1955
1966
2015
2019

Line E was opened on 20 June 1944, after construction began in 1938, with an original course that ran from Constitución railway station to General Urquiza. Soon after, it was decided to abandon the terminus at Constitución (which also served as the connection with Line C) and instead reroute the line towards the Plaza de Mayo.

Work began in 1957, and in 1966 the San José, Independencia, Belgrano and Plaza de Mayo (now Bolívar) stations were opened to the public by president Arturo Umberto Illia. For many years, the two stations closed during the re-route remained unused until the mid 1990s when one was converted into a workshop to service the rolling stock of the line.[3]

The line was further extended in 1973 to José María Moreno and then again in 1985 to Plaza de los Virreyes.[4] The PreMetro E2 tramway was completed in 1987 and was linked to Line E with the intention of connecting a larger Premetro network to the line, though this never materialised following privatisation.[5]

Under the private operation of the Subte by Metrovías, the colour of the line was changed from yellow to purple during the 1990s. Purple had previously been used for Line C, while yellow is now used for Line H.[6]

Extension to Retiro

More recently, as part of a general effort to extend the Buenos Aires Underground, it was decided to extend Line E from Bolívar to Retiro railway station (with intermediate stations at Catalinas and Correo Central) where it would re-connect with Line C and the Mitre Line, and eventually Line H when its extension is complete. As of 2014, all major structural works have been completed on the three new stations and are only missing their tracks and signalling systems.[7]

In July 2015, the City of Buenos Aires confirmed that, despite the advanced state of the works, the extension would not be opened until 2019 citing delays that came about as a result of the transfer of the works from the National Government to the City Government in 2012. The city will complete the additional work required in this time, and the extension is expected to increase ridership on the line by 25%.[8]

On Monday June 3rd, 2019 the extension to Retiro was completed.[9]

Rolling stock

The line originally used Siemens-Schuckert Orenstein & Koppel rolling stock during its inauguration and for many years after, however this was later replaced by similar CAF-GEE rolling stock purchased in 1968 which still serves on the line today.[10][11] In 2006, 64 of the CAF-GEE cars were to be refurbished, but this was ultimately abandoned.[12]

It is expected that once the line's extension to Retiro is completed in 2017, the CAF GEE rolling stock will be retired and replaced by Fiat-Materfer cars, and possibly 50 Siemens O&K cars reformed by the Emepa Group and Alstom.[13][14][8]

Ghost stations

There are two ghost stations on the line – San José vieja and Constitución. These formed part of the line's original trajectory towards Constitución railway station until the line was re-routed in 1966. Both stations have been used as workshops and storage areas for the line's rolling stock. It has also been evaluated using the two stations and their corresponding tunnels as the southern part of Line F since that line's projected trajectory in that area overlaps the former route Line E took.[15]

San José vieja was used as a set for the 1996 Argentine film Moebius and served as the fictional Dock Sud and Parque stations.[16]

See also

References

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