Lilium carniolicum

Lilium carniolicum, commonly called golden apple or Carniolan lily, is a lily native to the Balkans, as well as to Austria and northeastern Italy (Veneto + Friuli Venezia Giulia). The species is named after the historical region Carniola, comprising parts of modern-day Slovenia, where it is most abundant.[1][2][3][4]

Lilium carniolicum
Scientific classification
L. carniolicum
Binomial name
Lilium carniolicum
Bernh. ex W.D.J.Koch 1837 not Heldr. ex Freyn 1880
  • Lilium pomponium var. carniolicum (Bernh. ex W.D.J.Koch) Fiori
  • Lilium pyrenaicum subsp. carniolicum (Bernh. ex W.D.J.Koch) V.A.Matthews

Its flowers vary in colour from red to yellow, speckled on the bottom with black dots. The colour can vary even among flowers growing in the same locality. In general, yellow is predominant in the southern part of the range. There, the species is sometimes split into the closely related Lilium bosniacum, Lilium albanicum and Lilium jankae,[5] but those are usually treated as varieties of Lilium carniolicum.[3][6]


  1. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. Altervista Flora Italiana Giglio di Carniola Lilium carniolicum Bernh. ex W.D.J.Koch
  3. Bavcon, Jože. "SPLOŠNI PODATKI O RASTLINI (Lilium carniolicum)" (in Slovenian). Ljubljana Botanical Garden. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
  4. Koch, Wilhelm Daniel Joseph 1837. Synopsis Florae Germanicae et Helveticae 708 description in Latin
  5. "Lilium carniolicum". The Genus Lilium. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
  6. Ikinci, N., Oberprieler, C. & Güner, A. (2006). On the origin of European lilies: phylogenetic analysis of Lilium section Liriotypus (Liliaceae) using sequences of the nuclear ribosomal transcribed spacers. Willdenowia 36: 647-565.

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