Liemar (unknown – 16 May 1101, in Bremen) was archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen from 1072 to 1101, and an important figure of the early Investiture Contest.

He was a supporter of Emperor Henry IV from 1073.[1] In 1074 the papal legates Gerald of Ostia and Hubert of Palestrina put pressure on him to hold a local synod; he resisted, was suspended, and by 1075 his views against papal interference with bishops had hardened.[2] With Benno II of Osnabrück he commissioned the anti-papal polemic of Wido of Osnabrück,[3] around 1085. Liemar was one of many bishops who was irked by Gregory VII's encroachment of episcopal autonomy. In a letter to Bishop Hezilo of Hildesheim, Liemar complained that Pope Gregory VII was ordering his bishops about 'as though they were his bailiffs'.[4]


  1. Uta-Renate Blumenthal, The Investiture Controversy: Church and Monarchy from the Ninth to the Twelfth Century (1988), p. 111.
  2. I. S. Robinson, Authority and Resistance in the Investiture Contest: The Polemical Literature of the Late Eleventh Century, pp. 126, 169.
  3. Robinson, p. 152, 159.
  4. I.S. Robinson, Gregory VII and episcopal authority.
Born: unknown in Bavaria? Died: 16 May 1101 in Bremen
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Adalbert, Count Palatine of Saxony
Archbishop of Bremen
Succeeded by

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.