Li Sizhong (ichthyologist)

Li Sizhong (Chinese: 李思忠; Wade–Giles: Li Sze-Chung; February 19, 1921 – January 11, 2009) was an ichthyologist with the Institute of Zoology (中国科学院动物研究所) at the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Throughout his research career, he made numerous discoveries of new fish species (or subspecies), and published many books[1] and research papers[2] describing the fauna and geographical distribution of fishes in China and beyond. He translated and helped publication of the Chinese editions of Fishes of the World (2nd edition, by Joseph S. Nelson) and Fish Migration (a popular science book by Russian zoologist Peter Schmidt). Li was the major author of two published volumes in the Fauna Sinica monograph series, systematically reviewing and describing orders of bony fishes that include flat fish, cod, silverside, pearlfish, killifish, flying fish, etc. in or near China.[3][4] He had written over 40 popular science articles about fish on Chinese newspapers and magazines, and been responsible for compiling and editing fish-related entries in several standard reference books (including Encyclopedia of China).

Li, Sizhong
BornFebruary 19, 1921
DiedJanuary 11, 2009 (2009-01-12) (aged 87)
CitizenshipChina
Alma materBeijing Normal University
Scientific career
FieldsIchthyologist
InstitutionsInstitute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Author abbrev. (zoology)Li

Starting from the early 1950s, Li helped to initiate and participated in China's systematic surveys of marine fishes in Bohai Sea, Yellow Sea and South China Sea, along China's coast. His scientific career, however, was interrupted in 1957 when he was labelled a "rightist" during the Anti-Rightist Movement. From then until the mid-1970s, while his research and publication capacity had been severely impacted by whims of political campaigns and turmoils, he managed to conduct surveys of freshwater fishes in the Yellow River,[5][6][7] Ou River and Ling River, as well as in interior regions such as Xinjiang[8] and Gansu provinces. Only until after the Cultural Revolution, he was able to resume normal research activities.

In his book Studies on zoogeographical divisions for fresh water fishes of China[9], Li divided the fauna of freshwater fishes in China into five major regions based on characteristics of fish species distributions, geographic environments and geological histories of these regions. According to his method, the demarcation line between Holarctic and Indomalaya regions in China, as far as freshwater fishes are concerned, lies largely along the Himalayas and Nanling Mountains ranges. This contrasts with the prevalent view of demarcation line between Holarctic and Indomalaya regions along the Qinling Mountains, even though the latter does not extend into Eastern part of China.[9] Freshwater Ecoregions of the World (FEOW), a collaborative global biodiversity project partly sponsored by World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), cites this book as a source of references in delineation of freshwater ecoregions of China.[10]

Two of his books are published posthumously.[4][5] In Fishes of the Yellow River and Beyond,[5] he described over 170 native fish species and the characteristics of fish distribution in the Yellow River and its tributaries; a collection of his papers and popular science articles, as well as a personal memoir, are also included in the posthumous book published in Taiwan; this book was re-published in the mainland in 2017.[6] He was also the primary contributor to a volume of the Fauna Sinica series covering the orders of Atheriniformes, Cyprinodontiformes, Beloniformes, Ophidiiformes and Gadiformes, which was published posthumously in 2011.[4] Another volume of the Fauna Sinica series which he worked on during his last years, covering fish species in China within the orders of Beryciformes, Zeiformes, Lampriformes, Gasterosteiformes, Mugiliformes and Synbranchiformes (such as soldierfish, dory, opah, ribbonfish, stickleback, mullet, swamp eel, etc.), is yet to be published.[11]

Fish species discovered or named

Footnotes

  1. Open Library: Books by Li, Sizhong (1921 - 2009)
  2. AllJournals.CN 文章检索
  3. Li, S.Z., Wang, H.M.: Fauna Sinica, Osteichthyes: Pleuronectiformes, Science Press, Beijing, 1995
  4. Li, S.Z., Zhang, C.G.: Fauna Sinica, Osteichthyes: Atheriniformes, Cyprinodontiformes, Beloniformes, Ophidiiformes, Gadiformes, Science Press, Beijing, 2011. ISBN 9787030200952
  5. Li, S.Z. (2015). Fishes of the Yellow River and Beyond. The Sueichan Press. p. 638. ISBN 9789578596771.
  6. Li, S.Z. (2017). Fishes of the Yellow River. China Ocean University Press. ISBN 9787567015371.
  7. Xie, Jia Yan; Tang, Wen Jia; Yang, Yu Hui (2018). "Fish assemblage changes over half a century in the Yellow River, China". Ecology and Evolution. 8 (8): 4173–4182. doi:10.1002/ece3.3890. PMC 5916296.
  8. 中国科学院动物研究所,新疆生物土壤沙漠研究所,新疆维吾尔自治区水产局 (1979), Li, Sizhong (ed.), Fishes of Xinjiang, Urumchi, China: Xinjiang People's Press, OCLC 20265480CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  9. Li, Sizhong: Studies on zoogeographical divisions for fresh water fishes of China (in Chinese), Science Press, Beijing, 1981
  10. Freshwater Ecoregions Of the World - FEOW: Bibliography
  11. 中国动物志出版信息: Osteichthyes: Beryciformes-Synbranchiformes
  12. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2011). "Callionymus koreanus" in FishBase. 12 2011 version.
  13. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2011). "Amblyrhynchotes rufopunctatus" in FishBase. 12 2011 version.
  14. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2011). "Callionymus hainanensis" in FishBase. 12 2011 version.
  15. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2011). "Triplophysa minuta" in FishBase. 12 2011 version.
  16. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2011). "Callionymus recurvispinnis" in FishBase. 12 2011 version.
  17. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2011). "Cottus dzungaricus" in FishBase. 12 2011 version.
  18. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2011). "Brachymystax lenok" in FishBase. 12 2011 version.
  19. Xing, Y.-C., Lv, B.-B., Ye, E.-Q., Fan, E.-Y., Li, S.-Y., Wang, L.-X., Zhang, C.G., & Zhao, Y.-H. (2015). "Revalidation and redescription of Brachymystax tsinlingensis Li, 1966 (Salmoniformes: Salmonidae) from China" (PDF). Zootaxa. 3962 (1): 191–205. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3962.1.12.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  20. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2011). "Gymnocypris chilianensis" in FishBase. 12 2011 version.
  21. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2011). "Triplophysa wuweiensis" in FishBase. 12 2011 version.
  22. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2016). "Psettina filimana" in FishBase. 01 2016 version.
  23. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2011). "Lepidotrigla lepidojugulata" in FishBase. 12 2011 version.
  24. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2011). "Lepidotrigla longimana" in FishBase. 12 2011 version.
  25. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2011). "Ciliata tchangi" in FishBase. 12 2011 version.
  26. "Melanonus okamurai Li, 2011". WoRMS. World Register of Marine Species.
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