Leonard Rosenman (September 7, 1924 – March 4, 2008) was an American film, television and concert composer with credits in over 130 works, including Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home, Beneath the Planet of the Apes, Barry Lyndon and the animated The Lord of the Rings.
|Birth name||Leonard Rosenman|
|Born||September 7, 1924|
Brooklyn, New York, United States
|Died||March 4, 2008 83) (aged|
Woodland Hills, Los Angeles, United States
Life and career
Leonard Rosenman was born in Brooklyn, New York, United States. After service in the Pacific with the United States Army Air Forces in World War II, he earned a bachelor's degree in music from the University of California, Berkeley. He also studied composition with Arnold Schoenberg, Roger Sessions and Luigi Dallapiccola.
Amongst Rosenman's earliest film work was the scores for James Dean movies East of Eden (1955) and Rebel Without a Cause (1955). Rosenman had lived together with Dean whom he gave piano lessons to and it was Dean who introduced him to the director Elia Kazan. Dean also lobbied George Stevens to let Rosenman score Giant, but Stevens preferred the more traditional Dimitri Tiomkin.
Rosenman remarked "The year I did my first film, I had five major performances in New York," however. "The minute I did my first film, I didn't have a performance there for 20 years. They would never say, 'I don't like them'. They wouldn't look at them."
He composed the score for Vincente Minnelli's The Cobweb (1955) regarded as the first major Hollywood score to be written in the Twelve-tone technique. His avant-garde music was used for Martin Ritt's Edge of the City (1956) and John Frankenheimer's The Young Stranger (1957). He composed scores for war films such as William Wellman's biographical Lafayette Escadrille (1958), Lewis Milestone's Pork Chop Hill (1959), Delbert Mann's The Outsider (1961), Don Siegel's Hell is for Heroes (1962) and the Combat! television series (1962). He wrote incidental music for such television series as Law of the Plainsman, The Defenders, The Twilight Zone, Gibbsville and Marcus Welby, M.D..
He went on to compose George Cukor's The Chapman Report then Fantastic Voyage (1966) where he rejected producer Saul David's instructions. Rosenman stated "A producer asked me to write a jazz score, and I asked him why. He said he wanted the picture to be the first hip science fiction movie. I said that's a great idea for an advertising agency, but it doesn't fit the film."
He provided scores to science fiction films such as Beneath the Planet of the Apes (1970) and the first, animated adaptation of The Lord of the Rings (1978), Cross Creek (1983) and Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home (1986). In the 1970s, he composed Bass Concerto Chamber Music 4 for bassist Buell Neidlinger and four string quartets with a second bass.
He died March 4, 2008, of a heart attack at the Motion Picture & Television Country House and Hospital in Woodland Hills, Los Angeles, California.
Leonard Rosenman earned two Academy Awards:
- Barry Lyndon (1975), for Best Music, Scoring Original Song Score and/or Adaptation (music by Handel, Schubert and others)
- Bound for Glory (1976), for Best Music, Original Song Score and Its Adaptation or Best Adaptation Score (the songs of Woody Guthrie)
He received two additional Academy Award nominations:
- Cross Creek (1983), for Best Music, Original Score
- Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home (1986), for Best Music, Original Score
He also received two Emmy Awards:
- The Cobweb (1955)
- East of Eden (1955)
- Rebel Without a Cause (1955)
- Edge of the City (1957)
- The Young Stranger (1957)
- Bombers B-52 (1957)
- Lafayette Escadrille (1958)
- Pork Chop Hill (1959)
- The Rise and Fall of Legs Diamond (1960)
- The Bramble Bush (1960)
- The Savage Eye (1960)
- The Crowded Sky (1960)
- The Plunderers (1960)
- The Outsider (1961)
- The Chapman Report (1962)
- Hell Is for Heroes (1962)
- Convicts 4 (1962)
- Fantastic Voyage (1966)
- Stranger on the Run (1967)
- A Covenant with Death (1967)
- Countdown (1968)
- Hellfighters (1968)
- Any Second Now (1969)
- The Todd Killings (1970)
- Beneath the Planet of the Apes (1970)
- A Man Called Horse (1970)
- Banyon (1971)
- Battle for the Planet of the Apes (1973)
- The Phantom of Hollywood (1974)
- Judge Dee and the Monastery Murders (1974)
- Race with the Devil (1975)
- Barry Lyndon (1975; Academy Award)
- Sybil (1976; Emmy Award)
- Bound for Glory (1976; Academy Award)
- An Enemy of the People (1977)
- The Possessed (1977)
- The Car (1977)
- Nero Wolfe (1977)
- September 30, 1955 (1977)
- The Lord of the Rings (1978)
- Prophecy (1979)
- Promises in the Dark (1979)
- Friendly Fire (1979; Emmy Award)
- The Jazz Singer (1980)
- Hide in Plain Sight (1980)
- Joshua's World (1980)
- City in Fear (1980)
- Murder in Texas (1981)
- Making Love (1982)
- Miss Lonelyhearts (1983)
- Cross Creek (1983)
- Heartsounds (1984)
- Heart of the Stag (1984)
- Sylvia (1985)
- First Steps (1985)
- Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home (1986)
- Promised a Miracle (1988)
- Body Wars (1989)
- RoboCop 2 (1990)
- Ambition (1991)
- Aftermath: A Test of Love (1991)
- Keeper of the City (1991)
- The Face on the Milk Carton (1994)
- The Color of Evening (1994)
- Mrs. Munck (1995)
- Levitation (1997)
- Jurij (2001)
- Colin Larkin, ed. (2002). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Fifties Music (Third ed.). Virgin Books. p. 373. ISBN 1-85227-937-0.
- Fox, Margalit. "Leonard Roseman, 83, Composer for Films" The New York Times, Thursday, March 6, 2008
- "James Dean: He was an awkward misfit who irritated his co-stars". Dailymail.co.uk. April 5, 2014. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
- Bergan, Ronald (March 17, 2008). "Obituary: Leonard Rosenman". Theguardian.com. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
- "Film Music Society". Filmmusicsociety.org. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
- Jon Burlingame (March 4, 2008). "Leonard Rosenman Dead at 83 : Maverick composer wrote innovative, influential film scores". Filmmusicsociety.org. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
- "Leonard Rosenman: Oscar-winning film composer who introduced modernism". The Independent. March 11, 2008. Retrieved October 27, 2019.