Leader of the New Zealand National Party
The Leader of the National Party is the highest ranked politician within the National Party in New Zealand. Under the constitution of the party, they are required to be a member of the House of Representatives.
|Leader of the National Party|
|Member of||New Zealand House of Representatives|
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Inaugural holder||Adam Hamilton|
|Formation||2 November 1936|
|Deputy||Deputy Leader of the National Party|
Following a general election, or when a vacancy arises, the Parliamentary Section of the National Party (the Caucus) elect a Leader of the Parliamentary Section (that is, the parliamentary leader). The Leader of the Parliamentary Section shall, shortly after receiving the approval of the Board of Directors (the governing body of the Party), become the Leader of the Party.
As parliamentary leader, the Leader organises the business of the party in Parliament. He or she also outwardly represents the party to the general public. Within the party organisation, they must ensure political consensus; the constitution of the National Party states that the Leader has "the right to attend any Party meeting or committee meeting and shall be an ex officio member of the Board".
When the National Party forms the Parliamentary Opposition, as it currently does, the Leader of the Party usually acts as the Leader of the Opposition. When the National Party is in Government the Leader generally becomes the Prime Minister of New Zealand. In 1949, Sidney Holland became the first National Prime Minister.
List of leaders
Of the twelve people to hold the leadership, eight have served as Prime Minister. Dame Jenny Shipley was the first—and, as of 2019, the only—female National Party Leader.
|No.||Leader||Portrait||Electorate||Term Began||Term Ended||Time in Office||Position||Prime Minister|
|1||Adam Hamilton||Wallace||2 November 1936||26 November 1940||4 years, 24 days||LO 1936–1940||Savage|
|2||Sidney Holland||Fendalton||26 November 1940||20 September 1957||16 years, 298 days||LO 1940–1949||Fraser|
|3||Keith Holyoake||Pahiatua||20 September 1957||7 February 1972||14 years, 140 days||PM 1957||Holyoake|
|4||Jack Marshall||Karori||7 February 1972||4 July 1974||2 years, 147 days||PM 1972||Marshall|
|5||Robert Muldoon||Tamaki||4 July 1974||29 November 1984||10 years, 148 days||LO 1974–1975||Rowling|
|6||Jim McLay||Birkenhead||29 November 1984||26 March 1986||1 year, 117 days||LO 1984–1986|
|7||Jim Bolger||King Country (1972–96)
Taranaki-King Country (1996–98)
|26 March 1986||8 December 1997||11 years, 257 days||LO 1986–1990|
|8||Jenny Shipley||Rakaia||8 December 1997||8 October 2001||3 years, 304 days||PM 1997–1999||Shipley|
|9||Bill English||Clutha-Southland||8 October 2001||28 October 2003||2 years, 20 days||LO 2001–2003|
|10||Don Brash||List MP||28 October 2003||27 November 2006||3 years and 30 days||LO 2003–2006|
|11||John Key||Helensville||27 November 2006||12 December 2016||10 years, 15 days||LO 2006–2008|
|(9)||Bill English||List MP||12 December 2016||27 February 2018||1 year, 77 days||PM 2016–2017||English|
|12||Simon Bridges||Tauranga||27 February 2018||Incumbent||1 year, 284 days||LO 2018–Present|
- Kirk, Stacey (27 February 2018). "Simon Bridges emerges as next National Party leader, Paula Bennett his deputy". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
- Lynch, Jenna (27 February 2018). "Māori leaders 'proud' of new National leader Simon Bridges". Newshub. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
- Roy, Eleanor Ainge (27 February 2018). "New Zealand: National party elects Maori leader and deputy to take on Jacindamania". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
- "Constitution and Rules of the New Zealand National Party" (PDF) (25th ed.). New Zealand National Party. October 2016. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
- "Sidney Holland". nzhistory.govt.nz. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
- Kenny, Katie; Walters, Laura (14 December 2016). "Line up another white male prime minister". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 13 June 2018.