Le Bec-Hellouin

Le Bec-Hellouin is a commune in the department of Eure in the Normandy region in northern France.

Le Bec-Hellouin
Houses in Le Bec-Hellouin

Coat of arms
Location of Le Bec-Hellouin
Le Bec-Hellouin
Le Bec-Hellouin
Coordinates: 49°13′57″N 0°43′18″E
CountryFrance
RegionNormandy
DepartmentEure
ArrondissementBernay
CantonBrionne
IntercommunalityPortes de l'Eure
Government
  Mayor (20092014) Jean-Paul Vittecoq
Area
1
9.55 km2 (3.69 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
408
  Density43/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
27052 /27800
Elevation46–141 m (151–463 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

It is best known for Bec Abbey and has recently been voted one of the "most beautiful villages of France". The current mayor is Jean-Paul Vittecoq who replaced Francis Cavelier in 2001.

History

Bec Abbey was founded in 1034 by Herluin, who was a knight at the court of Brionne and a Benedictine. Near to the abbey, in the village, the church, dedicated to Saint-André, was built in 1039. The original church burned down in 1264. It was rebuilt but damaged during the Hundred Years' War (1417). The nave and the bell tower were reconstructed in the 18th century.

In 1791 the abbey was closed because of the French Revolution and the departing monks transferred many statues to the village church; even the tomb of Herluin was moved to the church in 1792. From 1792 to 1794 bells and valuable decorative objects were removed from the church and finally brought to Bernay.

The windows of the church were destroyed during the bombing of Le Bec-Hellouin on 13 August 1944, in the course of World War II. The new windows were made in 1959. The Benedictine monks returned in 1948 and the tomb of Herluin was moved back to the abbey in 1959.

Etymology

Known as Beccensis Ecclesia in 1041 and in Beccus Herlevini 1160. The village takes its name from the Scandinavian word for creek mouth (bekkr). While Hellouin refers to Blessed Herluin, founder of the nearby abbey.[2] whose name is of Germanic origin.[3]

Notable people

Arnost, bishop of Rochester, England, 1076

Landmarks

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793710    
1800650−8.5%
1806546−16.0%
1821650+19.0%
1841708+8.9%
1846640−9.6%
1851680+6.2%
1856580−14.7%
1861610+5.2%
1866727+19.2%
1872647−11.0%
1876604−6.6%
1881686+13.6%
1886581−15.3%
1891600+3.3%
1896563−6.2%
1901490−13.0%
1906534+9.0%
1911401−24.9%
1921438+9.2%
1926429−2.1%
1931436+1.6%
1936402−7.8%
1946402+0.0%
1954450+11.9%
1962465+3.3%
1968566+21.7%
1975439−22.4%
1982470+7.1%
1990434−7.7%
1999406−6.5%
2008416+2.5%

Further reading

  • Dannenberg, Linda; Pierre Levec; Pierre Moulin (1989). Pierre Deux's Normandy. Oxford: Phaidon Press. pp. 56–61. ISBN 0-7148-2576-X.

See also

References

  1. "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. Toponymie générale de la France, Volume 2, Ernest Nègre page 1011.
  3. François de Beaurepaire (préf. Marcel Baudot), Les Noms des communes et anciennes paroisses de l'Eure, (Paris, A. et J. Picard, 1981), p.221.
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