Lauder Greenway Family
The Lauder Greenway Family is a Scottish-American clan whose influence on, and involvement in, American political and economic affairs dates from the 1640s through the contemporary era. The modern progenitor is George Lauder, Sr. (1815 - 1901), a Scottish businessman and political radical who raised his son, George Lauder, and nephew Andrew Carnegie. The two latter men would go on to create the Carnegie Steel Corporation, the forerunner to U.S. Steel, and subsequently become two of the richest men in the world.
|Lauder Greenway Family|
|Current region||New York City|
|Members||George Lauder, Sr.|
G. Lauder Greenway
Polly Lauder Tunney
John V. Tunney
|Connected families||Carnegie Family|
|Estate(s)||Lauder Greenway Estate|
The genesis of the modern iteration of the family is through their development, and partial ownership of, the Carnegie Steel Corporation. George Lauder was a Scottish industrialist and trained engineer who studied under Lord Kelvin. He was the "cousin-brother" of steel magnate and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, and a partner in the Carnegie Steel Corporation. The sale of Carnegie Steel to J.P. Morgan created U.S. Steel where Lauder was on the board of directors. This was the first corporation in the world with a market capitalization exceeding US$1 Billion.
Major, long term support from the family has been directed to Yale University, Phillips Andover, the Metropolitan Opera Association, the New York Philharmonic, and the New York University Institute of Fine Arts.
Notable Contemporary Members
- George Lauder, Sr. (1815 - 1901), Leader of Chartism in Scottish politics
- George Lauder (1837 - 1924), Billionaire industrialist, Mechanical engineer, partner in Carnegie Steel Corporation, director of U.S. Steel
- John Campbell Greenway (1872 - 1926), General, U.S. Army, a Rough Rider with Theodore Roosevelt, intelligence officer with the Office of Naval Intelligence, Mining Magnate
- James Greenway Sr. (1877 - 1976), Founder, Yale School of Public Health
- George Lauder Jr. (1878 - 1916), World renowned yachtsman whose ship, the Endymion, held the record for fastest transatlantic crossing.
- James Greenway (1903 - 1989), Curator, Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard University, renowned Ornithologist, Lt. Commander U.S. Navy, Intelligence Officer with the Office of Naval Intelligence
- G. Lauder Greenway (1904 - 1981), Chairman, Metropolitan Opera Association, and Director, New York Philharmonic. Intelligence officer with the Office of Naval Intelligence. Long time companion of Ailsa Mellon Bruce
- Polly Lauder Tunney (1907 - 2008), Philanthropist, wife of World Heavyweight Champion Gene Tunney
- Gilbert Greenway III (1911 - 1999), Intelligence officer with the CIA, and Chairman of the Lyford Cay Club in The Bahamas
- George V. Lauder Sr. (1924 - 2012), Intelligence Officer with the CIA, Deputy Inspector General and Director of Public Affairs for the CIA
- John V. Tunney (1934 - 2018), United States Senator and U.S. Congressman from California. Basis of the Academy Award winning film The Candidate starring Robert Redford.
- H.D.S. Greenway (1935 -- ), Foreign Correspondent for the Boston Globe and Washington Post, also a columnist for the New York Times, Foreign Policy, The New Yorker, and Atlantic Monthly. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
- George V. Lauder (1955 -- ), Professor, Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard University, renowned Ichthyologist
Through George Lauder’s marriage to Anna Maria Romeyn Varick, their descendants above are from the Old Dutch Society of New York City. Mrs. Lauder was a descendant of both Joris Jansen Rapelje, a member of the Council of Twelve Men, the first democratic body in the history of the United States (1641), and Founding Father Colonel Richard Varick, private secretary to George Washington, and the first mayor of New York City after independence.
On the Greenway side, this family are descendant from a number of military and business leaders from American History including:
- General Evan Shelby (1720 - 1794), Brigadier General in the Continental Army, Signer of the Fincastle Resolutions
- Colonel Samuel McDowell (1735 - 1817), Colonel in the Continental Army, and Federal Judge
- General William Campbell (1745 - 1781), Brigadier General in the Continental Army, Signer of the Fincastle Resolutions
- Governor Issac Shelby (1750 - 1826), Revolutionary War hero, and first Governor of the state of Kentucky
- Dr. Ephraim McDowell (1771 - 1830), An American physician and pioneer surgeon. The first person to successfully remove an ovarian tumor, he has been called "the father of ovariotomy" as well as founding father of abdominal surgery.
- Colonel Addison White (1824 - 1909), U.S. Congressman from Kentucky and Colonel, Confederate States Army
Built for industrialist John Hamilton Gourlie in 1896, it was purchased by the Lauder Greenway Family in 1905 and would stay in that family's hands for a majority of its existence. Considered "...Greenwich, Conn.’s last Great Estate, an opulent robber baron-era property enveloping 50 prized acres along the tony New York suburb’s waterfront." It is the largest surviving Gilded Age mansion in Connecticut.
- Skrabek, Quentin R. (2012). The Carnegie Boys: The Lieutenants of Andrew Carnegie that Changed America. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 22. ISBN 978-0-7864-6455-5.
- "What was the first company with a $1 billion market cap?". Investopedia. Retrieved 28 November 2018.
- "Leaders Through the School's History". Retrieved 2 February 2019.
- "G. Lauder Greenway Dies at 77; Headed Met Opera Association". Retrieved 2 February 2019.
- Ira M. Rutkow (1988). The History of Surgery in the United States, 1775–1900, Volume 2. Norman Publishing, p. 90 ISBN 9780930405489
- Leslie Thomas Morton, Robert J. Moore, 2005, A Bibliography of Medical and Biomedical Biography. Ashgate,. p. 238
- James Ramage, Andrea S. Watkins (2011). Kentucky Rising: Democracy, Slavery, and Culture from the Early Republic to the Civil War. University Press of Kentucky
- "Greenwich's Copper Beech Farm sells for unprecedented $120 million". CT Post. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
- "Touring Greenwich's (Newly Price-Chopped) $140 Million Copper Beech Farm". Forbes. Retrieved 28 December 2018.