Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt

Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (Elisabeth Amalie Magdalene; 20 March 1635 – 4 August 1709) was a princess of Hesse-Darmstadt and wife of the Prince-elector of the Palatinate.

Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
Electress Palatine
Elisabeth Amalie, probably with her eldest daughter Eleonore, around 1655
Born(1635-03-20)20 March 1635
New Palace, Gießen, Germany
Died4 August 1709(1709-08-04) (aged 74)
Neuburg Palace, Neuburg, Germany
Neuburg an der Donau, Germany
Philip William, Elector Palatine
(m. 1653; died 1690)
Eleonor Magdalene, Holy Roman Empress
John William, Elector Palatine
Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine
Alexander Sigismund, Bishop of Augsburg
Francis Louis, Archbishop of Trier
Maria Sophia, Queen of Portugal
Maria Anna, Queen of Spain
Philip William August of Neuburg
Dorothea Sophie, Duchess of Parma
Hedwig Elisabeth, Princess Sobieski
Full name
German: Elisabeth Amalie Magdalene van Hessen-Darmstadt
English: Elizabeth Amelia Magdalena of Hesse-Darmstadt
FatherGeorge II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
MotherSophia Eleonore of Saxony
ReligionRoman Catholicism
prev. Lutheranism


Born at the New Palace in Gießen, Elisabeth Amalie was the daughter of George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and Sophia Eleonore of Saxony. Her siblings included Louis of Hesse-Darmstadt, future Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and Anna Sophia, Abbess of Quedlinburg.

Elisabeth Amalie was brought up strictly by her mother who was a devout Lutheran. She had an attractive appearance with striking blond hair, a trait she kept until her old age and which was inherited by her daughters Eleonor Magdalene and Dorothea Sophie, the latter being known in particular for her blonde hair.

On 3 September 1653 she was married at Langenschwalbach to Count palatine Philip William of Neuburg, who later became Prince-elector of the Palatinate. Her husband was some twenty years older than she and was the heir to the Electoral Palatinate which was one of the most important states within the Holy Roman Empire.

She converted to Catholicism on 1 November 1653 in the presence of the elector and archbishop of Cologne, Maximilian Henry of Bavaria.

The writer William Nakatenus dedicated his work The Heavenly Palm little garden to her.



Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 20 March 1635 – 3 September 1653 Her Serene Highness Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
  • 3 September 1653 – 26 May 1685 Her Serene Highness The Electoral Princess of the Palatinate
  • 26 May 1685 – 2 September 1690 Her Serene Highness The Electress Palatine
  • 2 September 1690 – 4 August 1709 Her Serene Highness The Dowager Electress Palatine


  • Choker, Peter, Diseases of the kings of Spain: the Austrians. From Madness to impotence Joan of Charles II the Bewitched (Madrid: The Sphere Books Ltd., 2005).
  • Marek, Miroslav. "brabant/brabant13.html".
  • Marek, Miroslav. "wittel/wittel4.html#PW".
  • Kulturgeschichte der Stadt Schwalbach, p. 39, at Google Books
  • Annalen des Historischen Vereins für den Niederrhein, insbesondere die alte Erzdiözese Köln, p. 237, at Google Books
Preceded by
Wilhelmina Ernestine of Denmark
Electress Palatine
Succeeded by
Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici
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