Lancashire Witch

Lancashire Witch was an early steam locomotive built by Robert Stephenson and Company in Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1828. It was a development of Locomotion.

Lancashire Witch
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
DesignerRobert Stephenson
BuilderRobert Stephenson and Company
Build date1828
Gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Loco weight7 long tons (7,100 kg)
Fuel typecoke
Cylinder size9" x 24" (228mm x 610mm)
Performance figures
Maximum speed8 miles per hour (12.9 km/h)
OperatorsBolton and Leigh Railway
First runJune 1828


Lancashire Witch was an 0-4-0 locomotive with rear mounted cylinders inclined at 45 degrees driving to the front wheels. The rear wheels were powered via coupling rods. The boiler had two flue tubes and the locomotive burnt coke, aided by bellows on the tender. It was the first locomotive with steel springs.[1] It was the first locomotive built by Robert Stephenson and Company.[2]


Built at Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1828, Lancashire Witch was used on the Bolton and Leigh Railway,[1] which opened in June 1828, and also on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway.

Postage stamps

Lancashire Witch appeared on two postage stamps issued by Funafuti-Tuvalu on 24 December 1984.

Other locomotives

London, Midland and Scottish Railway Royal Scot Class 4-6-0 locomotive 6125 was originally named Lancashire Witch. This loco was built by the North British Locomotive Company at Glasgow in September 1927 and withdrawn in October 1964 as 46125 3rd Carabinier.

Class 86 locomotive 86 213 was named Lancashire Witch. This locomotive has been preserved in operational condition by the AC Locomotive Group.


  1. Skempton 2002, p. 658
  2. "Robert Stephenson Biography (1803-1859)". Retrieved 12 April 2008.


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