Lachine, Quebec

Lachine (French pronunciation: [laʃin]) is a borough (arrondissement) within the city of Montreal on the Island of Montreal in southwestern Quebec, Canada. It was an autonomous city until 2002.

Lachine
The Fontaine de Vie at Lachine Borough Hall

Location of Lachine on the Island of Montreal.
(Grey areas indicate demerged municipalities).
Coordinates: 45°26′25″N 73°42′20″W
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionMontréal
Incorporated1872
MergedJanuary 1, 2002
Electoral Districts
Federal

Dorval—Lachine—LaSalle
ProvincialMarquette
Government
  TypeBorough
  MayorMaja Vodanovic (PM)
  Federal MP(s)Anju Dhillon (LPC)
  Quebec MNA(s)Enrico Ciccone (PLQ)
Area
  Land17.75 km2 (6.85 sq mi)
Population
  Total44 489
  Change (2011-16)
6.9%
  Dwellings (2006)
19,909
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
H8S, H8T
Area code(s)514[4]
Access Routes[5]
A-13
A-20

A-520
Route 138
Websitelachine. ville.montreal.qc.ca

History

Lachine, apparently from French la Chine (China), is often said to have been named in 1667, in mockery of its then owner Robert Cavelier de La Salle, who explored the interior of North America, trying to find a passage to Asia. When he returned without success, he and his men were derisively named les Chinois (Chinese). The name was adopted when the parish of Saints-Anges-de-la-Chine was created in 1678, with the form Lachine appearing with the opening of a post office in 1829.[6]

On August 4, 1689, more than 1500 Mohawk warriors raided the small village and burned it to the ground in retaliation for the ravaging of the Seneca lands, which was accused having been committed by the governor of New France, the Marquis de Denonville. The Lachine massacre left 80 dead.

Lachine was incorporated as a city in 1872. In 1999, it merged with the town of Saint-Pierre, which was itself merged into Montreal in 2002. Its logo during its municipality days is still in use as of today.

Geography

The borough is located in the southwest portion of the island of Montreal, at the inlet of the Lachine Canal, between the borough of LaSalle, and the city of Dorval. It was a separate city until municipal mergers on January 1, 2002 and did not demerge on January 1, 2006.[7]

The borough is bordered to the northwest by the city of Dorval to the northeast by Saint-Laurent, to the east by Côte Saint-Luc, Montreal West and a narrow salient of Le Sud-Ouest, and to the south by LaSalle. Its western limit is the shore of Lac Saint-Louis and the Saint Lawrence River.

It has an area of 17.83 km² and a population of 44,489 per the 2016 Canadian Census.

Demographics

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
196650,221    
197151,220+2.0%
197647,542−7.2%
198142,826−9.9%
198639,850−6.9%
199140,233+1.0%
199639,910−0.8%
200140,222+0.8%
200641,391+2.9%
201141,616+0.5%
201644,489+6.9%
[8]
Home Language (2016) [9]
Language Population Percentage (%)
French 23 750 60%
English 11 880 29%
Non Official language only 4 555 11%

Government

Municipal government

As of the November 7, 2017 Montreal municipal election, the current borough council consists of the following councillors:

District Position Name   Party
  Borough mayor
City councillor
Maja Vodanovic   Projet Montréal
  City councillor Micheline Rouleau   Projet Montréal
Du Canal Borough councillor Julie-Pascale Provost   Projet Montréal
Fort-Rolland Borough councillor Michèle Flannery   Projet Montréal
J.-Émery-Provost Borough councillor Younes Boukala   Projet Montréal

Federal and provincial districts

The entire borough is located within the federal riding of Dorval-Lachine-LaSalle, and within the provincial electoral district of Marquette.

Infrastructure

Autoroute 20 passes through Lachine, which is also served by the Lachine commuter train station.

Most noticeable of Lachine's features is the Lachine Canal and its recreational facilities, including the Lachine Canal National Historic Site. Around the canal's inlet, in the southern part of the borough, are located The Fur Trade at Lachine National Historic Site, René Lévesque Park (on a long peninsula extending into Lac Saint-Louis), and the Musée de Lachine, which has collections of modern outdoor sculpture both on its own grounds, in René Lévesque Park, and in other sites throughout the borough. Other historic buildings are also located near the canal's inlet.

Parks

A memorial to Air India Flight 182 is located in Monk Island, in Lachine. It was inaugurated in 2010.[10]

Education

Primary and secondary schools

The Commission scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys operates Francophone public schools.[11]

Adult schools include:

  • Centre d'éducation des adultes de LaSalle, Édifice Boileau

Professional development centres include:

  • Centre de formation professionnelle de Lachine (CFP), Édifice Dalbé-Viau and Édifice de la Rive

Secondary schools include:

  • École secondaire Dalbé-Viau
  • Collège Saint-Louis
  • College Sainte-Anne de Lachine

Primary schools include:

  • École Primaire des Berges-de-Lachine
  • École Primaire Jardin-des-Saints-Anges
  • École Primaire Martin-Bélanger
  • École Primaire Paul-Jarry
  • École Primaire Philippe-Morin
  • École Primaire Très-Saint-Sacrement

The Lester B. Pearson School Board (LBPSB) operates Anglophone public schools.

  • Lakeside Academy (a merger of Lachine High School and Bishop Whelan High School)
  • Maple Grove Elementary School in Lachine, a merger of the Meadowbrook School in Lachine and the Bishop-Whelan School in Dorval, opened in August 2010[12]
  • A portion is zoned to LaSalle Elementary Junior and Senior Campus in LaSalle[13]
  • The Pearson Electrotechnology Centre (PEC; Centre d'électrotechnologie Pearson), a public vocational school of the LBPSB, is in Lachine.[14]

Public libraries

The Montreal Public Libraries Network operates the Saint-Pierre Branch and the Saul-Bellow Branch in Lachine.[15]

Notable residents

See also

References

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