The Fontaine de Vie at Lachine Borough Hall
Location of Lachine on the Island of Montreal.
(Grey areas indicate demerged municipalities).
|Coordinates: 45°26′25″N 73°42′20″W|
|Merged||January 1, 2002|
|• Mayor||Maja Vodanovic (PM)|
|• Federal MP(s)||Anju Dhillon (LPC)|
|• Quebec MNA(s)||Enrico Ciccone (PLQ)|
|• Land||17.75 km2 (6.85 sq mi)|
|• Total||44 489|
|• Change (2011-16)|
|• Dwellings (2006)||19,909|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
Lachine, apparently from French la Chine (China), is often said to have been named in 1667, in mockery of its then owner Robert Cavelier de La Salle, who explored the interior of North America, trying to find a passage to Asia. When he returned without success, he and his men were derisively named les Chinois (Chinese). The name was adopted when the parish of Saints-Anges-de-la-Chine was created in 1678, with the form Lachine appearing with the opening of a post office in 1829.
On August 4, 1689, more than 1500 Mohawk warriors raided the small village and burned it to the ground in retaliation for the ravaging of the Seneca lands, which was accused having been committed by the governor of New France, the Marquis de Denonville. The Lachine massacre left 80 dead.
Lachine was incorporated as a city in 1872. In 1999, it merged with the town of Saint-Pierre, which was itself merged into Montreal in 2002. Its logo during its municipality days is still in use as of today.
The borough is located in the southwest portion of the island of Montreal, at the inlet of the Lachine Canal, between the borough of LaSalle, and the city of Dorval. It was a separate city until municipal mergers on January 1, 2002 and did not demerge on January 1, 2006.
The borough is bordered to the northwest by the city of Dorval to the northeast by Saint-Laurent, to the east by Côte Saint-Luc, Montreal West and a narrow salient of Le Sud-Ouest, and to the south by LaSalle. Its western limit is the shore of Lac Saint-Louis and the Saint Lawrence River.
It has an area of 17.83 km² and a population of 44,489 per the 2016 Canadian Census.
|Non Official language only||4 555||11%|
As of the November 7, 2017 Montreal municipal election, the current borough council consists of the following councillors:
|Maja Vodanovic||Projet Montréal|
|—||City councillor||Micheline Rouleau||Projet Montréal|
|Du Canal||Borough councillor||Julie-Pascale Provost||Projet Montréal|
|Fort-Rolland||Borough councillor||Michèle Flannery||Projet Montréal|
|J.-Émery-Provost||Borough councillor||Younes Boukala||Projet Montréal|
Most noticeable of Lachine's features is the Lachine Canal and its recreational facilities, including the Lachine Canal National Historic Site. Around the canal's inlet, in the southern part of the borough, are located The Fur Trade at Lachine National Historic Site, René Lévesque Park (on a long peninsula extending into Lac Saint-Louis), and the Musée de Lachine, which has collections of modern outdoor sculpture both on its own grounds, in René Lévesque Park, and in other sites throughout the borough. Other historic buildings are also located near the canal's inlet.
A memorial to Air India Flight 182 is located in Monk Island, in Lachine. It was inaugurated in 2010.
Primary and secondary schools
The Commission scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys operates Francophone public schools.
Adult schools include:
- Centre d'éducation des adultes de LaSalle, Édifice Boileau
Professional development centres include:
- Centre de formation professionnelle de Lachine (CFP), Édifice Dalbé-Viau and Édifice de la Rive
Secondary schools include:
- École secondaire Dalbé-Viau
- Collège Saint-Louis
- College Sainte-Anne de Lachine
Primary schools include:
- École Primaire Catherine-Soumillard
- École Primaire Victor Therrien
- École Primaire des Berges-de-Lachine
- École Primaire Jardin-des-Saints-Anges
- École Primaire Martin-Bélanger
- École Primaire Paul-Jarry
- École Primaire Philippe-Morin
- École Primaire Très-Saint-Sacrement
The Lester B. Pearson School Board (LBPSB) operates Anglophone public schools.
- Lakeside Academy (a merger of Lachine High School and Bishop Whelan High School)
- Maple Grove Elementary School in Lachine, a merger of the Meadowbrook School in Lachine and the Bishop-Whelan School in Dorval, opened in August 2010
- A portion is zoned to LaSalle Elementary Junior and Senior Campus in LaSalle
- The Pearson Electrotechnology Centre (PEC; Centre d'électrotechnologie Pearson), a public vocational school of the LBPSB, is in Lachine.
The Montreal Public Libraries Network operates the Saint-Pierre Branch and the Saul-Bellow Branch in Lachine.
- Ministère des Affaires Municipales et Régions: Lachine
- 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Lachine, Quebec
- "Population totale en 2006 et en 2011 - Variation — Densité" (PDF). Canada 2016 Census (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
- "Lachine, QC". Local Calling Guide.
- Official Transport Quebec Road Map
- Commission de toponymie du Québec - Lachine (Ville)
- "Profil sociodéographique: Arrondissement de Lachine" (PDF) (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "Memorial to victims of Air India bombing inaugurated in Lachine." CTV Montreal. Sunday December 5, 2010. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
- "ÉCOLES ET CENTRES." Commission Scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
- "Home." Maple Grove Elementary School. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
- "School Board Map." Lester B. Pearson School Board. Retrieved on September 28, 2017.
- "Home Archived 2014-11-11 at the Wayback Machine." Pearson Electrotechnology Centre. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
- "Les bibliothèques par arrondissement." Montreal Public Libraries Network. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.