Lacandon language

Lacandon (Jach-tʼaan in the revised orthography of the Instituto Nacional de Lenguas Indigenas)[3] is a Mayan language spoken by all of the 1,000 Lacandon people in the state of Chiapas in Mexico.[4] Within Chiapas, Lacandon is spoken in Betel, Lacanjá San Quintín, Lake Metzaboc, Metzaboc, and Najá.[5]

Pronunciation[xatʃ tʼaːn]
Native toMexico
EthnicityLacandon people
Native speakers
600 (2015)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3lac

Native Lacandon speakers refer to their language as Jach tʼaan or Hach tʼan. Most Lacandon people speak Lacandon Maya. Most also speak Spanish.


The following tables list the standard phonemes of the Lacandon language.


Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Laryngeal
Nasal m [m] n [n]
Plosive aspirated p [p̪ʰ]1 t [tʰ] k [kʰ] 7 [ʔ]
ejective [pʼ] [tʼ] [kʼ]
implosive [ɓ]
Affricate aspirated tz [tsʰ] ch [tʃʰ]
ejective tzʼ [tsʼ] chʼ [tʃʼ]
Fricative s [s] x [ʃ] h [ʜ]
Approximant l [l] y [j] w [ʋ]
Flap r [ɾ]


  1. Lacandon at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Lacandon". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. Instituto Nacional de Lenguas Indígenas (INALI). "Catálogo de las lenguas indígenas nacionales: Variantes lingüísticas de México con sus autodenominaciones y referencias geoestadísticas - lacandón". Retrieved 2009-06-22.
  4. INALI (2012) México: Lenguas indígenas nacionales
  5. "Lacandon".
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