La buona figliuola
La buona figliuola (The Good-Natured Girl or The Accomplish'd Maid), or La Cecchina (Cecchina), is an opera buffa in three acts by Niccolò Piccinni. The libretto, by Carlo Goldoni, is based on Samuel Richardson's novel Pamela; or, Virtue Rewarded. This was Piccinni's most successful Italian opera. There was a sequel entitled La buona figliuola maritata (1761) by the same composer and librettist. La buona figliuola supposta vedova by Gaetano Latilla followed in 1766.
It was first performed at the Teatro delle Dame, Rome, on 6 February 1760 with an all-male cast. It was given in London at the King's Theatre on 25 November 1766 with Gaetano Guadagni, Savi, Lovattini, Morigi, Quercioli, Piatti, and Michele; and at Covent Garden in English as The Accomplish'd Maid on 3 December 1766. It was revived as La Cecchina (with alterations) on 7 February 1928 in Bari (the composer's native city), as part of a celebration of the bicentenary of Piccinni's birth.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere, 6 February 1760|
|Cecchina, a maid||soprano castrato travesti||Tommaso Borghesi|
|Armidoro, engaged to Lucinda||tenor||Carlo De Cristofori|
|The marquis of Conchiglia, in love with Cecchina||tenor||Giovanni Lovatini|
|Lucinda, the marquis' sister||soprano castrato travesti||Gaspero Savoj|
|Mengotto, a poor man in love with Cecchina||baritone||Giuseppe Casaccia|
|Paoluccia, a maid||mezzo-soprano castrato travesti||Francesco Pieri|
|Sandrina, a maid||soprano castrato travesti||Giuseppe Giustinelli|
|Tagliaferro, a German soldier||baritone||Francesco Carattoli|
The marquis of Conchiglia has fallen in love with Cecchina, who is a maid. Shocked by the social impropriety of such a match, Cavaliere Armidoro, the fiancé of the marquis's sister, refuses to marry Lucinda. Distraught over losing the man she loves, Lucinda begs the marquis to stop seeing Cecchina. Meanwhile, Cecchina has several problems of her own, including Mengotto, a poor man who is infatuated with her and won't leave her alone, and Sandrina and Paoluccia, two jealous maids who try to cause as much trouble for Cecchina as they can. After many plot twists, the opera ends well when Tagliaferro, a German soldier, reveals that Cecchina is in fact the daughter of a German baron, which enables Cecchina to marry the Marchese without upsetting Armidoro.
Piccinni: La Cecchina, ossia La buona figliuola – Orchestra Serenissima Pro Arte
- Conductor: Bruno Campanella
- Principal singers: Alessandra Ruffini, Bruno Pratico, Maria Angeles Peters, Gabriella Morigi, Giuseppe Morino
- Recording date: 8 January 2002
- Label: Nuova Era 7123/25 (3 cd)
Piccinni: La buona figliola – Orchestra del Teatro dell'Opera di Roma
- Conductor: Gianluigi Gelmetti
- Principal singers: Lucia Aliberti, Enzo Dara, Margherita Rinaldi, Emilia Raviglia, Ugo Benelli
- Recording date: 4 February 1981
- Label: Fonit Cetra CDC 95 (2 cd)
Piccinni: La Cecchina, ossia La buona figliuola – La Lyra di Anfione
- Conductor: Vito Paternoster
- Principal singers: Serena Farnocchia, Graziella Merrino, Danilo Formaggia, Eun Young Oh, Larissa Schmidt, Eugenia Pont-Burgoyne, Piero Terranova, Davude Pelissero
- Recording date: 25 September 2001
- Label: Bongiovanni GB 2293/94-2 (2 cd)
- Hunter 1992 and 2001. A variety of other titles have been used, including La Cecchina, ossia La buona figliuola; Cecchina zitella, o La buona figliuola; Cecchina nubile o La buona figliuola; La buona figliuola zitella; La buona figliuola puta; La baronessa riconosciuta; Das gute Mädchen; Der fromme Pige; La bonne fille. "Figliuola" is sometimes rendered as its modern Italian variant "figliola".
- Loewenberg 1978, columns 243–245.
- Ginguené 1809, pp. 10–11.
- Casaglia, Gherardo (2005)."6 February 1760". L'Almanacco di Gherardo Casaglia (in Italian).
- Ginguené, Pierre-Louis (1809). Notice sur la vie et les ouvrages de Nicolas Piccini (in French). Paris: Panckoucke.
- Hunter, Mary (1992). "Buona figliuola, La" in Sadie 1992, vol. 1, pp. 640–642.
- Hunter, Mary (2001). "Piccinni: (1) Niccolò Piccinni. Works" (with James L. Jackman, Marita P. McClymonds, David Charlton) in Sadie 2001.
- Loewenberg, Alfred (1978). Annals of Opera 1597–1940 (third edition, revised). Totowa, New Jersey: Rowman and Littlefield. ISBN 978-0-87471-851-5.
- Rushton, Julian (2001). "Niccolò Piccinni", pp. 673–676, in The New Penguin Opera Guide, edited by Amanda Holden. New York: Penguin Putnam. ISBN 0-14-029312-4.
- Sadie, Stanley, editor (1992). The New Grove Dictionary of Opera (4 volumes). London: Macmillan. ISBN 978-1-56159-228-9.
- Sadie, Stanley, editor (2001). The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 2nd edition. London: Macmillan. ISBN 978-1-56159-239-5 (hardcover), OCLC 419285866 (eBook), and Grove Music Online.
- Warrack, John; West, Ewan (1992). The Oxford Dictionary of Opera New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-869164-5.