"El Himno de Bayamo" (English: "The Bayamo Anthem", lit. The Hymn of Bayamo") is the national anthem of Cuba. The anthem was first performed during the Battle of Bayamo in 1868. Perucho Figueredo, who took part in the battle, wrote and composed the song. The melody, also called "La Bayamesa" (English: The Bayamo Song"), was composed by Figueredo in 1867.
|English: The Bayamo Anthem|
National anthem of
|Also known as||"La Bayamesa" (English: "The Bayamo Song")|
|Music||Perucho Figueredo and Antonio Rodriguez-Ferrer, 1867|
"La Bayamesa" (instrumental, two verses)
On October 10, 1868, the Cuban forces obtained the capitulation of the Spanish colonial authorities in Bayamo, the jubilant people surrounded Figueredo and asked him to write an anthem with the melody they were humming. Right on the saddle of his horse, Figueredo wrote the lyrics of the anthem, which was longer than the current official version. Figueredo was captured and executed by the Spanish two years later. Just before the firing squad received the Fire command, Figueredo shouted the line from his anthem: "Morir por la Patria es vivir" ("To die for one's country is to live"). Officially adopted in 1902, it was retained even after the revolution of 1959. The Cuban composer Antonio Rodriguez-Ferrer, was the author of the musical introductory notes to the Cuban national anthem.
In addition to the "Himno de Bayamo", there are two other well-known Cuban songs called "La Bayamesa". The first Bayamesa was composed in 1851 by Carlos Manuel de Céspedes and José Fornaris at the request of their friend Francisco Castillo Moreno, who is sometimes also credited with the lyrics. After 1868, during the Cuban war, a "mambí" version of "La Bayamesa" became popular. It has the same melody but different lyrics. Many years later, in 1918, the composer and trovador Sindo Garay, from Santiago de Cuba, composed a song that he called "Mujer Bayamesa"; popular usage shortened the title to "La Bayamesa".
Originally, the song had three stanzas. The last two stanzas were removed in 1902 because the lyrics seems to be anti-Spain. Also, the section was too long compared to the other stanzas.
¡Al combate, corred, bayameses!,
To combat, run, Bayamesans!
|Second stanza (removed)|
No temáis los feroces íberos,
Fear not the vicious Iberians,
|Third stanza (removed)|
Contemplad nuestras huestes triunfantes,
Behold our triumphant troops,
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to National anthem of Cuba.|
- Cuba: La Bayamesa - Audio of the national anthem of Cuba, with information and lyrics
- Cuban National Anthem Website Cuban National Anthem interpreted by Cuban artists with music and voice.
- Different Mp3 files (nacion.cult.cu)
- Infos about the hymn (nacion.cult.cu)
- Las Bayamesas Article in Spanish on the three songs named La Bayamesa