LB&SCR B1 class

The London, Brighton and South Coast Railway B1 Class is a class of 0-4-2 express passenger steam locomotives, known from the name of the first, No. 214, as the "Gladstones".

LB&SCR B1 Class
No. 173 Cottesloe at East Croydon in 1895
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
DesignerWilliam Stroudley
BuilderBrighton Works
Build date1882-1891
Total produced36
Specifications
Configuration:
  Whyte0-4-2
  UICB1'
Gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Driver dia.6 ft 6 in (1.981 m)
Trailing dia.4 ft 6 in (1.372 m)
Wheelbase15 ft 7 in (4.75 m)
Loco weight38.7 long tons (39.3 t; 43.3 short tons)
Fuel typeCoal
Water cap2,238 imp gal (10,170 l; 2,688 US gal)
Boiler pressurePre 1889 engines: 140 psi (0.97 MPa)
Post 1889 engines: 150 psi (1.03 MPa)
CylindersTwo, inside
Cylinder size18 14 in × 26 in (464 mm × 660 mm)
Performance figures
Tractive effort14,155 lbf (62.96 kN)
Career
ClassB1
Retired1910–12 (10)
1925–33 (26)
PreservedNo. 214 Gladstone
DispositionOne preserved, remainder scrapped

History

They were the last express passenger design of William Stroudley, and were a larger and improved version of his Richmond class of 1878. Thirty-six locomotives were turned out from Brighton railway works between 1882 and 1891, and were used for the heaviest London to Brighton express trains. All were named after politicians, men associated with the railway, or places served by the railway. In 1889 No.189 Edward Blount was exhibited at the 1889 Paris Exhibition and received a gold medal.

The locomotives were originally designated "Class B" together with the "Richmond Class" but were later designated B1 class by D.E. Marsh.

During the first decade of the twentieth century the class were gradually replaced by Billinton B4 class locomotives and were transferred to secondary duties. Withdrawal began in April 1910 and by the outbreak of the First World War ten had been scrapped.

Southern Railway

The remaining twenty-six locomotives passed to the Southern Railway in 1923, but withdrawals recommenced in 1926 and the last survivor (No. 172) was withdrawn in 1933.[2]

Accidents and incidents

  • On 1 May 1891, locomotive No. 175 Hayling was hauling a passenger train which was derailed at Norwood Junction, Surrey when a cast-iron bridge collapsed as the train was passing over it.[3]

Preservation

The first of the class, 214 Gladstone, was preserved as a static exhibit thanks to the efforts of the Stephenson Locomotive Society and is normally on display in the National Railway Museum, York. Gladstone is the only ex LB&SCR tender locomotive to be preserved, as all the other preserved locomotives (ten A1/A1x "Terriers", one E1, and an E4) are tank engines.

References

  1. Slater, J.N., ed. (August 1977). Railway Magazine. London: IPC Transport Press. 123 (916). p. 405, photo caption. No. 214 Gladstone ... decorated in 1890s style for Jubilee year Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. Bradley, D.L. (1972). Locomotives of the London Brighton and South Coast Railway: Part 2. Railway Correspondence and Travel Society.
  3. Hoole, Ken (1982). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 3. Redruth: Atlantic Books. p. 9. ISBN 0-906899-05-2.
  • Ahrons, E.L. (1927). The British Steam Railway Locomotive from 1825 to 1925. London Locomotive Publishing Co. Ltd. pp. 273–4.
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