L'Amour de loin
L'Amour de loin (Love from Afar) is an opera in five acts with music by Kaija Saariaho and a French-language libretto by Amin Maalouf. The opera received its world premiere performance on 15 August 2000 at the Salzburg Festival.
|L'Amour de loin|
|Opera by Kaija Saariaho|
|Translation||Love from Afar|
15 August 2000
Saariaho, living in Paris since 1982, had become familiar in 1993 with La vida breve by one of the first great 12th-century troubadours, Jaufré Rudel. She did not think she was capable of writing an opera until she saw Peter Sellars's staging of Messiaen’s opera Saint François d'Assise at the 1992 Salzburg Festival. "If that is an opera, then I can write one", she has said she thought.
Her idea for the opera evolved over the following seven or eight years. She first set a Jaufré poem to music in Lonh (1996) for soprano and electronic instruments.
The sensibilities and backgrounds of both Maalouf, a Lebanese-French author and journalist also living in Paris, and Saariaho – both voluntary exiles – brought them together to turn "a seemingly simple story into a complex story very simply told...[and with] the straightforward trajectory of its plot, L’Amour de loin turns anxiously around deeper themes – obsession and devotion, reality and illusion, the loneliness of the artist, the need to belong".
Having secured an advance commitment from Salzburg Festival director Gerard Mortier to stage the opera, Saariaho began L'Amour de loin in 1999. The SWR Sinfonieorchester Baden-Baden-Freiburg, an ensemble well known for its excellence in contemporary music, was also on board.
L'Amour de loin received the 2003 Grawemeyer Award for Music Composition.
The opera's first production became a joint commission by the Théâtre du Châtelet in Paris and the Santa Fe Opera in addition to Salzburg. Peter Sellars directed the original production, as well as several later ones. The US premiere occurred on 27 July 2002 at the Santa Fe Opera.
In 2008, the Bergen International Festival in Bergen, Norway, opened with a production by the artists Michael Elmgreen and Ingar Dragset, produced by Bergen National Opera (previously Den Nye Opera). They created an animated film in place of a stage setting.
The English National Opera presented a new production in July 2009 at the London Coliseum, sung in English. This same production was given by Vlaamse Opera in September 2010, and by the Canadian Opera Company in February 2012.
The Landestheater Linz presented a new production in 2015.
The Festival d'Opéra de Québec staged the opera, directed by Robert Lepage, during its Summer 2015 season. This same production was then staged at the Metropolitan Opera, the company's first production of the opera, in December 2016, conducted by Susanna Mälkki. This marked the Metropolitan Opera's first staging of an opera by a female composer since the company's 1903 production of Der Wald by Ethel Smyth. This opera was transmitted to cinemas on 10 December 2016 as part of the Metropolitan Opera Live in HD series, the first opera by a female composer, and the first opera conducted by a female conductor, in this series.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere cast, 15 August 2000|
(Conductor: Kent Nagano
|Jaufré Rudel, Prince of Blaye, and troubadour obsessed with idealized love||baritone||Dwayne Croft|
|The Pilgrim, the go-between who carries messages back and forth||mezzo-soprano||Dagmar Pecková|
|Clémence, the Countess of Tripoli||soprano||Dawn Upshaw|
|Stage director||Peter Sellars|
|Scenic designer||George Tsypin|
|Costume designer||Martin Pakledinaz|
|Lighting designer||James F. Ingalls|
Jaufré, having become weary of the pleasures of life, longs for a different love, one far away, but realizes that it is unlikely that he will ever find her. The chorus, made up of his old companions, laughs at his dreams and tells him the woman he sings about does not exist. Then a Pilgrim (male but sung by a mezzo-soprano) recently arrived from abroad tells Jaufré that such a woman does indeed exist because the Pilgrim has met her. Jaufré devotes himself to thinking only of her.
The Pilgrim returns to Tripoli, meets Clémence, and tells her that, in France, a prince-troubadour extols her in his songs, calling her his "love from afar". This initially offends her, but Clémence begins to dream of this strange and faraway lover, asking herself if she is worthy to receive such devotion.
Upon his return to Blaye, the Pilgrim again meets Jaufré and tells him that the lady now knows that he sings about her. Jaufré asks him if he has sung his songs to Clémence correctly, to which he responds "more or less". Jaufré decides that he must travel to meet her. The Pilgrim tells Jaufré Clémence's name and leaves.
Clémence seems to prefer that their relationship remain distant as she is reluctant to live constantly waiting and does not want to suffer.
On impulse, Jaufré sets out to meet his "love from afar", but not without trepidation. He is anguished about the possibility that he has not made the right decision, so much so that he becomes severely ill, and the sickness increases as he gets closer to Tripoli. The Pilgrim has him rest, and he hallucinates seeing Clémence on the water. By the time he arrives in Tripoli, he is dying.
The ship berths and the Pilgrim hurries off to tell the countess that Jaufré has arrived, that he is close to death, and that he wants to see her. Carried on a pallet, Jaufré is brought to the citadel unconscious, but recovers somewhat in Clémence's presence. With Jaufré approaching death, the couple embrace and declare their love for each other. After Jaufré dies in her arms, Clémence rages against Heaven and considers herself responsible for the tragedy. She decides to enter a convent and the last scene shows her in prayer. But her words are ambiguous: it is not clear whether the "Love from afar" to whom she is praying on her knees is God or Jaufré.
L’Amour de loin has been acclaimed since its premiere in 2000. Several writers have referred to Saariaho’s score as “hypnotic”. John Allison argued that it “combines with a poetic libretto by Lebanese-born writer Armin Maalouf to exquisite effect. The result is not, it must be said, the most dramatic opera, but then neither is Pelléas or Tristan und Isolde, pieces in which music works powerfully on the imagination.” James Jorden of the Observer wrote that the score “evokes the distance between the loves with downcast modal melodies and a vast, impressionistic palette of soundscapes evoking the sea”, but was more critical of the vocal writing, arguing that Maalouf’s French text has “little sense of individualized emotion.” The score was described as “lushly beautiful” in The New York Times. In a 2019 poll of critics of The Guardian, L’Amour de loin was ranked the sixth greatest classical music work of the 21st century.
- DVD: L'Amour de loin with Dawn Upshaw, Gerald Finley, and Monica Groop. Finnish National Opera, Helsinki production in 2004, conducted by Esa-Pekka Salonen. Directed by Peter Sellars. Released 2005.
- Audio: Daniel Belcher, Ekaterina Lekhina and Marie-Ange Todorovitch; Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin, Rundfunkchor Berlin, Kent Nagano, conductor; Martin Sauer, producer (harmonia mundi, 2009)
- Tommasini, Anthony (17 August 2000). "A Prince Idealizes His Love From Afar". The New York Times.
- Philip Huscher, "The Land Where I Was Born", Santa Fe Opera 2002 Festival program book
- Bergen International Festival. "Berlin Enthusiasm for Festival Opera". Retrieved 8 March 2009.
- Königlich Norwegische Botschaft. "Elmgreen & Dragset auf neuem Terrain" (in German). Retrieved 8 March 2009.
- Fiona Maddocks (2009-07-11). "Singin' through the pain". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-12-26.
- "All Canadian Cast in COC's Canadian Premiere of Saariaho's Love From Afar, One of the 21st Century's Great Operas" (Press release). Canadian Opera Company. 6 December 2011. Archived from the original on 27 December 2016. Retrieved 26 December 2016.
- Anthony Tommasini (2016-12-02). "Review: A Newly Relevant L'Amour de loin at the Met". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016-12-26.
- Woolfe, Zachary (25 November 2016). "Your Guide to a Met Opera Milestone". The New York Times.
- Rosenblum, Joshua (2016-12-23). "The Met's 'L'Amour de Loin' is Sumptuous and Shimmering". HuffPost. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
- Allison, John (2013-01-09). "Saariaho (L')Amour de Loin". www.gramophone.co.uk. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
- "Lovers Separated by a Sea of Light in Met's Production of 'L'amour de Loin'". Observer. 2016-12-02. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
- "GP at the Met: L'Amour de Loin | About the Opera | Great Performances | PBS". Great Performances. 2017-03-03. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
- Clements, Andrew; Maddocks, Fiona; Lewis, John; Molleson, Kate; Service, Tom; Jeal, Erica; Ashley, Tim (2019-09-12). "The best classical music works of the 21st century". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
- Sanna Iitti, "Kaija Saariaho: Stylistic Development and Artistic Principles" International Alliance for Women in Music Journal, 2001
- Sanna Iitti, "L'Amour de loin: Kaija Saariaho's First Opera", International Alliance for Women in Music Journal, 2002
- Ronit Seter, "Saariaho's L'Amour de loin: First Woman Composer in a Century at the Metropolitan Opera" in Musicology Now (American Musicological Society's blog), 15 June 2016
- Ronit Seter, "Getting Close with Saariaho and L'Amour de loin" in NewMusicBox, 2 December 2016
- Production details, Metropolitan Opera 2016