Kz 8 cm GrW 42
The kurzer 8 cm Granatwerfer 42 (kz 8 cm GrW 42) was a mortar used by Germany during World War II. It was developed as a lightened version of the standard German 8 cm GrW 34 medium mortar with a shorter barrel for use by paratroopers, but replaced the ineffective 5 cm leGrW 36 as that weapon's shortcomings became apparent. The kz 8 cm GrW 42 fired a bomb over 3 and a half times heavier twice as far as the smaller mortar, but was less than twice as heavy. It broke down into the standard three loads for transport.
|kurzer 8 cm Granatwerfer 42|
|Place of origin||Nazi Germany|
|Wars||World War II|
|Mass||26.5 kg (58.4 lb)|
|Barrel length||74 cm (2 ft 5 in)|
|Shell weight||3.5 kg (7 lb 11 oz)|
|Caliber||81.4 mm (3.20 in)|
|Elevation||40° to 90°|
|Traverse||14° to 34°|
|Rate of fire||15–25 rpm|
|Maximum firing range||1.1 km (0.68 mi)|
Some weapons were provided with a lanyard-operated loading/firing mechanism for remote-controlled use. It was generally known as the "Stummelwerfer" or "Stump-Thrower".
- Gander, Terry and Chamberlain, Peter. Weapons of the Third Reich: An Encyclopedic Survey of All Small Arms, Artillery and Special Weapons of the German Land Forces 1939-1945. New York: Doubleday, 1979 ISBN 0-385-15090-3