Kyoto University (京都大学 Kyōto daigaku), or Kyodai (京大 Kyōdai) is a national university in Kyoto, Japan. It is the second oldest Japanese university, one of Asia's highest ranked universities and one of Japan's National Seven Universities. One of Asia's leading research-oriented institutions, Kyoto University is famed for producing world-class researchers, including 19 Nobel Prize laureates, 2 Fields medalists and one Gauss Prize winner . It has the most Nobel laureates of all universities in Asia.
Motto in English
|Freedom of academic culture|
|Established||Founded June 18, 1897|
|Endowment||¥ 250.2 billion (2.2 billion USD)|
|2,864 (Teaching Staff)|
|5,397 (Total Staff)|
135 ha (333 acres)
|Athletics||48 varsity teams|
|Affiliations||Kansai Big Six, ASAIHL|
Kyoto University's forerunner was the Chemistry School (舎密局 Seimi-kyoku) founded in Osaka in 1869, which, despite its name, taught physics as well (舎密 is a transcription of a Dutch word chemie). Later, the Third Higher School (第三髙等學校 Daisan-kōtō-gakkō), was established in the place of Seimi-kyoku in 1886, it then transferred to the university's present main campus in the same year.
Kyoto Imperial University (京都帝國大學 Kyōto-teikoku-daigaku) as a part of the Imperial University system was established on June 18, 1897, using the Third Higher School's buildings. The higher school moved to a patch of land across the street, where the Yoshida South Campus stands today, and was integrated into Kyoto University in May 1949 and became the College of Liberal Arts in September 1949. In the same year of the university's establishment, the College of Science and Technology was founded. The College of Law and the College of Medicine were founded in 1899, the College of Letters in 1906, expanding the university's activities to areas outside natural science.
After World War II, the current Kyoto University was established by merging the imperial university and the Third Level School, which assumed the duty of teaching liberal arts as the Faculty of Liberal Arts (教養部 Kyōyō-bu). The faculty was dissolved with the foundation of the Faculty of Integrated Human Studies (総合人間学部 Sōgō-ningen-gakubu) in 1992.
Kyoto University has since 2004 been incorporated as a national university corporation under a new law which applies to all national universities.
The University's Department of Geophysics and their Disaster Prevention Research Institute are represented on the national Coordinating Committee for Earthquake Prediction.
Yoshida Campus is the main campus, with some laboratories located in Uji. The Graduate School of Engineering is currently under process of moving to the newly built Katsura Campus.
The university has about 22,000 students enrolled in its undergraduate and graduate programs.
- Faculty of Integrated Human Studies
- Faculty of Letters
- Faculty of Education
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Economics
- Faculty of Science
- Faculty of Medicine
- Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences
- Faculty of Engineering
- Faculty of Agriculture
- Graduate School of Letters
- Graduate School of Education
- Graduate School of Law
- Graduate School of Economics
- Graduate School of Science
- Graduate School of Medicine
- Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences
- Graduate School of Engineering
- Graduate School of Agriculture
- Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies
- Graduate School of Energy Science
- Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies
- Graduate School of Informatics
- Graduate School of Biostudies
- Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies
- School of Government
- Graduate School of Management
- Kyoto University Law School (Japanese Text Only)
- Kyoto University School of Public Health
Kyoto University promotes itself as an academic institution fostering a "spirit of freedom." The university claims eleven Nobel Laureates and two Fields Medalists among its faculty and alumni. The university is also known as the starting point for the Kyoto School philosophical movement.
Kyodai is one of the most prestigious universities in Japan. It can be seen in the several rankings such as shown below. The Academic Ranking of World Universities ranked the Kyoto University as follows:
The Times Higher Education ranked the Kyoto University as follows:
The QS World University Rankings ranked the Kyoto University as follows:
The URAP ranked the Kyoto University as follows:
|Toyo Keizai National||General||3|
|T. Reuters National||Research||2|
| QS Asia|
(Asian Ranking version)
|Social Sciences & Humanities|
|BE Success National||Qualification||4|
|BE Pass rate National||Qualification||4|
BUSINESS & MANAGEMENT
|Eduni MBA National||General||5|
|Eduni MBA World||General||124|
|Natural Sciences & Technology|
BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY
PHARMACOLOGY & TOXICOLOGY
|* T. Reuters World rankings include non-educational institutions|
The university was ranked 3rd in 2008 and 2010 in the ranking "Truly Strong Universities" by Toyo Keizai. In another ranking, Japanese prep school Kawaijuku ranked Kyodai as the 2nd best university in Japan.
Kyodai is also one of the top universities in the world. The following rankings are the example of Kyodai's ranking positions in the world rankings.
- Kyoto University was ranked 24th in the world in the 2010 Academic Ranking of World Universities
- 11th worldwide in the Global University Ranking.
- A human competitiveness index and analysis by the Human Resources & Labor Review, and published in Chasecareer Network, ranked the university 24th internationally and 2nd in Asia for 2010.
- QS World University Rankings in 2011 placed Kyoto University 1st overall in the world, one behind University of Melbourne, seven places lower than the previous year.
- The 2011 QS Asian Rankings make Kyoto University the seventh highest ranked university in Asia, the highest being The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology.
- Kyoto University was ranked 44th among the world's best universities and 2nd in Japan and 5th in Asia in 2019 according to the Top 500 Global Universities Rankings produced by CEOWORLD magazine.
Kyodai is usually considered as one of the top research institution in Japan. In fact, the 2nd largest amount of investment from Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research, which is the national grants program for research institutions.
This financial support from the Japanese government has a direct effect on Kyodai's research outcomes. According to Thomson Reuters, Kyodai is the 1st best research university in Japan. Its research excellence is especially distinctive in Chemistry (1st in Japan, 4th in the world), Biology & Biochemistry (2nd in Japan, 23rd in the world), Pharmacology & Toxicology (2nd in Japan,30 in the world), Immunology (3rd in Japan, 25th in the world), Material Science (4th in Japan, 22nd in the world), and Physics (4th in Japan, 25th in the world).
In another ranking, Nikkei Shimbun on 2004/2/16 surveyed about the research standards in Engineering studies based on Thomson Reuters, Grants in Aid for Scientific Research and questionnaires to the heads of 93 leading Japanese Research Centers. Kyodai was placed in the 10th position (research planning ability 6th) in this ranking.
Kyodai also has a high research standard in Social Sciences & Humanities. Repec in January 2011 ranked Kyodai's Institute of Economic Research as Japan's 3rd best economic research institution. Kyodai has provided 6 presidents of the Japanese Economic Association in its 42-year history, which is the 3rd largest number.
Asahi Shimbun summarized the amount of academic papers in Japanese major legal journals by university, and Kyodai was ranked 6th for the period between 2005 and 2009.
Graduate school rankings
Kyodai Law School is considered as one of the top Law schools in Japan, being ranked 4th in terms of the number of successful candidates of Japanese Bar Examination in 2009 and 2010.
Eduniversal ranked Japanese business schools, and the Faculty of Economics in Kyodai is placed 4th in Japan (111th in the world).
Kyodai alumni are distinctively successful in Japanese industries such as shown below.
According to the Weekly Economist's 2010 rankings, graduates from Kyodai have the 10th best employment rate in 400 major companies in Japan. However, it has to be noted that this lower ranking position is because of the large number of alumni who become government bureaucrats, which is 2nd largest among Japanese universities. In fact, alumni of Kyodai's average salary is the 5th best in Japan, according to the PRESIDENT.
Mines ParisTech : Professional Ranking World Universities ranks Kyodai as 5th in the world in 2011 in terms of the number of alumni listed among CEOs in the 500 largest worldwide companies.
Kyoto University competes in 48 sports. The university is a member of the Kansai Big Six Baseball League.
Members of the university's American football team, the Kyoto University Gangsters, were arrested in 2006 for gang rape, which had been recently added to the Penal Code in January 2005 following the Super Free rape controversy. The three students had forced a female university student to drink liquor to the point of unconsciousness, at which point they gang-raped her. They were all convicted.
Nobel Prize Winners
11 alumni or faculty of Kyoto University have received the Nobel Prize:
Fields Medal Winners
- Two alumni of Kyoto University have received the Fields Medal:
Gauss Prize Winners
- One Kyoto University professor emeritus has received the Carl Friedrich Gauss Prize:
John Maddox Prize Winners
Graduates of Kyoto University including Nobel laureates, Japanese politicians, philosophers, economists, and scientists.
- The results for Japan and Asia are ranked separately by the QS Asian University Rankings
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- Private universities apply different kind of exams. Thus it's only comparable between universities in a same category.
- e.g. Yoyogi seminar published Hensachi (the indication showing the entrance difficulties by prep schools) rankings "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 22, 2011. Retrieved July 29, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Japanese journalist Kiyoshi Shimano ranks its entrance difficulty as SA (most selective/out of 10 scales) in Japan. 危ない大学・消える大学 2012年版 (in Japanese). YELL books. 2011. ISBN 4-7539-3018-1.
- "Kyoto University trio held in suspected gang rapes". January 27, 2006 – via Japan Times Online.
- "Kyoto U. students admit gang rape". February 7, 2006 – via Japan Times Online.
- "Dr. Kiyoshi Ito receives Gauss Prize". Kyoto University. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
- editor, Ian Sample Science (November 30, 2017). "Doctor wins 2017 John Maddox prize for countering HPV vaccine misinformation". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on November 30, 2017. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
“Her courageous challenge in demonstrating the safety of the HPV vaccine, despite insult, litigation and attempts to undermine her professional status, epitomises the core spirit of the Maddox prize.”