Kyle, Texas

Kyle is a city in Hays County, Texas, United States. The population was 28,016 in the 2010 census[3] and estimated to be 46,874 in 2018.[4] Kyle is one of the fastest-growing cities in Texas.[5]

Kyle, Texas
Downtown Kyle
Pie Capital of Texas
Location of Kyle, Texas
Coordinates: 29°59′21″N 97°52′33″W
CountryUnited States
  TypeCouncil–manager government
  MayorTravis Mitchell
  Mayor Pro TemRick Koch
  City ManagerScott Sellers
  City Council
  Total19.29 sq mi (49.96 km2)
  Land19.09 sq mi (49.43 km2)
  Water0.20 sq mi (0.53 km2)
728 ft (222 m)
  Density2,046/sq mi (790.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)512 & 737
FIPS code48-39952[1]
GNIS feature ID1339257[2]


Kyle is located in eastern Hays County at 29°59′21″N 97°52′33″W (29.989080, -97.875947).[6] It is bordered to the south by San Marcos and to the northwest by Mountain City. Kyle is 21 miles (34 km) southwest of downtown Austin and 58 miles (93 km) northeast of San Antonio on Interstate 35.[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.3 square miles (50.0 km2), of which 19.1 square miles (49.4 km2) are land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km2), or 1.06%, are covered by water.[8] The Blanco River runs through the western side of the city, while the central and eastern parts of the city drain east to Plum Creek. Both waterways are tributaries of the San Marcos River.


Kyle is served by the Hays Consolidated Independent School District, with high school students attending either Jack C. Hays High School or Lehman High School. Also near Kyle, the Hays Campus of the Austin Community College District has been fully operational since 2014.[9]


Austin–Bergstrom International Airport is 25 miles (40 km) northeast of Kyle, San Marcos Regional Airport is 10 miles (16 km) to the south, and San Antonio International Airport is 53 miles (85 km) to the southwest. Residents have access to I-35, SH 45 toll road, FM 150, FM 1626, SH 21, and SH 123. The MoPac rail line runs through downtown Kyle. The Amtrak passenger train has a stop 10 miles (16 km) south of Kyle in San Marcos.[10]

Government and infrastructure

The city of Kyle is governed by a council/manager form of government. The city council consists of three members representing geographical districts, three at-large council members, and the mayor, who is also elected at-large. Each council member is elected to three-year terms.

State and federal representation

The Management and Training Corporation operates the Kyle Unit, a prison for men in Kyle, on behalf of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice.[11] In 1988, the construction of Kyle Unit, the first private prison for the TDCJ, sparked controversy. The Kyle Unit became the second-largest employer in Kyle, after the Hays Consolidated Independent School District. In 1989, the prison had a $50,000 weekly payroll, with much of it going to the city's residents.[12]

The United States Postal Service operates the Kyle Post Office.[13]


Kyle was founded in 1881 by Captain Fergus Kyle. The site was chosen because of its proximity to the International–Great Northern Railroad line.

From 1892 to 1901, Kyle was the childhood home of Pulitzer Prize-winning author Katherine Anne Porter. Many of her most famous short stories, such as "Noon Wine", are set in locations in and around Kyle. Her former home is now a writer's residence open to the public by appointment. The Katherine Anne Porter Literary Center hosts readings by visiting writers.


Historical population
Est. 201846,874[4]67.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

As of the census of 2010, there were 28,016 people, 8,759 households, and 6,905 families residing in the city. There were 9,226 housing units, of which 467, or 5.1%, were vacant. The racial makeup of the city was 74.5% white, 5.6% African American, 0.8% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.04% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 14.3% some other race, and 3.6% from two or more races. 46.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[15]

Of the 8,759 households, 54.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were headed by married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.2% were non-families. 14.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 2.6% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.15, and the average family size was 3.51. 391 persons in the city lived in group quarters rather than households.[15]

In the city, 33.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.4% were from 18 to 24, 37.1% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, and 4.2% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.[15]

For the period 2012-2016, the estimated median annual income for a household was $72,191, and the median income for a family was $76,992. Male full-time workers had a median income of $50,235 versus $39,474 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,348. 6.8% of the population and 5.4% of families were below the poverty line. 7.3% of the population under the age of 18 and 7.7% of those 65 or older were living in poverty.[16]

Notable people


  1. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. "Kyle (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  4. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  5. Heffley, Anna (2006-10-18). "Defense contractor headed to Kyle". The Free Press. Retrieved 2009-03-06.
  6. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. "Kyle, Texas - Economic Development". Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  8. "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Kyle city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2018.
  9. "(SLIDESHOW) ACC Hays grand opening - Community Impact Newspaper". Community Impact Newspaper. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  10. "Transportation". Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  11. "Kyle Unit." TDCJ. Retrieved on October 7, 2010.
  12. Krausse, Henry. "Kyle warms to financial aspect of becoming a 'prison town'." The Austin American-Statesman. June 18, 1989. B1. Retrieved on October 7, 2010. "Much of the prison's $50000 weekly payroll will go to Kyle residents." "[...]after Hays Consolidated Independent School District, the prison will be the [...]" "In addition to becoming the community's second-largest employer,"
  13. "Post Office Location - KYLE." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on October 7, 2010.
  14. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (DP-1): Kyle city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2018.
  16. "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2012-2016 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03): Kyle city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2018.
  17. "Grammy-Winning Rocker Gary Clark Jr. Purchases Huge Texas Ranch". Real Estate News and Advice |®. January 13, 2017.

Further reading

  • Strom, Ann (1981). The Prairie City: A History of Kyle, Texas, 1880–1980. Nortex Press. ISBN 978-0-89015-313-0.
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