Kwame Anthony Appiah

Kwame Akroma-Ampim Kusi Anthony Appiah (/ˈæpiɑː/ AP-ee-ah; born May 8, 1954) is a British-Ghanaian[2] philosopher, cultural theorist, and novelist whose interests include political and moral theory, the philosophy of language and mind, and African intellectual history. Appiah was the Laurance S. Rockefeller University Professor of Philosophy at Princeton University,[3] before moving to New York University (NYU) in 2014.[4] He currently holds an appointment at the NYU Department of Philosophy and NYU's School of Law.[5]

Kwame Anthony Appiah
Kwame Akroma-Ampim Kusi Anthony Appiah

(1954-05-08) May 8, 1954
ResidenceManhattan, New York, U.S.
Pennington, New Jersey, U.S.
Alma materClare College, Cambridge
Spouse(s)Henry Finder
EraContemporary philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
ThesisConditions for conditionals (1981)
Main interests
Probabilistic semantics, political theory, moral theory, intellectual history, race and identity theory

Personal life and education

Appiah was born in London, England,[6] to Peggy Cripps, an English art historian and writer, and Joe Appiah, a lawyer, diplomat, and politician from the Asante region, once part of the British Gold Coast colony but now part of Ghana. For two years (1970–72) Joe Appiah was the leader of a new opposition party that was made by the country's three opposing parties, simultaneously he was the president of the Ghana Bar Association. Between 1977 and 1978, he was Ghana's representative at the United Nations. He died in an Accra hospital in 1990.[7]

Anthony Appiah was raised in Kumasi, Ghana, and educated at Bryanston School and Clare College, Cambridge, where he earned his BA (First Class) and PhD degree in philosophy.[8] He has three sisters: Isobel, Adwoa and Abena. As a child, he spent a good deal of time in England, staying with his grandmother Dame Isobel Cripps, widow of the English statesman Sir Stafford Cripps.

Appiah's mother's family has a long political tradition: Sir Stafford was a nephew of Beatrice Webb and was Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer (1947–50) under Clement Attlee; his father, Charles Cripps, was Labour Leader of the House of Lords (1929–31) as Lord Parmoor in Ramsay MacDonald's government; Parmoor had been a Conservative MP before defecting to Labour.

Through his grandmother Isobel Cripps, Appiah is a descendant of John Winthrop and the New England Winthrop family of Boston Brahmins as one of his ancestors, Robert Winthrop, was a Loyalist during the American Revolutionary War and migrated to England, becoming a distinguished Vice Admiral in the British Navy.[9][10] Through Isobel, he is also descended from the British pharmacist James Crossley Eno.

Through Professor Appiah's father, a Nana of the Ashanti people, he is a direct descendant of Osei Tutu, the warrior emperor of pre-colonial Ghana, whose reigning successor, the Asantehene, is a distant relative of the Appiah family. Also among his African ancestors is the Ashanti nobleman Nana Akroma-Ampim I of Nyaduom, a warrior whose name the Professor now bears.

He lives with his husband, Henry Finder,[11] in an apartment in Manhattan, and a home in Pennington, New Jersey with a small sheep farm.[6] Appiah has written about what it was like growing up gay in Ghana.[12]

His nephew is the actor Adetomiwa Edun.[13]


Appiah taught philosophy and African-American studies at the University of Ghana, Cornell, Yale, Harvard, and Princeton Universities from 1981 to 1988. He was, until recently, a Laurance S. Rockefeller University Professor of Philosophy at Princeton (with a cross-appointment at the University Center for Human Values) and was serving as the Bacon-Kilkenny Professor of Law at Fordham University in the fall of 2008. Appiah also served on the board of PEN American Center and was on a panel of judges for the PEN/Newman's Own First Amendment Award.[14] He has taught at Yale, Cornell, Duke, and Harvard universities and lectured at many other institutions in the US, Germany, Ghana and South Africa, and Paris. Until the fall of 2009, he served as a trustee of Ashesi University College in Accra, Ghana. Currently, he is the professor of philosophy and law at NYU.

His Cambridge dissertation explored the foundations of probabilistic semantics. In 1992, Appiah published In My Father's House, which won the Herskovitz Prize for African Studies in English. Among his later books are Colour Conscious (with Amy Gutmann), The Ethics of Identity (2005), and Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers (2006). He has been a close collaborator with Henry Louis Gates Jr., with whom he edited Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African-American Experience. Appiah was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1995.[15]

In 2008, Appiah published Experiments in Ethics, in which he reviews the relevance of empirical research to ethical theory. In the same year, he was recognized for his contributions to racial, ethnic, and religious relations when Brandeis University awarded him the first Joseph B. and Toby Gittler Prize.[16]

As well as his academic work, Appiah has also published several works of fiction. His first novel, Avenging Angel, set at the University of Cambridge, involved a murder among the Cambridge Apostles; Sir Patrick Scott is the detective in the novel. Appiah's second and third novels are Nobody Likes Letitia and Another Death in Venice.

Appiah has been nominated for, or received, several honours. He was the 2009 finalist in the arts and humanities for the Eugene R. Gannon Award for the Continued Pursuit of Human Advancement.[17] In 2010, he was named by Foreign Policy magazine on its list of top global thinkers.[18] On February 13, 2012, Appiah was awarded the National Humanities Medal at a ceremony at the White House.[19]

Appiah currently chairs the jury for the Berggruen Prize, and serves on the Berggruen Institute's Philosophy & Culture Center's Academic Board.[20]


Appiah argues that the formative denotation of culture is ultimately preceded by the efficacy of intellectual interchange. From this position, his views on the efficacy of organizations such as UNICEF and Oxfam are notable for their duality: on the one hand he seems to appreciate the immediate action these organizations provide while on the other hand he points out the long-term futility of such intervention. His focus is, instead, on the long-term political and economic development of nations according to the Western capitalist/ democratic model, an approach that relies on continued growth in the "marketplace" that is the capital-driven modern world.

However, when capitalism is introduced and it does not "take off" as in the Western world, the livelihood of the peoples involved is at stake. Thus, the ethical questions involved are certainly complex, yet the general impression in Appiah's "Kindness to Strangers" is one which implies that it is not up to "us" to save the poor and starving, but up to their own governments. Nation-states must assume responsibility for their citizens, and a cosmopolitan's role is to appeal to "our own" government to ensure that these nation-states respect, provide for, and protect their citizens.

If they will not, "we" are obliged to change their minds; if they cannot, "we" are obliged to provide assistance, but only our "fair share," that is, not at the expense of our own comfort, or the comfort of those "nearest and dearest" to us.[21]

Appiah's early philosophical work dealt with probabilistic semantics and theories of meaning, but his more recent books have tackled philosophical problems of race and racism, identity, and moral theory. His current work tackles three major areas: 1. the philosophical foundations of liberalism; 2. the questioning of methods in arriving at knowledge about values; and 3. the connections between theory and practice in moral life, all of which concepts can also be found in his book Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers.

On postmodern culture Appiah writes, "Postmodern culture is the culture in which all postmodernisms operate, sometimes in synergy, sometimes in competition; and because contemporary culture is, in a certain sense to which I shall return, transnational, postmodern culture is global  though that emphatically does not mean that it is the culture of every person in the world."[22]


Appiah has been influenced by the cosmopolitanist philosophical tradition, which stretches from German philosophers such as G. W. F. Hegel through W. E. B. Du Bois and others. In his article "Education for Global Citizenship", Appiah outlines his conception of cosmopolitanism. He therein defines cosmopolitanism as "universality plus difference". Building from this definition, he asserts that the first takes precedence over the latter, that is: different cultures are respected "not because cultures matter in themselves, but because people matter, and culture matters to people." But Appiah first defined it as its problems but ultimately determines that practicing a citizenship of the world and conversation is not only helpful in a post-9/11 world. Therefore, according to Appiah's take on this ideology, cultural differences are to be respected in so far as they are not harmful to people and in no way conflict with our universal concern for every human's life and well-being.[23]

In his book Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers (2006),[24] Appiah introduces two ideas that "intertwine in the notion of cosmopolitanism" (Emerging, 69). The first is the idea that we have obligations to others that are bigger than just sharing citizenship. The second idea is that we should never take for granted the value of life and become informed of the practices and beliefs of others. Kwame Appiah frequents university campuses to speak to students. One request he makes is, "See one movie with subtitles a month.".[25]

Criticism of Afrocentric world view

Appiah has been a critic of contemporary theories of Afrocentrism. In his 1997 essay "Europe Upside Down: Fallacies of the New Afrocentrism," he argues that current Afrocentricism is striking for "how thoroughly at home it is in the frameworks of nineteenth century European thought," particularly as a mirror image to Eurocentric constructions of race and a preoccupation with the ancient world. Appiah also finds an irony in the conception that if the source of the West lies in ancient Egypt via Greece, then "its legacy of ethnocentrism is presumably one of our moral liabilities."[26] His critique of contemporary Afrocentrism has been criticized by some of its leading proponents, such as Temple University African American Studies scholar and activist Molefi Asante, who has characterized Appiah's work as "anti-African."[27] Allegations have been made about the integrity of his scholarship.[28][29][30][31][32]

  • In 2007, Appiah was a contributing scholar in the PBS-broadcast documentary Prince Among Slaves produced by Unity Productions Foundation.[33]
  • In 2007 he also appeared in the TV documentary series Racism: A History as an on-screen contributor.[34]
  • Appiah appeared alongside a number of contemporary philosophers in Astra Taylor's 2008 film Examined Life, discussing his views on cosmopolitanism.
  • In 2009, he was an on-screen contributor to the movie Herskovits: At the Heart of Blackness.[35]
  • In 2015, he became one of three contributors to the New York Times Magazine column "The Ethicist",[36] before assuming sole authorship of the column later that year.[37]
  • He delivered the BBC's Reith Lectures in late 2016 on the theme of Mistaken Identities.[38]
  • In 2018, Appiah appeared in the episode "Can We Live Forever?" of the documentary series Explained.[39]

Awards and honors[40]

  • Anisfield-Wolf Book Award for In My Father's House, April 1993
  • Honorable Mention, James Russell Lowell Prize of the Modern Language Association for In My Father's House, December 1993
  • 1993 Herskovits Award of the African Studies Association "for the best work published in English on Africa", for In My Father's House, December 1993
  • Annual Book Award, 1996, North American Society for Social Philosophy, "for the book making the most significant contribution to social philosophy" for Color Conscious, May 1997
  • Ralph J. Bunche Award, American Political Science Association, "for the best scholarly work in political science which explores the phenomenon of ethnic and cultural pluralism" for Color Conscious, July 1997
  • Outstanding Book on the subject of human rights in North America, Gustavus Myers Center for the Study of Human Rights in North America, for Color Conscious, December 10, 1997
  • Honorable Mention, Gustavus Myers Outstanding Book Award, Gustavus Myers Center for the Study of Bigotry and Human Rights for The Ethics of Identity, December 9, 2005
  • Editors' Choice New York Times Book Review, The Ethics of Identity, June 26, 2005.
  • Best Books of 2005, Top 10 Editors' Picks: Nonfiction, The Ethics of Identity, December 2005
  • Arthur Ross Book Award of the Council on Foreign Relations, Cosmopolitanism, May 2007
  • Finalist for Estoril Global Ethics Book Prize, for Cosmopolitanism (2009)
  • A Times Literary Supplement's Book of the Year 2010 for The Honor Code
  • One of New York Times Book Review's 100 Notable Books of 2010 for The Honor Code
  • New Jersey Council for the Humanities Book Award 2011 for The Honor Code
  • Global Thought Leaders Index 2015, #95, The World Post
  • In August 2016, Professor Appiah was invested with a chieftaincy of the Ashanti people of Nyaduom, his family's ancestral chiefdom in Ghana.
  • In 2017 he was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature[41][42]
  • In June 2017 he was named by the Carnegie Corporation of New York as one of its 2017 "Great Immigrants"[43][44]



  • Assertion and Conditionals. Cambridge Studies in Philosophy Series. Cambridge Cambridgeshire New York: Cambridge University Press. 1985. ISBN 9780521304115.
  • For Truth in Semantics. Philosophical Theory Series. Oxford, UK; New York, NY, USA: B. Blackwell. 1986. ISBN 9780631145967.
  • Necessary Questions: An Introduction to Philosophy. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. 1989. ISBN 9780136113287.
  • In My Father's House: Africa in the Philosophy of Culture. London / New York: Methuen / Oxford University Press. 1992. ISBN 9780195068511.
  • With Gutmann, Amy (1996). Color Conscious: The Political Morality of Race. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691026619.
  • With Appiah, Peggy; Agyeman-Duah, Ivor (2007) [2002]. Bu me bɛ: Proverbs of the Akans (2nd ed.). Oxfordshire, UK: Ayebia Clarke. ISBN 9780955507922.
  • Kosmopolitischer Patriotismus (in German). Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp. 2001. ISBN 9783518122303.
  • With Gates Jr., Henry Louis, ed. (2003). Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience: the concise desk reference. Philadelphia: Running Press. ISBN 9780762416424.
  • Thinking It Through: An Introduction to Contemporary Philosophy. Oxford New York: Oxford University Press. 2003. ISBN 9780195134582.
  • The Ethics of Identity. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. 2005. ISBN 9780691130286.
Translated as: La Ética de la identidad (in Spanish). Buenos Aires, Madrid: Katz Editores. 2007. ISBN 9788493543242.
Translated as: Cosmopolitismo: la ética en un mundo de extraños (in Spanish). Buenos Aires, Madrid: Katz Editores. 2007. ISBN 9788496859081.
Translated as: Experimentos de ética (in Spanish). Buenos Aires, Madrid: Katz Editores. 2010. ISBN 9788492946112.

Book chapters

  • Appiah, Anthony (1984), "Strictures on structures: the prospects for a structuralist poetics of African fiction", in Gates, Jr., Henry Louis (ed.), Black literature and literary theory, New York: Methuen, pp. 127–150, ISBN 9780415903349.
  • Appiah, Anthony (1985), "Soyinka and the philosophy of culture", in Bodunrin, P.O. (ed.), Philosophy in Africa: trends and perspectives, Ile-Ife, Nigeria: University of Ife Press, pp. 250–263, ISBN 9789781360725.
  • Appiah, Anthony (1987), "A long way from home: Richard Wright in the Gold Coast", in Bloom, Harold (ed.), Richard Wright, Modern Critical views Series, New York: Chelsea House Publishers, pp. 173–190, ISBN 9780877546399.
  • Appiah, Anthony (1990), "Race", in Lentricchia, Frank; McLaughlin, Tom (eds.), Critical terms for literary study, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 274–287, ISBN 9780226472027.
  • Appiah, Anthony (1990), "Racisms", in Goldberg, David (ed.), Anatomy of racism, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, pp. 3–17, ISBN 9780816618040.
  • Appiah, Anthony (1991), "Tolerable falsehoods: agency and the interests of theory", in Johnson, Barbara; Arac, Jonathan (eds.), Consequences of theory, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 63–90, ISBN 9780801840456.
  • Appiah, Anthony (1992), "Inventing an African practice in philosophy: epistemological issues", in Mudimbe, Valentin-Yves (ed.), The surreptitious speech: Présence Africaine and the politics of otherness, 1947–1987, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 227–237, ISBN 9780226545073.
  • Appiah, Kwame Anthony (1992), "Introduction", in Achebe, Chinua (ed.), Things fall apart, Everyman's Library Series, No. 135, New York: Knopf Distributed by Random House, pp. ix–xvii, ISBN 9780679446231.
  • Appiah, Anthony (1992), "African identities", in Amselle, Jean-Loup; Appiah, Anthony; Bagayogo, Shaka; Chrétien, Jean-Pierre; Dakhlia, Jocelyne; Gellner, Ernest; LaRue, Richard; Mudimbe, Valentin-Yves; Topolski, Jerzy (eds.), Constructions identitaires: questionnements théoriques et études de cas, Québec: CÉLAT, Université Laval, ISBN 9782920576445. Fernande Saint-Martin sous la direction de Bogumil Jewsiewicki et Jocelyn Létourneau, Actes du Célat No. 6, Mai 1992.
  • Appiah, Kwame Anthony; Mudimbe, V. Y. (1993), "The impact of African studies on philosophy", in Bates, Robert H.; Mudimbe, V. Y.; O'Barr, Jean (eds.), Africa and the disciplines: the contributions of research in Africa to the social sciences and humanities, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 113–138, ISBN 9780226039015.
  • Appiah, K. Anthony (1994), "Identity, authenticity, survival: multicultural societies and social reproduction", in Taylor, Charles; Gutmann, Amy (eds.), Multiculturalism: examining the politics of recognition, Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, pp. 149–164, ISBN 9780691037790.
  • Appiah, Kwame Anthony (1995), "Philosophy and necessary questions", in Kwame, Safro (ed.), Readings in African philosophy: an Akan collection, Lanham: University Press of America, pp. 1–22, ISBN 9780819199119.
  • Appiah, K. Anthony (1996), "Race, culture, identity: misunderstood connections", in Peterson, Grethe B. (ed.), The Tanner lectures on human values XVII, Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, pp. 51–136, ISBN 9780585197708. Pdf.
  • Appiah, K. Anthony (1997), "African-American philosophy?", in Pittman, John (ed.), African-American perspectives and philosophical traditions, New York: Routledge, pp. 11–34, ISBN 9780415916400.
  • Appiah, Kwame Anthony (1997), "Europe upside down: fallacies of the new Afrocentrism", in Grinker, Roy Richard; Steiner, Christopher B. (eds.), Perspectives on Africa: a reader in culture, history, and representation, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Blackwell, pp. 728–731, ISBN 9781557866868.
  • Appiah, Kwame Anthony (1997), "Is the 'post-' in 'postcolonial' the 'post-' in 'postmodern'?", in McClintock, Anne; Mufti, Aamir; Shohat, Ella (eds.), Dangerous liaisons: gender, nation, and postcolonial perspectives, Minnesota, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, pp. 420–444, ISBN 9780816626496.
  • Appiah, Kwame Anthony (1996), "Identity: political not cultural", in Garber, Marjorie; Walkowitz, Rebecca L.; Franklin, Paul B. (eds.), Field work: sites in literary and cultural studies, New York: Routledge, pp. 34–40, ISBN 9780415914550.
  • Appiah, Kwame Anthony (1999), "Yambo Ouolouguem and the meaning of postcoloniality", in Wise, Christopher (ed.), Yambo Ouologuem: postcolonial writer, Islamic militant, Boulder, Colorado: Lynne Rienner Publishers, pp. 55–63, ISBN 9780894108617.
  • Appiah, Kwame Anthony (2000), "Aufklärung und dialog der kulturen", in Krull, Wilhelm (ed.), Zukunftsstreit (in German), Weilerwist: Velbrück Wissenschaft, pp. 305–328, ISBN 9783934730175.
  • Appiah, K. Anthony (2001), "Grounding human rights", in Gutmann, Amy (ed.), Michael Ignatieff: Human rights as politics and idolatry, The University Center for Human Values Series, Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, pp. 101–116, ISBN 9780691114743.
  • Appiah, K. Anthony (2001), "Stereotypes and the shaping of identity", in Post, Robert C. (ed.), Prejudicial appearances: the logic of American antidiscrimination law, Durham: Duke University Press, pp. 55–71, ISBN 9780822327134.
  • Appiah, Kwame Anthony (2002), "The State and the shaping of identity", in Peterson, Grethe B. (ed.), The Tanner lectures on human values XXIII, Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, pp. 235–297, ISBN 9780874807189 Pdf.
  • Appiah, Kwame Anthony (2009), "Sen's identities", in Kanbur, Ravi; Basu, Kaushik (eds.), Arguments for a better world: essays in honor of Amartya Sen | Volume I: Ethics, welfare, and measurement, Oxford New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 475–488, ISBN 9780199239115.

Journal articles

See also


  1. Appiah, Kwame Anthony (November 9, 2010), "Religious Faith and John Rawls", The New York Review of Books.
  2. "Biography, "Kwame Anthony Appiah", Stanford Presidential Lectures in the Humanities and Arts". Stanford University. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  3. "LAPA Faculty Associate: Kwame Anthony Appiah". Program in Law and Public Affairs, Princeton University. Archived from the original on June 3, 2013.
  4. Schuessler, Jennifer (November 26, 2013). "Noted Philosopher Moves to N.Y.U. — and Beyond". The New York Times.
  5. "NYU Law welcomes renowned philosopher Kwame Appiah to the faculty". School of Law, NYU. November 26, 2013.
  6. Appiah, Kwame Anthony. "Biography". Kwame Anthony Appiah. Archived from the original on February 3, 2011. Retrieved February 15, 2011. Professor Appiah has homes in New York city and near Pennington, in New Jersey, which he shares with his partner, Henry Finder, Editorial Director of the New Yorker magazine. (In Pennington, they have a small sheep farm.)
  7. Pace, Eric (July 12, 1990). "Joe Appiah Is Dead; Ghanaian Politician And Ex-Envoy, 71". The New York Times. Retrieved March 28, 2012.
  8. Appiah, Kwame Akroma-Ampim Kusi Anthony (1981). Conditions for conditionals (Ph.D. thesis). Clare College, Cambridge. OCLC 52897706.
  9. Howard, Joseph Jackson; Crisp, Frederick Arthur, eds. (1899). Visitation of England and Wales, Volume VII. England: Privately printed. pp. 150–151. OCLC 786249679. Online.
  10. Stark, James Henry (1910). The loyalists of Massachusetts and the other side of the American Revolution. Boston, Massachusetts: J.H. Stark. pp. 426–429. OCLC 1655711.
  11. Postel, Danny (April 5, 2002). "Is Race Real? How Does Identity Matter?". The Chronicle of Higher Education.
  12. Appiah, Kwame Anthony (September 20, 2010). "Ghanaians like sex too much to be homophobic". Big Think.
  13. "My Nephew | Kwame Anthony Appiah".
  14. Appiah, Kwame Anthony (March 17, 2009). "2009 Inaugural Remarks | PEN World voices Festival". PEN World Voices Festival. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  15. "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter A" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences (AAAS). Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  16. "Joseph B. and Toby Gittler Prize". Brandeis University. 2008. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
  17. "Gannon Award". The Gannon Award. Archived from the original on July 24, 2012. Retrieved June 14, 2010.
  18. Rothkopf, David (November 29, 2010). "The FT top 100 global thinkers". Foreign Policy Magazine. Archived from the original on November 19, 2014. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
  19. Kellogg, Carolyn (February 10, 2012). "Jacket copy: National medal of arts and national humanities medals announced". Los Angeles Times.
  20. Simmons, Ann M. (October 6, 2017), Canadian Charles Margrave Taylor wins inaugural Berggruen Prize for Philosophy, Los Angeles Times: "Kwame Anthony Appiah, a New York University professor and philosopher who chaired this year's Berggruen Prize jury, praised the 'breadth and depth' of Taylor's intellectual contributions."
  21. Appiah, Anthony Kwame (2006). ""Moral disagreement" and "Kindness to strangers"". In Appiah, Anthony Kwame (ed.). Cosmopolitanism: ethics in a world of strangers. New York: W.W. Norton & Co. pp. 45–68 and 155–174. ISBN 9780141027814.
  22. Appiah, Kwame Anthony (Winter 2009). "Is the Post- in Postmodernism the Post- in Postcolonial?". Critical Inquiry. 17 (2): 336–357. doi:10.1086/448586.
  23. Appiah, Kwame Anthony (April 2008). "Chapter 6: Education for global citizenship". Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education. 107 (1): 83–99. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7984.2008.00133.x.
  24. Appiah, Kwame (2006). Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers. ISBN 0-393-06155-8
  25. Aguila, Sissi (April 23, 2010). "Kwame Appiah discusses 'World Citizenship' at FIU". FIU News. Florida International University. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
  26. Kwame Anthony Appiah, "Europe Upside Down: Fallacies of the New Afrocentrism" in Perspectives on Africa, ed. Richard Roy Grinker and Christopher B. Steiner (London: Blackwell Publishers, 1997), pp. 728–731.
  27. Asante, Molefi Kete. "A quick reading of rhetorical jingoism: Anthony Appiah and his fallacies (blog)". Dr. Molefi Kete Asante. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
  28. Ladimeji, Dapo (2019). "Appiah and the racism in his work part 1". African Century Journal. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  29. Ladimeji, Dapo (2019). "Appiah and the racism in his work part 2: (Appiah and Lord Monboddo)". African Century. Retrieved April 17, 2019.
  30. Ladimeji, Dapo (2019). "A K Appiah and the racism in his work: the endorsement of genocide Part 3". African Century Journal. Retrieved July 14, 2019.
  31. Houessou-Adin, Thomas (November 1995). "The Big Con". Journal of Black Studies. 26 (2): 185–200. doi:10.1177/002193479502600206.
  32. Agyeman, Opoku (2004). Pan-Africanism and its detractors. Mellen Press.
  33. "Home page". Unity Productions Foundation. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
  34. Appiah, Kwame Anthony. "Curriculum vitae". Kwame Anthony Appiah.
  35. "Herskovits At the Heart of Blackness | Documentary Film | Independent Lens". PBS. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
  36. "The Ethicist". The New York Times Magazine.
  37. Appiah, Kwame Anthony (September 30, 2015). "What Should an Ethicist Tell His Readers". The New York Times.
  38. "Kwame Anthony Appiah". BBC. Retrieved January 13, 2018.
  39. "Explained: Can We Live Forever?". IMDb. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  40. Kwame Anthony Appiah. "Curriculum Vitae". Last updated Tuesday, August 30, 2016.
  41. "Kwame Anthony Appiah", Royal Society of Literature.
  42. Onwuemezi, Natasha (June 7, 2017), "Rankin, McDermid and Levy named new RSL fellows", The Bookseller.
  43. Ford, Celeste (June 29, 2017), "July Fourth Tribute Honors 38 Distinguished Immigrants", Carnegie Corporation of New York.
  44. "Kwame Anthony Appiah, NYU Philosopher, Named 'Great Immigrant'", New York University, June 29, 2017.

Further reading

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