Kurt-Friedrich Gänzl (born 15 February 1946) is a writer, historian and former casting director and singer best known for his books about musical theatre.
After a decade-long playwriting, acting and singing career, and a second career as a casting director of West End shows, Gänzl has become one of the world's most important chroniclers of the history of musical theatre. According to Christophe Mirambeau of Canal Académie, "Kurt Gänzl is an institution. No one interested in musicals and operetta can ignore that. He is the world reference – with some few others, like Gerald Bordman, Ken Bloom, or Andrew Lamb – for that subject".
Early life and career
Gänzl was born Brian Roy Gallas in Wellington, New Zealand, and is of Austrian descent, the son of Frederick, né Fritz Eduard Gänzl, an educator, and Nancy Gallas, née Agnes Ada Welsh. He studied law and classics at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand, receiving a master's degree in 1967 while performing as a radio and concert vocalist.
Early in his career, Gänzl wrote plays. His one-act plays Elektra and The Women of Troy were produced in New Zealand in 1966 and 1967 by Elmwood Players. The latter play won the British Drama League (Drama Magazine) award in 1967. The next year, Gänzl joined the New Zealand Opera Company as a bass soloist. After the company closed, he moved to London and studied for a year at the London Opera Centre. For several more years, he worked as a performer, including a 1969 season in the hit London show, The Black and White Minstrels and afterwards in Monte Carlo and on cruise ships. His last show was the 1974 production of Tommy Steele's adaptation of Hans Andersen at the London Palladium. Together with his partner, Ian Bevan, he then worked as a talent agent and as a casting director for over a dozen musicals and plays in London's West End theatres and for musical and operatic productions in Europe, Australia and America.
Writing and later years
While still working as a casting director, Gänzl began writing theatre reference works. In 1986 he published his two-volume history, The British Musical Theatre (1986), which won the Roger Machell Prize for the year's best performing-arts book and the British Library Association's McColvin Medal for the outstanding reference work (any subject) of its season. This was followed by Gänzl's Book of the Musical Theatre (1988 with Andrew Lamb), The Blackwell Guide to the Musical Theater on Record (1989), The Complete 'Aspects of Love' (1990), five editions of Musicals (1995; US: Song and Dance: The Complete Story of Stage Musicals), and The Musical: A Concise History (1997). Gänzl has published over a dozen books on musical theatre and contributed many biographical entries to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography and Grove's Encyclopaedia of Music.
Gänzl's seminal reference work, The Encyclopedia of the Musical Theatre, was published in 1994 and greatly expanded in a second edition in 2001. It was a Dartmouth Medal honoree in 1995 and was awarded "Outstanding Reference Source" in 1997 by the American Library Association. Theatre historian John Kenrick wrote: "Only serious research libraries carry this set listing thousands of shows and individuals. This expanded update of the 1995 original edition is the best source to date on European musicals, with solid coverage of Broadway too." Another critic calls it "the most exhaustive study anyone has yet made of musicals, and it is difficult to imagine it being done in a better or more thorough way."
The Times wrote, "So, with The Encyclopaedia of the Musical Theatre, Kurt Gänzl ... has transcended all rivals. His work embraces not only Broadway and Shaftesbury Avenue, but Vienna and Budapest, Paris and Rome, Sydney and Toronto. He even apologises for including only three New Zealand entries. If there is a musical production of any kind that he does not know about, then it is odds-on that nobody else does either." Gänzl has said, "My goals are to make the musical theater a respectable academic subject and to put the musical theater into its international context. I want to bring the so-called 'musical' and 'operetta' back together as part of the same art form and to dispel some of the early myths and quasi-historical errors and distortions that have become accepted as part of musical theater history."
At the end of the 1980s, Gänzl and Bevan moved to St. Paul de Vence in the south of France to concentrate on writing full-time. He later moved to homes in Sefton, New Zealand, Berlin and Yamba, Australia, where he completed his most recent works: the stories of burlesque queen Lydia Thompson and Broadway author William B. Gill, a two-volume biography of Victorian singing star Emily Soldene, and in 2017 a compendium of 100 biographies, Victorian Vocalists.
- 1986: The British Musical Theatre (2 vols.; Macmillan Press) ISBN 0-19-520509-X
- 1988: Gänzl's Book of the Musical Theatre (with Andrew Lamb; Bodley Head/Schirmer) ISBN 0-02-871941-7
- 1989: The Blackwell Guide to the Musical Theatre on Record. Blackwell ISBN 0-631-16517-7
- 1990: The Complete "Aspects of Love" (Aurum Press) ISBN 0-670-83192-1
- 1994: The Encyclopedia of the Musical Theatre (Blackwell/Schirmer; 2 vols, expanded in 2001 to 3 vols.) ISBN 0-02-864970-2
- 1995: Musicals: the Illustrated Story (Carlton) ISBN 0-7475-2381-9
- 1995 (US edition of same): Song and Dance: The Complete Story of Stage Musicals (Smithmark Publishers) ISBN 0-8317-1890-0
- 1995: Gänzl's Book of the Broadway Musical (Schirmer; Macmillan) ISBN 0-02-870832-6
- 1997: The Musical: a Concise History (Boston: Northeastern University Press ISBN 1-55553-311-6
- 2002: Lydia Thompson: Queen of Burlesque (NY & London: Routledge) ISBN 0-415-93766-3
- 2002: William B. Gill: From the Gold Fields to Broadway (Routledge) ISBN 0-415-93767-1
- 2007: Emily Soldene: In Search of a Singer (Steele Roberts) ISBN 978-1-877338-72-4
- 2017: Victorian Vocalists (Taylor and Francis) ISBN 978-1138103177
- Mirambeau, Christophe. "Kurt Gänzl and Emily Soldene (1840–1912)", Canal Académie, 17 June 2007, accessed 8 May 2018
- Kurt Ganzl at Contemporary Authors Online, Gale, 2002 (subscription required). Accessed 22 March 2009
- "Gänzl's family history"
- Gänzl, Kurt. "The Magic of the Minstrels", Kurt of Gerolstein, 5 July 2017
- "The Singers", Palladium Theatre programme (1974); Hans Anderson, Guide to Musical Theatre, accessed 21 January 2010
- Kenrick, John. "Suggested Reading", Musicals 101: The Cyber Encyclopedia of Musical Theatre, TV and Film (2004)
- O'Connor, Patrick. Times Literary Supplement, 3 November 1995
- Green, Benny. "All-singing, all-dancing haul of fame", The Times, 2 May 1994
- "Elena is a racehorse", Kurt of Gerolstein, 13 December 2008, accessed 8 May 2018
- The Times, 2 January 2007, p. 48.
- Newley, Patrick. Ian Bevan obituary, The Stage, December 8, 2006
- "John Gallas", Carcanet Press, accessed 29 April 2014
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