Kurdish National Alliance in Syria

The Kurdish National Alliance in Syria (Kurdish: Hevbendiya Niştimanî a Kurdî li Sûriyê, HNKS; Arabic: التحالف الوطني الكردي في سوريا, romanized: at-Taḥāluf al-Waṭanī al-Kurdi fi Sūriyā) is a Syrian Kurdish coalition formed by five Syrian Kurdish parties in the city of Amuda in the al-Hasakah Governorate of northeastern Syria in 13 February 2016. Four of the five parties in the coalition were originally members of the Kurdish National Council, but were expelled due to their cooperation with the Democratic Union Party (PYD).[3]

Kurdish National Alliance in Syria

Hevbendiya Niştimanî a Kurdî li Sûriyê
Arabic nameالتحالف الوطني الكردي في سوريا
LeaderMustafa Mashayikh (Mistefa Meşayîx/مصطفى مشايخ)[1]
SpokespersonMustafa Mashayikh[2]
Founded13 February 2016
HeadquartersAmuda, al-Hasakah Governorate, Syria
IdeologySyrian federalism
Kurdish nationalism
People's Council
0 / 250
Democratic Council
3 / 43
Councils of Jazira Region
40 / 2,902
Councils of Euphrates Region
40 / 954
Councils of Afrin Region
72 / 1,176
Party flag

Constituent parties[3]

NameLeader
Kurdish Democratic Unity Party in SyriaSheikh Ali
Kurdish Democratic Party in Syria (el-Partî)Nasruddin Ibrahim
Syrian Kurdish Democratic Reconciliation
Kurdistan Left Party in SyriaSalih Gedo
Kurdish Reform Movement in SyriaAmjad Othman

History

The Kurdish National Alliance in Syria was founded on 14 February 2016 after 2 days of negotiations between the constituent groups. It stated its goal as to "get rid of Kurdish fragmentation". 39 representatives were elected during the conference.[4]

In June 2016, the group condemned the Kurdish National Council's foreign relations office in Ankara's accusation of the People's Protection Units being a terrorist organization.[5]

In January 2017, the HNKS stated that it will support proposals of unity talks between the Movement for a Democratic Society and the KNC.[6]

The HNKS also took part in the Northern Syria regional elections in December 2017, during which it was one of the two main electoral lists, opposing the PYD-led Democratic Nation List. It ran with 99 candidates for the Jazira Region, with 124 candidates for the Euphrates Region, and with 197 candidates in the Afrin Region. The HNKS consequently won 40 seats in Jazira Region, 40 seats in Euphrates Region, and 72 seats in Afrin Region.[7]

In early March 2018, during the Turkish military operation against the Afrin Region, Turkish-backed Sunni Islamist fighters captured the village of Sharran and burned a flag of the HNKS's Kurdish Democratic Unity Party in Syria (PYDKS) in its vacant office.[8]

Ideology

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria

The Kurdish National Alliance supports Rojava and considers federalism in Syria as the most effective solution to the Syrian Civil War. It claims that its objective is to "stress the necessity of unifying the Kurdish ranks in the face of the current challenges".[2] In addition, it listed 4 recommendations during its formation:[4]

See also

References

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