Kurdish National Alliance in Syria
The Kurdish National Alliance in Syria (Kurdish: Hevbendiya Niştimanî a Kurdî li Sûriyê, HNKS; Arabic: التحالف الوطني الكردي في سوريا, romanized: at-Taḥāluf al-Waṭanī al-Kurdi fi Sūriyā) is a Syrian Kurdish coalition formed by five Syrian Kurdish parties in the city of Amuda in the al-Hasakah Governorate of northeastern Syria in 13 February 2016. Four of the five parties in the coalition were originally members of the Kurdish National Council, but were expelled due to their cooperation with the Democratic Union Party (PYD).
|Arabic name||التحالف الوطني الكردي في سوريا|
|Leader||Mustafa Mashayikh (Mistefa Meşayîx/مصطفى مشايخ)|
|Founded||13 February 2016|
|Headquarters||Amuda, al-Hasakah Governorate, Syria|
0 / 250
3 / 43
|Councils of Jazira Region|
40 / 2,902
|Councils of Euphrates Region|
40 / 954
|Councils of Afrin Region|
72 / 1,176
|Kurdish Democratic Unity Party in Syria||Sheikh Ali|
|Kurdish Democratic Party in Syria (el-Partî)||Nasruddin Ibrahim|
|Syrian Kurdish Democratic Reconciliation|
|Kurdistan Left Party in Syria||Salih Gedo|
|Kurdish Reform Movement in Syria||Amjad Othman|
The Kurdish National Alliance in Syria was founded on 14 February 2016 after 2 days of negotiations between the constituent groups. It stated its goal as to "get rid of Kurdish fragmentation". 39 representatives were elected during the conference.
In January 2017, the HNKS stated that it will support proposals of unity talks between the Movement for a Democratic Society and the KNC.
The HNKS also took part in the Northern Syria regional elections in December 2017, during which it was one of the two main electoral lists, opposing the PYD-led Democratic Nation List. It ran with 99 candidates for the Jazira Region, with 124 candidates for the Euphrates Region, and with 197 candidates in the Afrin Region. The HNKS consequently won 40 seats in Jazira Region, 40 seats in Euphrates Region, and 72 seats in Afrin Region.
In early March 2018, during the Turkish military operation against the Afrin Region, Turkish-backed Sunni Islamist fighters captured the village of Sharran and burned a flag of the HNKS's Kurdish Democratic Unity Party in Syria (PYDKS) in its vacant office.
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria
The Kurdish National Alliance supports Rojava and considers federalism in Syria as the most effective solution to the Syrian Civil War. It claims that its objective is to "stress the necessity of unifying the Kurdish ranks in the face of the current challenges". In addition, it listed 4 recommendations during its formation:
- Approving the national identity of the Kurdish people in Syria
- Listing the Kurdish language as an official language in the constitution of Syria
- Granting full women's rights in the process of the "development of society"
- Activating the role of intellectuals and independent social and national figures
- "Şandeyek ji Rojava li Japonya ye". ANHA. 26 April 2017.
- "Syrian Kurds form new political alliance, call for federalism as solution to ongoing civil war". ARA News. 14 February 2016.
- "Al-Qamishli: A new party alliance formed". Kurd Watch. 23 February 2016.
- ""The Kurdish National Alliance," a new political entity in the column". Enab Baladi. 15 February 2016.
- "Kurdistan National Alliance Describe the Declarations of "Siyamend Hajo" by harm and did not Serve without the Kurdish Question haters". Adar Press. 29 June 2016.
- "Despite calls for unity, Syrian Kurds remain divided". ARA News. 19 January 2017.
- "High Electoral Commission disclosed Local Administration elections' outcomes". Hawar News Agency. 5 December 2017. Archived from the original on 8 December 2017.
- "Icon Unity Party Icon (Yekiti)". Kurdish Democratic Unity Party in Syria. 9 March 2018.